pdate: 2006-08-06 01:16 PM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Capparaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:

Family: Capparaceae 5 entries
Capparis sepiaria   {hsu:kauk-nak}
Crataeva nurvala   {hkantak}
Crataeva religiosa {hkantak}
Gynandropsis pentaphylla {hin:ga.la}
Capparaceae spp.
Crateva spp.
Gynandropsis spp.

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Capparis sepiaria

Family : Capparaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 20-505:   {hsu:kauk-nak}
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN : NL
Nagathein 1-434: {hsu:kauk-nak}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{hsu:kauk nak} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 101
{hsu:kauk nak} - n. kind of thorny bush, Capparis sepiaris  -- Myan-Engl-Dict 132

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 20-505:  NG (not given)
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN : NL
Nagathein 1-434: NG
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader from http://www.ku.ac.th/AgrInfo/plant/plant2/p27.gif
leaves and inflorescence: http://www.botanic-garden.ku.dk/kic/Mpumalanga/image087.htm
flower pot www.indianherbals.org/tamil/KARUNCHURAI%20CAPPARIS%20SEPIARIA.jpg
UKT: Because of the paucity of information, the reader should judge whether the description given by Nagathein agrees with the appearance of the leaves in the photos.

 

Plant identification characters

  Nagathein, UKT's free translation.

Description of {hsu:kauk-nak}:

A climber which usually climbs up the cacti and {hsu:hpru} which are usually found at the edges of crop-fields of central Myanmar. The stems are adorned with hard and sharp spikes. Leaves somewhat round and elongated. Inflorescence: white clusters. Fruit: soft, turning black when ripe. The whole plant including the roots have to be used for medicinal purposes.

Description of {hs-htup-ching:} --

{hs-htup-ching:}: a shrub 5 to 6 ft. The leaves are dark green, and round-ish with an inconspicuous dent at the tips. A leaf is found between two little thorns. The leaves and the branchlets are covered with fine hairs. Similar in appearance to {hsu:kauk-nak} except in the shape of leaves. The tip of {hsu:kauk-nak}  leaf is round, whereas that of {hsu:kauk-nak} (drawing on right) is dented. The plants can only be differentiated by the difference in leaves,  and the bark of the root that you can get at apothecaries may not be the root of the real plant. The stems are hollow at the centre which can be found by inserting a small stick. {hs-htup-chin:} does not have such hollow centre.

UKT: Nagathein did not give the botanical name of {hs-htup-chin:}. The drawing (1-478) given by him clearly shows the tips of the leaves with dents.  Though the Burmese-Myanmar name implies that it is "ginger", it is obviously not a Zingiberaceae. The following is an excerpt from Nagathein 1-477 to 479, free translation by UKT.

Difference between {hsu:kauk-nak} and {hs-htup-ching:}:

{hs-htup-ching:}: a shrub 5 to 6 ft. The leaves are dark green, and round-ish with an inconspicuous dent at the tips. A leaf is found between two little thorns. The leaves and the branchlets are covered with fine hairs.

{hsu:kauk-nak}: The dents on the leaves of {hsu:kauk-nak} are more conspicuous. The underside of the leaf is covered with white soft hairs. Another point of difference is the bark of branches of {hsu:kauk-nak} at the base has hidden thorns.

You will have to clearly differentiate between the following: {hs-htup-chin:}, {hsu:kauk-nak}, {gyup-t} and {U:hkaung:hkwa.} because they are very similar in appearance. The medicinal properties "are different".

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Capparaceae spp.

Family : Capparaceae

Results of search for 'Capparis' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 3 May 2006.

