Update: 2012-01-01 11:32 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{aa-wa.} आव
{aa-wa} आवा
{aa-wi.} आवि
{aa-wRi.} आवृ
{aa-wι} आवे
{aa-wri.} आव्रि
{aa-wha.} आव्ह

UKT notes
• Marutta • Nishada kingdom


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{aa-wa.} आव

• आवयोः (aavayoH) 
Skt: आवयोः (aavayoH) - of ours- OnlineSktDict

• आवरण (aavaraNa)
Skt: आवरण (aavaraNa) - a veil - OnlineSktDict

• आवर्तः (aavartaH)
  Skt: आवर्तः (aavartaH)  m.  whirlpool  - OnlineSktDict
  Pal: āvaṭṭa  m.  a wirlpool, circuit, circumference - UPMT-PED039

• आवर्तते (aavartate)
Skt: आवर्तते (aavartate) - comes back - OnlineSktDict

• आवर्तिनः (aavartinaH)
Skt: आवर्तिनः (aavartinaH) - returning - OnlineSktDict

• आवलि (aavali)
Skt: आवलि (aavali)  f.  line, row  - OnlineSktDict
Skt: आवलि  āvali  f. dynasty - SpkSkt
Pal: āvalī  f.  line, row  - UPMT-PED039

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{aa-wa} आवा

• आवासः (aavaasaH)
Skt: आवासः (aavaasaH)  m.  residence, living quarters - OnlineSktDict
Pal:  āvāsa  m.  (√vas) a house, dwelling place  -  UPMT-PED039

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{aa-wi.} आवि

• आविर्भूतं (aavirbhuutaM)
Skt: आविर्भूतं (aavirbhuutaM) - having taken a physical form or incarnation - OnlineSktDict

• आविश्य (aavishya)
Skt: आविश्य (aavishya) - entering - OnlineSktDict

• आविष् (aavishh.h)
Skt: आविष् (aavishh.h) - to be possesed by - OnlineSktDict

• आविष्टं (aavishhTaM)
Skt: आविष्टं (aavishhTaM) - overwhelmed - OnlineSktDict

• आविष्टः (aavishhTaH)
Skt: आविष्टः (aavishhTaH) - overwhelmed - OnlineSktDict

• आविक्षित (aavikShita)
Skt: आविक्षित (aavikShita) - descendent of avikshit (i.e, marutta)  OnlineSktDict

See my notes on Avikshit in Nishadha kingdom and Marutta in my notes.


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{aa-wRi.} आवृ

• आवृत (aavRita)
Skt: आवृत (aavRita) - encircled - OnlineSktDict

• आवृतं (aavRitaM)
Skt: आवृतं (aavRitaM) - is covered - OnlineSktDict

• आवृतः (aavRitaH)
Skt: आवृतः (aavRitaH) - is covered - OnlineSktDict

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• आवृता (aavRitaa)
Skt: आवृता (aavRitaa) - covered - OnlineSktDict

• आवृताः (aavRitaaH)
Skt: आवृताः (aavRitaaH) - covered - OnlineSktDict

• आवृत्तिं (aavRittiM)
Skt: आवृत्तिं (aavRittiM) - return - OnlineSktDict

• आवृत्य (aavRitya)
Skt: आवृत्य (aavRitya) - covering - OnlineSktDict

• आवृष्ट (aavRishhTi)
Skt: आवृष्ट (aavRishhTi) - (fem) rain - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-wι} आवे

• आवेगः āvega (aavegaH)
Skt:  आवेग  āvega  m.  impulse, passion; boost, onrush, hurry, run, flurry;
  agitation, excitement; dismay, perplexity
Skt: आवेग āvega - m. boost, excitement, onrush, dismay, hurry, perplexity, run, impulse,
  flurry, passion, hurry or haste produced by excitement - SpkSkt
Pal: {a-wι-ga.} - UHS-PMD183
     UKT from UHS: mental agitation, impulsive action

CAUTION: not entered in UPMT-PEDict, nor Pali-Text-Soc. PEDict.
Need to check further. -- UKT 100313 
Skt: आवेगः (aavegaH) - (m) impulse - OnlineSktDict

• आवेशित (aaveshita)
Skt: आवेशित (aaveshita) - fixed - OnlineSktDict

• आवेश्य (aaveshya)
Skt: आवेश्य (aaveshya) - establishing - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-wri.} आव्रि

• आव्रियते (aavriyate)
Skt: आव्रियते (aavriyate) - is covered - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-wha.} आव्ह

• आव्हयति (aavhayati)
Skt: आव्हयति (aavhayati) - to call - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Marutta, son of King Avikshit

From Indianetzone http://www.indianetzone.com/29/marutta_son_king_avikshit.htm 100416
UKT: This source contains many other stories on Indian religion.

