Update: 2006-08-11 05:37 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Convolvulaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page

Family: Convolvulaceae 8 entries
Argyreia barbigira {ming:ko:ka} -- to be listed in later versions of MMPDB
Convolvulus arvensis {kauk-ro:nw}
Ipomoea aquatica {kan-swun:ro:ni}
Ipomoea batatas {U.kan-swun:} / {kan-swun:U.nw}
Ipomoea bona-nox {kran-hing:}
Ipomoea digitata {taung-kan-swun:kri:}
Ipomoea hederacea {taung-kan-swun:ng}
Ipomoea turpethum {kran-hing:}
Ipomoea wrightii  
Argyreia spp.
Convolvulus spp.
Ipomoea spp.
Sort Ipomoea (aquatica and batatas) names

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Convolvulus arvensis

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 04-0081: {kauk-ro:nw}
Chklist: Kauk-yo-nwe
LSR 023: {kauk-ro:nw}
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-312: {hkw:i:ping}
UHM : NL

Nagathein 1-312 lists {kauk-ro:nw} as Ozystelma esculertum or Engl: Bindweed.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{kauk-ro:nw}- - TravPo-M-Dict 012
{kauk-ro:nw}- n. bindweed. Convovulus arvensis. - Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data :
Convolvulus arvensis L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay. Common Names: Bindweed, Deer's foot, Kauk-yo-nwe

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 04-0081: Bind weed
Chklist: Bindweed, Deer's foot
LSR 023: Bindweed
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-312: Bindweed
UHM : NL

Nagathein 1-312 lists {kauk-ro:nw} as Ozystelma esculertum or Engl: Bindweed.

 

Picture :
Leader - LSR

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Ipomoea aquatica

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 05-0114: () {kan-swun:ro:ni (l-kan-swun:)}
Chklist: Kazun-galay, Kazun-ywet, Ye-kazun
-- re-transliteration: {kan-swun: ka.l:}/ {kan-swun: rwak} {r-kan-swun:}
LSR 039: {kan-swun:ro:ni} / {l-kan-swun:}
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-117: () {kan-swun:ping (r kan-swun:)}
UHM : NL

UKT: When I compare the Burmese-Myanmar name {kan-swun:} to other local names of the region, it makes me wonder why the names appeared to have a common linguistic root (See : Ipomoea aquatica in Sort Ipomoea (aquatica and batatas) names):
" MALAY : Kankung, Kangkong (Indonesia), Kangkung (Malaysia), Kankong
" TAGALOG : Cancong."
Note that THAI is differenent:
" THAI :  Phak bung (Pak boong, Paag boong),  Phak bung (possibly incorrect spelling), Phak thotyot."
We must take note of the close (friendly and otherwise) relation between Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand (Siam) and also the geography of the region. My question was: did at least one ethnic group in lower Myanmar migrated through the sea routes to the Pacific region, or did it originated from the Pacific region.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{kan-swun:} - - TravPo-M-Dict 016
{kan-swun:} - n. water convovulus, Ipomoea aquatica -- Myan-Engl-Dict 019
- Myan-Ortho

 

Chklist data :
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kazun-galay, Kazun-ywet, Rabbit greens, Ye-kazun

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 05-0114: Rabbit greens
Chklist: Rabbit greens
LSR 039: Rabbit greens
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-117: Rabbit greens
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader -- http://aquat1.ifas.ufl.edu/ipoaqu2.jpg [UKT: more line-drawings on this site]
Photo: -- www.plantatlas.usf.edu/plantimage/Ipomoea_aquatica2.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

LSR id1. Plant: Annual or perennial. Grows along the water surface [semi-aquatic]. Stem reddish and hollow [can float on water with roots anchored to the ground at the water edge]. Roots at the nodes. -- LSR, free translation and notes in between [ ] by UKT

LSR id2. Leaves: Alternate. 3 t 6 in. long. Lance-like or triangular. Tip very point. Base similar to [base] of an arrow-head. Without hairs. Leaf stalk very long. Leaf margin even. Leaf blade smooth and thin. Leaf edge reddish-magenta. -- LSR, free translation by UKT.

LSR id3. Flower: Large, reddish-magenta, bell-shaped. Without hairs. Single flowers. Flowering: October to February. -- LSR, free translation by UKT.

LSR id4. Fruit: About 1/2 in. diameter. Without hairs. Spherical. Splits open when ripe. 2 to 4 seeds covered with silky hairs. Fruiting: February to March. -- LSR, free translation by UKT.

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

Throughout Myanmar -- LSR, free translation by UKT.

More common in the southern parts of Myanmar particularly the Irrawaddy delta, where I was born. At the outbreak of the Second World War, my family (I was a young child) evacuated to Pauk, west of Pakkoku, near Chin hills bordering India. Pauk was a very isolated area deep in upper Myanmar. I remember my family craving for this vegetable. None was available. My conclusion: this plant was probably not native to upper Myanmar. This note should be read with my note on the linguistic root of {kan-swun:}. -- UKT

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Ipomoea batatas

Family: Convolvulaceae

MMPDB2006: {U.kan-swun:} / {kan-swun:kri:}

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 05-0116: {kan-swun:U.} / {kan-swun:U.nw}
Chklist: Kazun, Kazun-nwe, Man-lyan, Mrauk-oo, Wun-gala-hti [UKT: the last 3 are probably not Burmese-Myanmar]
-- re-transliteration by UKT: {kan-swun:}, {kan-swun: nw}}
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : NL [UKT: searching the Shin Nagathein's 4 volumes is quite chancy, and it is possible that the plant could not be located.]
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{kan-swun:kri:} -- - TravPo-M-Dict 016
   [free translation by UKT: land plant with edible tuber.]
{kan-swun:kri:} -- n. sweet potato plant, Ipomoea batatas - Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho

 

Chklist data :
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Cited as: Ipomoea edulis (Choisy) Makino. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Kazun, Kazun, Kazun-nwe, Man-lyan, Mrauk-oo, Sweet potato, Wun-gala-hti

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :

 

Picture :
Leader -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/tropical/lecture_28/01m.jpg
Photo: tuber giving out shoots www.bihrmann.com/caudiciforms/foto/ipo-bat.jpg
Leaves and flower -- www.ntbg.org/pwr/resources/webphotos/images/1495.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

Tuberous-rooted perennial, usually grown as an annual; top herbaceous, drying back to ground each year; stems forming a running vine up to 4 m long, usually prostrate and slender, with milky juice, lateral stem-branches arising from the short stem and usually not branched; leaves ovate-cordate, borne on long petioles, palmately veined, angular or lobed, depending on variety, green or purplish; flowers rare, especially in United States, like common morningglory, white or pale violet, axillary, funnel-shaped, borne singly or in cymes on short peduncles; pods round; seeds 14 per pod, flattened, hard-coated, angular. Fl. summer; fr. late summer and fall (Reed, 1976). -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Ipomoea_batatas.html

