Update: 2012-12-31 09:36 PM +0630

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Mimosaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:

Family: Mimosaceae 10 entries
Acacia catechu  {rha:} / {thhya:}  
Acacia concinna  {king-pwun:} / {king-pwun:hkyi}
Acacia farnesiana {nan:loan:-kraing}
Acacia leucophloea {hta.nhaung:}
Adenanthera pavonina  {rw:kri:}
Albizia lebbek  {kok~ko (mran-ma)}
Albizia saman    {kok~ko (ku.la:)}
Entada phaseoloides {hkoan-ing:ping}
Entada scandens {hkoan-ing:ping}
Mimosa pudica {hti.ka.roan:}
Acacia spp.
Albizia spp.
Entada spp.

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Acacia catechu 

Family: Mimosaceae

UKT: Alternative spelling {thhya:} is preferable for
transliteration among various aksharas such as
Devanagari for Hindi names, Bengali-script, Tamil-script,
and Nepali-script..

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 52-1369:  {rha:} - fam. Mimosaceae
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 134 : Sha - fam. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
Nagathein 3-102:  {rha:}
UHM 01: Sha - fam. MImosaceae

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{rha:} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 279
{rha:} - n. cutch, Acacia catechu.-- Myan-Engl-Dict 416

UKT: The basic akshara involved in this name is the character {ra.}, of row 6 column 2 (r6c2) in the akshara matrix. Its correspondent in Devanagari is र (U0930). This character is conjoined with c7r2 character, {ha.} (ह U0939) to produce the conjunct . This conjunct (conjoined character) in IPA (International phonetic alphabet) is /ʃ/ (Latin small letter Esh) and its pronunciation is similar to sh in the English word <ship>.
   Since, Myanmar script, similar to the Asoka script, is a phonetic script, there was a controversy between scholars for some time, because, {ra.} by itself has the sound /r/ similar to r in the English word <red>. It was pointed out that the rh, the conjunct between r and h, would have the sound /rh/ similar to rh in the word <rho> with the pronunciation /rəʊ/. On comparing this r to  r in <row> we found the pronunciation of <row> to be /raʊ/, showing that rh and r are pronounced almost the same. This means, that rh, in no way, would come to have the sound of sh as in <ship>. Thus, one school of Myanmar scholars prefer to spell the name as {thhya:}.
   This matter was laid to rest by the adoption of as the official spelling by Myanmar-sar Commission in 1986 with the publication of Myanmar-sar-loan-paung-thut-poan-kyam .
   Romabama will have to adopt the spelling {sha:} in place of {rha:} to be in sync with the official spelling, making the spelling an exception  to its rules of transliteration. If we were to follow the transliteration rules of Romabama strictly, {sha:} in Myanmar would be which is not present in Myanmar. However, in this version of MMPDB2006-1 to ease the problem of indexing, the spelling {rha:} will be used.
   See another exception to Romabama transliteration rules in {hkying-rw:}

Hindi:
रवैर and {hkeikr} -- Nagathein in Hindi-Devanagari and Burmese-Myanmar
Sanskrit:
{hka.dir} -- Nagathein in Hindi-Myanmar

UKT: Note that the name in Hindi-Devanagari given in leader begins with the Devanagari-akshara र  whose equivalent in Myanmar is {ra.}.

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 52-1369:  Cutch
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 134 : Sha
Nagathein 3-102:  -
UHM 01: Black catechu or Black cutch

 

Picture :
Leader from Nagathein 3-103
Photos: left -- habit with flowers; right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

A moderate sized tree, deciduous; branches armed with substipular recurved prickles, bark rough dark couloured, the younger stems dark brown or purple, glabrous. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules as recurved prickles; petioles bear solitary apical glands; primary rachis with glands between the pairs of the secondary ones, the glands solitary, black, 3-5, the secondary racheae 11-14 pairs, pubescent, leaflets 24-37 pairs, linear, ligulate, minute, overlapping, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips subacute. Inflorescences in axillary cylindrical spikes, pendant; penduncled. Flowers sessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, shortly 5-toothed, campanulate, the outer surfaces pubescent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, 2-3 times longer than calyx, the lobes ovate-oblong, pubescent, pale yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, ligulate, flat, thin, not jointed, sutures straight, shining, brown, apex beaked, the base stalked; seeds 3-10, non-endospermic. Flowering period: June-July. Fruiting period: July-September -- KS-TMN

A moderate-sized tree with dark brown bark peeling off in long strips; stipular spines short, recurved, brown, glossy. -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar:
Grows wild throughout Myanmar. Common in dry low plains. -- KS-TMN
Prome, Minbu, Minhla, Dry Zone, etc. -- UHM

 

Part used and uses:

Root, bark, leaf, flower, fruit -- Leprosy. Bark -- Leucoderma; Fistula in ano; Antidiarrhoea; Cough. Leaf -- Polyuria. Flower -- Metrorrhagia. Resin -- Tooth applicant for strong teeth; Haemostasis; Diarrhoea; Bowel antiseptic; Chronic sores; Gonorrhoea; Dry cough; Apthus ulcer; Ottorrhoea; Inflammations in oral cavity; Haemorrhoids. -- KS-TMN

Heart wood. Astringent -- UHM

Constituents:
1. 25% Phlobatannin called Catechu-tannic acid. (1) -- UHM

Contents of this page

Acacia concinna

Family: Mimosaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 04-0085:  {king-pwun:hkyi} - fam. Mimosaceae
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 027: {king-pwun:hkyi} - fam. Mimosaceae
KS-TMN 137: Kinmun-gyin; Kinmun - fam. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
Nagathein 1-096:  {king-pwun:thi: (ba.ma)}
UHM : NL.

Listed as {king-pwun:hkyi} in Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database 2005.
   The killed akshara used in the syllable {hkyi} is the "small {a.}" {a.ka.l:}. It is entirely different from the vowel akshara {U.} whose shape is . The difference in the shapes of the two is in length of the "foot". Over time, {a.ka.l:} came to have the length of its foot shortened, and so at present the two look exactly the same, resulting in the modern way of representation .
   The mono-syllabic word {hkyi} means "sour" describing the taste of the tender leaves which are eaten as vegetable, and the name {king-pwun:hkyi} means "the sour {king-pwun:}". The fruit is called {king-pwun:thi: (ba.ma)} to differentiate it from the fruit of Sapindus trifoliatus another plant with the name {king-pwun:} prefixed {ku.la:} meaning "dark" or "Indian": {ku.la: king-pwun:}. It is a soap nut and is used for washing fine fabrics. See my note on Burmese-Myanmar adjectives

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{king-pwun:} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 013
{king-pwun:} - n. soap acacia, Acacia concinna --  Myan-Engl-Dict 016

 

Hindi :
{yhi.ka-ka-I} -- Nagathein in Hindi-Myanmar
Sanskrit :

UKT: Nagathein could have spelled the Hindi name {rhi-ka-ka-I} (which Burmese-Myanmar literates would read "shi-ka-ka-i"), in which case, we could safely say that the plant is the same as mentioned by http://labshelf.com/shikakai-fruit.html : " "shikakai" (or Shikai) which literally translates as 'fruit for the hair' " .

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 04-0085:  NG
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 027 : NG
KS-TMN 137: NG
Nagathein 1-096:  Soap nut
UHM : NL.

