Update: 2012-01-01 10:10 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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{aa-ra.} आर
{aa-ra} आरा
{aa-ru.} आरु
{aa-ru} आरू
{aa-rau:} आरो
{aar} अर्


UKT notes
Aranyaka monks of Myanmar Ardra - nakshstra

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{aa-ra.} आर

आरण्यक āraṇyaka
Skt: आरण्यक āraṇyaka - lit. 'belonging to the wilderness'
   - Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aranyaka_Literature 110918

UKT: My interest in Aranyaka monks of Myanmar is because of they have been identified with the Arigyi monks of the Pagan who King Anawrahta had uprooted in the 11th century AD. However, Dr. Than Tun, Journal of Burma Research Soc. (JBRS), XLII, ii, Dec 1959, infers that these Aranyaka monks may not be the ancient Arigyi who had gone underground only to resurface in later periods. The pix on the right shows Burmese hermits - not monks. See my note on Aranyaka monks .


आरति (aaratii) 
Skt: आरति (aaratii) - crying out of desperation for help, ritual - OnlineSktDict

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आरब्धत् (aarabdhat.h)
Skt: आरब्धत् (aarabdhat.h) - started - OnlineSktDict

आरब्धम् (aarabdham.h)
Skt: आरब्धम् (aarabdham.h) -started - OnlineSktDict

आरभते (aarabhate)
Skt: आरभते (aarabhate) - beings - OnlineSktDict

  *Pal: ārabhti  v. (√rabh) to begin, undertake, attempt, exert oneself - UPMT-PED037

आरभ्यते (aarabhyate)
Skt: आरभ्यते (aarabhyate) - is begun - OnlineSktDict

आरम्भ (aarambha)
Skt: आरम्भ (aarambha) - beginning - OnlineSktDict

आरम्भः (aarambhaH)
Skt: आरम्भः (aarambhaH) - endeavour - OnlineSktDict

आरम्भशूर (aarambhashuura)
Skt: आरम्भशूर (aarambhashuura) - one who shows active participation in the beginning - OnlineSktDict

आरम्भिकाः (aarambhikaaH)
Skt: आरम्भिकाः (aarambhikaaH)  - beginners - OnlineSktDict

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आरक्षकः (aarakShakaH)
Skt: आरक्षकः (aarakShakaH) - (m) policeman - OnlineSktDict

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आरक्षिका (aarakShikaa)
Skt: आरक्षिका (aarakShikaa) - (f) policewoman - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-ra} आरा

आराधनं (aaraadhanaM)
Skt: आराधनं (aaraadhanaM) - for the worship - OnlineSktDict

आराध्य (aaraadhya)
Skt: आराध्य (aaraadhya) - pleasable - OnlineSktDict

आराम (aaraama)
  Skt: आराम (aaraama)  m. garden  - OnlineSktDict
  Pal: ārāma  m.  a garden, park, monastery, temple  - UPMT-PED038

आरामः (aaraamaH)
Skt: आरामः (aaraamaH) - from rAma? source? - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-ru.} आरु

आरुढ (aaruDha)
Skt: आरुढ (aaruDha) - The sign which is as distant from the the lord as the lord is from the house concerned - OnlineSktDict

आरुरुक्षोः (aarurukShoH)
Skt: आरुरुक्षोः (aarurukShoH) - who has just begun yoga - OnlineSktDict

आरुह्य (aaruhya)
Skt: आरुह्य (aaruhya) - having climbed - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-ru} आरू

आरूढस्य (aaruuDhasya)
Skt: आरूढस्य (aaruuDhasya) - of one who has attained - OnlineSktDict

आरूढानि (aaruuDhaani)
Skt: आरूढानि (aaruuDhaani) - being placed - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-rau:} आरो

अरोग्य (aarogya)
Skt: अरोग्य (aarogya) - health - OnlineSktDict

अरोग्यशास्त्र (aarogyashaastra)
Skt: अरोग्यशास्त्र (aarogyashaastra) - hygiene - OnlineSktDict

अरोपः (aaropaH)
Skt: अरोपः (aaropaH) - (m) charges (judicial) - OnlineSktDict

अरोपयति (aaropayati)
Skt: अरोपयति (aaropayati) - to plant - OnlineSktDict

अरोहण (aarohaNa)
Skt: अरोहण (aarohaNa) - climbing - OnlineSktDict

अरोहति (aarohati)
Skt: अरोहति (aarohati) - to climb, to ascend - OnlineSktDict

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{aar} अर्

आर्जवं (aarjavaM)
Skt: आर्जवं (aarjavaM) - simplicity - OnlineSktDict

आर्त (aarta)
Skt: आर्त (aarta) - intensely troubled - OnlineSktDict

आर्तः (aartaH)
Skt: आर्तः (aartaH) - the distressed - OnlineSktDict

आर्दित (aardita)
Skt: आर्दित (aardita) - parched, dry - OnlineSktDict

आर्जते { ऋज् }   ārjate { ṛj }   verb 1 Atm   be firm - SpkSkt

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आर्द्र (aardra)
Skt: आर्द्र (aardra) - wet - OnlineSktDict