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

According to Hartwell (19671971), the leaf decoction is used in folk remedies for tumors of the mouth and throat. Reported to be alterative, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericide, demulcent, fungicide, laxative, and tonic, sweetpotato is a folk remedy for asthma, bugbites, burns, catarrh, ciguatera, convalescence, diarrhea, dyslactea, fever, nausea, renosis, splenosis, stomach distress, tumors, and whitlows (Duke and Wain, 1981). -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Ipomoea_batatas.html

Cultivated mainly for the tuber, used as vegetable, eaten boiled, baked fried, or dried and ground into flour to make biscuits, bread, and other pastries. Tubers also dehydrated in chips, canned, cooked and frozen, creamed and used as pie fillings, much like pumpkin. Leafy tops eaten as vegetable and sold in markets in Malaysia. Greatly esteemed as feed for farm animals; with 3 kg green sweet potatoes equivalent to 1 kg of corn, with a food value rated 95100% that of corn. Dry vines have feed value which compares favorably with alfalfa hay as forage (Reed, 1976). -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Ipomoea_batatas.html

 

Constituents :

Per 100 g, the root is reported to contain 108121 calories, 68.5 72.3 g H2O, 1.01.7 g protein, 0.20.4 g fat, 25.631.0 g total carbohydrate, 0.71.0 g fiber, 0.71.0 g ash, 2136 mg Ca, 3856 mg, P, 0.72.0 mg Fe, 1036 mg Na, 210304 mg K, 355,280 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.090.14 mg thiamine, 0.040.06 mg riboflavin, 0.60.7 mg niacin, and 2137 mg ascorbic acid. The usual range of values for different constituents is: moisture, 5875; protein, 0.53.5; fat, 0.21.5; N-free extract, 18.037.0; sugars, 2.25.6; fiber, 0.62.5; and ash, 0.61.5%. Indian types with white flesh contain little or no carotene, while American types with pink flesh contain as high as 5.47.2 mg/100g of caroten. Vitamins present in the tubers are: thiamine, 0.090.14; riboflavin, 0.050.10; and vitamin C, 1622 mg/100 g. Sucrose and a few reducing sugars are present, but maltose, mannose, galactose, and pentose occur, if at all, only in traces. The essential amino acids present in the total proteins are as follows (calculated to 16.0 g N): arginine, 1.9; histidine, 1.4; lysine, 4.3; tryptoplian, 1.8; phenylalanine, 4.3; methionine, 1.7; threonine, 3.8; leucine, 4.8; isoleucine, 3.6; and valine, 5.6 g. The pectic substances (total, 0.78; soluble, 0.43%) present in fresh tubers contain: uronic acid, 60; and methoxyl, 45%. Other constituents in the tubers: phytin (1.05%), two mono-amino-phosphatides (probably lecithin and cephalin), organic acids (oxalic acid, 0.1%), phytosterolin, phytosterol, resins, tannins, and coloring matter. Sweetpotato contains calcium, 30; magnesium, 24; potassium, 373; sodium, 13; phosphorus, 49; chlorine, 85; sulphur, 26; and iron, 0.8 mg/100 g; iodine, 4.5 mg/kg; magnanese, copper, and zinc are present in traces. The spent pulp, or pomace, left after the extraction of starch, gave the following values: dry matter, 90.2; protein, 2.5; fat, 0.3; fiber, 9.6; N-free extract, 71.8; mineral matter, 6.0; digestible protein, 0.4; and total digestible nutrients, 69.0%; and nutritive ratio, 171.5. Analysis of the dried vines gave: dry matter, 90.7; protein, 12.6; fat, 3.3; fiber, 19.1; NFE, 45.5; mineral matter, 10.2; digestible protein, 8.9; and total digestible nutrients, 51.7% (C.S.I.R., 19481976). Of more than a dozen African vegetables, this was the richest in folate (1.931.96 mg/g) (Hug et al, 1983). Toxicity: Roots may contain the laxative ipomoein. -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Ipomoea_batatas.html

 

Germplasm:

Reported from the Indonesia-Indochina and Middle and South American Centers of Diversity, sweetpotato, or cvs thereof, is reported to tolerate bacteria, disease, drought, fungus, hydrogen flouride, high pH, laterite, low pH, mycobacteria, nematodes, peat, savanna, virus, and weeds (Duke, 1978). Of the more than forty cvs that have been grown in the US, about 10 are of commercial value now. These fall into two categories: food types and feed types. They are further divided into dry or firm types and moist or soft types. The present outstanding soft-fleshed cvs are 'Porto Rico', 'Nancy Hall', 'Triumph', and 'Australian Canner'; firm-fleshed types are 'Big-stem Jersey', 'Yellow Jersey', 'Maryland Golden', and 'Orlis' (Jersey orange). The best, high-yielding white-fleshed, high-starch feed cv is 'Pelican Processor', which is somewhat resistant to stem rot, and is especially adapted to the lower South. Also 'Whitestar' is a white-fleshed cv, high-yielding, high-starch variety, better adapted to the middle and northerly sweetpotato areas than 'Pelican Processor'. Both contain less carotene than the yellow food types (Reed, 1976). -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Ipomoea_batatas.html

Contents of this page

Ipomoea bona-nox

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 09-0229: {kran-hing:}
Chklist: NL
  USDA-NRCS: "IPBO","Ipomoea bona-nox L.",">>Ipomoea alba","Convolvulaceae"
LSR 091: {kran-hing:}
  UKT: The pix given is that of I. turpethum which does not agree with the text.
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-199 : {kran-hing:}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{kran-hing:}- - TravPo-M-Dict  031
{kran-hing:}- n. moon flower. Ipomaea bona-nox- Myan-Engl-Dict 040.

Chklist data :
USDA-NRCS: "IPBO","Ipomoea bona-nox L.",">>Ipomoea alba","Convolvulaceae"

UKT: Sorting Ipomoea bona-nox , I. turpethum , and Cocculus carolinus
Nagathein 1-199 : {kran-hing:} mentions 3 species differentiated by the color [of flowers?]: red, white, {a.o} [literally meaning "brown" or "gray" -- which can be interpreted as "blue", "violet" or "black". ] This is to be read with:
- Agri.Dept.2000 -- Ipomoea turpethum -- {kran-hing:nak} {kranhing:hpru} 09-023
- Chklist - does not list Ipomoea turpethum
- USDA-NRCS - does not list  Ipomoea turpethum 

UKT - Calling up Ipomoea bona-nox on Internet-Google (060719) brought up the drawings of Cocculus carolinus from www.msstate.edu/org/mississippientmuseum/images/Vinedrawings/Cocculus.carolinus.2.jpg
It is to be noted that Cocculus carolinus  is from a different . See Cocculus spp. in family Menispermaceae .

