Update: 2012-01-04 04:00 AM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{bra.} ब्र : See also {vya.} व


UKT notes
Kundalini - the coiled serpent power

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{bra.} ब्र :

See also {vya.} व्य


ब्रं (braM)
Skt: ब्रं (braM) - (root) to wander - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रवीमि (braviimi)
Skt: ब्रवीमि (braviimi) - I am speaking - OnlineSktDict

ब्रवीषि (braviishhi)
Skt: ब्रवीषि (braviishhi) - You are explaining - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्म (brahma)
Skt: ब्रह्म (brahma) - cosmos - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मं (brahmaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मं (brahmaM) - (Acc.S) the great self - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मचर्य (brahmacharya)
Skt: ब्रह्मचर्य (brahmacharya) - control of sexual impulses - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मचर्यं (brahmacharyaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मचर्यं (brahmacharyaM) - celibacy - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मचर्यासन (brahmacharyaasana)
Skt: ब्रह्मचर्यासन (brahmacharyaasana) - the posterior stretch posture - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मचारिणौ (brahmachaariNau)
Skt: ब्रह्मचारिणौ (brahmachaariNau) - (2) bachelors - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मचारिन् (brahmachaarin.h)
Skt: ब्रह्मचारिन् (brahmachaarin.h) - celebates, established in (the persuit of) Brahma - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मचारिव्रते (brahmachaarivrate)
Skt: ब्रह्मचारिव्रते (brahmachaarivrate) - in the vow of celibacy - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मजिज्ञासा (brahmajiGYaasaa)
Skt: ब्रह्मजिज्ञासा (brahmajiGYaasaa) - desire to know or understand Brahman -

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ब्रह्मणः (brahmaNaH)
Skt: ब्रह्मणः (brahmaNaH) - gen. sing. of brahman - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मणा (brahmaNaa)
Skt: ब्रह्मणा (brahmaNaa) - by the spirit soul - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मणि (brahmaNi)
Skt: ब्रह्मणि (brahmaNi) - Brahman.h; God - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मतेजोबलं (brahmatejobalaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मतेजोबलं (brahmatejobalaM) - the power or might arising out of
  the effulgence of Brahman - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मदण्डेन (brahmadaNDena)
Skt: ब्रह्मदण्डेन (brahmadaNDena) - (Nr.Instr.S) the big egg, i.e Universe - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मद्वार (brahmadvaara)
Skt: ब्रह्मद्वार (brahmadvaara) - the door where kundalini enters the spine - OnlineSktDict

See my note on kundalini .

ब्रह्मन् (brahman.h)
Skt: ब्रह्मन् (brahman.h) - the preceptor - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं (brahmanirvaaNaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं (brahmanirvaaNaM) - the spiritual kingdom of God - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मपदं (brahmapadaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मपदं (brahmapadaM) - the state/ position of Brahma/ god-realised state - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मभुः (brahmabhuH)
Skt: ब्रह्मभुः (brahmabhuH) - the earth - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मभुयाय (brahmabhuyaaya)
Skt: ब्रह्मभुयाय (brahmabhuyaaya) - elevated to the Brahman platform - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मभूतं (brahmabhuutaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मभूतं (brahmabhuutaM) - liberation by identification with the Absolute - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मभूतः (brahmabhuutaH)
Skt: ब्रह्मभूतः (brahmabhuutaH) - being self-realised - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मभूयाय (brahmabhuuyaaya)
Skt: ब्रह्मभूयाय (brahmabhuuyaaya) - for self-realisation - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्ममयः (brahmamayaH)
Skt: ब्रह्ममयः (brahmamayaH) - full of Brahma (Ananda) i.e.bliss - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मयोग (brahmayoga)
Skt: ब्रह्मयोग (brahmayoga) - by concentration in Brahman - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मवादिनां (brahmavaadinaaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मवादिनां (brahmavaadinaaM) - of the transcendentalists - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मवित् (brahmavit.h)
Skt: ब्रह्मवित् (brahmavit.h) - one who knows the Superme perfectly - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मविदः (brahmavidaH)
Skt: ब्रह्मविदः (brahmavidaH) - who know the Absolute - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मसंस्पर्शं (brahmasa.nsparshaM)
Skt: ब्रह्मसंस्पर्शं (brahmasa.nsparshaM) - being in constant touch with the Supreme - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मसमाज (brahmasamaaja)
Skt: ब्रह्मसमाज (brahmasamaaja) - Brahmasamaj, a movement in 19-20th century near Calcutta - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मसूत्र (brahmasuutra)
Skt: ब्रह्मसूत्र (brahmasuutra) - of the Vedanta - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मा (brahmaa)
Skt: ब्रह्मा (brahmaa) - non. sing of brahman, masc - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्माणं (brahmaaNaM)
Skt: ब्रह्माणं (brahmaaNaM) - Lord Brahma - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्माण्ड (brahmaaNDa)
Skt: ब्रह्माण्ड (brahmaaNDa) - macrocosm - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्माण्डप्राण (brahmaaNDapraaNa)
Skt: ब्रह्माण्डप्राण (brahmaaNDapraaNa) - cosmic breath - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मादीनामपि (brahmaadiinaamapi)
Skt: ब्रह्मादीनामपि (brahmaadiinaamapi) - even of Brahma and others - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्माद्यचरणं (brahmaadyaacharaNaM)
Skt: ब्रह्माद्यचरणं (brahmaadyaacharaNaM) - practises this brahma science - OnlineSktDict