Picture:
Leader from http://labshelf.com/shikakai-fruit.html
Photos: left -- habit with flowers; right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

A climbing shrub, armed with numerous small recurved prickles; younger stems terete, longitudinally striated, glabrescent. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules ovate, deciduous; petioles bear solitary basal glands, pulvinate, the primary rachis bear interpetiolar glands at the base of the terminal 1-2 pairs of secondary racheae, terminally appendaged, armed with 5 small recurved prickles, the secondary racheae 5-8 pairs, bear a gland each between the terminal 2-3 pairs of leaflets, stipels cordate or ovate; leaflets 5-25 pairs, oblong, oblique, the bases rounded or truncate, the margins entire, the tips acute or mucronate. Inflorescences in globose  heads, axillary, head bearing peducles 3-4 per axil; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-toothed, campanulate, glabrous. Corolla synpetalous, 5-partite, campanulate, the tube about twice the length of calyx, the lobes subulate, yellow, glabrous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiforn, about  twice the length of corolla, the anthers dithecous, minute, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, obscurely compressed, pubescent, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, longer than filaments, the stigma minute, capitate; gynophore short. Fruit a pod, oblongoid, straight, slightly compressed, constricted between the seeds, indehiscent, rugose; seeds 5-18, ovoid, compressed, brown, non-endospermic. Flowering and Fruiting periods: May - July -- KS-TMN

A common, prickly, scandent shrub, occuring in tropical jungles throughout India, especially in the Deccan. Leaves bipinnate;flowers in yellow, globose, anxillary heads; pods brown, wrinkled and notched when dry; seeds 6-10 in a pod. -- www.pioneerherbs.com/acacia_concinna.htm

Acacia concinna is a small shrub-like tree which grows in the warm, dry plains of central India. For centuries the people who have had access to this tree have used its pod-like fruit to clean their hair. They collect, dry and grind this pod into a powder which is considered a superior cleanser for "lustrous long hair" and has been reported as "promoting hair growth and preventing dandruff". Because of these benefits, this powder was named "shikakai" which literally translates as "fruit for the hair" . http://labshelf.com/shikakai-fruit.html

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

Grows wild and cultivated in tropical regions throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

 

Part used and uses :

Leaf -- Ascites; Hepatitis; Unproductive cough; Leprosy; Haemorrhoids; Tumours; Indigestion; Biliousness; Expectorant; Good for heart. Fruit -- Abortifacient; Cathartic; Antidote for snake venom; As hair shampoo for antiseptic  and antidandruff; Pain due to cystitis. Seed -- Emetic; Diuretic; Cathartic. -- KS-TMN

Bark, leaves, pods -- www.pioneerherbs.com/acacia_concinna.htm

 

Ethnobotany (Worldwide use):

Today this fruit is grown commercially in large quantities in India and the Far East. As a result, shikakai powder is readily available and continues to be commonly used as a preferred shampoo. The dried, powdered fruit is sold in attractive packages that show women with long, beautiful, shiny hair. Many popular brands are sold throughout India.
   Typically, shikakai is mixed with water to make a paste which is worked through the hair. It lathers moderately and cleans hair beautifully. It has a natural low pH, is extremely mild, and doesn't strip hair of natural oils. Usually no rinse or conditioner is used since shikakai also acts as a detangler. This ancient product is probably the world's original pH balanced shampoo.
   ShiKai imports this shikakai powder from India and uses it as the primary cleansing and sudsing agent in ShiKai Shampoos.  Instead of using it in its raw powdered state however, Shikai makes an extract which preserves the beneficial properties and converts shikakai powder into a water-soluble form. This "shiKai" extract, as they've named it, is used in place of soaps and harsh detergents. The resulting shampoos are truly different -- they are gentle, mild, naturally low pH, and are genuine alternatives to all other shampoos found today. http://labshelf.com/shikakai-fruit.html

An infusion of the leaves is used in malarial fever. A decoction of the pods relieves biliousness and acts as a purgative. It is used to remove dandruff. An ointment, prepared from the ground pods, is good for skin diseases. The pods, known as Shikai or Shikakai, are extensively used as an detergent, and the dry ones are powdered and perfumed, and sold in the market as soapnut powder. The pods are reported to be used in north Bengal for poisoning fish. [Nathawat and Deshpande, loc. Cit.;Nadkarni, I, 16; Bhatnagar et al, J Res Indian Med, 1973, 8(2), 67]. Contraindication N.A. Formulation and dosages: N.A. www.pioneerherbs.com/acacia_concinna.htm

 

Constituents :

The bark contains saponin, which on hydrolysis yields lupeol, (-spinasterol and acacic acid lactone. The sugars identified are glucose, arabinose and rhamnose. It also contains hexacosanol and (- spinasterone. The saponin of bark shows spermicidal activity against human semen (Banerji and Nigam, J Indian chem Soc., 1980, 57, 1043; Banerji et al, Indian Drugs, 1979 - 80, 17,6). The tender leaves, which are acidic, are used in chutneys. The leaves contain oxalic, tartaric, citric, succinic and ascorbic acids. They also contain two alkaloids calyctomine (C12H17O3N, m p 138-40o) and nicotine, besides rutin, and an enzyme tartaric racimase. A new triterpenoid saponin (C36H48O5, m p 295o) having the basic skeleton of oleanolic acid. Other constituents present in the leaves are tannins, amino acids and proteins (Gupta & Nigam, Planta med, 1970-71,19,55). -- www.pioneerherbs.com/acacia_concinna.htm

Contents of this page

Acacia farnesiana

Family: Mimosaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 33-0872:  {nan:loan:-kraing}  - fam. Mimosaceae
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 237: {nan:loan:-kraing} - fam. Mimosaceae
KS-TMN 138: Nan-lone-kyaing - fam. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
Nagathein 2-150:  {nan:loan:-kraing ping}
UHM : NL.

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{nan:loan:-kraing} --
   -- TravPo-M-Dict 171
{nan:loan:-kraing} - n. vachellia, kind of fragrant flower, Acacia farmesiana.
  --  Myan-Engl-Dict 238

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar:
Agri.Dept.2000 33-0872: Cassia flower
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 237: Cassia flower - fam. Mimosaceae
KS-TMN 138: Cassie flowers; Sponge tree; Stinking acacia - fam. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
Nagathein 2-150: not given
UHM : NL.

Picture:
Leader www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/GBASE/LEGUMES/Acfar.gif
Photos: left -- habit with flowers, right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

Plant identification characters:

A shrub or a low tree; branches slender, zigzag, armed with stipular spines. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules spinescent, the spines straight, hard and sharp; petioles bear solitary glands about mid-length; primary rachis pubescent, secondary racheae 5-7 pairs, pubescent; leaflets 15-20 pairs, linear-oblong, minute, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips acute, glabrous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary pedunculate globose heads, the head bearing peduncles shorter than the leaves; bracts ciliate, persistent. Flowers bracteolate, the bracteoles ciliolate, pedicellate, besexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, campanulate, 5-fid, teeth short triangular, petaloid, yellow. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, the lobes obtuse, minute, deep yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, more than twice the length of corolla tube, the anthers dithecous, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, subcylindrical, slightly curved, short, thick, sutures straight, mesocarp pulpy, indehiscent, divided into 6-23 pairs of 1-seeded chambers, dull brown, closely striated; seeds non-endospermic. Flowering period: October-November. Fruiting period: November-December. -- KS-TMN

Distribution:

Common throughout Myanmar. Planted. -- KS-TMN

Parts used and uses:

Bark -- Metrorrhagia; Pruritis; Bronchitis; Diarrhoea; Dysentery; For the treatment of tooth-ache, toothdecay and pyorrhoea; As an antidote for poisons; Heals carbuncles. Gum -- Aphrodisiac; Gives energy. -- KS-TMN

Constituents:

 

Contents of this page

Acacia leucophloea

Family: Mimosaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 30-0773:  {hta.nhaung:}  - fam. Mimosaceae
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 141: {hta.nhaung:}  - fam. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
Nagathein 2-056:  {hta.nhaung:}
UHM : NL.

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :

{hta.nhaung:} --
-- TravPo-M-Dict 141
{hta.nhaung:} -- n. kind of thorny tree with whitish bark growing in dry regions, Acacia leucaphloea.
--  Myan-Engl-Dict 193

 

Hindi:
Sanskrit
:

 

English common name used in Myanmar:
Agri.Dept.2000 30-0773: White barked Acacia
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 141: White Babool
Nagathein 2-056: White Babul
UHM : NL.