Capparis ambigua Kurz . Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide.
Capparis auricans Craib. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis bhamoensis Raizada. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin
Capparis burmanica Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin, Magway, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing.    Common Names: Kauk-kweza
Capparis cataphyllosa M. Jacobs. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Capparis cathcarti Hemsl. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin. Common Names: Jupuru
Capparis crassifolia Kurz. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis disticha Wall. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis flavicans Wall. Habit: Small tree, Climber. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing.
   Common Names: Saungkyan
Capparis floribunda Wight. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Ayeyarwady
Capparis gallatlyi King. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
Capparis glauca Wall. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay, Mon. Common Names: Kaukkwe
Capparis grandis L. f. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay.
   Common Names: Kaunggwe, Kawngwa
Capparis hastigera Hance. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay
Capparis longispina Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis membranifolia Kurz. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Capparis micracantha DC. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Mon, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon
Capparis multiflora Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
Capparis olacifolia Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing
   Common Names: Nwa-mani-thanlyet
Capparis orbiculata Wall. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Magway, Sagaing
Capparis polymorpha Kurz. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis pumila Champ. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin, Mon
Capparis roydsiaefolia Kurz. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Capparis rufidula M. Jacobs. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Capparis sabiaefolia Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Shrub.
   Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Shan, Unknown, Unknown
Capparis sepiaria L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay.
   Common Names: Caper, Hnget-kway-sa, Sugauk
Capparis siamensis Kurz. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide
Capparis spinosa L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay. Common Names: Kywe-hna-kaung-gyeik
Capparis subtenera Craib & W.W. Sm. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Wide
Capparis tenera Dalzell. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Unknown, Yangon
   Common Names: Alolay, Lamaw juriu, Mani-thanlyet
Capparis trinervia Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Climber/Creeper.
   Distribution: Kachin, Kayin, Shan, Taninthayi. Common Names: Letmaung-nwe
Capparis versicolor Griff. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Taninthayi
Capparis viminea Hook. f. & Thomson. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kayin, Shan, Taninthayi, Unknown
Capparis xanthophylla Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Climber.
   Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing
Capparis zeylanica L. Habit: Climber. Distribution: Mandalay, Shan.
   Common Names: Mai-nam-lawt, Mani-thanl-yet, Nwamani-than-lyet

Contents of this page

Crataeva nurvala

Family : Capparaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 :  NL
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 077: Kadet; Kone-kadet - C. nurvala [since the name "Kone-kadet" (?) is controversial, MMPDB2000 has to disregard it.}
Nagathein : NL
UHM : NL

UKT: Two species of Crataeva  bear similar or same name in Burmese-Myanmar: C. nurvala  and C. religiosa . Since the names {ka.tak} and {hkan-tak} are pronounced almost the same, I am listing both names. A plant with a similar name {ka.dat} - Dioscorea wallichii  - is listed by the official dictionaries, which has prompted me to include the family Dioscorea  in MMPDB2006. According to Nagathein 1-044 Dioscorea wallichii  is {ka.dat ping} .

Agri.Dept.2000 lists only 3 species of Crataeva, and does not list C. nurvala
Crataeva hygrophila -- Capparidaceae -- {r-ka.tak} 49-1305
Crataeva religiosa -- Capparidaceae -- {hkantak} 12-0308
Crataeva religiosa -- Capparidaceae -- {ka.tak} {hka.tak} {koan:ka.tak} 01-0025

According to KS-TMN, "Kone-kadet" obviously transcribed from / {koan:hkantak}/{koan:ka.tak} is C. nurvala , MMPDB has to disregard it, and has to apply {hkantak} to both C. nurvala and Crataeva religiosa .

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho /
- {hkan-tak} --- TravPo-M-Dict 044
- {hkan-tak} n. kind of tree, Crataeva religiosa -- Myan-Engl-Dict 059
- {ka.dat} -- TravPo-M-Dict 003
- {ka.dat} - n. species of yam, Dioscorea wallichii -- Myan-Engl-Dict 003

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 :  NL
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 077: Garlic pear
Nagathein : NL 
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/systematik/7_bilder/yamasaki/thai47.jpg
Photos:left -- habit with flowers, right --  fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

