Update: 2007-03-10 05:10 AM -0500

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Amaryllidaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Amaryllidaceae 2 entries
• Crinum asiaticum  • {koý-rän-kri:}
• Crinum latifolium  • {ga.moan:kwing:hto:}
• Crinum spp.

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Crinum asiaticum

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0078:  {koý-rän-kri:}
• Chklist: Koyan-gyi, Poison bulb
• LSR 020: {koý-rän-kri:} 
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 038: Koyan-gyi
• Nagathein 1-086: {koý-rän-kri:}.
• UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{ko.rän-kri:} - -- MMDict020
{ko.rän-kri:} /|kou jan gji:|/ - flowering plant of lily family, Crinum asiaticum -- MEDict026

Data above updated (070309) in Akshara index: r1c1ka.htm

Chklist data: 070309
• Crinum asiaticum L. . Habit: Herb. Distribution: Rakhine, Yangon. Common Names: Koyan-gyi, Poison bulb

Hindi :
• {naag-da.ma.ni} -- Nagathein
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0078: Poison bulb
• Chklist:
• LSR 020: Poison bulb
• FAO -- NL
• KS-TMN 038: Poison bulb
• Nagathein 1-086:  Poison bulb
• UHM -- NL

 

Picture :
• Leaders: left - LSR; right - http://nature.jardin.free.fr/image5/rg_crinum_asiaticum.jpg
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers, right --habit with fruits -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters
• A perennial herb; rootstock large, tunicated bulb, oblongoid, narrowed into a neck, propagate mostly by bulbels, subtended by disciform internodal zones. Roots adventitious, fleshy, white. Aerial stems, short, stout, erect. Leaves basal; exstipulate; petioles sheathing; laminae linear-lanceolate, the bases sheathing, the margins entire, obscurely undulate, the tips shortly acuminate, flat, 7- to 14-costate, parallel, bright green, glabrous. Inflorescences in umbels, the umbels 15- to 30-flowered, borne on a solid cylindrical scape, inserted on the neck of bulb; bracts 2, oblong-lanceolate, spathaceous. Flowers showy, fragrant, the bracteoles filiform, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, epigynous. Perianth synphyllous, salverform, the lobes 6 in 2 whorls, linear, nearly as long as the tube, recurved or revolute, white, the tubes cylindric, slender, greenish-white; Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6 in 2 whorls, epipetalous, arising from the throat of perianth tube, reddish, the filaments filiform, shorter than the perianth lobes, exserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, versatile, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, 3 -carpelled, syncarpous, 3 -loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 per locule, the style 1, filiform, declinate, the stigma minute, subcapitate. Fruit a 3-valued capsule, subglobose, beaked by the fleshy base of perianth, dehiscing irregularly; seeds globose, endosperm  copious, fleshy. Flowering and fruiting period:-- Throughout the year. -- KS-TMN

 

Distribution in Myanmar
• Grows wild or planted in tropical regions of Myanmar -- KS-TMN

Part used and uses
• Bulb and leaf -- Splenomegaly; Ascites; Biliousness; Expectorant; As an antidote for poisons; Metrorrhagia; Abdominal tumours; Dysuria; Heal boils and carbuncles; Cathartic; As an antidote for snake venom and spider toxin. Bulb -- Heals sores. Leaf -- Oedema; Back-ache; Knee-ache -- KS-TMN

Constituents

 

Contents of this page

Crinum latifolium

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 14-0350:  {ga.moan:kwing:hto:}
• Chklist: Gamon-kwin-htoe, Knotted lily, Poison bulb
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 41: Gamone-kwin-htoe
• Nagathein 1-315:  {ga.moan:kwing:hto:}
• UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : 
{ga.moan:} - - MMDict 064
{ga.moan:} /|gamoun:|/ - n. generic term for some herbs with aromatic tubers (those are mostly kaempferia from ginger family but also include a few from orchid, and lily families - MEDict 084

Data above updated (070309) in Akshara index: r1c3ga.htm

Chklist data: 070309
• Crinum latifolium L. . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Gamon-kwin-htoe, Knotted lily, Poison bulb

Hindi :
• {hsuhk-dar-yhan} -- Nagathein
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 14-0350: Poison bulb
• FAO : NL
• LSR : NL
• KS-TMN 41: Knotted lily, Poison bulb
• Nagathein 1-315:  NG
• UHM : NL

 

Picture
• Leader from KS-TMN
• Photos:left -- close up of flowers and fruits, right --habit with flowers and fruits -- KS-TMN

Plant identification characters

• A perennial herb; rootstock large, tunicated subglobose bulb, narrowed into a short stout neck. Roots adventitious, fleshy, white. Aerial stems short, stout, erect. Leaves basal, numerous; exstipulate; petioles sheathing; laminae lorate, thin, the bases sheathing, the margins entire, the tips acuminate, bright green, keeled and waved, the surfaces glabrous, the margins subscabrid. Inflorescences in umbels, the umbels 10- to 20- flowered, borne on a solid compressed scape, inserted on the neck of bulb, as long as the leaves, purplish; bracts 2, spathaceous, oblong--lanceolate, reddish or purple. Flowers showy, fragrant, bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, epigynous. Perianth synphyllous, salverform, the lobes 6 in 2 whorls, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, as long as or shorter than the tube, much longer than stamens, white or with reddish purple tinge towards the centre or wholly reddish purple, the tubes cylindric, curved. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6 in 2 whorls, epipetalous on the throuat of perianth tube, the filaments filiform, declinate, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, 3 -carpelled, syncarpous, 3 -loculed,  the placentation axile, the ovules 5-6, superposed in each locule, the style filiform, longer than stamens, the stigma minute, subcapitate. Fruit a 3-valved capsule, subglobose, beaked by the fleshy base of perianth, dehiscing irregularly; seeds globose, endosperm copious, fleshy. Flowering and fruiting periods: December-March -- KS-TMN

Flowers, white with sweet smell. It is of the same family as {koy-rän-ngèý} (Crinum defixum). Leaves similar to those of sugar cane, and seem to be inserting themselves into a leaf-sheath. -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT.

 

Distribution in Myanmar
• Grows wild and cultivated throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

 

Part used and uses
• Rhizome -- Diarrhoea; Pyrexia; Arthritis; Emesis; Otalgia; Otic disease -- KS-TMN

 

Constituents

 

Contents of this page

Crinum spp.

Results of search for 'Crinum' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 9 Mar 2007.
• Crinum amoenum Roxb. . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Mandalay, Yangon . Common Names: Khatta
• Crinum asiaticum L. . Habit: Herb. Distribution: Rakhine, Yangon. Common Names: Koyan-gyi, Poison bulb
• Crinum defixum Ker Gawl. . Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated . Common Names: Koyan-nge
• Crinum ensifolium Roxb. .  Habit: Herb. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago. Common Names: Ko-yan-gyi
• Crinum erythrophyllum Carey ex Herb. . Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Crinum giganteum Andrews . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Cultivated
• Crinum latifolium L. . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Gamon-kwin-htoe, Knotted lily, Poison bulb
• Crinum lorifolium Roxb. . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Crinum pratense Herb. . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Reported from Myanmar . Common Names: Padaing
• Crinum stenophyllum Baker . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi
• Crinum wattii Baker . Habit: Herb . Distribution: Mon

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts • Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling ( • Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file