 

Picture:
Leader http://ecocrop.fao.org/ECPix/000002/2646.jpg
Photos: left -- flowers, right -- habit with flowers.
Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

Plant identification characters:

A tree; branches armed with stipular spines, bark yellowish, the younger stems pubescent. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules spinescent, spines short, stout and straight; petioles bear solitary apical glands; primary rachis bears 7-9 interpetiolar glands, terminally appendaged, the secondary racheae 7-9 pairs, pubescent; leaflets 12-17 pairs, oblong, minute, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips acute, coriaceous. Inflorescences terminal paniculate cymes bearing globose heads; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-fid, petaloid, brownish yellow, the tube length about three times shorter than the corolla tube. Corolla synpetalous, twice longer than calyx length, 5-lobed, the lobes minute, valvate, brownish yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, about twice the length of corolla tube, the anthers dithecous, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, ligulate, falcate, thin and flat, sutures straight, tomentose; seeds 10-20, non-endospermic. Flowering period: April-May . Fruiting period: June-September -- KS-TMN

Distribution in Myanmar :

Grows wild, common in dry zone plains -- KS-TMN

Parts used and uses:

Bark: Antiseptic; Antipyretic; Oedema; Cough; Emesis; To allay thirst; Burning sensations; Metrorrhagia; Mental disorders; Leprosy. Wood of fresh roots: Rabies -- KS-TMN

Constituents:

 

Contents of this page

Acacia spp.

Family: Mimosaceae

UKT: Chklist online and USDA-NRCS do not agree on the families (Mimosaceae or Fabaceae).

Results of search for 'Acacia' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 14 May 2006.

Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Cultivated
Acacia brunnescens C.E. Parkinson. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi, Yangon
Acacia caesia (L.) Willd. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Acacia campbellii Arn. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Magway
Acacia canescens Graham. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Magway
Acacia catechu Willd. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay.
  Common Names: Cutch, Mung-ting, Nya, Sha, Shaji, Tun-sa-se
Acacia chundra Willd. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Sha
Acacia concinna DC. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated.
  Common Names: Hpak-ha Sum-hkawn, Kin-mun, Kinmun-gyin
Acacia confusa Merr. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Acacia dealbata Link. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Silver wattle
Acacia decurrens Willd. Cited as: Acacia mollissima Willd. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated.
  Common Names: Black wattle
Acacia decurrens var. mollis Lindl. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated
Acacia diadenia Parker. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Cultivated.
  Common Names: Mawk-nawn-hkam, Nan-lon-kyaing
Acacia ferruginea DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Sha-byu
Acacia gageana Craib. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Taninthayi
Acacia inopinata Prain. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mandalay, Mandalay, Shan.
  Common Names: Sha-hta-naung
Acacia intsia Willd.Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Suboke.
Acacia kingii Prain. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mandalay, Mandalay, Shan.
Acacia laevis Parker. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Yo-peing-nwe.
Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Shan.
   Common Names: Tanaung, White-barked acacia.
Acacia macrocephala Lace. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay.
Acacia meeboldii Craib. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi.
Acacia megaladena Desv. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Subok.
Acacia microcephala Graham. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing.
   Common Names: Sha-tanaung.
Acacia modesta Wall. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Thinbaw-tanaung.
Acacia myaingii Lace. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mandalay, Mandalay, Shan.
  Common Names: Su-magyi, Tagaung-net.
Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile. Cited as: Acacia arabica Willd. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay.
   Common Names: Babu, Babul, Indian gum-arabic tree, Indian gum-arabic tree, Subyu, Subyu.
Acacia obcordata Hemsl. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. Cited as: Acacia insuavis Lace. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Hpak-ha-awn, Htaura, Suboke-gyi, Suyit.
Acacia pennata var. pluricapitata Steud. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mon.
   Common Names: Subok-gale-nwe.
Acacia podalyraefolia A. Cunn. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay.
Acacia pruinescens Kurz. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing.
   Common Names: Kinmum-gyin.
Acacia rugata Buch.-Ham. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
   Common Names: Kinmun-gyin, Subok-nwe.
Acacia suma Kurz ex Brandis. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Bago. Common Names: Gum arabic tree, Tanaung.
Acacia tomentosa Willd. Habit: Shrub, Small tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanma.