A deciduous tree, much branched. Leaves alternate, palmately compound, 3-foliolate; exstipulate; petioles long; petiolulate; leaflets ovate-lanceolate or obovate, the bases obtuse, oblique in lateral leaflets, the margins entire, the tips gradually acuminate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences in dense terminal corymbs; bracts minute. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, sepals 4, ovate, petaloid, inserted on the edge of the hemispheric disk, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, petals4, ovate or oblong, with long claws, open in bud, greenish white when young, greenish yellow when old. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, longer than petals, adnate to base of gynophore, purplish or whitish when young, lilac when old, the anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse, dehisence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, stalked, borne on a long gynophore, 2-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovules many on each entruded placenta, the stigma sessile, discoid. Fruit a berry, fleshy, ovoid; seeds reniform, many, brown, imbedded in pulp, non-endospermic. Flowering period: April-May. Fruiting period: June-August -- KS-TMN

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

Commonly grows wild or cultivated throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

 

Part used and uses :

Root bark -- Dysuria; Lithiasis; Abdominal tumour; Arthritis; Metrorrhagia; Infections; Cystitis; Diabetes; Inguinal lymph adenopathy; High fevers; Carminative; Expectorant. Leaf -- Arthritis; As an analgesic -- KS-TMN

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Crataeva religiosa

Family : Capparaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 12-0308:   {hkan-tak}
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 103: {hka.tak ping}
KS-TMN : NL
Nagathein 1-277:  {hkan-tak}, {ka.tak}
UHM : NL

UKT: Two species of Crataeva  bear similar or same name in Burmese-Myanmar: C. nurvala  and C. religiosa  (). Since the words {ka.tak} and {hkan-tak} are pronounced almost the same, I am listing both names. A plant with a similar name {ka.dat} - Dioscorea wallichii  - is listed by the official dictionaries, which has prompted me to include the family Dioscorea  in MMPDB2006. According to Nagathein 1-044 Dioscorea wallichii  is {ka.dat ping} .

Agri.Dept.2000 lists only 3 species of Crataeva, and does not list C. nurvala
Crataeva hygrophila -- Capparidaceae -- {r-ka.tak} 49-1305
Crataeva religiosa -- Capparidaceae -- {hkantak} 12-0308
Crataeva religiosa -- Capparidaceae -- {ka.tak} {hka.tak} {koan:ka.tak} 01-0025

According to KS-TMN, "Kone-kadet" obviously transcribed from / {koan:hkantak}/{koan:ka.tak} is C. nurvala , MMPDB has to disregard it, and has to apply {hkantak} to both C. nurvala and Crataeva religiosa .

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho /
- {hkan-tak} --- TravPo-M-Dict 044
- {hkan-tak} n. kind of tree, Crataeva religiosa -- Myan-Engl-Dict 059
- {ka.dat} -- TravPo-M-Dict 003
- {ka.dat} - n. species of yam, Dioscorea wallichii -- Myan-Engl-Dict 003

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 :  Three-leaved caper, Garlic pear
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin 103: Three-leaved caper, Garlic pear
KS-TMN 077: NL
Nagathein 1-277: Three-leaved caper
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader from www.alectouk.com/ BANKS/im060002.htm
Photos: tree -- eet.smps.edu.hk/ b1/29/1_1.htm ; leaves -- www.hktree.com/ tree/spider_tree.htm

 

Plant identification characters :

Free translation by UKT from L-seik-shin p.103: {hka.tak}:
   Tree - Deciduous medium size grows to over 30 feet. White stripes on shoots. Bark: gray. Heart wood hard and not pliable yellow when young turning brown with age.
   Leaves - three cluster, alternate, ventral side clearly marked with veins. Pointed at tip tapering towards base. Even edges. Surface smooth.
   Flowers - overall diameter 2 to 3 inches. Large sized flowers, pale yellow. Flowers many.
   Fruits - yellow, diameter 1 to 2 inches, oval or round shape. Fleshy with hard and rough rind. Seeds - kidney-shaped.

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Crateva species

Family: Capparaceae

UKT: Two species of Crataeva  bear similar or same name in Burmese-Myanmar: C. nurvala  and C. religiosa . Since the names {ka.tak} and {hkan-tak} are pronounced almost the same, I am listing both species. There is also a plant with the name {ka.dat} - Dioscorea wallichii  - is listed by the official dictionaries, which has prompted me to include the family Dioscorea  in MMPDB2006.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho /
- {hkan-tak} --- TravPo-M-Dict 044
- {hkan-tak} n. kind of tree, Crataeva religiosa -- Myan-Engl-Dict 059
- {ka.dat} -- TravPo-M-Dict 003
- {ka.dat} - n. species of yam, Dioscorea wallichii -- Myan-Engl-Dict 003

Results of search for 'Crateva' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Apr 2006.