ब्रह्मासि (brahmaasi)
Skt: ब्रह्मासि (brahmaasi) - are Brahma - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रह्मास्मि (brahmaasmi)
Skt: ब्रह्मास्मि (brahmaasmi) - brahmA and asmi: Brahma and am - OnlineSktDict

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ब्राह्मण (braahmaNa)
Skt: ब्राह्मण (braahmaNa) - Brahmin, priest knower of Brahma (brahmaM jaanaati iti) OnlineSktDict

ब्राह्मणः (braahmaNaH)
Skt: ब्राह्मणः (braahmaNaH) - (Masc.Nom.S) the Brahmin - OnlineSktDict

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ब्राह्मणस्य (braahmaNasya)
Skt: ब्राह्मणस्य (braahmaNasya) - of the man who knows the Supreme Brahman - OnlineSktDict

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ब्राह्मणा (braahmaNaa)
Skt: ब्राह्मणा (braahmaNaa) - sacrificial formulae - OnlineSktDict

ब्राह्मणाः (braahmaNaaH)
Skt: ब्राह्मणाः (braahmaNaaH) - brahmanas - OnlineSktDict

ब्राह्मणान् (braahmaNaan.h)
Skt: ब्राह्मणान् (braahmaNaan.h) - Brahmins - OnlineSktDict

ब्राह्मणे (braahmaNe)
Skt: ब्राह्मणे (braahmaNe) - in the brahmana - OnlineSktDict

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ब्राह्मी (braahmii)
Skt: ब्राह्मी (braahmii) - spiritual - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रू (bruu)
Skt: ब्रू (bruu) - to speak - OnlineSktDict

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ब्रूहि (bruuhi)
Skt: ब्रूहि (bruuhi) - tell - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundalini 110106

Kundalini (Skt: kuṇḍalinī  कुण्डलिनी) literally means coiled. In yoga, a "corporeal energy"[1] - an unconscious, instinctive or libidinal force or Shakti, lies coiled at the base of the spine.[2][3][4] It is envisioned either as a goddess or else as a sleeping serpent, hence a number of English renderings of the term such as 'serpent power'. The kundalini resides in the sacrum bone in three and a half coils and has been described as a residual power of pure desire.[5]


Kundalini is described as a sleeping, dormant potential force in the human organism.[6] It is one of the components of an esoteric description of man's 'subtle body', which consists of nadis (energy channels), chakras (psychic centres), prana (subtle energy), and bindu (drops of essence).