USDA-NRCS

"ACACI","Acacia P. Mill.","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACAB2","Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACABC2","Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth. ssp. calophylla Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACAC7","Acacia acinacea Lindl.","gold-dust acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCY3","Acacia cyclophylla Schltdl.","&gt;&gt;Acacia acinacea","Fabaceae"
"ACAC8","Acacia aciphylla Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACAC9","Acacia aculeatissima J. F. Macbr.","","Fabaceae"
"ACAC10","Acacia acuminata Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACAD","Acacia adunca A. Cunn. ex G. Don","Wallangarra wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACAC6","Acacia accola Maiden &amp; Betche","&gt;&gt;Acacia adunca","Fabaceae"
"ACAL16","Acacia alata R. Br.","winged wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACAM9","Acacia ampliceps Maslin","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACAN4","Acacia anegadensis Britt. [excluded]","blackbrush wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACAN10","Acacia aneura F. Muell. ex Benth.","mulga","Fabaceae"
"ACAN","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze","prairie acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACANC","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. chisosiana Isely","Chisos prairie acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACANH","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Robins.","prairie acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACHI3","Acacia hirta Nutt.","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. hirta","Fabaceae"
"ACHI4","Acaciella hirta (Nutt.) Britt. &amp; Rose","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. hirta","Fabaceae"
"ACANS","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. shrevei (Britt. &amp; Rose) Isely","Shreve's prairie acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACHIL2","Acacia hirta Nutt. ssp. lemmonii (Rose) Wiggins","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. shrevei","Fabaceae"
"ACLE3","Acacia lemmonii Rose","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. shrevei","Fabaceae"
"ACSH2","Acaciella shrevei Britt. &amp; Rose","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. shrevei","Fabaceae"
"ACANS2","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. suffrutescens (Rose) Isely","prairie acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACANC2","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. cuspidata (Schlecht.) L. Benson p.p.","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. suffrutescens","Fabaceae"
"ACCU","Acacia cuspidata Schlecht. p.p.","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. suffrutescens","Fabaceae"
"ACANT4","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. texensis (Torr. &amp; Gray) Isely","prairie wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACANC2","Acacia angustissima (P. Mill.) Kuntze var. cuspidata (Schlecht.) L. Benson p.p.","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. texensis","Fabaceae"
"ACCU","Acacia cuspidata Schlecht. p.p.","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. texensis","Fabaceae"
"ACTE2","Acacia texensis Torr. &amp; Gray","&gt;&gt;Acacia angustissima var. texensis","Fabaceae"
"ACAR12","Acacia arenaria Schinz","","Fabaceae"
"ACAU","Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunningham ex Benth.","earleaf acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACBA","Acacia baileyana F. Muell.","cootamundra wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACBE6","Acacia beckleri Tindale","Barrier Range wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACBE","Acacia berlandieri Benth.","guajillo","Fabaceae"
"ACEM","Acacia emoryana Benth.","&gt;&gt;Acacia berlandieri","Fabaceae"
"ACBI5","Acacia binervata DC.","two-vein-hickory","Fabaceae"
"ACBO4","Acacia boomanii Maiden","Snowy River wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACBR3","Acacia brachybotrya Benth.","gray mulga","Fabaceae"
"ACBU3","Acacia buxifolia A. Cunn.","","Fabaceae"
"ACCA23","Acacia caesiella Maiden &amp; Blakely","","Fabaceae"
"ACCA24","Acacia calamifolia Sweet ex Lindl.","broom wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCA25","Acacia cambagei R. T. Baker","gidgee","Fabaceae"
"ACCA27","Acacia cardiophylla A. Cunn. ex Benth.","wyalong wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCA21","Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. [excluded]","black cutch","Fabaceae"
"ACCA35","Acacia caven (Molina) Molina","Roman-cassie","Fabaceae"
"ACCA28","Acacia cavenia (Molina) Hook. &amp; Arn. [orthographic variant]","&gt;&gt;Acacia caven","Fabaceae"
"ACCH7","Acacia chinchellensis Tindale","Chinchilla wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCH","Acacia choriophylla Benth.","cinnecord","Fabaceae"
"ACCI6","Acacia cibaria F. Muell.","turpentine mulga","Fabaceae"
"ACBR4","Acacia brachystachya auct.","&gt;&gt;Acacia cibaria","Fabaceae"
"ACCO15","Acacia cognata Domin","bower wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCO16","Acacia colletioides A. Cunn. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACCO24","Acacia collinsii Saff.","bull horn acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCOP3","Acacia collinsii Saff. var. pseudomyrmex ined. [anomalous]","&gt;&gt;Acacia collinsii","Fabaceae"
"ACCO","Acacia confusa Merr.","small Philippine acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCO17","Acacia conspersa F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACCO2","Acacia constricta Benth.","whitethorn acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCOC","Acacia constricta Benth. var. constricta","whitethorn acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCOP9","Acacia constricta Benth. var. paucispina Woot. &amp; Standl.","whitethorn acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCO18","Acacia continua Benth.","thorn wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCO5","Acacia cornigera (L.) Willd.","bullhorn wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCR2","Acacia craspedocarpa F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACCU4","Acacia cultriformis A. Cunn. ex G. Don","knife acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCU5","Acacia cupularis Domin","","Fabaceae"
"ACCY2","Acacia cyclops A. Cunningham ex G. Don","cyclops acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACDA5","Acacia davyi N. E. Br.","","Fabaceae"
"ACDE3","Acacia dealbata Link","silver wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDED","Acacia decurrens (Wendl. f.) Willd. var. dealbata (Link) F. Muell.","&gt;&gt;Acacia dealbata","Fabaceae"
"ACDE11","Acacia deanei (R. T. Baker) M. B. Welch et al.","Deane's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDEP2","Acacia deanei (R. T. Baker) M. B. Welch et al. ssp. paucijuga (Wakef.) Tindale","","Fabaceae"
"ACPA10","Acacia paucijuga Wakef.","&gt;&gt;Acacia deanei ssp. paucijuga","Fabaceae"
"ACDE12","Acacia decora Rchb.","graceful wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDE","Acacia decurrens (Wendl. f.) Willd.","green wattle","Fabaceae"
"MIDE17","Mimosa decurrens Wendl. f.","&gt;&gt;Acacia decurrens","Fabaceae"
"ACDI7","Acacia dietrichiana F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACDI8","Acacia difformis R. T. Baker","drooping wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDO2","Acacia doratoxylon A. Cunn.","spearwood","Fabaceae"
"ACDR2","Acacia drummondii Lindl.","Drummond's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDU3","Acacia dunnii Turrill","","Fabaceae"
"ACEB2","Acacia eburnea (L. f.) Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACEL","Acacia elata A. Cunningham ex Benth.","cedar wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACER4","Acacia erioloba E. Mey.","camelthorn","Fabaceae"
"ACER5","Acacia erubescens Welw. ex Oliv.","","Fabaceae"
"ACES2","Acacia estrophiolata F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACEX3","Acacia extensa Lindl.","","Fabaceae"
"ACFA","Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.","sweet acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACFAF2","Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. var. farnesiana (L.) Willd. [superfluous autonym]","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"ACMI4","Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) Beauchamp","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"ACMID","Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) Beauchamp ssp. densiflora (Alexander ex Small) Beauchamp","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"ACSM","Acacia smallii Isely","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"MIFA","Mimosa farnesiana L.","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"PIMI5","Pithecellobium minutum M.E. Jones","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"VADE4","Vachellia densiflora Alexander ex Small","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"VAFA","Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight &amp; Arn.","&gt;&gt;Acacia farnesiana","Fabaceae"
"ACFI4","Acacia fimbriata A. Cunn. ex G. Don","fringed wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACFL6","Acacia floribunda (Vent.) Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACGA3","Acacia galpinii Burtt Davy","","Fabaceae"
"ACGE8","Acacia genistifolia Link","early wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDI9","Acacia diffusa Lindl.","&gt;&gt;Acacia genistifolia","Fabaceae"
"ACGE7","Acacia gerrardii Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACGL5","Acacia gladiiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACGL6","Acacia glandulicarpa Reader","","Fabaceae"
"ACGL4","Acacia glauca (L.) Moench","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACVI8","Acacia villosa (Sw.) Willd.","&gt;&gt;Acacia glauca","Fabaceae"
"ACGO2","Acacia goetzei Harms","","Fabaceae"
"ACGR9","Acacia gracilifolia Maiden &amp; Blakely","graceful wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACGR","Acacia greggii Gray","catclaw acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACGRG3","Acacia greggii Gray var. greggii","catclaw acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACGRA","Acacia greggii Gray var. arizonica Isely","&gt;&gt;Acacia greggii var. greggii","Fabaceae"
"ACGRW","Acacia greggii Gray var. wrightii (Benth.) Isely","catclaw acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACWR","Acacia wrightii Benth.","&gt;&gt;Acacia greggii var. wrightii","Fabaceae"
"ACHA4","Acacia hakeoides A. Cunn. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACHE8","Acacia hebeclada DC.","","Fabaceae"
"ACHE12","Acacia hemiteles Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACGR10","Acacia graffiana F. Muell.","&gt;&gt;Acacia hemiteles","Fabaceae"
"ACHO2","Acacia holosericea A. Cunn. ex G. Don","candelabra wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACHO4","Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACHO5","Acacia howittii F. Muell.","sticky wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACIM4","Acacia imbricata F. Muell.","imbricate wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACIM5","Acacia implexa Benth.","screw-pod wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACIR","Acacia irrorata Sieber ex Spreng.","green wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACIT2","Acacia iteaphylla F. Muell. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACIX2","Acacia ixiophylla Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACJI","Acacia jibberdingensis Maiden &amp; Blakely","","Fabaceae"
"ACJO2","Acacia jonesii F. Muell. &amp; Maiden","","Fabaceae"
"ACKA2","Acacia karroo Hayne","karroothorn","Fabaceae"
"ACKO","Acacia koa Gray","koa","Fabaceae"
"ACKA","Acacia kauaiensis Hbd.","&gt;&gt;Acacia koa","Fabaceae"
"ACKOH","Acacia koa Gray var. hawaiiensis Rock","&gt;&gt;Acacia koa","Fabaceae"
"ACKOL","Acacia koa Gray var. lanaiensis Rock","&gt;&gt;Acacia koa","Fabaceae"
"ACKOW","Acacia koa Gray var. waimeae Hochr.","&gt;&gt;Acacia koa","Fabaceae"
"ACKO2","Acacia koaia Hbd.","koaoha","Fabaceae"
"ACLA10","Acacia lanuginophylla R. S. Cowan &amp; Maslin","","Fabaceae"
