Update: 2012-01-04 10:05 AM +0630

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Sanskrit English Dictionary

ri1-159b1-2.htm

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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 SED-semivow-r6-indx.htm 

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{ri.} रि
{ri} री
{ru.} रु
  {road} रुद्
  {roaD} रुध्
{ru} रू
{} रे
  {ré-hka} रेखा
  {ré-Sa} रेषा
{rau:} रो
{rau} रौ

 

UKT notes
• Rudra

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{ri.} रि
p159b1-2
 

• रिङ्गति (ri.ngati)
Skt: रिङ्गति (ri.ngati) to crawl - OnlineSktDict

• रिपवः (ripavaH)
Skt: रिपवः (ripavaH) - enemies - OnlineSktDict

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p159b2

• रिपु (ripu)
Skt: रिपु (ripu) - Enemy - OnlineSktDict

• रिपुः (ripuH)
Skt: रिपुः (ripuH) - enemy - OnlineSktDict
Pal: ripu - m. an enemy - UPMT-PED180

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{ri} री
p159b2-2

• रीतिः (riitiiH)
Skt: रीतिः (riitiiH) procedure; practice; custom - OnlineSktDict
Pal: rīti - f. custom, habit - UPMT-PED180

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{ru.} रु
p159b2-3

• रु (ru)
Skt: रु (ru) - light - OnlineSktDict

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p159b2-4 

• रुचिः (ruchiH)
Skt: रुचिः (ruchiH) - taste; flavour - OnlineSktDict

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{road} रुद्
p159b2-5 

• रुद् (rud.h)
Skt: रुद् (rud.h) - to cry - OnlineSktDict

• रुद्ध्वा (rud.hdhvaa)
Skt: रुद्ध्वा (rud.hdhvaa) - checking- OnlineSktDict

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p159b2-6

• रुद्र (rudra)
Skt: रुद्र (rudra) - a form of Shiva - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Rudra

• रुद्रः (rudraH)
Skt: रुद्रः (rudraH) - the Destroying God - OnlineSktDict

• रुद्राणां (rudraaNaaM)
Skt: रुद्राणां (rudraaNaaM) - of all the Rudras - OnlineSktDict

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p159b3

• रुद्रान् (rudraan.h)
Skt: रुद्रान् (rudraan.h) - the eleven forms of Rudra - OnlineSktDict

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{roaD} रुध्
p159b3-2 

• रुध् (rudh.h)
Skt: रुध् (rudh.h) - to stop, control - OnlineSktDict

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p159b3-3

• रुधिर (rudhira)
Skt: रुधिर (rudhira) - blood - OnlineSktDict
Pal: rudhira - n. blood - UPMT-PED180

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p159b3-4

• रुपं (rupaM)
Skt: रुपं (rupaM) - beauty - OnlineSktDict

• रुक्ष (rukSha)
Skt: रुक्ष (rukSha) - dry - OnlineSktDict

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{ru} रू
p159b3-5 

• रूप (ruupa)
Skt: रूप (ruupa) - beautiful form - OnlineSktDict
Pal: rūpa - n. form, matter, shape, body, visible object, objective - UPMT-PED181

• रूपं (ruupaM)
Skt: रूपं (ruupaM) - beaut - OnlineSktDict

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p159b3-6 

• रूपमैश्वरं (ruupamaishvaraM)
Skt: रूपमैश्वरं (ruupamaishvaraM) - universal form - OnlineSktDict

• रूपसंपन्नौ (ruupasa.npannau)
Skt: रूपसंपन्नौ (ruupasa.npannau) - (two) persons endowed with beautiful appearance - OnlineSktDict

• रूपस्य (ruupasya)
= र ू प स ् य
Skt: रूपस्य (ruupasya) - form - OnlineSktDict

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p159b4

• रूपाणि (ruupaaNi)
Skt: रूपाणि (ruupaaNi) - forms - OnlineSktDict

• रूपित्रं (ruupitraM)
Skt: रूपित्रं (ruupitraM) - (n) camera - OnlineSktDict

• रूपेण (ruupeNa)
Skt: रूपेण (ruupeNa) - form - OnlineSktDict

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{} रे
p160top 

• रेखन (rekhana)
Skt: रेखन (rekhana) - etching - OnlineSktDict

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{ré-hka} रेखा
p160top-2

• रेखा (rekhaa)
Skt: रेखा (rekhaa) - line - OnlineSktDict
Pal: rekhā - f. a line, streak - UPMT-PED181

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p160top-3

• रेखाचित्र (rekhaachitra)
Skt: रेखाचित्र (rekhaachitra) - line drawing, sketch - OnlineSktDict

• रेखाचित्रं (rekhaachitraM)
Skt: रेखाचित्रं (rekhaachitraM) - (n) diagram, chart - OnlineSktDict

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p160top-4 

• रेचक (rechaka)
Skt: रेचक (rechaka) - outbreathing - OnlineSktDict

• रेणु (reNu)
Skt: रेणु (reNu) - molecule - OnlineSktDict

• रेत (reta)
Skt: रेत (reta) - semen - OnlineSktDict

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p160top-5

• रेवति (revati)
Skt: रेवति (revati) - Twenty-seventh nakshatra- OnlineSktDict
¤ रेवती   revatī   adj. f.   wealthy - SpkSkt