Kundalini is described as being coiled up at the base of the spine, usually within muladhara chakra. The image given is that of a serpent coiled 3 and a half times around a smokey grey lingam. Each coil is said to represent one of the 3 gunas, with the half coil signifying transcendence.

Through meditation, and various esoteric practices, such as laya-yoga,[7] and kriya yoga, the kundalini is awakened, and can rise up through the central nadi, called sushumna, that rises up inside or alongside the spine. The progress of kundalini through the different chakras leads to different levels of awakening and mystical experience, until the kundalini finally reaches the top of the head, Sahasrara chakra, producing an extremely profound mystical experience.


A number of descriptions exist that attempt to describe exactly what the kundalini experience is.

Sri Ramana Maharshi maintained that the kundalini energy is nothing but the natural energy of the Self, where Self is the universal consciousness (Paramatma) present in every being, and that the individual mind of thoughts cloaks this natural energy from unadulterated expression. Advaita teaches that Self-realization, enlightenment, God-consciousness, nirvana and kundalini awakening are all the same thing, and self-inquiry meditation is considered a very natural and simple means of reaching this goal.[8]

Swami Vivekananda described kundalini briefly in London during his lectures on Raja Yoga as follows:[9]

"According to the Yogis, there are two nerve currents in the spinal column, called Pingala and Ida, and a hollow canal called Sushumna running through the spinal cord. At the lower end of the hollow canal is what the Yogis call the "Lotus of the kundalini". They describe it as triangular in form in which, in the symbolical language of the Yogis, there is a power called the kundalini, coiled up. When that kundalini awakes, it tries to force a passage through this hollow canal, and as it rises step by step, as it were, layer after layer of the mind becomes open and all the different visions and wonderful powers come to the Yogi. When it reaches the brain, the Yogi is perfectly detached from the body and mind; the soul finds itself free. We know that the spinal cord is composed in a peculiar manner. If we take the figure eight horizontally (∞) there are two parts which are connected in the middle. Suppose you add eight after eight, piled one on top of the other, that will represent the spinal cord. The left is the Ida, the right Pingala, and that hollow canal which runs through the centre of the spinal cord is the Sushumna. Where the spinal cord ends in some of the lumbar vertebrae, a fine fibre issues downwards, and the canal runs up even within that fibre, only much finer. The canal is closed at the lower end, which is situated near what is called the sacral plexus, which, according to modern physiology, is triangular in form. The different plexuses that have their centres in the spinal canal can very well stand for the different "lotuses" of the Yogi."


According to well-known teacher and translator Eknath Easwaran, kundalini means "the coiled power," a force which ordinarily rests at the base of the spine, described as being coiled there like a serpent.[10]

According to Swami Maheshwarananda, the term "kundalini" is based on several words and has several meanings. The word ending with "i" indicates that it relates to the feminine principle and deals with a form of Shakti (energy) and Prakriti (nature).[11][self-published source?] "Kunda" is a hole or well into which all debris and rubbish is thrown. In time the rubbish loses its original form and disintegrates into a formless mesh in which the individual components are no longer recognizable. In a similar way, our impressions from earlier lives lie like an amorphous substance deep in the unconscious (Muladhara Chakra).[11] "Kundala" means the ring and is generally used to refer to an earring in Sanskrit. The other roots of kundalini are "kundala" the serpent, and "kala" the time or death. In Indian mythology Lord Vishnu rests on a thousand-headed snake and sends out the first vibration (Sphurna), from which the entire Universe evolves.[11]

Awakening of Kundalini

Yoga and Tantra propose that kundalini energy can be "awakened" by a guru (teacher), but body and spirit must be prepared by yogic austerities such as pranayama, or breath control, physical exercises, visualization, and chanting. The kundalini can also awaken as a result of doing hatha yoga or other forms of spiritual practice, and sometimes it can awaken spontaneously, for no obvious reason.[12]

Kundalini can be awakened through the grace of a Siddha-Guru who awakens the kundalini shakti of his disciple through shaktipat, or blessing. A Siddha Guru is a spiritual teacher, a master, whose identification with the supreme Self is uninterrupted.[13] Like every form of energy one must also learn to understand spiritual energy. According to Hindu tradition, in order to be able to integrate this spiritual energy, a period of careful purification and strengthening of the body and nervous system is usually required beforehand.[11]

