Update: 2012-01-01 09:07 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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{a-ka.} आक
{a-ka} आका
{a-ku.} आकु
{a-kRi.} आकृ
{aak~ra.} आक्र
{aak~Sé} आक्षे 
{a-hku.} आखु
{a-hkya.} आख्य
{a-hkya} आख्या


UKT notes
Akasha Shooting-bow posture

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{a-ka.} आक

• आकर्ण (aa-karNa) 
Skt: आकर्ण (aa-karNa) - towards the ear - OnlineSktDict

• आकर्णधनुरासन (aakarNadhanuraasana)
Skt: आकर्णधनुरासन (aakarNadhanuraasana) - the shooting bow posture - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Shooting bow posture.

• आकर्ष (aakarshha)
Skt: आकर्ष (aakarshha) - attracted - OnlineSktDict

• आकर्षण (aakarshhaNa)
Skt: आकर्षण (aakarshhaNa) - attraction - OnlineSktDict

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{a-ka} आका

• आकांक्षा (aakaa.nkShaa)
Skt: आकांक्षा (aakaa.nkShaa) - wish, ambition - OnlineSktDict

• आकार (aakaara)
Skt: आकार (aakaara) - m.  form, shape  - OnlineSktDict
Pal:  ākāra  m.  appearance, countenance, form, sign,
  way, means, cause, purpose, factor, constituent part - UPMT-PED032

• आकारमान (aakaaramaana)
Skt: आकारमान (aakaaramaana) - volume - OnlineSktDict

• आकारिका (aakaarikaa)
Skt: आकारिका (aakaarikaa) - (f) doorbell - OnlineSktDict

• आकाश (aakaasha) Same as अम्बर (ambara).
Skt:  आकाश (aakaasha) - ether  -  OnlineSktDict
Pal: आकास  ākāsa  m.  (√kas) the sky, air, space - UPMT-PED032
Pal: {a-ka-þa.} - UHS-PMD0155

UKT from UHS: m. space, sky
See in my note on Akasha - UKT: 'Energy' to be added to the Four Elements.

• आकाशं (aakaashaM)
Skt: आकाशं (aakaashaM) - the sky - OnlineSktDict

• आकाशवाणी (aakaashavaaNii)
Skt: आकाशवाणी (aakaashavaaNii) - (f) radio - OnlineSktDict

• आकाशस्थितः (aakaashasthitaH)
Skt: आकाशस्थितः (aakaashasthitaH) - situated in the sky - OnlineSktDict

• आकाशात् (aakaashaat.h)
Skt: आकाशात् (aakaashaat.h) - (abl.S) from space or sky - OnlineSktDict

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{a-ku.} आकु
not entered in OnlineSktDict

¤ आकुति   ākuti   f.   intention - SpkSkt

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• आकुल (aakula)
Skt: आकुल (aakula) - full of - OnlineSktDict
Pal: ākula  adj.  crowded, confused, perplexed, troubled  -  UPMT-PED32

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आकुलितम् (aakulitam.h)

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{a-kRi.} आकृ

Note: {a-kRi.} आकृ is pronounce with a highly rhotic accent - more so than in Pal-Myan.

• आकृतीनि (aakRitiini)
Skt: आकृतीनि (aakRitiini) - forms - OnlineSktDict

• आकृष्ट (aakRishhTa)
Skt: आकृष्ट (aakRishhTa) - (past part.  of aa + kRishh) attracted - OnlineSktDict

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{aak~ra.} आक्र

• आक्रम् (aakram.h)
= आ क ् र म ्
Skt: आक्रम् (aakram.h) - to attack - OnlineSktDict

• आक्रमण (aakramaNa)
Skt: आक्रमण (aakramaNa) - attacks - OnlineSktDict

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{aak~Sé} आक्षे 

UKT: What is the fricative hissing sound involved here? Is it /c/, /s/, or /ʃ/ ? From rendering of the Devanagari I found it to be /s/ and neither /ʃ/ nor /c/.
1. आक्चे = आ क ् च े {aak~sé}
2. आक्षे = आ क ् ष े {aak~Sé}
3. आक्शे = आ क ् श े {aak~shé}
This question is important for assigning a Myanmar grapheme and its Romabama equivalent. You'll notice that Bur-Myan for #1 and #2 are the same: I can only differentiate in Romabama. Secondly, I cannot choose the MLC {rha.} because, {aak~rhé}, does not agree with pronunciation. I am waiting for comments from my peers. - UKT 100302