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 09-0229: Moon flower, Indian jalap, Turpeth root
Chklist: NL
LSR 091: Indian jalap, Turpeth root
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-199 : Indian jalap
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader - http://protist.i.hosei.ac.jp/Asagao/Yoneda_DB/Images/PCD2522/B/51.jpg

Plant identification characters :

LSR id1. Plant: A perennial ground creeper. Stem greyish-brown, cross-section triangular, twining. Small wings on nodes. Many branched. Juvenile plant covered with fine hairs. -- Free translation by UKT.

LSR id2. Leaves: Single alternate. Leaf blade large, heart shaped, symmetrical on sides of mid-rib. Leaf tip pointed, leaf margin serrated. Leaf stalk long with a channel in the middle. -- Free translation by UKT.

LSR id3. Inflorescence and flowers: Inflorescence with many small white flowers. Flowering in April to May. -- Free translation by UKT.

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Ipomoea digitata

syn. I. paniculata -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

MMPDB: {taung-kan-swun:kri:}

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 10-0245: {kyw:hpru}/ {kyw:U.kri:}
Chklist: Kazun, Pan-kazun
  re-transliteration by UKT: {kan-swun:} / {pan:kan-swun}
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-042: {taung-kan-swun:kri:}
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{U.mhwun:} -- n. creeper, the root of which is edible, Pueraria tuberosa. Also {kyw:hpru} -- Myan-Engl-Dict  608
{U.mhwun: ping} - Myan-Ortho 284
(UKT Note the correct spelling of {U.mhwun:} which is spelled with a {ha.hto:} -- Not {mwun:})
{kan-swun:} - - TravPo-M-Dict 016
{kan-swun:} - n. water convovulus, Ipomoea aquatica -- Myan-Engl-Dict 019
- Myan-Ortho

 

Chklist data :
Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Cited as: Ipomoea digitata sensu auct., non L. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Kazun, Pan-kazun.
See Ipomoea digitata in  Chklist.

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :
Hindi - Vidaarikand; Sanskrit -- Vidari -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 10-0245: NG
Chklist: NG
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : NG
UHM : NL
- Alligator yam; Giant potato; Milky yam -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

 

Picture :
Leaders: left - Nagathein
  right  - www.genetics.or.jp/Asagao/Yoneda/PCD2522/C/57.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

An extensive perennial climber with large, ovoid and tuberous roots. The leaves are large, palmately 5-7 lobed, ovate, lanceolate, acute or acuminate, glabrous and with prominent nerves beneath. Flowers are widely campanulate and few to many in the axillary corymbose cymes. Corolla is purple and campanulate infundibuliform. Ovary 4-celled. Capsules are small and ovoid. Seeds 4 in each fruit, black and woolly. -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Distribution elsewhere:
It is found in India in the east including Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, and the west Konkan to Kerala. It grows mostly in moist areas, monsoon forests and in coastal tracts. The plant is also grown for ornamental purposes and trained against trellises and pillars. -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

 

Part used and uses :

Pharmacolgy: It [UKT: plant or principal constituent ?] showed stimulant as well as depressant actions on different organ systems (ref.3 - Indian J. Med. Sci., 1969, 23, 479). Toxicology: There is no adverse effect reported on the use of this plant. Indications: The root has alterative, aphrodisiac, tonic, stimulant properties and used in male infertility and inflammations. Product range: Mentat (mind care), Mental syrup, Anxocare. -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

Constituents :
beta-Sitosterol was identified (ref.1- Indian J. Appl. Chem., 1964, 27, 155 ). Taraxerol and sitosterol were also identified (ref.2 - Phytochemistry, 1972, 11, 2621). -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm
(Read more on beta-Sitosterol in TIL library.)

 

Factoid :
History: The early Sanskrit writers mentioned it under the names 'Vidari' and 'Bhumi-Kushmanda'. In the Nighantas, it has several synonyms. It was part of the composition of several diuretic and demulcent mixtures. In the Konkan region of India, the root was peeled, cut into small pieces and dried for use as an aphrodisac.  The 'Susruta' gave several prescriptions for its use as an aphrodisiac.
-- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_ipomoea.htm

Contents of this page

Ipomoea hederacea

Syn.: Ipomoea nil (L.) -- Chklist

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 28-0733: {taung-kan-swun:}
Chklist: Taung-kazun
  re-transliteration by UKT:  {taung-kan-swun:}
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-040: {taung-kan-swun:ng}
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- TravPo-M-Dict
- Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho

 

Chklist data
Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth. Cited as: Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Taung-kazun

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 28-0733: Blue morning glory
Chklist: NG
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-040: NG
UHM : NL

Common name in US: Ivy-Leaved Morning-Glory -- http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/biology/plants/Pages/Ipomoea%20hederacea.htm

Picture :
Leaders: left - Nagathein
right - www.plantatlas.usf.edu/plantimage/Ipomoea_hederacea.jpg
drawing www.nearctica.com/flowers/bandc/convol/Iheder0.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

Ivy-leaved morning-glory is an annual trailing vine that flowers from July to September.  Vines range from three to six feet in length and may reach a maximum of eight feet.  The leaves vary greatly, but often possess three deep lobes.  The funnel-shaped flowers, almost two inches wide, are generally blue, but can show traces of purple or white. Ivy-leaved morning-glories are found on roadsides, cultivated areas, waste places, and woodland borders.  They are prominent throughout the United States, with the exception of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Ivy-leaved morning-glory is very difficult to control because the seeds are able to germinate in depths as shallow as eight inches.  It is a resilient, fast-growing vine that may dominate the essential substrate, nutrients, and sunlight of other plants. -- http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/biology/plants/Pages/Ipomoea%20hederacea.htm (edited by UKT)

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Ipomoea turpethum

Family: Convolvulaceae

Syn. Operculina turpethum (Linn.) Silva Manso /Ipomoea turpethum R.Br. (Convolvulaceae) -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 09-231: {kranhing:nak}/ {kranhing:hpru}
Chklist: NL
LSR 091: listed as pix
FAO : Nl
KS-TMN: Nl
Nagathein :
UHM :

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{kran-hing:} - - TravPo-M-Dict  031
{kran-hing:} - n. moon flower. Ipomaea bona-nox- Myan-Engl-Dict 040.

