Update: 2006-08-06 01:55 PM -0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Disclaimer: Because of the nature of the compilation, there are bound to be errors, and the reader is advised to check the accuracy of the data given. TIL and the authors do not accept responsibility (legal or otherwise) for any inconvenience that might have caused the reader.

Contents of this page:

Family: Menispermaceae 2 entries
• Cocculus spp.
• Cocculus villosus • {krwak-na:paung:}
• Tinospora cordifolia • {hsing-toan°:-ma.nwθύ}

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Cocculus spp.

Family: Menispermaceae

Results of search for 'Cocculus' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 19 Jul 2006.
• Cocculus glaucescens Diels. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Kachin
• Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kywet-nabaung
• Cocculus laurifolius DC. Habit: Shrub, Climber. Distribution: Shan.
• Cocculus linnaeanus Kurz. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Cocculus macrocarpus Wight & Arn. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Cocculus nudiflorus Griff. Habit: Creeper. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar

"COCA","Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.","Carolina coralbead","Menispermaceae"
"EPCA5","Epibaterium carolinum (L.) Britt.",">>Cocculus carolinus","Menispermaceae"
"CODI","Cocculus diversifolius DC.","snailseed","Menispermaceae"
"COLA20","Cocculus laurifolius (Roxb.) DC.","laurel-leaf snailseed","Menispermaceae"
"COOR11","Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC.","queen coralbead","Menispermaceae"
"COFE","Cocculus ferrandianus Gaud.",">>Cocculus orbiculatus","Menispermaceae"
"COIN3","Cocculus integer Hbd.",">>Cocculus orbiculatus","Menispermaceae"
"COLO2","Cocculus lonchophyllus (Miers) Hbd.",">>Cocculus orbiculatus","Menispermaceae"
"COTR7","Cocculus trilobus (Thunb.) DC.",">>Cocculus orbiculatus","Menispermaceae"

UKT - Calling up Ipomoea bona-nox  on Internet-Google (060719) brought up the drawings of Cocculus carolinus from www.msstate.edu/org/mississippientmuseum/images/Vinedrawings/Cocculus.carolinus.2.jpg

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Cocculus villosus

Family: Menispermaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 11-0268:  {krwak-na.Baung}
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• Nagathein 1-222: {krwak-na.paung:}
• UHM 16: Kywet-na-baung


Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- {krwak-na:paung:} --
  -- TravPo-M-Dict 039
- {krwak-na:paung:} - n. kind of creeper bearing edible leaves. Cocculus hirsutus
- Myan-Engl-Dict 050


English common name used in Myanmar :
• Not given by Agri.Dept. 2000
• False Pareira, False Pareira Brava -- UHM

• Leader from Nagathein 1-222

Plant identification characters ::
• A lofty climber, branches very rarely glabrous, leaves orbicular, reniform or chordate, 2.5 to 10 cm in diameter, usually peltate, obtuse and mucronate -- UHM

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Maymyo, Zigon, Toungoo -- UHM

Part used and uses :
• Stems and roots. Used as in febrile conditions, dysentery, heart trouble and urinary disorders -- UHM

Cocculus villosus, DC.; Wall. India: leaves made into Bhaji (boiled and eaten mixed with salt and chili peppers). Vernacular names - Bombay Presidency, Khandesh district, Taloda: Vasu vel ; Bijapur district, Badami: Dagadi. Ref. GAMMIE, WATT. -- www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/FamineFoods/ff_families/menispermaceae.html

• 1. Amorphous alkaloid - Pelosine 2. Saponin 3. Ammonium salts 4. Hayatin and Hayatinin. (9) -- UHM

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• Classification: Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud. [excluded]

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
- Kingdom - Plantae – Plants;
-- Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants; 
-- Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants;
- Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants;
- Class - Liliopsida – Monocotyledons;
-- Subclass - Commelinidae – ;
- Order - Cyperales – ;
- Family - Poaceae – Grass family;
- Genus - Phragmites Adans. – reed;
- Species - Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud. [excluded] – tall reed
-- http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHKA3
Go back Classific-P-karka-b

