Update: 2012-12-17 05:39 AM +0630


A List of Burmese Medicinal Plants 1


by U Hla Maw, B.Sc., Research Officer, Pharmaceuticals Section, Applied Chemistry,  Research Department, Union of Burma Applied Research Institute, 1959.

Copied from the original (typewriter copy) by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) in 1985 August.  HTML version by UKT, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale.

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Introduction by U Hla Maw
• Index: Botanical names:
    A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | L | M |
    N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | Z | (91 species)
References - UKT

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Burma is rich in medicinal plants both in number and quality. The present survey is undertaken with a view to evaluating and ultimately using the indigenous medicinal plants. However, information on the use of Burmese medicinal plants is scattered, most of it being found in old books and periodicals, many of which are out of print and are not available even in large libraries.

The drugs in use are numerous and varied in character. Descriptions of drugs are never mentioned in Burmese medical publications for identification of plants or parts of plants. There has been a good deal of confusion in vernacular names. The same drug is sold under different names and different drugs are sold under the same name in different parts of Burma. In many cases, even learned practitioners of indigenous medicine are unable to say with certainty whether a particular drug is the same as the one prescribed in old texts. Consequently, death has resulted in some cases by the use of improper drugs.

The identification of drugs will remain the prime difficulty until the prominent characteristics of each drug are well established. The only way in which this can be done is to have authentic specimens preserved in herbaria for purposes of comparison. This work was started along with the survey. The more common drug plants have been collected and preserved in the Herbarium. Several hundred more species have yet to be obtained to complete the collection of all plants with alleged medicinal properties occurring in this country, but this will involve extensive tours and will take time.

The present bulletin deals primarily with indigenous drugs that are commonly used in Burma. Further work on this field is in progress and the results are intended to be submitted in the form of bulletins in due course.

In compiling the information contained within the covers of this bulletin, the writer, in addition to his own research and study has consulted foreign and domestic literature including books, bulletins, magazine articles and scientific papers.

The data regarding vernacular names, distribution of plants and local uses was partly by the kind help and cooperation of the Forest Officials and local Burmese physicians and partly by personal visits to districts with the Director-General's approval.

The plants have been arranged in alphabetical order according to their botanical origin and an index to vernacular names is also provided so that there will be no difficulty for readers to find any particular drug on which information is required.

The botanical descriptions of each plant is briefly given only just to give a general habit of the plant, as detail description is not permitted in a limited space.

The information on the distribution of the plants is incomplete yet and is subject to addition whenever possible.

Research Officer, Applied Chemistry Research Department,
Union of Burma Applied Research Institute (U.B.A.R.I.) , RANGOON.
21st April 1959

UKT Personal Note
During my ramblings into Burmese Indigenous Medicine, the present bulletin bearing the signature of U Hla Maw came to my notice. The bulletin, I regret to say contained many obvious typing errors, spelling mistakes, etc., which have been corrected to the best of my ability.
Kyaw Tun, 1985 August 2nd.

The work of U Hla Maw was discontinued due to the political changes in Burma (presently known as Myanmar) in the late 1950s. The author now an old man of over 70 is still living in Yangon, Myanmar.
-- UKT 070302

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01. Claus, E.P. - Pharmacognosy, 1956. Henry Kimpton.
02. Chem. Abstr. 1948, 325.
03. Pharmacognosy of Indian Root & Rhizome Drugs, 1950.
04. Pharmacognosy of Indian Leaf Drugs, 1952.
05. J. Indian Chem. Soc. 1930, 759; 1932, 271.

06. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1949, 606.
07. Youngken, H.X. - Text Book of Pharmocognosy, 1950. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
08. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1944, 1950.
09. Chopra- A Review of Work on Indian Medicinal Plants, 1955.
10. Chem. Abstr. 1949, 3565.

11. Chem. Abstr. 1911, 1283; 1913, 1717.
12. Indian J. Med. Tes. Cal., 1934, 513.
13. Chem. Abstr. 1936, 233; 1937, 5101; 1938, 616.
14. J. Chem. Soc. Lond. 1937, 1927.
15. Qr. J. Pharm. & Allied Sci. Lond. 1949, 38.

16. Chem. Abstr. 1942, 1327.
17. Trease, G.E. - A Text Book of Pharmacognosy, 1952, Bailliere, Tindall & Cox.
18. J. Soc. Chem. Ind. London. 1931, 195.
19. Wehmer, II, 672.
20. Pharm. J. Pharmacist, Lond. 1891, 617.

21. J. Amer. Pharm. Association, Columbus. 1951, 474.
22. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1936, 1306.
23. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1944, 1788.
24. J. Amer. Pharm. Assn., Columbus. 1947, 215.
25. Science Record. Chungking. 1949, 381.

26. J. Chem. Soc., Lond. 1925, 2044.
27. J. Agri. Chem. Soc., Japan 1939, 841.
28. Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift fur physiologische Chemic, Strassburg. 1936, 151; 1937, 80.
29. Amer. J. Pharm. Philadelphia, 1942, 72.
30. INdian J. Med. Res. Cal. 1932, 503; 1935, 785.

31. Proc. Indian Academy Sci. Bangalore, Vol. 9A., 1939, 72.
32. J. Indian Chem. Soc. Cal. 1928, 441.
33. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. Cal. 1928, 441.
34. J. Indian Chem. Soc. Cal. 1933, 41.
35. Chem. Abstr. 1941, 4913.

36. Indian J. Med. Res. Cal. 1937, 131.
37. Indian J. Med. Res. Cal. 1932, 663.
38. J. Scienti. & Ind. Res. Delhi. 1949, 1158.
39. Indian Pharmaceutical Codes, 1952.
40. J. Chem. Ind., Lond. 1921, 411.

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References - UKT

• Shin Naagathein, Pictorial Herbal Dictionary, vol. 1 (in Burmese-Myanmar), Kyawwinswé Press, Rangoon, 1976

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End of TIL file