 

Chklist data : NA

 

Hindi : Nisoth, Nisotar, Pitohari www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm
Sanskrit : Trivruth, Triputa, Nishotra - www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

English common name used in Myanmar :

 

Picture :
Leader -- LSR

 

Plant identification characters :

A large perennial twiner with milky juice and fleshy branched. The leaves are very variable in shape: the flowers are tubular-campanulate, white, in few flowered cymes; the capsules globose with 4 or less, dull black, glabrous seeds. - www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Distribution elsewhere:
It grows throughout India up to an altitude of 900m. www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

 

Part used and uses :

Pharmacology: Alcoholic extracts of the fresh fruits of O. turpethum showed antibacterial activity against Micrococcus pyogenes ver. aurus and E. coli [ref.1 Wealth of India, 1996, Raw materials, Vol. Vll, 96-97.] The ethanolic, aqueous and ethereal extracts of O.turpethum. roots showed anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenin induced rat paw edema as well as cotton pellet induced granuloma and formalin-induced arthritis in rats. The aqueous extract was found to be the most potent fraction against all the three models of experimental inflammation [ref.2 Khare, A. K., Srivastava, M. C., Tewari, J. P., Puri, J. N., Singh, S. and Ansari, N. A. 1982. A Preliminary study of anti-inflammatory activity of Ipomoea turpethum (Nisoth). Ind. Drugs, 19,224.] Toxicity: The LD50 of the ethanolic extract was >1000mg/kg i.p. in mice [ref.3 Aswal, B. S., Bhakuni, D.S., Goel, A.K., Kar, K. and Mehrotra, B. N 1984. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity. Part XI. Indian J.Exp.Biol.22,487.] Indications: The drug is used as a purgative. Product Range: Herbolax (Laxa Care). -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

 

Constituents :

A glycosidic resin.--  www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_opercu.htm

Contents of this page

Ipomoea wrightii

Family: Convolvulaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
Chklist: NL
LSR : NL
FAO : Nl
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein : NL
UHM : NL

Gray 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- TravPo-M-Dict
- Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho/

Chklist data
UKT: Ipomoea wrightii and its synonyms - I. heptaphylla, I. pulchella, I. spiralis, are not listed in Chklist.
Neither are they listed in Agri.Dept.2000

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

English common name used in Myanmar

 

Picture
Leader -- http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=IPWR

 

Plant identification characters :

Wright's morning-glory. USDA-NRCS symbol: IPWR. Group: Dicot. Family: Convolulaceae. Habit: Vine Forb/herb. Duration: Annual, perennial. U.S. Nativity: Introduce.

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

Part used and uses :

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Argyreia spp.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Results of search for 'Argyreia' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 3 Aug 2006.
Argyreia argentea Arn. ex Choisy. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing. Common Names: Mai-hkum-ku
Argyreia barbata (Wall.) Raizada. Cited as: Lettsomia barbata (Wall.) C. B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Bago, Taninthayi, Yangon, Yangon. Common Names: Pazun-za
Argyreia barbigera Choisy. Cited as: Lettsomia barbigera (Choisy) Benth. & Hook. f. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Magway, Mandalay. Common Names: Min-go-ga, Ok-hmon-nwe
Argyreia bracteosa (C. B. Clarke) Raizada. Cited as: Lettsomia bracteosa C. B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Bago
Argyreia burneyi Gage. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
Argyreia capitiformis (Poir.) Ooststr. Cited as: Argyreia capitata Arn. ex Choisy, Argyreia strigosa (Roth) Roberty, Lettsomia peguensis C.B. Clarke, Lettsomia setosa Roxb., Lettsomia strigosa Roth. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Min-go-ga, Min-go-ga, Nwe-ni, Nwe-phyu
Argyreia confusa (Prain) Raiz. Cited as: Lettsomia confusa Prain. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
Argyreia hirsutissima (C.B. Clarke) Raiz. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Shan
Argyreia hookeri C.B. Clarke. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: O-na-gok-nwe
Argyreia kurzii (C.B. Clarke) Boerl. Cited as: Lettsomia kurzii C.B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Argyreia lanceolata Choisy. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mon, Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon
Argyreia laxiflora (Prain) Prain. Cited as: Lettsomia laxiflora Prain. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Sagaing
Argyreia longifolia (Collett & Hemsl.) Raizada. Cited as: Lettsomia longifolia Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Argyreia mastersii (Prain) Raizada. Cited as: Lettsomia mastersii Prain. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Chin
Argyreia maymyensis (Lace) Raizada. Cited as: Ipomoea maymyensis Lace, Lettsomia maymyensis (Lace) Kerr. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Argyreia maymyo (W.W. Sm.) Raizada. Cited as: Lettsomia maymyo W.W. Sm. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Argyreia mollis (Burm. f.) Choisy. Cited as: Argyreia championi Benth., Argyreia obtecta C.B. Clarke, Argyreia obtusifolia Lour., Convolvulus obtectus Wall. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Bojer. Cited as: Argyreia speciosa (L. f.) Sweet. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Elephant creeper, Kazun-gyi
Argyreia osyrensis Choisy. Cited as: Argyreia aggregata Arn. ex Choisy, Lettsomia aggregata Roxb. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay, Shan.
Argyreia pallida Choisy. Cited as: Lettsomia pallida (Choisy) Prain. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Mandalay, Sagaing
Argyreia roxburghii Choisy. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay, Yangon
Argyreia rubicunda Choisy. Cited as: Lettsomia rubicunda (Choisy) C.B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Argyreia setosa (Roxb.) Choisy. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Argyreia sikkimensis (C.B. Clarke) Ooststr. Cited as: Lettsomia sikkimensis C.B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
Argyreia splendens (Hornem.) Sweet. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Mon, Sagaing
Argyreia venusta Choisy. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Argyreia wallichii Choisy. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Bago, Mandalay, Unknown
Stictocardia tiliifolia (Desr.) Hallier f. Cited as: Ipomoea grandiflora Lam., Argyreia tiliaefolia (Desr.) Wight. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon. Common Names: Taung-kazun-gyi

Contents of this page

Convolvulus spp.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Results of search for 'Convolvulus' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 11 Aug 2006.
Argyreia mollis (Burm. f.) Choisy. Cited as: Argyreia championi Benth., Argyreia obtecta C.B. Clarke, Argyreia obtusifolia Lour., Convolvulus obtectus Wall. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Convolvulus arvensis L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay. Common Names: Bindweed, Deer's foot, Kauk-yo-nwe
Convolvulus sinuatodentatus Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Jacquemontia paniculata (Burm. f.) Hallier f. Cited as: Convolvulus parviflorus Vahl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago

USDA-NRCS [below is some of Convolvulus spp.]
"COAR4","Convolvulus arvensis L.","field bindweed","Convolvulaceae"
"COAM10","Convolvulus ambigens House",">>Convolvulus arvensis","Convolvulaceae"
"COIN7","Convolvulus incanus auct. non Vahl [misapplied]",">>Convolvulus arvensis","Convolvulaceae"
"STAR7","Strophocaulos arvensis (L.) Small",">>Convolvulus arvensis","Convolvulaceae"
"COEQ","Convolvulus equitans Benth.","Texas bindweed","Convolvulaceae"
"COHE9","Convolvulus hermannioides Gray",">>Convolvulus equitans","Convolvulaceae"
"COSI4","Convolvulus simulans Perry",">>Convolvulus equitans","Convolvulaceae"
"COER9","Convolvulus erubescens Sims","pinkflower bindweed","Convolvulaceae"
"CONO","Convolvulus nodiflorus Desv.","aguinaldo blanco","Convolvulaceae"

