Update: 2006-07-31 05:54 AM -0700


Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Medical terms from AHTD and other sources

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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• neuralgia n. 1. Sharp, severe paroxysmal pain extending along a nerve or group of nerves. -- AHTD

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• otic adj. 1. Of, relating to, or located near the ear; auricular.  -- AHTD

• oedema also edema 1. Pathology An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity. -- AHTD

• oliguria: Less urination than normal. Common Misspellings: oligouria. -- http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4630
   Decreased urine output is defined as producing less than 500 ml of urine in 24 hours. --- www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003147.htm

• oligospermia: Fewer sperm than normal. Azoospermia, by contrast, means absolutely no sperm at all. www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4629
   A low sperm count (oligospermia) is one cause of male infertility. It only takes a single sperm to fertilize an egg (ovum). But the odds of a single sperm reaching the egg are very low. A normal sperm count is 20 million or more sperm per milliliter of semen. At least 60 percent of those sperm should have a normal shape and show normal forward movement (motility). These numbers are a bit arbitrary because some men with lower sperm counts have fathered children. Likewise, some men with higher sperm counts have been unable to father children. Newer methods of artificial insemination can produce pregnancies when low sperm count is a factor. A medical evaluation can help determine the cause of a low sperm count. Possible causes include: varicoceles; a side effect of certain medications; exposure to radiation or certain chemicals; testicular abnormalities that are present at birth (congenital). Treatment is directed at the underlying cause when possible. www.mayoclinic.com/health/low-sperm-count/AN00848

• orchitis . alternative names: Epididymo-orchitis; Testis infection -- an inflammation of one or both of the testicles, often caused by infection. Orchitis may be caused by numerous bacterial and viral organisms. It is usually a consequence of epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis (the tube which connects the vas deferens and the testicle). The most common viral cause of orchitis is mumps. Approximately 30 % of patients who have mumps will develop orchitis during the course of the illness. It is most common in boys past puberty, rare before the age of 10. It usually manifests 4 to 6 days after the onset of mumps. In one-third of boys who get orchitis caused by mumps, testicular atrophy (shrinking of the testicles) will result. -- www.pennhealth.com/ency/article/001280.htm

• ophthalmia n. 1. Inflammation of the eye, especially of the conjunctiva. [Middle English obtalmia from Old French obtalmie Medieval Latin obtalmia both from Late Latin ophthalmia from Greek from ophthalmos eye; See ophthalmo- ] -- AHTD

• oropharynx n. 1. The part of the pharynx between the soft palate and the epiglottis. -- AHTD

• otalgia n. 1. Pain in the ear; earache. -- AHTD

• otitis n. 1. Inflammation of the ear. -- AHTD

• oxytocic adj. 1. Hastening or facilitating childbirth, especially by stimulating contractions of the uterus. Used of a drug. n. 1. An oxytocic drug. [From alteration ( influenced by Late Greek *oxutokia sudden delivery)] -- AHTD

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• palsy n. 1. Complete or partial muscle paralysis, often accompanied by loss of sensation and uncontrollable body movements or tremors. -- AHTD

• pediculosis n. 1. Infestation with lice. -- AHTD

• pneumonitis n. 1. Inflammation of lung tissue. -- AHTD

• polyuria n. 1. Excessive passage of urine, as in diabetes. -- AHTD

• prolapse Medicine v. intr. 1. To fall or slip out of place. n. also prolapsus 1. The falling down or slipping out of place of an organ or part, such as the uterus. -- AHTD

• pruritis -- This is the medical term for itching. It may be associated with underlying systemic illnesses or may be a bothersome itch. A persistent pruritis should always be investigated by a physician. This differs from urticaria which is associated with wheals, flares, and reddening. Nontheless, both conditions present with itching or pruritis. -- http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/pruritis.htm

• pruritus n. 1. Severe itching, often of undamaged skin. [Latin prūrītus, from past participle of prūrītreto itch; See preus- in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

• psychosis n. 1. A severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage, characterized by derangement of personality and loss of contact with reality and causing deterioration of normal social functioning. -- AHTD

• purpura n. 1. A condition characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes that result in the appearance of purplish spots or patches. -- AHTD

• pyorrhea or pyorrhoea 1. Purulent inflammation of the gums and tooth sockets, often leading to loosening of the teeth. 2. A discharge of pus. -- AHTD

• pyuria n. 1. The presence of pus in the urine, usually a sign of urinary tract infection. -- AHTD

• pyrexia n. 1. Fever. [New Latin from Greek purexis from puressein to have a fever from puretos fever; See pyretic ] -- AHTD

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• rubefacient n. 1. A substance that irritates the skin, causing redness. [Latin rubefaci¶ns rubefacient-, present participle of rubefacere to make red rubeus red; See reudh- in Indo-European Roots. facere to make; See dh ¶- in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

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• spastic adj. 1. Of, relating to, or characterized by spasms: a spastic colon; a spastic form of cerebral palsy. -- AHTD

• spermatogenesis n. 1. Formation and development of spermatozoa by meiosis and spermiogenesis. -- AHTD

• spermatorrhea also spermatorrhoea n. 1. Involuntary discharge of semen without orgasm. -- AHTD

• splenomegaly n. 1. Enlargement of the spleen. -- AHTD

• Saint Anthony's fire -- erysipelas n. 1. An acute disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by a species of hemolytic streptococcus and marked by localized inflammation and fever. -- ed from AHTD

• spastic adj. 1. Of, relating to, or characterized by spasms: a spastic colon; a spastic form of cerebral palsy. 2. Affected by spastic paralysis. n. 1. A person affected with spastic paralysis. -- AHTD

• stomatitis n. 1. Inflammation of the mucous tissue of the mouth. -- AHTD


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