Some schools of yoga also teach that the kundalini can be awakened through spiritual practices such as hatha yoga and meditation, rather than via shaktipat.[14] Additionally, spontaneous awakenings can occur, often triggered by intense personal experiences such as accidents, near death experiences, childbirth, emotional trauma, extreme mental stress, and so on. Sometimes awakenings seem to occur for no obvious reason at all. Some sources attribute spontaneous awakenings to the "grace of God", or possibly to spiritual practice in past lives.

The kundalini rises from muladhara chakra up a subtle channel at the base of the spine (called Sushumna), and from there to top of the head merging with the sahasrara, or crown chakra. When kundalini Shakti is conceived as a goddess, then, when it rises to the head, it unites itself with the Supreme Being (Lord Shiva). Then the aspirant becomes engrossed in deep meditation and infinite bliss.[15][16]

The arousing of kundalini is said by some to be the one and only way of attaining Divine Wisdom. Self-Realization is said to be equivalent to Divine Wisdom or Gnosis or what amounts to the same thing: self-knowledge.[17] The awakening of the kundalini shows itself as "awakening of inner knowledge" and brings with itself "pure joy, pure knowledge and pure love."[11]

Physical effects

Physical effects are believed to be a sign of kundalini awakening by some,[18] but described as unwanted side effects pointing to a problem rather than progress by others.[11] Some of the more common signs and symptoms of an awakened kundalini include:

Involuntary jerks, tremors, shaking, itching, tingling, and crawling sensations, especially in the arms and legs
Energy rushes or feelings of electricity circulating the body
Intense heat (sweating) or cold, especially as energy is experienced passing through the chakras
Spontaneous pranayama, asanas, mudras and bandhas
Visions or sounds at times associated with a particular chakra
Diminished sexual desire or a state of constant orgasm
Emotional purgings in which particular emotions become dominant for short periods of time.[19]
Pressure inside the skull and headache
Bliss, feelings of infinite love and universal connectedness, transcendent awareness

Reports about the Sahaja Yoga technique of kundalini awakening suggest the practice can result in a cool breeze felt on the fingertips as well as on the fontanel bone area.[5][20] One study has measured a drop in temperature on the palms of the hands resulting from this technique.[18]

Vedanta view on kundalini, Tantra and Sex  

Tantra is the worship of Shakti, the divine mother.[21] Shakti is also referred to as Prakriti, or primordial nature. To ensure that nature (Prakriti) would always maintain the connection to the divine original consciousness (Purusha), the force of attraction developed as an aspect of Prakriti. The desire for union and the striving for expansion are "natural"; they are intrinsic impulses of nature.[22] Other terms for Purusha and Prakriti are Shiva and Shakti. Shiva is the symbol for consciousness and the masculine principle, Shakti symbolizes energy and the feminine principle.[23] The meaning of Shiva and Shakti is sometimes misunderstood when they are looked upon as man and woman and their relation is regarded as sexual.[23]

Vajrayana Buddhism

The tantras of Vajrayana manage a system which is very similar to the Indian systems of kundalini yoga, in that they too manage a series of subtle channels, subtle winds, wheels and subtle drops, and they refer to a force known as kandali which must be raised up the central channel. However, there are a number of differences. Firstly, the descriptions are mostly about 'red bodhicitta', that resides in the lower chakras, and 'white bodhicitta', that resides in the crown. The 'inner fire' is ignited, through practices such as Tummo, which causes all the winds in the body to enter and rise up the central channel. When the fire reaches the crown of the head, the white bodhicitta melts and flows down to the lower chakras, producing profound spiritual experiences of bliss and emptiness.[24]

This practice of 'inner fire' is seen as a preliminary yoga to a further set of practices; obtaining the 'Illusory body', and obtaining the 'Clear Light', as well as practices such as dream yoga, and consciousness projection.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

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