Contents of this page

Ipomoea spp.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Results of search for 'Ipomoea' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 17 Jul 2006.
Argyreia maymyensis (Lace) Raizada. Cited as: Ipomoea maymyensis Lace, Lettsomia maymyensis (Lace) Kerr. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Ipomoea aculeata Blume. Cited as: Ipomoea yomae Kurz. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Taninthayi
Ipomoea alba L. Cited as: Calonyction aculeatum House. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Kyahin, Moon flower, Nwe-kazun-phyu
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kazun-galay, Kazun-ywet, Rabbit greens, Ye-kazun
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Cited as: Ipomoea edulis (Choisy) Makino. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Kazun, Kazun, Kazun-nwe, Man-lyan, Mrauk-oo, Sweet potato, Wun-gala-hti
Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sw. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: Railway creeper
Ipomoea cairica var. gracillima (Collett & Hemsl.) C.Y. Wu. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea carnea Jacq. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: La-thar-pan
Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. Austin. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Yangon
Ipomoea dasysperma Jacq. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Pan-kazun
Ipomoea edithae Gage. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Shan
Ipomoea gomezii C.B. Clarke. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea gracillima Prain. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea hederifolia L. Cited as: Ipomoea coccinea sensu auct., non L. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: Myat-lay, Star ipomoea
Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr. Cited as: Ipomoea learii Paxton. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Blue dawn flower
Ipomoea littoralis Blume. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea lobata (Cerv.) Thell. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea marginata (Desr.) Verdcourt. Cited as: Ipomoea maxima sensu auct., non (L.) G. Don. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay. Common Names: Taw-kazun
Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Cited as: Ipomoea digitata sensu auct., non L. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Kazun, Pan-kazun
Ipomoea nana Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth. Cited as: Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Taung-kazun
Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea palmata Forssk. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon.
Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon. Common Names: Goat's foot creeper, Pinle-kazun
Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Myauk-kazun, Tigerfoot ipomoea
Ipomoea pileata Roxb. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Taninthayi
Ipomoea popahensis Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Morning glory, Pan-kazun-nwe
Ipomoea quamoclit L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Cypress vine, Indian pink, Myet-lay-ne, Red jasmine
Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. ex Roxb. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon
Ipomoea soluta Kerr. Cited as: Ipomoea campanulata sensu auct., non L. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Wide
Ipomoea strigosa Roth. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Yangon
Ipomoea sumatrana (Miq.) Ooststr. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Ipomoea trichosperma Blume. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mon, Yangon
Ipomoea triloba L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Yangon
Ipomoea turbinata Lagasca. Cited as: Calonyction muricatum (L.) G. Don. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: Kazun-nwe
Merremia aegyptia (L.) Urban. Cited as: Ipomoea pentaphylla Jacq. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Merremia hirta (L.) Merr. Cited as: Ipomoea linifolia Blume. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Bago
Merremia kingii (Prain) Kerr. Cited as: Ipomoea kingii Prain. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan
Merremia quinata (R. Br.) Ooststr. Cited as: Ipomoea quinata R. Br. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay
Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle. Cited as: Ipomoea tuberosa L. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: Wood rose
Merremia umbellata (L.) Hallier f. Cited as: Ipomoea cymosa Roem. & Sch. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kya-hin, Zizaw, Zizaw
Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hallier f. Cited as: Ipomoea vitifolia Sw. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kyet-hingale-nwe
Operculina petaloidea (Choisy) Ooststr. Cited as: Ipomoea petaloidea Choisy. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Mandalay. Common Names: U-min
Stictocardia tiliifolia (Desr.) Hallier f. Cited as: Ipomoea grandiflora Lam., Argyreia tiliaefolia (Desr.) Wight. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Bago, Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon. Common Names: Taung-kazun-gyi
Xenostegia tridentata (L.) Austin & Staples. Cited as: Ipomoea angustifolia Jacq. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Mandalay, Taninthayi, Yangon