"ACLA11","Acacia lanuginosa C. A. Gardner, nom. illeg. [anomalous]","&gt;&gt;Acacia lanuginophylla","Fabaceae"
"ACLA6","Acacia lasiocalyx C. R. P. Andrews","","Fabaceae"
"ACLE7","Acacia leiophylla Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACLI8","Acacia ligulata Benth.","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACLI5","Acacia lineata A. Cunn. ex G. Don","","Fabaceae"
"ACLO","Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd.","Sydney golden wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACLA","Acacia latifolia hort.","&gt;&gt;Acacia longifolia","Fabaceae"
"ACLOS3","Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd. ssp. sophorae (Labill.) Court","","Fabaceae"
"ACLOS2","Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd. var. sophorae (Labill.) F. Muell. ex Benth.","&gt;&gt;Acacia longifolia ssp. sophorae","Fabaceae"
"ACLO8","Acacia longissima H. L. Wendl.","","Fabaceae"
"ACLI4","Acacia linearis Sims","&gt;&gt;Acacia longissima","Fabaceae"
"ACMA","Acacia macracantha Humb. &amp; Bonpl. ex Willd.","porknut","Fabaceae"
"ACMA11","Acacia maidenii F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMA12","Acacia mangium Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACME80","Acacia mearnsii de Wildeman","black wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACDEM","Acacia decurrens (Wendl. f.) Willd. var. mollis Lindl.","&gt;&gt;Acacia mearnsii","Fabaceae"
"ACME","Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. ex Ait. f.","blackwood","Fabaceae"
"ACME8","Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMED","Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth. ssp. detinens (Burch.) Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACDE13","Acacia detinens Burch.","&gt;&gt;Acacia mellifera ssp. detinens","Fabaceae"
"ACME6","Acacia merrallii F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMI5","Acacia microbotrya Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMI6","Acacia microcarpa F. Muell.","manna wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACMI","Acacia millefolia S. Wats.","milfoil wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACMO9","Acacia montana Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMU6","Acacia mucronata Willd. ex H. L. Wendl.","narrow-leaf wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACMU7","Acacia multispicata Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACMU","Acacia muricata (L.) Willd.","spineless wattle","Fabaceae"
"MIMU4","Mimosa muricata L.","&gt;&gt;Acacia muricata","Fabaceae"
"ACMY2","Acacia myrtifolia (Sm.) Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACNE4","Acacia neovernicosa Isely","viscid acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACCOV","Acacia constricta Benth. var. vernicosa (Standl.) L. Benson","&gt;&gt;Acacia neovernicosa","Fabaceae"
"ACVE","Acacia vernicosa Standl.","&gt;&gt;Acacia neovernicosa","Fabaceae"
"ACNE8","Acacia neriifolia A. Cunn. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACNI8","Acacia nigrescens Oliv.","knobthorn","Fabaceae"
"ACNI2","Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile","gum arabic tree","Fabaceae"
"ACAR11","Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd.","&gt;&gt;Acacia nilotica","Fabaceae"
"MINI2","Mimosa nilotica L.","&gt;&gt;Acacia nilotica","Fabaceae"
"ACNIA3","Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile ssp. adstringens (Schumach. &amp; Thonn.) Roberty","","Fabaceae"
"ACNIA2","Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile ssp. adansonii (Guill. &amp; Perr.) Brenan","&gt;&gt;Acacia nilotica ssp. adstringens","Fabaceae"
"ACNIK2","Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile ssp. kraussiana (Benth.) Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACNO5","Acacia notabilis F. Muell.","notable wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACOM","Acacia omalophylla A. Cunn. ex Benth.","yarran","Fabaceae"
"ACHO3","Acacia homalophylla A. Cunn. ex Benth., orth. var.","&gt;&gt;Acacia omalophylla","Fabaceae"
"ACOS2","Acacia oswaldii F. Muell.","umbrella acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACOX3","Acacia oxycedrus Sieber ex DC.","","Fabaceae"
"ACPA15","Acacia pachyceras Sw.","","Fabaceae"
"ACPAN","Acacia pachyceras Sw. var. najdensis (Chaudhary) Boulos","","Fabaceae"
"ACGEN2","Acacia gerrardii Benth. ssp. negevensis Zohary","&gt;&gt;Acacia pachyceras var. najdensis","Fabaceae"
"ACPA16","Acacia papyrocarpa Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACSO3","Acacia sowdenii Maiden","&gt;&gt;Acacia papyrocarpa","Fabaceae"
"ACPA8","Acacia paradoxa DC.","paradox acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACAR15","Acacia armata R. Br.","&gt;&gt;Acacia paradoxa","Fabaceae"
"ACPA81","Acacia parramattensis Tindale","South Wales wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPA9","Acacia parvipinnula Tindale","silver-stem wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPE8","Acacia pendula A. Cunn. ex G. Don","myall acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACPE9","Acacia pennatula (Schltdl. &amp; Cham.) Benth.","fern-leaf acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACPE10","Acacia penninervis Sieber ex DC.","blackwood","Fabaceae"
"ACPE11","Acacia pentagona (Schumach. &amp; Thonn.) Hook. f.","","Fabaceae"
"ACPI","Acacia pinetorum F.J. Herm.","pineland wattle","Fabaceae"
"VAIN2","Vachellia insularis Small","&gt;&gt;Acacia pinetorum","Fabaceae"
"VAPE2","Vachellia peninsularis Small","&gt;&gt;Acacia pinetorum","Fabaceae"
"ACPO2","Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunningham ex G. Don","pearl wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPO3","Acacia polyacantha Willd.","catechu tree","Fabaceae"
"ACSU2","Acacia suma (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Voigt","&gt;&gt;Acacia polyacantha","Fabaceae"
"ACPOC2","Acacia polyacantha Willd. ssp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACCA26","Acacia campylacantha Hochst. ex A. Rich.","&gt;&gt;Acacia polyacantha ssp. campylacantha","Fabaceae"
"ACPR6","Acacia pravissima F. Muell.","wedge-leaf wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPR3","Acacia prominens A. Cunn. ex G. Don","goldenrain wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPR4","Acacia pruinosa A. Cunn. ex Benth.","frosty wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPU3","Acacia pulchella R. Br.","","Fabaceae"
"ACPY3","Acacia pycnantha Benth.","golden wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACPY4","Acacia pyrifolia DC.","","Fabaceae"
"ACQU2","Acacia quornensis J. M. Black","quorn wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACRA5","Acacia ramulosa W. Fitzg.","","Fabaceae"
"ACRE9","Acacia redolens Maslin","bank catclaw","Fabaceae"
"ACRE8","Acacia rehmanniana Schinz","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACRE2","Acacia retinodes Schlecht.","water wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACRE4","Acacia retusa (Jacq.) Howard","catch and keep","Fabaceae"
"ACRI4","Acacia riparia auct. non Kunth [misapplied]","&gt;&gt;Acacia retusa","Fabaceae"
"ACWE","Acacia westiana DC.","&gt;&gt;Acacia retusa","Fabaceae"
"SEWE4","Senegalia westiana (DC.) Britt. &amp; Rose","&gt;&gt;Acacia retusa","Fabaceae"
"ACRI10","Acacia richii Gray [excluded]","","Fabaceae"
"ACRI6","Acacia rigens A. Cunn. ex G. Don","nealie","Fabaceae"
"ACRI","Acacia rigidula Benth.","blackbrush acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACAM3","Acacia amentacea DC.","&gt;&gt;Acacia rigidula","Fabaceae"
"ACRI7","Acacia rivalis J. M. Black","creek wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACRO5","Acacia robusta Burch.","","Fabaceae"
"ACRO","Acacia roemeriana Scheele","roundflower catclaw","Fabaceae"
"ACMA2","Acacia malacophylla Benth.","&gt;&gt;Acacia roemeriana","Fabaceae"
"ACRO6","Acacia rossei F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACRU11","Acacia rubida A. Cunn.","red-leaf wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACRU12","Acacia rupicola F. Muell. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACSA9","Acacia saliciformis Tindale","","Fabaceae"
"ACSA10","Acacia salicina Lindl.","cooba","Fabaceae"
"ACSA","Acacia saligna (Labill.) Wendl. f.","orange wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACCY","Acacia cyanophylla Lindl.","&gt;&gt;Acacia saligna","Fabaceae"
"ACSC2","Acacia schaffneri (S. Wats.) F.J. Herm.","Schaffner's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSCB","Acacia schaffneri (S. Wats.) F.J. Herm. var. bravoensis Isely","Schaffner's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSCS2","Acacia schaffneri (S. Wats.) F.J. Herm. var. schaffneri (S. Wats.) F.J. Herm. [excluded]","Schaffner's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSC","Acacia schottii Torr.","Schott's wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSC9","Acacia schweinfurthii Brenan &amp; Exell","","Fabaceae"
"ACSC10","Acacia sclerosperma F. Muell.","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACSC12","Acacia scleroxyla Tussac [excluded]","","Fabaceae"
"ACSE6","Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.","gum arabic","Fabaceae"
"ACVE3","Acacia verek Guillemin &amp; Perrottet","&gt;&gt;Acacia senegal","Fabaceae"
"ACSER2","Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. var. rostrata Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACSE7","Acacia seyal Del.","talh","Fabaceae"
"ACSI7","Acacia sieberiana DC.","","Fabaceae"
"ACSIW2","Acacia sieberiana DC. var. woodii (Burtt Davy) Keay &amp; Brenan","paperbark-thorn","Fabaceae"
"ACSI5","Acacia silvestris Tindale","red wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSO4","Acacia sophorae (Labill.) R.Br.","acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACSP9","Acacia spectabilis A. Cunn. ex Benth.","glory wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSP4","Acacia sphaerocephala Schlecht. &amp; Cham.","bee wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACST5","Acacia stenophylla A. Cunn. ex Benth.","Dalby myall","Fabaceae"
"ACST8","Acacia stowardii Maiden","bastard mulga","Fabaceae"
"ACCL2","Acacia clivicola Pedley","&gt;&gt;Acacia stowardii","Fabaceae"
"ACST6","Acacia stricta (Andrews) Willd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACSU9","Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd.","sweet acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACSU11","Acacia sublanata Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACLU2","Acacia luehmannii F. Muell.","&gt;&gt;Acacia sublanata","Fabaceae"
"ACSU10","Acacia subulata Bonpl.","awl-leaf wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACSW2","Acacia swazica Burtt Davy","","Fabaceae"
"ACTE9","Acacia terminalis (Salisb.) J.F. Macbr. [excluded]","","Fabaceae"
"ACTE8","Acacia tetragonophylla F. Muell.","dead finish","Fabaceae"
"ACTO6","Acacia tortilis (Forsskal) Hayne","umbrella thorn","Fabaceae"
"ACTOH2","Acacia tortilis (Forsskal) Hayne ssp. heteracantha (Burch.) Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACTOS2","Acacia tortilis (Forsskal) Hayne ssp. spirocarpa (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan","","Fabaceae"
"ACTO","Acacia tortuosa (L.) Willd.","poponax","Fabaceae"
"MITO3","Mimosa tortuosa L.","&gt;&gt;Acacia tortuosa","Fabaceae"
"POTO2","Poponax tortuosa (L.) Raf.","&gt;&gt;Acacia tortuosa","Fabaceae"
"ACTR6","Acacia trineura F. Muell.","","Fabaceae"
"ACUL2","Acacia ulicifolia (Salisb.) Court","juniper wattle","Fabaceae"
"ACJU2","Acacia juniperina (Vent.) Willd.","&gt;&gt;Acacia ulicifolia","Fabaceae"
"ACUN2","Acacia uncinata Lindl.","","Fabaceae"
"ACUN3","Acacia undulifolia G. Lodd.","","Fabaceae"
"ACUR2","Acacia urophylla Benth. ex Lindl.","","Fabaceae"
"ACVE5","Acacia verniciflua A. Cunn.","","Fabaceae"
"ACVE2","Acacia verticillata (L'Hr.) Willd.","prickly Moses","Fabaceae"
"ACVI7","Acacia victoriae Benth.","bramble acacia","Fabaceae"
"ACSE9","Acacia sentis F. Muell. ex Benth., nom. illeg. [anomalous]","&gt;&gt;Acacia victoriae","Fabaceae"
"ACVI9","Acacia viscidula Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACVI10","Acacia visco Lorentz ex Griseb.","","Fabaceae"
"ACVO","Acacia vogeliana Steud.","macata bourse bastard","Fabaceae"
"LYAM4","Lysiloma ambiguum Urban","&gt;&gt;Acacia vogeliana","Fabaceae"
"ACWA3","Acacia wattsiana F. Muell. ex Benth.","","Fabaceae"
"ACWI2","Acacia willardiana Rose","","Fabaceae"

