Update: 2012-12-31 11:47 PM +0630

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Aloaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Aloaceae 1 entry
• Aloe vera • {rha:saung:lak-pup} / {thhya:saung:lak-pup}
• Aloe spp.

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Aloe vera

syn. Aloe barbadensus  

Family: Aloaceae

See: TIL library collection on A. vera

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 52-1376: {rha:saung:lak-pat}
• Chklist: Shazaung-let-pat
• LSR 379: {rha:saung:lak-pat}
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 3-131: {rha:saung:lak-pat a.kri:}
• UHM 03: Sha-zaung-let-pat

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
• {rha:saung:lak-pap} -- MMDict 279
• {rha:saung:lak-pap} /|sha: zaun: le' pa'|/- n. aloe, Aloe vera -- MEDict 416
• {rha:saung:lak-pap ping} -- MOrtho 231

Data above updated (070309) in Akshara index r6c2raM.htm

Note on the Burmese-Myanmar to Burmese-Latin transliteration: Romabama transliteration follows as closely as possible the spelling in Burmese-Myanmar akshara.
   The pronunciation of the last syllable {pup} may sound like "pat" to those who have been exposed to English syllables in which the last consonant (linguistic term: 'coda') is pronounced. However, in all aksharas including Myanmar, the last consonant is a "killed" consonant: it is not pronounced, and it does not matter whether the spelling is {pup} or {pat} as far as the coda is concerned. Unfortunately there is no equivalent in English vowels to represent the inherent vowel of the Myanmar akshara which is commonly described as 'close to the English "short" a'. However, we must note that the pronunciation can also be described as 'ζ'. The pronunciation of the English vowels is not unchanging as in the aksharas including Myanmar, which changes the 'peak' (linguistic term describing the vowel in the English syllables) in Romabama syllable from "a" to "u".
   Another point of confusion is due to non-standardisation of the Myanmar orthography, and various authors spell the same word differently. However, in MMPDB, I have tried my best to use the official spelling given by the Myanmarsar Commission in "Myan-Ortho", "Myan-Engl-Dict" and "TravPo-M-Dict", and I have to give the name as {rha:saung:lak-pup}.

UKT: Nagathein listed three species of Aloes each with a subscript to differentiate the species:
A. vera - {rha:saung:lak-pat a.kri:} -- literal translation: Aloe major
A. indica - {rha:saung:lak-pat a.ngθύ} -- literal translation: Aloe minor
A. rubescens - {rha:saung:lak-pat a.ni} -- literal translation: Aloe red. See photo on right. Click to enlarge.
http://www.illustratedgarden.org/mobot/rarebooks/page.asp?relation=SB438C361799V1&identifier=0095
   A. rubescens, according to Nagathein 3-135 to 3-140, is extremely bitter, and is the plant from which {moat-hka:} is produced. Caveat: In his description of how {moat-hka:} was produced, Nagathein was referring to "aloes" in general, and it is possible that he meant to say that A. vera is also the source of {moat-hka:}

Chklist data: 070309
• Aloe vera L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Shazaung-let-pat

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 52-1376: Aloes
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin 379: Barbados Aloe
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 3-131: Aloe vera
• UHM 03: Aloes, Curacae Aloe, Barbados Aloe

 

Picture:
• Leader : http://www.hejnsvigbynet.dk/index.php?id=221   
• Plant and men http://www.growmorebiotech.com/aloe%20vera%20plant.jpg
• Inflorescence http://www.swsbm.com/Images/A/Aloe_vera.jpg

Plant identification characters :

• A perennial herb with an extensive fascicled root system and a rosette of 12-20 thick succulent lanceolate leaves and a raceme of flowers. -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Prome, Zigon, Mongnai, Taunglelon (Southern Shan State) -- UHM

 

Part used and uses :

• Dried juice of the leaves. Purgative in colon constipation, contraindicated in hemorrhoids, menstruation and pregnancy, antiseptic (U Nu, U.B.A.R.I.) -- UHM

• Transparent gel from the pulp of the meaty leaves of Aloe vera has been used topically for thousands of years to treat wounds, skin infections, burns, and numerous other dermatologic conditions. Dried latex from the inner lining of the leaf has traditionally been used as an oral laxative.
   There is strong scientific evidence in support of the laxative properties of aloe latex, based on the well-established cathartic properties of anthroquinone glycosides (found in aloe latex). However, aloe's therapeutic value compared with other approaches to constipation remains unclear.
   There is promising preliminary support from laboratory, animal, and human studies that topical aloe gel has immunomodulatory properties which may improve wound healing and skin inflammation. -- www.mayoclinic.com/health/aloe-vera/NS_patient-Aloe  24 Apr 2006. See entire monograph in TIL library.