USDA-NRCS
"IPOMO","Ipomoea L.","morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAL","Ipomoea alba L.","tropical white morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"CAAC8","Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House",">>Ipomoea alba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPBO","Ipomoea bona-nox L.",">>Ipomoea alba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAM","Ipomoea amnicola Morong","redcenter morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAQ","Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.","swamp morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPRE2","Ipomoea reptans auct.",">>Ipomoea aquatica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAS","Ipomoea asarifolia (Desr.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes","ginger-leaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPBA","Ipomoea barbatisepala Gray","canyon morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPBA2","Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.","sweetpotato","Convolvulaceae"
"COBA5","Convolvulus batatas L.",">>Ipomoea batatas","Convolvulaceae"
"COTI5","Convolvulus tiliaceus auct. non Willd. [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea batatas","Convolvulaceae"
"IPFA","Ipomoea fastigiata (Roxb.) Sweet",">>Ipomoea batatas","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTI","Ipomoea tiliacea auct. non (Willd.) Choisy [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea batatas","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTR6","Ipomoea triloba auct. non L. [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea batatas","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA","Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet","mile a minute vine","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCAH","Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet var. hederacea Hallier f.",">>Ipomoea cairica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCAL","Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet var. lineariloba (Hbd.) O. Deg. & van Ooststr.",">>Ipomoea cairica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA4","Ipomoea calantha Griseb.","moonvine","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA2","Ipomoea capillacea (Kunth) G. Don","purple morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"COCA28","Convolvulus capillaceus Kunth",">>Ipomoea capillacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMU4","Ipomoea muricata Cav., non (L.) Jacq.",">>Ipomoea capillacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA3","Ipomoea cardiophylla Gray","heartleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAR","Ipomoea aristolochiifolia auct. non (Kunth) G. Don [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea cardiophylla","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA5","Ipomoea carnea Jacq.","gloria de la manana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCAF","Ipomoea carnea Jacq. ssp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. Austin","gloria de la manana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCR3","Ipomoea crassicaulis (Benth.) B.L. Robins.",">>Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa","Convolvulaceae"
"IPFI2","Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy",">>Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO3","Ipomoea coccinea L.","redstar","Convolvulaceae"
"QUCO9","Quamoclit coccinea (L.) Moench",">>Ipomoea coccinea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO4","Ipomoea coptica (L.) Roth ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes","alamovine","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO8","Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst.","tievine","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCOC2","Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst. var. cordatotriloba","tievine","Convolvulaceae"
"COCA24","Convolvulus carolinus L.",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA8","Ipomoea carolina (L.) Pursh, non L.",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA10","Ipomoea caroliniana sensu Small, non Poir.",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTR","Ipomoea trichocarpa Ell.",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCOT","Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst. var. torreyana (Gray) D. Austin","Torrey's tievine","Convolvulaceae"
"COTR9","Convolvulus trifidus Kunth",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTRT","Ipomoea trichocarpa Ell. var. torreyana (Gray) Shinners",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTR4","Ipomoea trifida auct. p.p., non (Kunth) G. Don",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTRT2","Ipomoea trifida (Kunth) G. Don var. torreyana Gray",">>Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO9","Ipomoea cordifolia Carey ex Voight","heartleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO2","Ipomoea costellata Torr.","crestrib morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCR","Ipomoea cristulata Hallier f.","Transpecos morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPDU","Ipomoea dumetorum Willd. ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes","railwaycreeper","Convolvulaceae"
"IPEG","Ipomoea eggersiana Peter","jumbypotato","Convolvulaceae"
"IPEG3","Ipomoea eggersii (House) D. Austin","Egger's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"EXEG","Exogonium eggersii House",">>Ipomoea eggersii","Convolvulaceae"
"IPER","Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br.","morningglory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHI3","Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roemer & Schultes",">>Ipomoea eriocarpa","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHE","Ipomoea hederacea Jacq.","ivyleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPBA3","Ipomoea barbigera Sweet",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPDE2","Ipomoea desertorum House",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHEI2","Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. var. integriuscula Gray",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHI4","Ipomoea hirsutula auct. non Jacq. f. [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPNI2","Ipomoea nil auct. non (L.) Roth [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"PHBA5","Pharbitis barbigera (Sweet) G. Don",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"PHHE12","Pharbitis hederacea (Jacq.) Choisy",">>Ipomoea hederacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHE2","Ipomoea hederifolia L.","scarletcreeper","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCOH","Ipomoea coccinea L. var. hederifolia (L.) Gray",">>Ipomoea hederifolia","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHO","Ipomoea horsfalliae Hook.","Lady Doorly's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPIM","Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb.","beach morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPST","Ipomoea stolonifera J.F. Gmel.",">>Ipomoea imperati","Convolvulaceae"
"IPIN","Ipomoea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.","oceanblue morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPAC","Ipomoea acuminata (Vahl) Roemer & J.A. Schultes",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCA9","Ipomoea cathartica Poir.",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCO6","Ipomoea congesta R. Br.",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPINA","Ipomoea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. var. acuminata (Vahl) Fosberg",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMU6","Ipomoea mutabilis Lindl.",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"PHCA21","Pharbitis cathartica (Poir.) Choisy",">>Ipomoea indica","Convolvulaceae"
"IPJA","Ipomoea jaegeri Pilg.","morning glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPKR","Ipomoea krugii Urban","Krug's white morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLA","Ipomoea lacunosa L.","whitestar","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLE","Ipomoea leptophylla Torr.","bush morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLE4","Ipomoea leucantha Jacq. (pro sp.) [cordatotriloba lacunosa]","","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLI","Ipomoea lindheimeri Gray","Lindheimer's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLI2","Ipomoea littoralis Blume","whiteflower beach morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPGR","Ipomoea gracilis auct. non R. Br. [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea littoralis","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLO","Ipomoea longifolia Benth.","pinkthroat morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMA","Ipomoea macrorhiza Michx.","largeroot morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMA5","Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.","","Convolvulaceae"
"IPME","Ipomoea meyeri (Spreng.) G. Don","Meyer's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"COME9","Convolvulus meyeri Spreng.",">>Ipomoea meyeri","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMI","Ipomoea microdactyla Griseb.","calcareous morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"EXMI","Exogonium microdactylum (Griseb.) House",">>Ipomoea microdactyla","Convolvulaceae"
"IPREM","Ipomoea repanda Jacq. var. microdactyla (Griseb.) D.A. Powell",">>Ipomoea microdactyla","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMU2","Ipomoea multifida (Raf.) Shinners [coccinea quamoclit]","cardinal climber","Convolvulaceae"
"QUMU7","Quamoclit multifida Raf.",">>Ipomoea multifida","Convolvulaceae"
"IPNI","Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth","whiteedge morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"COHE10","Convolvulus hederaceus L.",">>Ipomoea nil","Convolvulaceae"
"CONI6","Convolvulus nil L.",">>Ipomoea nil","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHE7","Ipomoea hederacea auct. non Jacq. [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea nil","Convolvulaceae"
"PHNI3","Pharbitis nil (L.) Choisy",">>Ipomoea nil","Convolvulaceae"
"IPOB","Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker-Gawl.","obscure morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPOC2","Ipomoea ochracea (Lindl.) G. Don","fence morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCU2","Ipomoea curtisii House",">>Ipomoea ochracea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPOCC","Ipomoea ochracea (Lindl.) G. Don var. curtisii (House) Stearn",">>Ipomoea ochracea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPOCO","Ipomoea ochracea (Lindl.) G. Don var. ochracea (Lindl.) G. Don [superfluous autonym]",">>Ipomoea ochracea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPOC","Ipomoea ochroleuca auct. non Spanoghe [misapplied]",">>Ipomoea ochracea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPA","Ipomoea pandurata (L.) G.F.W. Mey.","man of the earth","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPAR","Ipomoea pandurata (L.) G.F.W. Mey. var. rubescens Choisy",">>Ipomoea pandurata","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPA3","Ipomoea pauciflora Martens & Galeotti","tree morning glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPE","Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br.","bayhops","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPEB","Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. ssp. brasiliensis (L.) van Ooststr.","Brazilian bayhops","Convolvulaceae"
"IPBR","Ipomoea brasiliensis (L.) Sweet",">>Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. brasiliensis","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPEE","Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. var. emarginata Hallier f.",">>Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. brasiliensis","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPEP2","Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. ssp. pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. [excluded]","bayhops","Convolvulaceae"
"COPE5","Convolvulus pes-caprae L. [excluded]",">>Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. pes-caprae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPE2","Ipomoea pes-tigridis L.","morningglory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPL","Ipomoea plummerae Gray","Huachuca Mountain morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPCU","Ipomoea cuneifolia Gray, non Meisn.",">>Ipomoea plummerae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPEG2","Ipomoea egregia House",">>Ipomoea plummerae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPLC","Ipomoea plummerae Gray var. cuneifolia (Gray) J.F. Macbr.",">>Ipomoea plummerae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPLE","Ipomoea plummerae Gray var. egregia (House) Soreng & Spellenberg",">>Ipomoea plummerae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPLP","Ipomoea plummerae Gray var. plummerae Gray [superfluous autonym]",">>Ipomoea plummerae","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPU3","Ipomoea pubescens Lam.","silky morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHE5","Ipomoea heterophylla Ortega",">>Ipomoea pubescens","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPU6","Ipomoea purga (Wender.) Hayne","jalap","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPU2","Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth","tall morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"COPU11","Convolvulus purpureus L.",">>Ipomoea purpurea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHI2","Ipomoea hirsutula Jacq. f.",">>Ipomoea purpurea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPUD","Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth var. diversifolia (Lindl.) O'Donell",">>Ipomoea purpurea","Convolvulaceae"
"PHPU13","Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt",">>Ipomoea purpurea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPQU","Ipomoea quamoclit L.","cypressvine","Convolvulaceae"
"QUQU","Quamoclit quamoclit (L.) Britt.",">>Ipomoea quamoclit","Convolvulaceae"
"QUVU2","Quamoclit vulgaris Choisy",">>Ipomoea quamoclit","Convolvulaceae"
"IPRE","Ipomoea repanda Jacq.","bejuco colorado","Convolvulaceae"
"EXRE","Exogonium repandum (Jacq.) Choisy",">>Ipomoea repanda","Convolvulaceae"
"IPRU","Ipomoea rupicola House","cliff morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPSA","Ipomoea sagittata Poir.","saltmarsh morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPSE2","Ipomoea setifera Poir.","bejuco de puerco","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPA2","Ipomoea palustris (Urban) Urban",">>Ipomoea setifera","Convolvulaceae"
"IPRU3","Ipomoea rubra (Vahl) Millsp.",">>Ipomoea setifera","Convolvulaceae"
"IPSE3","Ipomoea setosa Ker-Gawl.","Brazilian morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPME2","Ipomoea melanotricha Brandeg.",">>Ipomoea setosa","Convolvulaceae"
"IPSH","Ipomoea shumardiana (Torr.) Shinners","narrowleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPST2","Ipomoea steudelii Millsp.","Steudel's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"EXAR","Exogonium arenarium Choisy",">>Ipomoea steudelii","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTE","Ipomoea tenuiloba Torr.","spiderleaf","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTEL","Ipomoea tenuiloba Torr. var. lemmonii (Gray) Yatskievych & Mason","spiderleaf","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLE3","Ipomoea lemmonii Gray",">>Ipomoea tenuiloba var. lemmonii","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTET","Ipomoea tenuiloba Torr. var. tenuiloba","spiderleaf","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTE2","Ipomoea tenuissima Choisy","rockland morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTE5","Ipomoea ternifolia Cav.","tripleleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTEL3","Ipomoea ternifolia Cav. var. leptotoma (Torr.) J.A. McDonald","tripleleaf morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLE2","Ipomoea leptotoma Torr.",">>Ipomoea ternifolia var. leptotoma","Convolvulaceae"
"IPLEW","Ipomoea leptotoma Torr. var. wootonii E.H. Kelso",">>Ipomoea ternifolia var. leptotoma","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTH","Ipomoea thurberi Gray","Thurber's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTR3","Ipomoea tricolor Cav.","grannyvine","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTR2","Ipomoea triloba L.","littlebell","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTU2","Ipomoea tuboides O. Deg. & van Ooststr.","Hawai'i morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTUP","Ipomoea tuboides O. Deg. & van Ooststr. var. pubescens Lag.",">>Ipomoea tuboides","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTU3","Ipomoea turbinata Lag.","lilacbell","Convolvulaceae"
"CAMU25","Calonyction muricatum G.Don",">>Ipomoea turbinata","Convolvulaceae"
"COMU3","Convolvulus muricatus L.",">>Ipomoea turbinata","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMU5","Ipomoea muricata (L.) Jacq.",">>Ipomoea turbinata","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPE3","Ipomoea petiolaris (Kunth) G. Don",">>Ipomoea turbinata","Convolvulaceae"
"IPVI","Ipomoea violacea L.","beach moonflower","Convolvulaceae"
"CATU8","Calonyction tuba (Schlecht.) Colla",">>Ipomoea violacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPMA3","Ipomoea macrantha Roemer & J.A. Schultes",">>Ipomoea violacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPTU5","Ipomoea tuba (Schlecht.) G. Don",">>Ipomoea violacea","Convolvulaceae"
"IPWR","Ipomoea wrightii Gray","Wright's morning-glory","Convolvulaceae"
"IPHE4","Ipomoea heptaphylla (Roxb.) Voigt",">>Ipomoea wrightii","Convolvulaceae"
"IPPU5","Ipomoea pulchella Roth",">>Ipomoea wrightii","Convolvulaceae"
"IPSP2","Ipomoea spiralis House",">>Ipomoea wrightii","Convolvulaceae"