Contents of this page

Adenanthera pavonina

Family: Mimosaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 51-1355: {rw:} - fam: Mimosaceae
FAO :
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN:
Nagathein 3-143: {rw:kri: (rw:ni)}
UHM 01:

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{rw:kri:} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 278
{rw:kri:} - n. 1 tree, the seeds from which are used as jewellers' weight, Adenanthera pavonina. 2 weight of its seed equivalent to 1/60 of a kyat [UKT: {kyap-tha:}] in weight, 4.2 grains, or 272.15 approximately (used in weighing gold and jewellery). -- Myan-Engl-Dict 414

UKT: Unless specific, {rw:} can mean another plant,  Abrus precatorious [UKT: fam. Fabaceae]. Also {ching-rw:} or {rw:ka.l:} -- Myan-Engl-Dict 414

UKT: 1 tical weight or {kyap-tha:} = 16.329327 gram (datum given by Central Research Organisation)

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 51-1355: NG
FAO :
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN:
Nagathein 3-143:
UHM 01:

 

Picture :
Leader from Nagathein
Photo: tree http://163.29.82.121/ImageTree/Adenanthera_pavonina/Adenanthera_pavonina3.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Albizia lebbek

Family: Mimosaceae

UKT: the colour of fruit and bark given by FAO do not agree with those from the trees I know so well in Mandalay. I will check with my peers.

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 04-0105: {kok~kol (mran-ma)}
FAO 057: Kokko
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 142: Kokko; Anya-kokko
Nagathein 1-106: {kok~ko (mran-ma)}
UHM : NL

UKT: Agri.Dept.2000, KS-TMN and Nagathein spelled Albizzia -- double "z", whereas Chklist and USDA-NRCS spelled it with single "z".

Note by Nagathein, pg 107, free translation by UKT: There was only one species in Myanmar before the British Annexation (in the 19th century). The British introduced another species to plant as shade trees along the road sides. The native species is known as {mran-ma kok~ko} syn. and the introduced species as {ku.la: kok~ko} syn. {kok~ko (ku.la:)}..
   Note by UKT: The word {ku.la:} was applied to the British because they came to Myanmar from India. They were known as the "White Indians". The two species of trees may be differentiated by the overall colour of their flowers: {mran-ma kok~ko} bears white flowers, whereas {ku.la: kok~ko} bears pink. The word {ku.la:} bearing some relation to the words "colored" or "black" does not imply any racism in Myanmar.

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{kok~ko} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 012
{kok~ko} - n. 1 kind of tree, Albizzia lebbek . 2. rain tree, Samanea saman . Also {thin:bau kok~ko} -- Myan-Engl-Dict 014

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 04-1015: Siris
FAO 057: Kokko
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 142: Parrot Tree; Sinis Tree; Sizzling Tree; Indian Walnut.
Nagathein 106: Siris tree
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader -- FAO (UKT: the colour of fruits and bark given by FAO is not correct.)
Photos: left --habit with inflorescences; right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN 

 

Plant identification characters :

  Key characteristics: Large spreading crown; smooth grey bark becoming rough and fissured by age; inner bark pink; leaves even bipinnate, leaflets 25 cm, flower heads puffball-like, 34 cm in diameter, white; pods yellow, 1025 cm long, flat. Description: A medium sized tree up to 30 m tall and 1 m in diameter (occasionally up to 3 m), with a large spreading crown and smooth grey bark, becoming fissured and rough by age; inner bark pink and bitter tasting. Leaves alternate, evenly bipinnate, 1540 cm long, with a gland at the base on the upper side of the axes, 24 pairs of lateral axes, each with 412 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets 25 cm long and 12.5 cm wide, oblong and broadly rounded or emarginate. The puffball-like flower heads are 34 cm in diameter, with many tiny white flowers with greenish yellow corolla and borne on 6 cm long stalks. Fruit pods golden yellow, leathery, 1025 cm long and 2.54 cm wide when mature, flat, but swollen around the seeds. -- FAO

A deciduous tree; stems unarmed, the younger ones glabrous, lenticels white. Leaves alternate bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules persistent; petioles with a large gland above the base; primary rachis bears glands between every pair of secondary racheae, the secondary racheae 3-5 pairs; petiolules short, glands present between bases; leaflets 8-14 pairs, oblong, the terminal pair obovate-oblong, the bases obtuse or truncae, oblique, the margins entire, the tips obtuse, the lowest ones markedly reduced, overlapping, subcoriaceous, glabrous. Inflorescences paniculate globose heads from the axils of compact upper nodes, the head bearing peduncles short, 2-4 together from axils of upper leaves; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, companulate, 5-fid, sepaloid. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, infundibuliform, twice calyx length, the lobe lanceolate, greenish yellow, fragrant. Androecium monadelphous at the base, stamens numerous, the filaments length much longer than the corolla, the anthers dithecous, minute, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single plancenta, the style filiform, the stigma capitate, the gynophore short. Fruit a pod, linear oblongoid, thin and flat, yellowish brown; seeds elliptic-oblongoid, 6-10, brown, non endospermic. Flowering period: September-November. Fruiting period: November-April -- KS-TMN

{koak~ko (mran-ma)} - description. Bark, rough, bluish-black. Young shoots covered with fine hairs. Some of the leaves covered with hair. Flowers, dense and white. Petiole 2 to 4 in. Fruit pod yellowish, hairless, 8 to 12 in. long, 1 to 2 in. wide. Quite firmly attached. Seed about 1/2 in. Shoots covered with black spots. {ni.Gan~{u.} literature do not mention the existence of 2 species. At one time there was only one species in Myanmar. A second species was introduced by the British and is known as {n~bau: koak~ko} -- {n~bau:} meaning "ship" [Nagathein was probably referring to {ku.la: koak~ko}]. The native species is more common to Upper Myanmar and is thus known as {a.a-koak~ko} -- [where {a.a} means Upper Myanmar]. {ku.la: koak~ko}] is the one planted as shade tree along road-sieds. [{ku.la: koak~ko} bears pink flowers.] -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT: text within [ ] are additions by UKT.