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आर्द्रचित्ता (aardrachittaa)
Skt: आर्द्रचित्ता (aardrachittaa) - having emotional mind - OnlineSktDict

आर्द्रता (aardrataa)
Skt: आर्द्रता (aardrataa) - (f) moisture - OnlineSktDict

आर्द्रा ārdrā (aardraa)
= आ र ् द ् र ा .
Skt: आर्द्रा ārdrā (aardraa) - Sixth nakshatra - OnlineSktDict

See Ārdrā - the Moist One

आर्य (aarya)
Skt: आर्य (aarya) - wise man - OnlineSktDict

आर्यसमाज (aaryasamaaja)
Skt: आर्यसमाज (aaryasamaaja) - Aryan group - OnlineSktDict

आर्या (aaryaa)
Skt: आर्या (aaryaa) - (f) a respected woman - OnlineSktDict

आर्हाः (aarhaaH)
Skt: आर्हाः (aarhaaH) - deserving - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Aranyaka monks of Myanmar

UKT: Before we describe about the Aranyaka monks of Myanmar, let's see
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aranyaka 110918

The Aranyakas (Skt: आरण्यक āraṇyaka ) are part of the Hindu śruti, the four Vedas; they were composed in late Vedic Sanskrit typical of the Brahmanas and early Upanishads; indeed, they frequently form part of either the Brahmanas or the Upanishads.

"Aranyaka" (āraṇyaka) means "belonging to the wilderness" (araṇya), that is, as Taittiriya Ar. 2 says, "from where one cannot see the roofs of the settlement". The term is translated as "Forest Books" or "Wilderness Books" in English.

They contain Brahmana-style discussion of ritual regarded as especially dangerous, such as the Mahavrata and Pravargya,[1] and therefore had to be learned in the wilderness. They have also served as receptacles of later additions to the Vedic corpus. However, they have nothing to do, as later tradition has it, with Sannyasins or Vanaprasthas (ascetics) and they are not of "mystical" nature but very close in nature to the Brahmanas proper rather than to the esoteric Upanishads.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Excerpts from Dr. Than Tun, Journal of Burma Research Soc. (JBRS), XLII, ii, Dec 1959 (in Bur-Myan), and my remarks based on the quoted text immediately below.

UKT: The Aranyaka monks of Myanmar of the post-Pagan period did not live in the forest or wilderness. The most learned monk (in Tipitaka) became the preceptor of the king and was entitled to be shaded by a white umbrella, and must therefore be of Theravada tradition and therefore unrelated to the Arigyi.

Or, does it mean that the doctrines of Arigyi (minus the Tantric-sex) had been incorporated into the Theravada which Anawratha had received from the Mons of the south? I suspect (without supporting evidence) that the script of the pre-Pagan period with the akshara {na.} , typically the short form {na.} - very much in the likeness of the Naga, and elements of Waikzayana (Vijayana) became accepted by the Theravada faith of Myanmar, and has lasted to the present day. - UKT 110918.

UKT: According to an inscription dated 1244 AD, the founder of the sect, Maha Kathapa, had lived in the monastery near the eastern gate of the city.

UKT: The founder of the Aranyawathi sect died at age 103 or 109 during a trip to the Yaw region in north-western foot hills near the Assam-Manipur area of India.

UKT: You should also look into Dr. Htin Aung, Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism, Religious Affairs Dept Press, Rangoon, 1981 , which I have edited with my additions.

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From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ardra-nakshatra 100411

Ardra is the name of a Nakshatra in Indian astronomy that corresponds to the star Betelgeuse. Arudra nakshatra (Betelgeuse) in Mithuna [Gemini] from 6:40 to 20:00. Ardra means the goddess of fortune. The presiding deity the Rudra, the wielder of the trident. Symbol- a teardrop. The ruling planet is Rahu.

When Surya [Sun] enters Ardra the earth is said to be starting its menstrual course that is Ambobachi. Ardra means wet or surcharged with water, that is fat. From Rudra comes all suffering, persecutions and oppressions, anger, ferocity of countenance or hideousness of noise.

Rudra is another name of Shiva. In knowledge, asceticism, renunciation, as also in enjoyment, he is the supreme consummation of all desires. He is the wielder of the most tremendous powers, what could not be attempted far less achieved by other gods. (During the churning of the ocean of milk, poison was produced -- which threatened to engulf the universe. Siva came to the rescue and swallowed the poison, holding it in his throat.) On one side he is the symbol of the most perfect placidity and serenity, on the other hand he is the symbol of all that is terrible. He holds the great serpent on his head and on his forehead crescent Chandra with his sweet-soft light. He is at the same time the most peaceful and also the most terrible. And in all these are to be traced the intrinsic characteristics of Ardra.

Those born in the Ardra star are sharp, stable minded, strong, earning by sacrifice, afflicted by sickness, fear and anger. In Tamil and Malayalam Ardra is referred to as Thiruvathirai and Thiruvathira respectively.

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