Crateva hygrophila Kurz. Habit: Shrub, Small tree. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Ye-kadat, Ye-kadet
Crateva lophosperma Kurz. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Taninthayi.
Crateva magna (Lour.) DC.. Cited as: Crateva nurvala Buch.-Ham. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Balwe-tie, Garlic tree, Kadet, Kadet-kha, Kon-kadet, Mai-kom phat-kom, Three-leaved caper
Crateva religiosa G. Forst. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar

USDA-NRCS

"CRATE2","Crateva L.","crateva","Capparaceae"
"CRRE12","Crateva religiosa Forster f.","sacred garlic pear","Capparaceae"
"CRTA6","Crateva tapia L. [excluded]","","Capparaceae"
 

Contents of this page

Gynandropsis pentaphylla

Family: Capparaceae

Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC., Prodr. 1:23. 1824. Hook. f. l.c. 171; Cooke, l.c. 40.
= Gynandropsis gynandra  -- www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=242422729

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:

Agri.Dept.2000 62-1666:  {hing:ga.la}
FAO :
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 4-402: {hing:ga.la}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling :
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hing:ga.la} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 344
{hing:ga.la} - n.  kind of edible herb, Cleome viscosa -- Myan-Engl-Dict 531

Hindi
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar
Agri.Dept.2000 62-1666 : NL
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin  : NL
KS-TMN : NL
Nagathein 4-402: NL
UHM : NL

Picture:
Leader: G. gynandra  http://members.chello.be/cr28796/GynaGyna.jpg

Plant identification characters :

Herbs annual, erect or suberect, 10-50 (-90) cm tall, often glandular hairy. Leaves petiolate, 3-7-foliolate, very variable in size; leaflets obovate to elliptic, 1-5 (-6) cm long, 0.5-3 cm broad, usually acute or slightly acuminate, finely crenate to subentire; petiole (1-) 3-10 cm long. Inflorescence showy, up to 30 cm long, bracteate, bracts much smaller than the leaves. Flowers 1-2 cm across, mostly white or pinkish; pedicels generally 1-2 cm long. Sepals 4, ovate to lanceolate, 2-5 (-8) mm long, glandular. Petals 4, obovate and long clawed, 9-20 mm long, 4-10 mm broad. Androphore 15-25 mm long; stamens usually about 10, verticellate, usually 10-15 mm long, subequal, spreading conspicuously from a long androphore (never like this in any Cleome species), filaments often pinkish or lilac. Gynophore 10-20 mm long, usually shorter in flowers but increasing in fruit. Style 1-2 mm long. Fruit capsular, (1.5-) 3-7 (-12) cm long, 0.2-0.5 (-0.8) cm broad, linear, narrowed towards both the ends, glandular-pubescent, finely and obliquely striated, many seeded. Seeds 1-1.8 mm in diam., finely longitudinally striated, with slightly cristate transverse ridges, dark-brown. -- www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=250012171

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

 

Distribution elsewhere:

Widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.  In Africa a form of this species, with very large capsules (upto 15 cm long, 1.2 cm broad), is cultivated as vegetable. The other species G. speciosa DC., of Central & South America with glabrous plants and larger fls. and leaves, may be found cultivated as an ornamental in our gardens. -- www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=250012171

 

Part used and used as :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Gynandropsis spp.

Family: Capparaceae

Results of search for 'Gynandropsis' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 May 2006.

Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Merr. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Caravalla, Gangala, Hingala, Taw-hingala
Gynandropsis speciosa DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated

USDA-NRCS-data

UKT: Though my interest is 'Gynandropsis', since G. gynandra has syn. Cleome gynandra, I have search searched for 'Cleome' .