 

Distribution:

Grows wild throughout Myanmar. Common in dry upper Myanmar plains. May ascend to 3000ft -- KS-TMN

Distribution elsewhere:
Originates in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar and now also cultivated in Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philippines. Ecology: In its native habitat it grows in savanna areas and tolerates a wide range of soils except very eroded sites, but prefers moist well drained loams, neutral to slightly acidic. Fixes nitrogen. -- FAO

 

Parts used and uses:

Wood is used for fuel, carving, construction and furniture. Young leaves can be used as livestock feed or green fertilizer. Exudes a valuable gum. Bark is used for soap production and honey can be produced from the nectar. -- FAO

Antidote for poisons; Oedema; Metrorrhagia; Herpes; Cough; Eezema; Skin disease; Boils and pustules; Pruritis. Root -- Migraine. Bark -- Oedema, Cough; Toxic infectiond, Diseases of the blood; Stiffness of back; Haemorrhoids; Antidote for rat-bite poison. Leaf -- Eye disease. Flower -- Asthma; Antidote for snake bite. Seed -- Nytolopia. -- KS-TMN

Contents of this page

Albizia saman

Syn: Samanea saman, Pithecellobium saman, Enterolobium saman, Mimosa saman, Inga saman, Inga salutaris -- FAO 

Family: Mimosaceae

UKT: I presume that this plant is {kok~ko (ku.la:)} from data given by FAO.

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
FAO 059: NG for Myanmar
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : Lists only A. lebbek 
  but mentions another species {kok~ko (ku.la:)} on 1-106.
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{kok~ko} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 012
{kok~ko} - n. 1 kind of tree, Albizzia lebbek . 2. rain tree, Samanea saman . Also {thin:bau kok~ko} -- Myan-Engl-Dict 014

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
FAO 059: Raintree
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : Lists only A. lebbek 
  but mentions another species {kok~ko (ku.la:)} on 1-106.
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader -- FAO

 

Plant identification characters :

Key characteristics: Often large, with very wide, low crown; brown-black fissured bark; bipinnate leaves, leaflets 1.54 cm long, wider towards tip; crimson to pink flowers, pods 1225 cm long, 2 cm wide. Description: A large tree up to 45 (60) m high and 2 m in diameter, with a very wide and low crown up to 55 60 m wide. The bark is brown to black, developing ridges with age. Leaves are evenly bipinnate, up to 15 30 cm long with 812 pinnae. Leaflets are 1.56 cm long and 0.74 cm wide, blunt at base and tip, with a minute point at the tip and a short point at the base. Leaflets are larger at apical end of pinnae than at base and number 12 16 in outer pinnae and 610 in lower. Flowers are numerous, pink, alone or in sub-globose heads from the leaf corners, 57 cm in diameter. Pods with fleshy pulp, 1225 cm long and 2 cm wide with sweet, brown pulp. -- FAO

... {ni.Gan~{u.} literature do not mention the existence of 2 species. At one time there was only one species in Myanmar. A second species was introduced by the British and is known as {thing:bau: kok~ko} -- {thing:bau:} meaning "ship" [Nagathein was probably referring to {ku.la: kok~ko}]. The native species is more common to Upper Myanmar and is thus known as {a.a-kok~ko} -- [where {a.a} means Upper Myanmar]. {ku.la: kok~ko}] is the one planted as shade tree along road-sieds. [{ku.la: kok~ko} bears pink flowers.] -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT: text within [ ] are additions by UKT. See Albizzia lebbek .

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

Distribution elsewhere: From the West Indies it has been introduced throughout the tropics and have naturalized in many areas, including all the countries covered by this guide [FAO - covers Myanmar] . Ecology: Grows in tropical areas with mean annual temperatures of about 22C at altitudes from sea level to 700 m, where annual rainfall ranges from 600 to 2,500 mm and the dry season is less than 6 months. Light demanding but tolerates a wide range of soil types. -- FAO

 

Part used and uses :

Mostly used as ornamental shade tree or shade tree on pasture land. Wood is used for carving and furniture, construction, boats, veneer and plywood. Fair fuelwood quality. Leaves can be used as forage and the pods are edible. The tree also contains gum and resin. -- FAO

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Albizia spp.

Family: Mimosaceae

UKT: Chklist online and USDA-NRCS do not agree on the families (Mimosaceae or Fabaceae).

Results of search for 'Albizia' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 19 May 2006.

Albizia angulata Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Albizia burmanica I. Nielsen. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Albizia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Wide.
   Common Names: Bonmeza, Drum siris, Kayun, Mai-kang, Veng-fek.
Albizia crassiramea Lace. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Bago, Bago.
Albizia elegans Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay.
Albizia falcata (L.) Backer. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Thinbaw-magyi.
Albizia gamblei Prain. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mon.
Albizia garrettii Nielsen. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Albizia heterophylla Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Albizia julibrissin Duraz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Chin, Kachin. Common Names: Vang-nyong.
Albizia kalkora (Roxb.) Prain. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mandalay.
Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
   Common Names: Anya-koko, Kokko, Mai-kokko, Tama-kai, Zo-fek.
Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mandalay, Sagaing.
   Common Names: Anya-koko, Lay-min, Thitmagyi.
Albizia lucidior (Steud.) Nielsen. Cited as: Albizia lucida Benth. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Bago, Mandalay. Common Names: Num-hypun-kap, Thanthat.
Albizia mollis Boiv. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin. Common Names: Vang-tik-ting.
Albizia myriophylla Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Taninthayi.
   Common Names: Nwe-cho.
Albizia odoratissima (L. f.) Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Wide.
   Common Names: Mai-kying-lwai, Mai-tawn, Meik-kye, Taung-magyi, Thit-magyi.
Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
   Common Names: Kayun, Mai-tawn, Sibok, Sit, Thit-pyu, Vang-fek.
Albizia teysmanni Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Albizia vernayana Merr. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin.
Archidendron glomeriflorum (Kurz) Nielsen. Cited as: Abarema glomeriflora (Kurz) Kosterm., Albizia glomeriflora Kurz, Pithecellobium glomeriflorum (Kurz) Kurz. Habit: Shrub, Small tree. Distribution: Bago, Kachin.
Archidendron jiringa (Jack) Nielsen. Cited as: Albizia jiringa (Jack) Kurz, Pithecellobium jiringa Prain, Pithecellobium lobatum Benth. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
   Common Names: Danyin, Dog fruit, Tanyin.