Agri.Dept.2000
Ipomaea aquatica -- Convolvulaceae -- {kan-swun:ro:ni} {ly-kan-swun:} 05-0114
Ipomaea batatas -- Convolvulaceae -- {kan-swun:u.} {kan-swun:u.nwy} 05-0116
Ipomaea pes-tigridis -- Convolvulaceae -- {myauk-kan-swun:} 46-1204
Ipomaea reptans -- Convolvulaceae -- {r-ka.swun:} 49->1307
Ipomoea bona-nox -- Convolvulaceae -- {kran-hing:} 09-0229
Ipomoea digitata -- Convolvulaceae -- {kyw:hpru} {kyw:u.kri:} 10-0245
Ipomoea hederacea -- Convolvulaceae -- {taung-kan-swun:} 28-0733
Ipomoea sepiaria -- Convolvulaceae -- {tau:kan-swun:} 25-0659
Ipomoea turpethum -- Convolvulaceae -- {kran-hing:nak} {kranhing:hpru} 09-0231
Ipomoea vitifolia -- Convolvulaceae -- {kran-hing:ka.l:nw} 09-0230

Contents of this page

Sort Ipomoea (aquatica and batatas) names

MMPND

Species on this page :

 

Note : Help is needed in sorting / matching "Lowland" and "Wetland" groups / types with other types and / or known cultivars.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.
SYNONYM(S) : Ipomoea reptans (L.) Poiret, nom. invalid.
CHINESE :  Weng cai (Cantonese Ngung choi, Ung tsoi),  Kong xin cai (Cantonese Hung sam choi, Ong tung tsoi),  Tong cai, Ong choi, Ong choy, Ohng choy.
ENGLISH : Chinese water spinach, Water convolvulus, Water spinach, Swamp cabbage, Swamp morning glory, Tropical spinach.
FRENCH : Liseron d'eau, Patate aquatique.
GERMAN : Wasserspinat.
HINDI : Kalmua, Kalmi, Kalmisag, Patuasag.
ITALIAN : Vilucchio d'acqua, Convolvolo d'acqua, Patata acquatica.
JAPANESE :  Asagaona,  Kankon.
KHMER : Trkun.
KOREAN : Mul si keum ch'i.
LAOTIAN : Bngz.
MALAY : Kankung, Kangkong (Indonesia), Kangkung (Malaysia), Kankong.
NEPALESE : Kalaamii saag.
PILIPINO : Tangkong (Aklanon), Balangog, Galatgat (Ilocano). (Pilipino is basically Tagalog so these names are not properly identified)
PORTUGUESE : Cancon, Batata aqutica
SPANISH : Espinaca acutica, Batata acutica, Espinaca de agua.
TAGALOG : Cancong.
TAMIL : Vallai kirai.
THAI :  Phak bung (Pak boong, Paag boong),  Phak bung (possibly incorrect spelling), Phak thotyot.
VIETNAMESE : .

Photograph of flower from The Plants of Guam.
Photograph of fruits at ACCE$$ TO A$IA VEGETABLE$ - THESAURUS

 

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group)
CHINESE :  Bai hua weng cai (Cantonese Soi ong choi).
ENGLISH : White-flowering kangkong, Cultivated kangkong.
MALAY : Kangkung darat (Indonesia), Kangkung putih, Kankung darat.
THAI : Phakbung chin (Pak boong chin).

