Update: 2012-12-17 05:52 AM +0630

TIL

A List of Burmese Medicinal Plants 1

by U Hla Maw, B.Sc., Research Officer, Pharmaceuticals Section, Applied Chemistry,  Research Department, Union of Burma Applied Research Institute, 1959.

Copied from the original (typewriter copy) by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) in 1985 August.  HTML version by UKT, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale.

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Contents of this page:

64 Mallotus philippinensis
65 Melaleuca leucadendron
66 Mentha arvensis
67 Mimosa pudica
68 Memordica charantia
69 Moringa oleifera
70 Myristica fragrans

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64. Mallotus philippinensis

Synonyms: Rottlera, Kameela, Glandulae, Rottlerae.

Vernacular Name: Taw-thidin, Po-thidin.

Botanical origin: Mallotus philippinensis, Muell. Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae.

Part Used: The hairs obtained from the capsules.

Distribution: Hentral Range, Hsi-Seng (S.S.S.)

Plant: A tree with alternate, ovate or oblong-ovate coriaceous evergreen leaves, racemes of staminate and pistillate flowers, and glandular-hairy 3 celled septifragally dehiscent capsules.

Constituents:
(1)An active taenifuge principle called rottlerin.
(2) A red resin.
(3) A yellow resin.
(4) Wax, tannin, colouring matter. (7)

Uses: Taenifuge, anthelmintic to remove ascaris and thread worms, as a dye stuff.

Preparation: Tinctura Kamala (I.P.C.)

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65. Melaleuca leucadendron

Synonyms: Cajuput oil, oil of Cajeput.

Vernacular Name: Kalan.

Botanical origin: Melaleuca leucadendron, Linn.

Family: Myrtaceae.

Part Used: The volatile oil distilled from the fresh leaves and twigs, rectified by steam distillation.

Distribution: Mergui.

Plant: Evergreen trees with pale buff, spongy bark, elliptic or oblong leaves, axillary spikes of creamy white flowers and capsular fruits.

Constituents:
(1) Root yields crystalline melaleucin (27)
(2) Cajuputol which is identical with Eucalyptol and Cineol 50-60 percent.
(3) A terpineol.
(4) l-pinene.
(5) Traces of valeraldehyed and benzaldehyde. (7)

Uses: Stimulating expectorant, urinary antiseptic, anthelmintic, internally as a counter-irritant in rheumatism etc. and as a parasiticide in various skin diseases.

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66. Mentha arvensis

Synonym: Marsh Mint.

Vernacular Name: Pudina.

Botanical origin: Mentha arvensis, Linn.

Family: Labiatae.

Part Used: The dried leaves.

Distribution: Wild in Kalaw, widely distributed all over Southern Shan States.

Plant: A herbaceous perennial with a pungent smell, 0.3-0.9m high, with aerial leafy stolons, leaves sessile, lanceolate to oblong, acute, coarsely dentate, smooth above, glandular below, flowers small, calyx hairy.

Constituents:
(1) 0.18-0.2 percent of an essential oil comaparable to peppermint oil derived from the official Mentha piperita. (4)

Uses: Carminative and flavouring agent.

Preparation: Aqua Pudinae Concentrata, spiritus Pudinae (I.P.).

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67. Mimosa pudica

Synonyms: The sensitive plant.

Vernacular Name: Htikayon.

Botanical origin: Mimosa pudica, Linn.

Family: Mimosaceae.

Part Used: Roots.

Distribution: Spread through the hotter parts of Burma.

Plant: A diffuse undershrub, 45-90cm. high, stem and branches prickly and clothed with long weak bristles from bulbous bases, leaves sensitive, digitately compound, flowers in small peduncled heads, all down the branches, 1-2 from each axil, pod 1/2in. long 3-4 seeded.

Constituents:
(1) Alkaloid mimosine (28)
(2) 10 percent of tannin. (3)

Uses: Alexipharmic, cures biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensations, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, small pox, diseases of the blood, piles and fistula.

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68. Memordica charantia

Synonyms: The Bitter Gourd.

Vernacular name: Kyet-hin-ga.

Botanical origin: Memordica charantia, Linn.

Family: Cucurbitaceae.

Part Used: Dried leaves.

Distribution: Tongwa, Thani, Malet-to, Maubin, Twante Kwet-kin, Taikkyi, Okkan etc.

Plant: An annual with long stem, much branched angled and grooved, more or less pubescent tendrils simple, slender, elongate, pubescent leaves deeply divided into 5-7 lobes, monoecious, petals yellow.

Constituents:
(1) Drug exerts some hypoglycenic action on rabbit and may have clinical usefulness in diabetes (29)
(2) A highly aromatic ethereal oil.
(3) A fixed oil.
(4) Traces of free acids.
(5) Carotene.
(6) A glucoside.
(7) A resin.
(8) Saponin like substance.
(9) Alkaloid momordicin. (4)

Uses: Decoction of the leaves used in piles, jaundice and as an anthelmintic, scabies, skin diseases, emetic, purgative, stomachic tonic, anti-rheumatic, diseases of the sp] een and liver.

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69. Moringa oleifera

Synonym: Drumstick Tree.

Vernacular Name: Dan-da-lon.

Botanical origin: Moringa oleifera, Lam. syn. M. pterygosperma, Gaertn.

Family: Moringaceae.

Distribution: Cultivated elsewhere throughout Burma.

Plant: A small or medium-sized tree, bark corky, wood soft, young parts tomentose, leaves 30-60cm., usually 3-pinnate, flowers white, honey-scented, fruit a pendulous 9-ribbed pod.

Constituents: Alkaloids-moringine & moringinine (30)

Uses: Intermittent fever, epilepsy, hysteria, palsy, chronic rheumatism, dropsy, enlargement of the spleen and dyspepsia.

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70. Myristica fragrans

Synonyms: The Nutmeg, Round Nutmeg.

Vernacular name: Zadeik-hpo.

Botanical origin: Myristica fragrans, Houtt.

Family: Myristicaceae.

Part Used: The dried ripe seed, deprived of its seed coat and arillode and with or without a thin coating of lime.

Distribution: Mergui.

Plant: An evergreen tree, 25-50 feet, leaves coriaceous, darkgreen, entire, oblong-ovate to ovate-lanceolate with acute apex, and base, pistillate flowers small, yellow and axillary, fruit ovoid, subglobose or pyriform, 1 1/2-2 in.long.

Constituents:
(1) Up to 40 percent of fixed oil containing trimyristin, olliec acid, linolenic acid etc.
(2) About 10 percent of volatile oil containing myristicin C11H12O3.
(3) A narcotic principle - 4 percent.
(4) Pinene and Camphene - 80 percent.
(5) Dipetine - 8 percent.
(6) Safrol - 0.6 percent.
(7) Alcohols - 6 percent.
(8) Traces of Eugenol Isoegenol, starch and protein. (7)

Uses: Stimulant and Carminative.

Preparation: Compound Levender Tincture (U.S.P) Nutmeg is an ingredient of Pulvis Cretae Aromaticus cum opio Pulvis Myristicae (I.P.C.).

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End of TIL file