Update: 2012-01-02 05:18 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{:} - compare: /ɛ/ {.} {} {:}
{:ka.} ऐक
{:ra} ऐरा
{AIsh} ऐश्वरं


UKT notes
Airavata (ऐरावत)

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{:} ऐ

UKT: We should ponder why in the series /ɛ/ {.} {} {:}, the middle pitch-register is spelled with a killed {ya.} instead of the usual way of presenting the 3 registers as: * . So far, I have not been able to find a reason for it. My conjecture is that the ancient Myanmar phoneticians who developed the Myanmar akshara must have a phonological reason behind it. It is regrettable that the modern Myanmar scholars have neglected one of our own heirlooms, the Myanmar akshara, to the extent that most (including the learned monks) are confused about the very common vowel {U.} and {a.l:}.
   We should note here that {a.l:} is r2c5 of the Pali-Myanmar akshara matrix, and {a.kri:} is r2c5 of the Burmese-Myanmar akshara matrix. We should also note that in the word for 'education' which is a word borrowed from Pal-Myan into Bur-Myan, we find the 'horizontal conjunct' of two {a.l:} becoming a {a.kri:}.
   {pi~a} 'education' = {pi~a}
- UKT 100556


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{:ka.} ऐक

ऐकान्तिकस्य (aikaantikasya)
 Skt: ऐकान्तिकस्य (aikaantikasya) - ultimate - OnlineSktDict

ऐक्य (aikya)
Skt: ऐक्य (aikya) - unity - OnlineSktDict

ऐच्छत् (airaavataM) .
Skt: ऐच्छत् (airaavataM) - desired - OnlineSktDict

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{:ra} ऐरा

ऐरावतं (airaavataM)
Skt: ऐरावतं (airaavataM) - Airavata - OnlineSktDict

See Airavata in my notes.


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{AIsh} ऐश्

ऐश्वरं (aishvaraM)
= ऐ श ् व र ं
Skt: ऐश्वरं (aishvaraM) - divine - OnlineSktDict

ऐश्वर्य (aishvarya)
Skt: ऐश्वर्य (aishvarya) - desire for power - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airavata 091028

In Hinduism, Airavata (ऐरावत) is a white elephant who carries Lord Indra.

According to the Ramayana, his mother was Iravati. [UKT: {-ra-wa.ti} or Irrawaddy - the main river of Myanmar ?]

According to the Matangalila, Airavata was born when Brahma sang sacred hymns over the halves of the egg shell from which Garuda hatched, followed by seven more male and eight female elephants. Prithu made Airavata king of all elephants. One of his names means "the one who knits or binds the clouds" since myth has it that these elephants are capable of producing clouds.

UKT: In Samudra manthan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samudra_manthan 100222 and a1ma1-016b3-2.htm of this series we see another account of the origin of Airavata:
   "All kinds of herbs were cast into the ocean and fourteen Ratnas (gems or treasures) were produced from the ocean and were divided between asuras and gods. These were :
01. Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune and Wealth - Vishnu's consort
02. Kaustubha, the most valuable jewel in the world
03. Parijat, the divine flowering tree with blossoms that never fade or wilt
04. Varuni, goddess and creator of alcohol
05. Dhanvantari, the doctor
06. Chandra, the moon
07. Kamadhenu, the wish-granting divine cow
08. Kalpavriksha, the wish-granting tree
09. Airavata, the elephant of Indra
10. Apsaras, various divine nymphs like Rambha, Menaka, Punjikasthala, etc.
11. Uchhaishravas, the divine 7-headed horse
12. Sharanga, the bow of Vishnu
13. Shankha Vishnu's conch
14. Amrita the nectar of immortality.

The eight guardian deities who preside over the eight points of the compass each sits on an elephant. Each of these deities has an elephant that takes part in the defense and protection of its respective quarter. Chief among them is Airavata of Indra. He is also called 'Ardha-Matanga', meaning "elephant of the clouds"; 'Naga-malla', meaning "the fighting elephant"; and 'Arkasodara', meaning "brother of the sun". 'Abharamu' is the elephant wife of Airavata. Airavata has four tusks and seven trunks and is spotless white.

The connection of elephants with water and rain is emphasized in the mythology of Indra, who rides the elephant Airavata when he defeats Vritra. This mighty elephant reaches down his trunk into the watery underworld, sucks up its water, and then sprays it into the clouds, which Indra then causes to rain forth cool water, thereby linking the waters of the sky with those of the underworld. Airavata also stands at the entrance to Svarga, Indra's palace.

There is a reference to Airavata in the Bhagavad Gita:

"Of horses, know Me to be the nectar-born Ucchaisravas; of lordly elephants, Airavata and of men, the monarch." (Chapter 10, Verse 27) [1]

At Darasuram near Tanjore is a temple where it is believed that Airavata worshipped the Lingam; the Lingam is named after him as Airavateswara. This temple, which abounds in rare sculpture and architectural workmanship, was built by Rajaraja Chola II (1146-73).

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) has declared both the Brihadisvara temple of Gangaikondacholapuram, in Perambalur district, and the Airavatesvara temple of Darasuram, in Thanjavur district, "world heritage monuments, two examples of grandeur and excellence of Chola architecture and sculpture."


Erawan (Thai: เอราวัณ) is the Thai name of Airavata. It is depicted as a huge elephant, having three, sometimes with 33 heads. The heads are often shown with more than two tusks. Some statues show the Hindu god Indra riding on Erawan.

It is sometimes associated with the old Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang and the defunct Kingdom of Laos. They had used Erawan, more commonly known as "The three headed elephant" as their Royal Flag.[2]

UKT: More in the original article.

Go back airavata-note-b

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