¤ रेवत्   revat 
Skt: रेवत्   revat  adj.  wealthy - SpkSkt

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{ré-Sa} रेषा
p160top-6 

• रेषा (reshhaa)
Skt: रेषा (reshhaa) - line - OnlineSktDict

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{rau:} रो
p160top-7

• रोकपालः (rokapaalaH)
Skt: रोकपालः (rokapaalaH) - (m) cashier - OnlineSktDict

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p160b1

• रोग (roga)
Skt: रोग (roga) - disease - OnlineSktDict

• रोगी (rogii)
Skt: रोगी (rogii) - patient, ill or sick person - OnlineSktDict

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p160b1-2

• रोचते (rochate)
Skt: रोचते (rochate) - (1 ap) to like - OnlineSktDict

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p160b1-3 

• रोदिति (roditi)
Skt: रोदिति (roditi) - to cry - OnlineSktDict

• रोधिता (rodhitaa)
Skt: रोधिता (rodhitaa) - resistivity - OnlineSktDict

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p160b1-4

• रोमहर्षः (romaharshhaH)
Skt: रोमहर्षः (romaharshhaH) - standing of hair on end - OnlineSktDict

• रोमहर्षणं (romaharshhaNaM)
Skt: रोमहर्षणं (romaharshhaNaM) - making the hair stand on end- OnlineSktDict

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p160b1-5

• रोहति (rohati)
Skt: रोहति (rohati) - (1 pp) to grow - OnlineSktDict

• रोहिणी (rohiNii)
Skt: रोहिणी (rohiNii) - Fourth nakshatra - OnlineSktDict

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{rau} रौ
p160b1-6 

• रौद्र (raudra)
Skt: रौद्र (raudra) - the sentiment of violence, wrath, rage - OnlineSktDict

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p160b2

• र्हास (rhaasa)
= र ् ह ा स
Skt: र्हास (rhaasa) - deterioration - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Rudra

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudra 100127

Rudra (रुद्र) is a Rigvedic god, associated with wind or storm,[1] and the hunt. The name has been translated as "The Roarer",[2][3] or "The Howler".[4]

The theonym Shiva originates as an epithet of Rudra, the adjective shiva "kind" being used euphemistically of the god who in the Rigveda also carries the epithet ghora "terrible".[5] Usage of the epithet came to exceed the original theonym and by the post-Vedic period (in the Sanskrit Epics) was, the name Rudra is taken as a synonym for god Shiva and the two names are used interchangeably.

Etymology

The etymology of the theonym Rudra is somewhat uncertain.[6] It is usually derived from the root rud- which means "to cry, howl."[7][8] According to this etymology, the name Rudra has been translated as "the Roarer".[9] An alternate etymology suggested by Prof. Pischel derives Rudra ("the Red, the Brilliant") from a lost root rud-, "to be red"[3] or "to be ruddy",[10] or according to Grassman, "to shine".[11] Stella Kramrisch notes a different etymology connected with the adjectival form raudra, which means wild, of rudra nature, and translates the name Rudra as "the Wild One" or "the Fierce God".[12] R. K. Sharma follows this alternate etymology and translates the name as "Terrible" in his glossary for the Shiva Sahasranama.[13]

The commentator Sāyaṇa suggests six possible derivations for rudra.[14] However, another reference states that Sayana suggested ten derivations. [15]

The adjective shivam in the sense of "propitious" or "kind" is applied to the name Rudra in RV 10.92.9.[16][17] According to Gavin Flood, Shiva used as a name or title (Sanskrit śiva, "the kindly/auspicious one") occurs only in the late Vedic Katha Aranyaka[18] Axel Michaels says Rudra was called Shiva for the first time in the Śvetāśvatara Upanishad.[19]

Rudra is called "The Archer" (Sk: Śarva)[20] and the arrow is an essential attribute of Rudra.[21] This name appears in the Shiva Sahasranama, and R. K. Sharma notes that it is used as a name of Shiva often in later languages.[22] The word is derived from the Sanskrit root śarv- which means "to injure" or "to kill"[23] and Sharma uses that general sense in his interpretive translation of the name Śarva as "One who can kill the forces of darkness".[22] The names Dhanvin ("Bowman")[24] and Bāṇahasta ("Archer", literally "Armed with arrows in his hands")[24][25] also refer to archery.

In other contexts the word rudra can simply mean "the number eleven".[26]

The word "rudraksha" (Sanskrit: rudrākşa = rudra + akşa "eye"), or "eye of Rudra", is used as a name both for the berry of the Rudraksha tree, and a name for a string of the prayer beads made from those seeds.[27]

The earliest mentions of Rudra occur in the Rigveda, where three entire hymns are devoted to him.[28][29] There are about seventy-five references to Rudra in the Rigveda overall.[30][31]

UKT: More in the original article.

Go back rudra-note-b

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