• The clear gel at the centre of the A. vera leaf has a reputation for both anti-inflammatory and healing effects. Scientific studies have confirmed or refuted these observations and discovered possible mechanisms of action. Important findings of this review of the research are as follows:
 -
A. vera has been reported to reduce inflammation and swelling
 -
A. vera has been shown to increase wound healing rate
 - Subcutaneous injection of
A. vera is more effective in treating wounds, when decolourized.
 -
A. vera administered via oral, subcutaneous or topical routes inhibits inflammation and stimulates wound healing
 -
A. vera reduces acute inflammation in adjuvant arthritis
 - A.vera is effective in reducing pain, oedema and wound size in diabetic animals
 - Retardation of tumours and stimulation of the immune system to viruses have been reported therapeutic effects of
A. vera
 -
A. vera has been suggested as a substitute for steroids as it does not initiate connective tissue breakdown
 -
A. vera has an inhibitory system that influences both inflammation and immune response
 -
A. vera also has a stimulatory system, which enhances wound healing http://podiatry.curtin.edu.au/encyclopedia/aloe_vera/

 

Constituents :

• 1. Glucoside Barbaloin, aloe-emedin bitter resin isobarbaloin (7) -- UHM

• "Aloe is derived from the A. vera plant, a green, succulent, cactus-like plant belonging to the lily family. The substance, A. vera, is derived from thin-walled mucilaginous cells of the inner central zone of the leaf. It is this gel that is thought to have emollient and moisturizing effects and therapeutic properties." (Rund, 1996, p.19). A. vera is a complex plant that contains many biologically active substances. Davis, Parker, Samson et al (1991b) reported that one tablespoon of A. vera contains over 75 different chemicals that have biological activity. Therefore it has proved difficult to isolate a single active ingredient, and it has been suggested that there is a synergistic relationship between the constituents (Leung, cited in Bradshaw, 1996, p.25). Any substance which can be safely used to treat wounds and inflammatory conditions in the foot would be beneficial to podiatric patient care. A review of research on A. vera should give a clearer understanding of whether it's claimed therapeutic effects can be substantiated.
   Bradshaw (1996) commented that "there may be no great value in identifying specific substances in A. vera, as it's influence appears to be exerted via the synergistic and antagonistic activity of stimulatory and inhibitory systems. An isolated constituent of A. vera may have little or no effect.". Despite this concept, the biggest area of research into A. vera is concentrated on identifying active ingredients. -- http://podiatry.curtin.edu.au/encyclopedia/aloe_vera/

Contents of this page

Aloe spp

Family: Aloaceae

Results of search for 'Aloe' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 9 Mar 2007.
• Aloe littoralis Koen. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Shazaung-let-pat-thein
• Aloe vera L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated.  Common Names: Shazaung-let-pat

 

Family: Liliaceae

UKT: The below species are listed by Chklist:
1. Cardiocrinum, 2. Fritillaria, 3. Lilium, 4. Lloydia, 5. Nomocharis
UKT: Aloe is not listed.
USDA-NRCS-data listed Aloe in the family Aloaceae

USDA-NRCS-data
"ALOE","Aloe L.","aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALAR8","Aloe arborescens Miller","candelabra aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALFE2","Aloe ferox Miller","Cape aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALGR8","Aloe graminicola Reynolds","","Aloaceae"
"ALPE9","Aloe perryi Baker","Perry's aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALSC12","Aloe Χschoenlandi Baker [saporaria Χ striata]","","Aloaceae"
"ALSE10","Aloe secundiflora Engl.","","Aloaceae"
"ALSU8","Aloe succotrina All.","Fynbos aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALVE2","Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.","Barbados aloe","Aloaceae"
"ALBA","Aloe barbadensis P. Mill.",">>Aloe vera","Aloaceae"
"ALPEV","Aloe perfoliata L. var. vera L.",">>Aloe vera","Aloaceae"
"ALVU3","Aloe vulgaris Lam.",">>Aloe vera","Aloaceae"

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts • Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file