"CLEOM","Cleome L.","spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLAC4","Cleome aculeata L. ","prickly spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLDI4","Cleome diffusa Banks ex DC. ","spreading spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLGY","Cleome gynandra L. ","spiderwisp","Capparaceae"
"CLPE4","Cleome pentaphylla L.",">>Cleome gynandra ","Capparaceae"
"GYGY","Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.",">> Cleome gynandra","Capparaceae"
"CLHA","Cleome hassleriana Chod. ","pink queen","Capparaceae"
"CLAR8","Cleome arborea hort. ",">>Cleome hassleriana","Capparaceae"
"CLHA5","Cleome hasslerana Chodat [orthographic variant]",">>Cleome hassleriana","Capparaceae"
"CLHO","Cleome houtteana auct. non Schlecht. [misapplied]",">>Cleome hassleriana","Capparaceae"
"CLPU4","Cleome pungens auct. non Willd. [misapplied]",">>Cleome hassleriana","Capparaceae"
"CLSP8","Cleome spinosa auct. non Jacq. [misapplied]",">>Cleome hassleriana","Capparaceae"
"CLHI6","Cleome hirta (Klotzsch) Oliv.","","Capparaceae"
"CLIB","Cleome iberica DC."," Iberian spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLIS","Cleome isomeris Greene"," bladderpod spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"ISAR","Isomeris arborea Nutt.", ">>Cleome isomeris","Capparaceae"
"ISARA","Isomeris arborea Nutt. var. angustata Parish",">>Cleome isomeris","Capparaceae"
"ISARG","Isomeris arborea Nutt. var. globosa Coville",">>Cleome isomeris","Capparaceae"
"ISARI","Isomeris arborea Nutt. var. insularis Jepson",">>Cleome isomeris","Capparaceae"
"CLLU2","Cleome lutea Hook."," yellow spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLLUJ","Cleome lutea Hook. var. jonesii J.F. Macbr.","Jones spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLJO","Cleome jonesii (J.F. Macbr.) Tidestrom",">>Cleome lutea var. jonesii","Capparaceae"
"CLLUL","Cleome lutea Hook. var. lutea","yellow spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLMU","Cleome multicaulis DC."," slender spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLSO2","Cleome sonorae Sess & Moc. ex Gray",">>Cleome multicaulis","Capparaceae"
"CLOR2","Cleome ?ornithopodioides L.","bird spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLPL","Cleome platycarpa Torr."," golden spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLRU3","Cleome rutidosperma DC.", "fringed spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLCI","Cleome ciliata Schumacher", ">>Cleome rutidosperma","Capparaceae"
"CLSE2","Cleome serrata Jacq."," toothed spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"NESE3","Neocleome serrata (Jacq.) Small",">>Cleome serrata","Capparaceae"
"CLSE","Cleome serrulata Pursh"," Rocky Mountain beeplant","Capparaceae"
"CLSEA2","Cleome serrulata Pursh var. angusta (M.E. Jones) Tidestrom",">>Cleome serrulata","Capparaceae"
"CLSP2","Cleome sparsifolia S. Wats.","fewleaf spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLSP5","Cleome speciosa Raf.","volantines preciosos","Capparaceae"
"CLSP4","Cleome speciosa Kunth",">>Cleome speciosa","Capparaceae"
"CLSP9","Cleome speciosissima Deppe ex Lindl. ",">>Cleome speciosa","Capparaceae"
"CLSP3","Cleome spinosa Jacq."," spiny spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLSA4","Cleome sandwicensis Gray", ">>Cleome spinosa","Capparaceae"
"NESP2","Neocleome spinosa (Jacq.) Small",">>Cleome spinosa","Capparaceae"
"CLST","Cleome stenophylla Klotzsch ex Urban","tropical spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLVI9","Cleome viscosa L."," Asian spiderflower","Capparaceae"
"CLIC","Cleome icosandra L. ",">>Cleome viscosa", "Capparaceae"

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts ( Agri.Dept.2000 : Chklist: LSR : FAO : KS-TMN: Nagathein : UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling ( Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file