As per the Hindu mythology Marutta was a celebrated Chakravartti, a universal monarch and son of the King Avikshit. He was the grandson of legendary Khaaninetra.

Marutta ruled with kindness and justice and his people rely upon him. Lord Indra, king of the gods, was jealous of Marutta's growing popularity. When he found out that Marutta was preparing a Yajna fit for the gods, he blew a trumpet. Marutta's spiritual teacher and the priest of the gods, Brihaspati was to perform the Yajna. But Indra cautioned Brihaspati that if he executed it then he would lose his priestly privileges with the gods.

Brihaspati respected his heavenly status and obeyed to what Indra had said. Brihaspati did not perform the Yajna. This worried Marutta about who would perform the Yajna. He was in desolation at the thought of failing as a king. Yajna meant to bring rain and a good harvest for his people and if he failed then the inhabitants of his country would suffer.

In desperation, he sought to end his life. But Narada stepped in, just in time.

He said that there was someone who could stand in for Brihaspati and that was his brother, Samvarta. Plotted against by Brihaspati who was jealous of his brother's abilities, Samvarta had left his home and had become a Naga Sadhu. Narada directed Marutta to travel to Varanasi and wait outside the cremation grounds with a corpse. The naked Sadhu who walked away from the body would be Samvarta, he said.

As Narada had said, Marutta did that and once he saw a thin wiry old Sadhu make his way hastily away from the corpse, he knew he had his man. Marutta chased Samvarta who was rude, abrasive and told Marutta that he wished to have nothing to do with man or god any more. Marutta persisted and finally Samvarta agreed. The condition was that Marutta would not go back on his word. Terrible times would be inflicted on the king for his decision to go against the word of Indra but, if he abandoned his venture, there would be a curse worse than hell coming his way.

Marutta started preparations for the Yajna. He prayed to Shiva with his meditation and when Lord Shiva appeared, he showered his support and blessings upon Marutta. Marutta was confident as Shiva was on his side. Still he was ill prepared for what Indra would unleash. The weather turned against him, his people suffered, and every attempt was made to draw him away from his Yajna.

The people of Marutta's kingdom grew exhausted and the gods wary. For Indra was a mean foe and with Brihaspati on his side, there was destruction to be wrought.

As the day drew close, Marutta sent out his invitations. All gods were on the list; even Indra. The king's advisors asked him to keep Indra away from the Yajna but that would have rendered the Yanjna incomplete said Marutta.

In the day of the Yajna, all the gods arrived. Even Indra, but Brihaspati stayed away. With their wives, their vahana and in their entire heavenly splendor, the gods took their places around the fire. As Samvarta recited his mantras, the gods found themselves drawn into their spell. The Yajna was a success as the offering made by the king was accepted and the gods participated in the great sacrifice. Samvarta found his place in the world and Indra and Marutta, it is believed lived in peace thereafter.

Marutta is also the name of a Karandhama, a descendant of Turvasa.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to content@indianetzone.com

(Last updated on: 16/09/2009)

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Nishada kingdom

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nishadha_Kingdom 100416

Nishadha was the kingdom of the celebrated king Nala, who loved and married Damayanti the princess of Vidarbha Kingdom. This kingdom is identified with current day Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Nishadha was connected to Dasarna and Kosala as well as with Vidarbha through trade routes.

Connection with the Kuru Dynasty of kings

See Also: Kuru Kingdom

• Mahabharata, Book 1, Chapter 94
Samvarana begat upon his wife, Tapati, the daughter of Surya, a son named Kuru. He was installed on the throne by his people. It is after his name that the field called Kurujangala has become so famous in the world. Devoted to asceticism, he made that field (Kurukshetra) sacred by practising asceticism there. Kuru’s wife, Vahini, brought forth five sons, viz., Avikshit, Bhavishyanta, Chaitraratha, Muni and the celebrated Janamejaya (Janamejaya the 2nd). And Avikshit begat Parikshit (Parikshit the 1st) the powerful, Savalaswa, Adhiraja (Dantavaktra was a king of the Adhirajas), Viraja, Salmali of great physical strength, Uchaihsravas, Bhangakara and Jitari the eighth. In the race of these were born, seven mighty car-warriors with Janamejaya (Janamejaya the 3rd) at their head. And unto Parikshit (Parikshit the 1st) were born Kakshasena and Ugrasena, and Chitrasena and Indrasena and Sushena and Bhimasena. And the sons of Janamejaya (Janamejaya the 3rd) were Dhritarashtra (Dhritarashtra the 1st)who was the eldest, and Pandu (Pandu the 1st) and Valhika (Vahlika the 1st), and Nishadha and Jamvunada, and then Kundodara and Padati and then Vasati the eighth.

