Update: 2006-06-22 04:23 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Medical terms from AHTD and other sources

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Disclaimer: Because of the nature of the compilation, there are bound to be errors, and the reader is advised to check the accuracy of the data given. TIL and the authors do not accept responsibility (legal or otherwise) for any inconvenience that might have caused the reader.

Contents of this page:
A B C D E F G

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A

abortifacient n. 1. A substance or device used to induce abortion. -- AHTD

adenopathy: Large or "swollen" lymph nodes. Synonymous with lymphadenopathy. -- http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22429

amenorrhea or amenorrhoea n. 1. Abnormal suppression or absence of menstruation. -- AHTD

anaemia n. 1. Variant of anemia . n. 1. A pathological deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number. [New Latin from Greek anaimia ] -- AHTD

anasarca n. 1. A general accumulation of serous fluid in various tissues and body cavities. [Middle English from Medieval Latin Greek ana throughout; See ana- Greek sarx sark-flesh] -- AHTD
   (UKT: compare with as·ci·tes n. pl. ascites 1. An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.)

angina n. 1. Angina pectoris. 2. A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur. [Latin quinsy from Greek ankhon¶a strangling] -- AHTD

anodyne n. 1. A medicine, such as aspirin, that relieves pain. 2. A source of soothing comfort. [Latin anōdynus from Greek anōdunos free from pain an- without; See a- 1 odun ¶ pain; See ed- in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

anthelmintic also anthelminthic n. 1. An agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms. [ ant(i)- Greek helmins helminth-worm; See wel- 2 in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

aperient n. 1. A mild laxative. [Latin aperiēns aperient-, present participle of aperīreto open; See wer- 4 in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

aphthae -- an eruption, thrush, fr. ? to set on fire, inflame.] (Med.) Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush. http://dictionary.reference.com/search?r=2&q=Aphthae

ascites n. 1. An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity. -- AHTD

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B

bilious adj. 1. Of, relating to, or containing bile; biliary. 2. a. Characterized by an excess secretion of bile. b. Relating to, characterized by, or experiencing gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gallbladder. c. Appearing as if affected by such a disorder; sickly. 3. Resembling bile, especially in color: a bilious green. 4. Having a peevish disposition; ill-humored. -- AHTD

blennorrhoea 1. Rarely used term for any mucous discharge, especially from the urethra or vagina. 2. In ophthalmic usage, was synonymous with conjunctivitis, but is now obsolete. Synonym: blennorrhagia, myxorrhoea. Origin: blenno-+ G. Rhoia, a flow (05 Mar 2000) -- http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi-bin/omd?blennorrhoea

 

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C

carminative adj. 1. Inducing the expulsion of gas from the stomach and intestines. n. 1. A drug or agent that induces the expulsion of gas from the stomach or intestines. [Middle English carminatif  from Old French from Latin carmin³tus, past participle of carmin³reto card wool from *carmen card for wool from c³rere to card] -- AHTD

cathartic n. 1. An agent for purging the bowels, especially a laxative. [Late Latin catharticus from Greek kathartikos from kathairein to purge; See catharsis ] -- AHTD

cholecystitis n. 1. Inflammation of the gallbladder.

cyanogenesis n. 1. Generation of cyanide. -- AHTD

cystitis n. 1. Inflammation of the urinary bladder. -- AHTD

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D

discutient adj. Causing dispersal or disappearance of a pathological accumulation. n. A discutient agent or drug. -- http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/discutient

diuretic adj. 1. Tending to increase the discharge of urine. n. 1. A substance or drug that tends to increase the discharge of urine. -- AHTD

dysuria n. 1. Painful or difficult urination. [Middle English dissure, dissuria from Old French dissure from Medieval Latin dissuria from Late Latin dys¿ria from Greek dusouria dus- dys- -ouria -uria ] -- AHTD

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E

edema also oedema n. 1. Pathology An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity. 2. Botany Extended swelling in plant organs caused primarily by an excessive accumulation of water. -- AHTD

elephantiasis n. 1. Chronic, often extreme enlargement and hardening of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, especially of the legs and external genitals, resulting from lymphatic obstruction and usually caused by infestation of the lymph glands and vessels with a filarial worm. -- AHTD

emesis n. 1. The act of vomiting. [Greek from emein to vomit; See wem …- in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

emollient n. 1. An agent that softens or soothes the skin. 2. An agent that assuages or mollifies. -- AHTD

epilepsy n. 1. Any of various neurological disorders characterized by sudden, recurring attacks of motor, sensory, or psychic malfunction with or without loss of consciousness or convulsive seizures. -- AHTD

epiphora -- medical term for excessive tearing of the eye. "Watering eyes" is a synonym for epiphora. Moist hair at the inner corner of the eye or eyes or actual tearing may be noticed. -- www.bobmckee.com/Client%20Info/Eye/epiphora.html

epistaxis n. 1. A nosebleed. [Greek from epistazein to bleed from the nose epi- epi- stazein stag-to drip] -- AHTD

erysipelas n. 1. An acute disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by a species of hemolytic streptococcus and marked by localized inflammation and fever. Also Called Saint Anthony's fire . [Middle English erisipila from Latin erysipelas from Greek erusipelas erusi- red; See reudh- in Indo-European Roots. -pelas skin; See pel- 3 in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

expectorant adj. 1. Promoting or facilitating the secretion or expulsion of phlegm, mucus, or other matter from the respiratory tract. n. 1. An expectorant medicine. -- AHTD

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F

flatulence n. 1. The presence of excessive gas in the digestive tract. 2. Self-importance; pomposity. -- AHTD

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G

galactagogue -- anything that excites lactation, i.e. any thing that increases milk production.  In humans common galactagogues are: caffiene, hops, fenugreek, fennel seed, blessed thistle, domperidone, alfalfa -- adapted from www.galactagogue.com

 

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