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Tinospora cordifolia

Family : Menispermaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcripts :
• Agri.Dept.2000 21-0541: {hsing-toan°:ma.nwθύ};
  {hsing-ngo-ma.ni.}; {hsing-sa-ma.nwθύ}
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin 185 : {hsin-toan°:ma.nwθύ}
• KS-TMN 161: Sindone-ma-nwe; Sinngo-mani
• Nagathein 1-483: {hsin-toan°:ma.nwθύ}
• UHM 42: Sin-don-ma-nwe


Myanmar-Script Spelling :
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hsin-toan°:-ma.nwθύ} -
-- TravPo-M-Dict 105
{hsin-toan°:-ma.nwθύ} - n. moonseed vine. Tinospora cordifolia .
  Also {hsing-tha.ma.nwθύ} -- Myan-Engl-Dict 138


Hindi :
Sanskrit :


English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 : Heart-leaved moon seed
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin : Heart-leaved moon seed
• KS-TMN : Heart-leaved Moon seed
• Nagathein : -
• UHM 42: -


Picture :
• Leader from Nagathein
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers; right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN


Plant identification characters :

• A large climbing shrub, lianous; stems grooved, succulent, glabrous, bark corky. Leaves alternate, simple; exstiperlate; petioles tendrillar; laminae broadly ovate to orbicular, the bases cordate with a broad sinus and large basal lobes, the margins entire, the tips acute, 3-to 5-costate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences racemes, axillary or terminal or cauliflorous, lax, often exceeding leaf length; bracts subulate. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, cuisexual, dioecious, actinomophic, trimerous, hypogynous. Staminate flowers fascicled in the axils of small bracts. Calyx aposepalous, sepals 6, 2-seriate, the 3 outer minute, ovate-oblong, acute, the 3 inner larger, membranous, broadly elliptic, concave, yellow. Corolla apopetalous, petals 6, 2-seriate, equal, broadly spathulate, the claw cuneate, smaller than sepals. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, opposite the petals, the anthers 4-celled, oblongoid, adnate, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistillode obsent. Pistillate  flowers solitary; sepals and petals similar to the staminate, but with green sepals. Staminodes 6, short, clavate. Pistils 3, ovaries 3, apocarpous on the short fleshy gynophore, each ovary 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovule solitary in each, the stigmas forked. Fruit a drupe, dorsally conuex, ventrally flat, style-scan subterminal, endocarp rugose, ribbed on the back, reddish; seeds oblongoid, dorsally ridged, ventrally depressed, obscurely muricate, endosperm copious or scanty. Flowering period: June - August . Fruiting period: August - December -- KS-TMN

• A climbing shrub with corky bark, leaves 2-4 in. diam., acute or acuminate, racemes exceeding the leaves, axillary or terminal or on the old wood, flowers yellow, males fascicled, female usually solitary, glabrous, drupes size of a pea, red. -- UHM


Distribution in Myanmar

• Commonly grows wild throughout the tropical regions of Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

• Syriam -- UHM


Part used and uses :

• Stem -- Jaundice; Cough; Leprosy; Emesis; Vertigo; To allay thirst; Heartburn; Good for heart; Gives energy; For longevity of life; Arthritis; Herpes; Bleeding piles; Infections; Carminative; Biliousness; Expectorant; Leucorrhoea; Neuropathy; Otalgia; Palpitation of heart; Antidote for poisons; Indigestion. Leaf -- Jaundice. -- KS-TMN

• Stem and Root. Used as Stomachic, antiperiodic, alternative, aphrodisiac, nutrient. -- UHM


Constituents :

• 1. Berberine. (37). 2. Crude giloin and gilioinin (38) -- UHM

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Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • LSR : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file