Among them Dhritarashtra (Dhritarashtra the 1st) became king. And Dhritarashtra (Dhritarashtra the 1st) had eight sons, viz., Kundika, Hasti, Vitarka, Kratha the fifth, Havihsravas, Indrabha, and Bhumanyu , and Dhritarashtra (Dhritarashtra the 1st) had many grandsons, of whom three only were famous. They were, O king, Pratipa, Dharmanetra, Sunetra. Among these three, Pratipa became unrivalled on earth. And, Pratipa begat three sons, viz., Devapi, Santanu, and Valhika (Vahlika the 2nd). The eldest Devapi adopted the ascetism. And the kingdom was obtained by Santanu and Valhika.

The history of King Nala of Nishadha

• Mahabharata, Book 3, Chapter 52
There was a celebrated king among the Nishadhas, named Virasena. He had a son named Nala, versed in the knowledge of virtue and wealth. It hath been heard by us that, that king was deceitfully defeated by Pushkara, and afflicted with calamity, he dwelt in the woods with his spouse Damayanti.

Nala to Damayanti, on the roads running through Nishadha Kingdom

• Mahabharata, Book 3, Chapter 61
These many roads lead to the southern country, passing by (the city of) Avanti and the Rikshavat mountains. This is that mighty mountain called Vindhya; yon, the river Payasvini running sea-wards, and yonder are the asylums of the ascetics, furnished with various fruit and roots. This road leadeth to the country of the Vidarbhas — and that, to the country of the Kosalas. Beyond these roads to the south is the southern country.’ Addressing Bhima’s daughter, he distressed king Nala spake those words unto Damayanti over and over again.

Giriprastha, a place in Nishadha

• Mahabharata, Book 3, Chapter 313
Indra for the purpose of overcoming his foes, dwelt in disguise in the asylum of Giriprastha, in Nishadha and thus attained his end.

A Mountain Range named Nishadha

• Mahabharata, Book 6, Chapter 6
Stretching from east to west, are these six mountains that extend from the eastern to the western ocean. They are Himavat, Hemakuta, that best of mountains called Nishadha, Nila abounding with stones of lapis lazuli, Sweta white as the moon, and the mountains called Sringavat composed of all kinds of metals.

• Mahabharata, Book 6, Chapter 7
On the south of Nila and the north of Nishadha, there is a huge Jamvu tree that is eternal.

• Mahabharata, Book 6, Chapter 8
On the south of Sweta and the north of Nishadha, is the Varsha (Region or a sub-continent), called Romanaka. The men that are born there are all of white complexion, of good parentage, and handsome features. And the men born there are also all without enemies. On the south of Nishadha is the Varsha called Hiranmaya where is the river called Hiranwati. There liveth the great Garuda. And the people there are all followers of the Yakshas, wealthy, and of handsome features. The men there are endued with great strength and have cheerful hearts.

Nishadha, in the list of Kingdoms in Bharata Varsha (Ancient India)

• Mahabharata, Book 6, Chapter 9
..........the Pundras, the Bhargas, the Kiratas, the Sudeshnas, and the Yamunas, the Sakas, the Nishadhas, the Anartas, the Nairitas, the Durgalas, the Pratimasyas, the Kuntalas, and the Kusalas; the Tiragrahas, the Ijakas, the Kanyakagunas, the Tilabharas, the Samiras, the Madhumattas,..........

Nishadhas in Kurukshetra War

• Mahabharata, Book 7, Chapter 20 Drona sets the troops in Garuda Military Configuration
In the tail of the array stood Vikartana’s son Karna, with his sons, kinsmen and friends, and surrounded by a large force raised from diverse realms, Jayadratha, and Bhimaratha, and Sampati, and the Jays, and the Bhojas, and Bhuminjaya, and Vrisha, and Kratha, and the mighty ruler of the Nishadhas, all accomplished in battle, surrounded by a large host, in the heart of that array.

Karna's Military Campaign

• Mahabharata, Book 8, Chapter 8
He had subjugated many invincible and mighty foes — the Gandharas, the Madrakas, the Matsyas, the Trigartas, the Tanganas, the Khasas, the Pancalas, the Videhas, the Kulindas, the Kasi-kosalas, the Suhmas, the Angas, the Nishadhas, the Pundras, the Kichakas, the Vatsas, the Kalingas, the Taralas, the Asmakas, and the Rishikas.

UKT: End of Wikipedia article.

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