Update: 2006-08-01 06:11 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Asphodelaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Asphodelaceae 1 entry
• Asphodelaceae family
• Asphodelus tenuifolius • {krak-thwun (tau:)}
• Asphodelus spp.

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Asphodelaceae family - general characters

This family is often included in the Liliaceae (lily family).

From: Families yielding important phytopharmaceuticals in Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, by Michael Heinrich, J. Barnes, S. Gibbons, and E. Williamson, October 2003, ISBN:0443071322, pp.320 -- www.fleshandbones.com/readingroom/pdf/747.pdf

Important medicinal plants from the family
• Aloe vera (L.) Burman f. (syn. Aloe barbadensis, Barbardos aloe) and A. ferox Miller (Cape aloe), both strong purgatives.

UKT: Both Chklist and USDA-NRCS accept that Aloe vera and the Aloe spp. belongs the family Aloaceae:
• Aloe vera L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Shazaung-let-pat
-- Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 7 May 2006.
• "ALVE2","Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.","Barbados aloe","Aloaceae"
-- USDA-NRCS

Morphological characteristics of the family
Members of this family are generally perennials, and, in the case of Aloe, usually woody, with a basal rosette and the typical radial hermaphrodite flower structure of the Liliales. The petals and sepals are identical in form and colour, and composed of 3+3 free or fused, 3+3 free stamens and three fused superior carpels.

Distribution
This family, with about 600 species, is widely distributed in South Africa (a characteristic element of the Cape flora); some species occur naturally in the Mediterranean (Asphodelus).

Chemical characteristics of the family
Typical for the genus Aloe are anthranoids and anthraglycosides (aloe-emodin), which are responsible for the species’ laxative effects, as well as polysaccharides accumulating in the leaves. Contrary to other related families, the Asphodelaceae do not accumulate steroidal saponins.

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Asphodelus tenuifolius

Family: Asphodelaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 26-0664: {tau:krak-thwun} - fam. Liliaceae
• Chklist: Taw-kyetthun - fam. Asphodelaceae
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-181: {krak-thwun (tau:)} aka {koan: hkat~ta}
• UHM : NL

UKT: I could not find {koan: hkat~ta} or {hkat~ta} in Agri.Dept.2000, instead of which I found in Liliaceae, Agapanthus africanus -- {hkat~ta-pra} 12-0304

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{krak-thwun} - TravPo-M-Dict 032
{krak-thwun} - n. same as {krak-thwun-ni} - Myan-Engl-Dict 042
{krak-thwun-ni} - n. onion - Myan-Engl-Dict 042
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data
• Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan. Common Names: Taw-kyetthun, Wild onion

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar
• Agri.Dept.2000 26-0664: NG
• Chklist: Wild onion
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-181: NG
• UHM : NL

 

Picture
• Leader -- http://www.alsirhan.com/Plants_s/images/Asphodelus_tenuifolius_4.jpg
• Photos: left - http://www.alsirhan.com/Plants_s/images/Asphodelus_tenuifolius_1.jpg ;
right - http://members.fortunecity.de/benno8/teneriffa01/dsc00994.jpg

Plant identification characters

UKT: Info I have gathered on various internet sources: syn. Asphodelus fistulosus L. ( Liliaceae ),   Asphodelus tenuifolius ... . a desert plant, hollow rhizomes, common name - onion weed.

Distribution in Myanmar

 

Part used and uses

 

Constituents

 

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Asphodelus spp.

Family: Asphodelaceae

Results of search for 'Asphodelus' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 31 Jul 2006.
• Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan. Common Names: Taw-kyetthun, Wild onion

USDA-NRCS
"ASPHO","Asphodelus L.","asphodelus","Liliaceae"
"ASAL19","Asphodelus albus Miller","gam๓n-blanco","Liliaceae"
"ASSP17","Asphodelus sphaerocarpus Gren. & Godron",">>Asphodelus albus","Liliaceae"
"ASFI2","Asphodelus fistulosus L.","onionweed","Liliaceae"
"ASTE23","Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav.",">>Asphodelus fistulosus","Liliaceae"

UKT: The below species are listed by Chklist:
1. Cardiocrinum, 2. Fritillaria, 3. Lilium, 4. Lloydia, 5. Nomocharis
UKT: Aloe is not listed.
USDA-NRCS-data listed Aloe in the family Aloaceae

Agri.Dept.2000
Does not list any species in Asphodelaceae family. It listed Asphodelus tenuifolius in Liliaceae family along with:
Liliaceae -- Agapanthus africanus -- {hkat~ta-pra} 12-0304
Liliaceae -- Allium ampeloprasum -- {htan:krak-thwun} 31-0798
Liliaceae -- Allium ascalonicum -- {krak-thwun-ni-ka.l้:} 08-0210
Liliaceae -- Allium cepa -- {krak-thwun-u.kri:} {krak-thwun-ni-kri:} 09-0212
Liliaceae -- Allium sativum -- {krak-thwun-hpru} 08-0211
Liliaceae -- Allium tuberosum -- {gyu:mris} 15-0372
Liliaceae -- Aloe vera -- {sha:saung:lak-pat} 52-1376
Liliaceae -- Asparagus officinalis -- {ka.๑wyut} 01-0018
Liliaceae -- Asparagus plumosus -- {ka.๑wyut-ka.l้:} 01-0019
Liliaceae -- Asparagus racemosus -- {shi๑.ma.tak} 52-1388
Liliaceae -- Asphodelus tenuifolius -- {tau:krak-thwun} 26-0664
Liliaceae -- Cordyline spp. -- {zau-gyi-taung-wh้: a.kya:} 23-0586
Liliaceae -- Cordyline spp. -- {zau-ma.} 23-0590
Liliaceae -- Cordyline terminalis -- {zau-gyi-taung-wh้: a.seim:} 23-0587
Liliaceae -- Fritillaria rouylei -- {ga.moan:krak-thwun-hpru} {ma.chis-u.} 14-0349
Liliaceae -- Fritillaria roylei -- {ma.chis} 43-1126
Liliaceae -- Gloriosa superba -- {hsi-mi:tauk} 19-0498
Liliaceae -- Lilium longi -- {taung:kri:nhing:pan:} 28-0736
Liliaceae -- Lilium tigrinum -- {pan:hkrauk} 38-1001
Liliaceae -- Smilax china -- {sain~na.bau-ta.roat} {sein~na.mau} 19-0475
Liliaceae -- Smilax macrophylla -- {hkat-cho} 12-0303
Liliaceae -- Smilax macrophylla -- {sain~na.Bau (reing:)} {hkat-cho} 19-0476
Liliaceae -- Smilax prolifera -- {sain~na.Bau (mran-ma)} 19-0477
Liliaceae -- Smilax zeylanica -- {sain~na.Bau} 19-0478
Liliaceae -- Urginea indica -- {pa.deing:krak-thwun} 34-0899
Liliaceae -- yucca gloriosa -- {na-nat-pa.d้-tha} 33-0854
linaceae -- Erythoxylam cunneatum -- {ko-king:} 03-0076
Linaceae -- Linum usitatissimum -- {Bi.thwa} {ling:s้.} 42-1107
Linaceae -- Linum usitatissimum -- {leing-nam} 54-1430

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts • Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file