USDA-NRCS

"ALBIZ","Albizia Durazz.","albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALAD2","Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach.) W. Wight","West African albizzia","Fabaceae"
"ALAD","Albizia adinocephala (J.D. Sm.) Britt. &amp; Rose ex Record","cream albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALAM12","Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin","","Fabaceae"
"ALAN6","Albizia antunesiana Harms","","Fabaceae"
"ALCA8","Albizia carbonaria Britt.","naked albizia","Fabaceae"
"PICA11","Pithecellobium carbonarium (Britt.) Niez. &amp; Nevl.","&gt;&gt;Albizia carbonaria","Fabaceae"
"ALCH2","Albizia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.","Chinese albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALST9","Albizia stipulata (Roxb.) Boivin","&gt;&gt;Albizia chinensis","Fabaceae"
"ALFE","Albizia ferruginea (Guillemin &amp; Perrottet) Benth.","albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALGU","Albizia gummifera (J. F. Gmel.) C. A. Sm.","","Fabaceae"
"ALJU","Albizia julibrissin Durazz.","silktree","Fabaceae"
"ALKA2","Albizia kalkora (Roxb.) Prain","","Fabaceae"
"ALLE","Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.","woman's tongue","Fabaceae"
"MILE6","Mimosa lebbeck L.","&gt;&gt;Albizia lebbeck","Fabaceae"
"ALLE2","Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth.","Indian albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALOD","Albizia odoratissima (L. f.) Benth.","albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALPR","Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth.","tall albizia","Fabaceae"
"MIPR4","Mimosa procera Roxb.","&gt;&gt;Albizia procera","Fabaceae"
"ALSA10","Albizia saponaria (Lour.) Blume ex Miq.","whiteflower albizia","Fabaceae"
"ALSC11","Albizia schimperiana Oliv.","","Fabaceae"
"ALZY","Albizia zygia (DC.) Macbr.","albizia","Fabaceae"

Contents of this page

Entada phaseoloides

Family: Mimosaseae

MMPDB: {hkoan-ing:ping}

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 12-0309: {hkoan-ing:do:}
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : NL
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hkoan-ing:} - - TravPo-M-Dict 050
{hkoan-ing:} - n. 1. kind of creeper. Entada pursaetha .
  2. seed of {hkoan-ing:} used in playing games; sea bean - Myan-Engl-Dict 066
{hkoan-ing:-do:} - Myan-Ortho 039
{hkoan-ing:-do:} - v. play a game of pitch with seeds of {hkoan-ing:} - Myan-Engl-Dict 066
{hkoan-ing:-ping} - Myan-Ortho 039

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 12-0309: Entada
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein :
UHM : NL

 

Picture :

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents /

 

Contents of this page

Entada scandens

Family: Mimosaseae

MMPDB: {hkoan-ing:ping}

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-271: {hkoan-ing: (hkoan-hkying:)}
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hkoan-ing:} - - TravPo-M-Dict 050
{hkoan-ing:} - n. 1. kind of creeper. Entada pursaetha .
  2. seed of {hkoan-ing:} used in playing games; sea bean - Myan-Engl-Dict 066
{hkoan-ing:-do:} - Myan-Ortho 039
{hkoan-ing:-do:} - v. play a game of pitch with seeds of {hkoan-ing:} - Myan-Engl-Dict 066
{hkoan-ing:-ping} - Myan-Ortho 039

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-271: Niker bean 
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader - Nagathein

 

Plant identification characters :

A large climber climbing up large trees. Leaves lanceolate. Leaf margin dentate. Seeds reddish, about 1/2 in. long, and flattened. -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT.

{goan-ing:} [E. scandens]- The gigantic creeper, with pods more than a yard long, and four inches broad, is one of the most striking of its class. The seeds are roasted, boiled with jaggery [UKT: "palm jaggery" or raw sugar from Borassus flabellifer - Agri.Dept.2000 30-0797] and eaten, and are used by children in their play when they call them, "doe". U San Hla , p.353, citing Dict. of Useful Plants.
A lofty forest tree, shedding pods more than a yard long. These pods furnish dark brown seeds from one to two inches in diameter. A febrifuge and an important auxiliary in the amusement of children. U San Hla , p.354, citing Phonetic Anglicised Bur. Assistant.

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Entada spp.

Family: Mimosaseae

 

UKT: Chklist online not available in 2006 June.
There is a possibility that Chklist online and USDA-NRCS would not agree on the families (Mimosaceae or Fabaceae), and until Chklist is available MMPDB2006 would tentatively lists this family in fam. Mimosaceae.

USDA-NRCS

"ENTAD2","Entada Adans.","callingcard vine","Fabaceae"
"ENAB","Entada abyssinica Steudel ex A. Rich.","Abyssinia entada","Fabaceae"
"ENGI","Entada gigas (L.) Fawcett &amp; Rendle","nicker bean","Fabaceae"
"ENPH","Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr.","St. Thomas bean","Fabaceae"
"ENPO4","Entada polystachya (L.) DC.","callingcard vine","Fabaceae"
"ENPOP","Entada polystachya (L.) DC. var. polyphylla (Benth.) Barneby","callingcard vine","Fabaceae"
"ENPO2","Entada polyphylla Benth.","&gt;&gt;Entada polystachya var. polyphylla","Fabaceae"
"ENPO","Entadopsis polyphylla (Benth.) Britt.","&gt;&gt;Entada polystachya var. polyphylla","Fabaceae"
"ENPU3","Entada pursaetha DC.","","Fabaceae"

Contents of this page

Mimosa pudica

Family: Mimosaseae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 30-0777: {hti.ka.roan:}
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 217: {hti.ka.roan:}
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-057: {hti.ka.roan: (r)}
UHM 32: Hti-ga-yone

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries:
{hti.ka.roan:} -   -- TravPo-M-Dict 141
{hti.ka.roan:} - n. the sensitive plant. Mimosa pudica -- Myan-Engl-Dict 195

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 30-0777: Touch-me-not
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 217: Sensitive plant; Touch-me-not
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-057: Sensitive plant
UHM 32: The sensitive plant

 

Picture :
Leader from Nagathein
Active picture on the right from: www.bio.miami.edu/mimosa/mimosa.html
You will be able to see how the leaves fold on touching -- hence the name "sensitive plant"
Photos of flowers and leaves by Lee Ling, Pohnpei, Micronesia -- www.bio.miami.edu/mimosa/mimosa.html

 

Plant identification characters :

A diffuse undershrub 45-90 cm high. Stems and branches prickly and clothed with long weak bristles from bulbous bases. Lleaves sensitive, digitately compound. Flowers in small peduncled heads, all down the branches 1-2 from each axil. Pods 1/2 in long,  3-4 seeded. -- UHM

Native to Brazil, this short lived evergreen sub shrub is usually treated as an annual.  It is grown for its curiosity value -- the fern like leaves close up and droop when touched, usually re-opening within minutes.  It has prickly stems and small, fluffy, ball shaped pink flowers in summer.  It grows to a height of 5 ft and spreads around 3 ft- a perennial plant, it grows to a height of 0.5m with a spread of 0.3m.  In some areas this plant is becoming a noxious weed. The stem is erect, slender and branching.  The leaves are bipinnate, fern like and pale green- closing when disturbed.  The flowers are pale lilac pink, occurring in globose heads and appearing in summer.  Indigenous to the northern hemisphere, it is adaptable to most soils in an open, sunny position, and is drought and frost tender. Due to its ability to fix nitrogen from the air it does well on poor soils.  "Sensitive Plant" folds up its leaves when touched or exposed to a flame. This plant requires a medium light exposure, an evenly moist soil, and temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees. One should use caution when handling seedlings because the plant dislikes root disturbance. Mimosa may be difficult to grow and is sensitive to over watering. Stems -- red-brown prickly. Leaves -- immediately fold by pulvini if touched, pinnae 4, often reddish, leaflets 12-25 pairs, acute, bristly, 9-12mm long, 1.5mm wide. Flowers -- pink, in globose heads, nearly 1cm in diameter, auxiliary, punduncle up to 2.5cm long. Pods -- crowded, flat, prickly, briskly. Seeds -- Bristles on seed pod cling to fur and clothing, about 2 mm broad, rounded, brown. -- www.bio.miami.edu/mimosa/mimosa.html

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

Spread throughout the hotter parts of Burma. -- UHM

 

Part used and used as:

Alexipharmic. Cures biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensations, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, small pox, diseases of the blood, piles and fistula. -- UHM

UKT: The Greek prefix alexi-  is rare in English. It is similar to the prefix anti- and means "against".
-- Alexipharmic, n. , antidote for poison.

Constituents:
1. Alkaloid mimosine (28). 2. 10% tannin. (3) -- UHM
Structure of chemical present from: www.bio.miami.edu/mimosa/mimosa.html

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts ( Agri.Dept.2000 : FAO : L-seik-shin : KS-TMN: Nagathein : UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling ( Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file