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. ' Bamboo Leaf '
SYNONYM(S) : Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Bai Phai', Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Zhu Ye'
CHINESE :  Zhu ye weng cai.
ENGLISH : Bamboo-leaved water spinach, Bamboo-leaved kangkong.
THAI : Bai phai.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. ' Broad Leaf '
SYNONYM(S) : Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Da ye', Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Taai ip'
CHINESE :  Da ye weng cai ( Cantonese Taai ip ong choi).
ENGLISH : Large-leaved water spinach, Broad-leaved kangkong.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Loet Phan'
ENGLISH : Green-stem Thai water spinach.
THAI : Loet phan.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Alba Group) cv. 'Prachan'
ENGLISH : Yellow-green-leaved Thai water spinach.
THAI : Prachan.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group)
CHINESE :  Shui weng cai (Cantonese Shui ung ts'oi ).
ENGLISH : Paddy-field water spinach, Paddy-field kangkong, Wet land kangkong.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'Green-Stemmed'
SYNONYM(S) : Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'Qing Gu', Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'Tsing Shui Ung Tsoi'
CHINESE :  Qing shui weng cai (Cantonese Tsing shui ung tsoi),  Qing gu weng cai.
ENGLISH : Green stem water spinach.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'White-Stemmed'
SYNONYM(S) : Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'Bai Gu' , Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Lowland Group) cv. 'Paak Shui Ung Tsoi'
CHINESE :  Bai shui weng cai (Cantonese Paak shui ung tsoi),  Bai gu weng cai.
ENGLISH : White stem water spinach.

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Rubra Group)
CHINESE :  Hong jing weng cai.
ENGLISH : Red water spinach, Red kangkong, Wild kangkong, Purple stem water spinach, Mauve-flowered kangkong, Violet-flowered water spinach.
MALAY : Kangkung air.
THAI : Phakbung thai (Pak boong thai).

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (Upland Group)
CHINESE :  Han weng cai (Cantonese Hon ngung choi, Hon ung ts'oi).
ENGLISH : Upland water spinach, Dry land water spinach, Dry land kangkong.

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
See var. batatas for vernacular (common) names.

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. var. batatas
SYNONYM(S) : Convolvulus batatas L., Convolvulus edulis Thunb., Batatas edulis (Thunb.) Choisy
AYMARA :  Pua, Tipali, Tuctuca.
BURMESE : Myonk ni.
 [UKT: see Agri.Dept.2000. Ipomaea batatas - Convolvulaceae - {kan-swun:u.} {kan-swun:u.nwy} 05-0116]
CHINESE :  Fan shu (Faan syu),  Bai shu, Gan shu (kan chou).
DANISH : Sd kartoffel, Batat.
DUTCH : Zoete aardappel, Bataat.
ENGLISH : Sweet potato, Sweetpotato (USA), Yam (USA), Kumara (NZ).
FRENCH : Patate douce.
GERMAN : Skartoffel, Suesskartoffel, Batate.
ITALIAN : Patata dolce.
JAPANESE :  Satsuma imo, Ryuukyuu imo, Kara imo, Kan sho.
KHMER : Dml:ng chvi.
KOREAN : Ko gu ma.
LAOTIAN : Man k:w.
MALAY : Ubi keladi, Ubi keladek, Ketela rambat (Java), Ubi jalar (Indonesia).
NORWEGIAN : Stpoteter.
PORTUGUESE : Batata doce, Batata da ilha (Brazil).
QUECHUAN : Apichu.
SPANISH : Batata, Boniato, Camote (Latin America), Cumala huasca, Cumal huasca, Cumara, Curiti, Jarissi jabo, Kamote (Philippines).
SUNDANESE : Huwi boled.
TAGALOG : Kamuti.
THAI :  Man thet.
VIETNAMESE : Khoai lang, Khoai mon.

Types : Brown-skinned, Orange-skinned, Purple-skinned, Red-skinned, White-skinned, combined with flesh of similar colours.

Photographs, from Centro International de la Papa (CIP) - via CGIAR, showing bio-diversity in sweet potatoes.

Photograph of yellow-fleshed yellow-skinned variety by Daniel Giannoni.
Photograph of tuber by Daniel Giannoni.

REFERENCES
(general)

REFERENCES
(specific)

Dahlen M. (Martha), 1992, A Cook's Guide to Chinese Vegetables, The Guidebook Company Ltd., Hong Kong.

ECHO-EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 11 languages provided by Information Market Europe (Latin, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish).
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research < http://www.worldbank.org/html/cgiar/photo/photo.html > Source of a number of photographs.

Giannoni Daniel, 2005,  RACES DE LOS ANDES - Camote (Ipomoea batatas) , EL PORTAL EDUCATIVO MS CONSULTADO DEL PER. CENTRO INTERNACIONAL DE LA PAPA.  < http://www.peruecologico.com.pe/raiz_ibatatas.htm >.

Solomon Jim, 1998, W3TROPICOS Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) nomenclatural database and associated authority files. (Latin with authority names).

Solomon C. (Charmaine), 1997, Encyclopedia of Asian Food, Hamlyn Australia.

Takagi H., Kuo C.G. & Sakamoto S. 1996, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamk. In: Flach M. & Rumawas F. (Editors), Plant Resources of South-East Asia N9, Plants Yielding non-seed Carbohydrates, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp 102 - 107.

USDA, ARS, 1999, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20138 (15 November 1999). Search engine.

USDA, ARS, 2000, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available:www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?316363 (24 January 2000)

Westphal E. 1993, Ipomoea aquatica Forsskal, in Siemonsma J.S. & Kaem Piluek (Editors), PROSEA - N8 : Vegetables, Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp 181 - 184.

Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : Takako Asaoka, Orarat Mongkolporn, Oscar Villalta.

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Date created: 11 / 11 / 1999
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Last modified: 03 / 06 / 2005
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"Of the naturally occurring plant alkaloids used in ... religious rites ... ololiuqui ... [is one of] the medicinal plants of the Indians [of central America] ... "When a person takes ololiuqui, in a short time he loses clear reasoning ... because of the strength of the seed, and he believes he is in communion with the devil" (Alacon, 1945). Schultes (1941) and Wasson (1961) have reported in detail on the religious and divinatory use of two kinds of morning-glory seeds, Rivea corymbosa and Ipomoea violacea, among the Mazatec and Zapotec indians. The first of these is assumed to be the ololiuqui of the ancient Aztecs. ... [The] effects were similar to those of d-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25)." -- Morning Glories: The Naturally Occurring Psychedelics, related to LSD, by C. Savage, W.W. Harman and J. Fadiman -- http://peyote.com/jonstef/morning.htm

 

 

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts Agri.Dept.2000 : Chklist: LSR : FAO : KS-TMN: Nagathein : UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho/ Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file