Update: 2006-08-10 07:15 AM -0700


Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Asparagaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Asparagaceae 1 entry

• Asparagus officinalis • {ka.ัwut}
• Asparagus spp.

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Asparagus officinalis L.

Family: Asparagaceae / Liliaceae

See Asparagus spp. on family controversy

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 01-0018:  {ka.ัhwut} - with {ha.hto:}, fam: Liliaceae
• Chklist: Kannyut
• LSR 003: {ka.ัhwut} - with {ha.hto:}, fam: Liliaceae
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 066: Kanyut , fam: Asparagaceae
• Nagathein 1-036 : () {ka.ัhwut (shi๑.ma.tak)} - with {ha.hto:}
• UHM : NL

UKT: Nagathein 1-036 spelled without an {ha.hto:} in the title and in some places, but with {ha.hto:} in others as {ka.ัhwut}.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ka.ัwut} - --TravPo-M-Dict 001
{ka.ัwut} - a kind of asparagus, Asparagus officinalis -- Myan-Engl-Dict 002
{ka.ัwut ping} -- Myan-Ortho 001

UKT: Though some of the Myanmar sources on plants spelled the name {ka.ัhwut} with an {ha.hto:}, official Myanmar dictionaries spelled it without {ha.hto:}.

Chklist data:
• Asparagus officinalis L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Common asparagus, Kannyut

• सतावर  {hsa.ta-war} -- Nagathein, transliteration from Devanagari into Myanmar given by Nagathein.


UKT: Referring to the Hindi-Devanagari name, note that the first character is स(U0938) corresponding to Myanmar r6c5 {tha.} and not r2c2 {hsa.}. This would give us a transliteration of {tha.ta-war}. Nagathein had given the transcription (not transliteration) of Hindi into Burmese.


English common name used in Myanmar
• Agri.Dept.2000 -- Asparagus
• Chklist:
• LSR -- Common asparagus
• FAO -- NL
• KS-TMN -- Asparagus, Grass, Sparagrass, Sparrow grass, Wild asparagus
• Nagathein -- Asparagus
• UHM -- NL


• Leader from http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=plant_profile.cgi&symbol=ASOF
  • Photos: left -- habit with flowers, right -- habit with fruits -- KS-TMN
• Photo ฉJane Villa-Lobos. Courtesy of Smithsonian Institution, Dept. of Systematic Biology, Botany. Usage Guidelines.


Plant identification characters

• A perennial herb, rootstock stout, creeping, stems erect, terete, much branched. Leaves cauline, alternate, spinescent, bearing axillary cladophylls, in tufts of 2-6 the cladophylls acicular. Inflorescences in axillary cymes; bracts small, ovate, scarious. Flowers fragrant, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous. Perianth synphyllous, petaloid, campanulate, 6-partite, 2-seriate of 3 segments each, imbricate in bud, white. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, as long as the perianth, 2-seriate, epiphyllous, attached to the bases of the perianth segments, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, purplish, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 3-lobed, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 3-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 6-8, biseriate in each locule, the style 1, th stigma 3-fid. Fruit a berry, globose, reddish; seeds 2-6, black, brittle, endosperm abundant. Flowering and fruiting periods: August - September -- KS-TMN


Distribution in Myanmar

• Grows in tropical deciduous forests and planted throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN


Part used and uses

• Cardiac inotropic; Perpetuate conception; Urinary tract infection; Lithiasis; Palpitation of heart; Arthritis; Gastro-intestinal disorder; Elephantiasis; Frequent bowel movement. Shoot -- Carminative. Root -- Gains weight -- KS-TMN




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Asparagus spp.

UKT: Family of Asparagus -- Asparagaceae or Liliaceae?
   What is the family of Asparagus? While searching for data on A. officinalis, I came across NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service) of USDA (United States Dept. of Agri.) website which listed:
• A. officinalis L. as: garden asparagus. Symbol: ASOF. Group: Monocot. Family: Liliaceae . Growth Habit: Forb/herb. Duration: Perennial. U.S. Nativity: Introduced.

Results of search for 'Asparagus' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 9 Aug 2006.
• Asparagus acerosus Roxb. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Bago, Magway, Mandalay. Common Names: Shint-ma-tet, Tein-pan
• Asparagus filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan. Common Names: Ka-nyut
• Asparagus lycopodineus (Baker) F. T. Wang & Ts. Tang. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kanyut.
• Asparagus officinalis L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Common asparagus, Kannyut
• Asparagus plumosus Baker. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Fern asparagus, Kanyut-gale
• Asparagus racemosus Willd. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Climbing asparagus, Kanyut, Shin-matet

"ASPAR", "Asparagus L.","asparagus","Liliaceae"
"ASAF", "Asparagus africanus Lam."," African asparagus","Liliaceae"
"ASAS4","Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce"," African asparagus fern","Liliaceae"
"ASDE12","Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop","Sprenger's asparagus fern","Liliaceae"
"ASSP9","Asparagus sprengeri Regel",">> Asparagus densiflorus","Liliaceae"
"ASOF", "Asparagus officinalis L."," garden asparagus","Liliaceae"
"ASOFO2","Asparagus officinalis L. ssp. officinalis L. [superfluous autonym]",">>Asparagus officinalis","Liliaceae"
"ASSE12","Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop","common asparagus fern","Liliaceae"
"ASPL5","Asparagus plumosus Baker",">> Asparagus setaceus","Liliaceae"

Chklist online listed for Myanmar -- Family: Liliaceae, only the following genera:
   Cardiocrinum, Fritillaria, Lilium, Lloydia, Nomocharis

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file