• आक्षेपः (aakShepaH)
= आ क ् ष े प ः
Skt: आक्षेपः (aakShepaH) - (m) insinuation, opposition - OnlineSktDict

¤ आशय   āśaya   m.    intention - SpkSkt
¤ आशेय   āśeya   m.   intention - SpkSkt

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{a-hku.} आखु

• आखु (aakhu)
Skt: आखु (aakhu) - mouse - OnlineSktDict
Pal:  ākhu  m.  a rat, mouse  - UPMT-PED032

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{a-hkya.} आख्य
p026b2-6 }

• आख्य (aakhya)
  Skt: आख्य (aakhya) - named  - OnlineSktDict

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{a-hkya} आख्या

• आख्या (aakhyaa)
Skt: आख्या (aakhyaa) - (f)  name  - OnlineSktDict
Pal: ākhyā  f.  a name  -  UPMT-PED032

• आख्यातं (aakhyaataM)
Skt: आख्यातं (aakhyaataM) - described - OnlineSktDict

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• आख्याहि (aakhyaahi) 
Skt: आख्याहि (aakhyaahi) - please explain - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akasha 100413

Akasha (or Akash, Aakaashá, Ākāśa, आकाश) is the Sanskrit word meaning " aether" in both its elemental and mythological senses.

Akasha is the omnipresent incontrovertible transcendent eternal source of all energy, the realm of promise, potential, paths to be walked and the primal source that creates and nourishes the other four elements, Fire, Earth, Air and Water. Akasha is all directions, East, South, West and North and all seasons, Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. It is not limited to three dimensions, Length, Width, and Depth or Height, but is made up of infinite ones comprising all possibilities of movement, both material and spiritual.


In Hinduism Akasha means the basis and essence of all things in the material world; the smallest material element created from the astral world. It is one of the Panchamahabhuta, or "five great elements"; its main characteristic is Shabda (sound). In Hindi and Gujarati, the meaning of Akasha is sky. [1]

The Nyaya and Vaisheshika schools of Hindu philosophy state that Akasha or ether is the fifth physical substance, which is the substratum of the quality of sound. It is the One, Eternal, and All Pervading physical substance, which is imperceptible. [2]

According to the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy, Akasha is one of the five Mahābhūtas (grand physical elements) having the specific property of sound. [3]


Akasha is space in the Jain conception of the cosmos. It falls into the Ajiva category, divided into two parts: Loakasa (the part occupied by the material world) and Aloakasa (the space beyond it which is absolutely void and empty). In Loakasa the universe forms only a part. Akasha is that which gives space and makes room for the existence of all extended substances.[4]


In Buddhist phenomenology Akasha is divided into Skandha, Desa, and Pradesa. [5]

UKT: this inset is from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skandha 100413
   In Buddhist phenomenology and soteriology, the skandhas (Skt) or khandhas (Pal) , aggregates (in English) are any of five types of phenomena that serve as objects of clinging and bases for a sense of self.[1] The Buddha teaches that nothing among them is really "I" or "mine".
   In the Theravada tradition, suffering arises when one identifies with or otherwise clings to an aggregate; hence, suffering is extinguished by relinquishing attachments to aggregates. The Mahayana tradition further puts forth that ultimate freedom is realized by deeply penetrating the nature of all aggregates as intrinsically empty of independent existence.
   Outside of Buddhist didactic contexts, "skandha" can mean mass, heap, pile, bundle or tree trunk.[2]
(UKT: More in the article) .

The Vaibhashika, an early school of Buddhist philosophy, hold Akasha's existence to be real.[6]


Adherents of the heterodox Cārvāka or Lokāyata philosophy of India hold that this world is made of four elements only. They exclude the fifth element, Akasha, because its existence cannot be perceived.[7]


The Western religious philosophy called Theosophy has popularized the word Akasha as an adjective, through the use of the term "Akashic records" or "Akashic library", referring to an ethereal compendium of all human knowledge.

Modern Paganism

UKT: Though many Christians identify "Pagan", not {pu.gän} - the ancient Bur-Myan capital, as a Witch or Wizard, I have come to realized that what they mean is a 'non-Christian', which includes followers of Buddhism and Islam. I have come across many Canadians who are proud to own that they worship the Mother Earth. They are the followers of Modern Paganism. -- UKT120101

It is believed by many modern Pagans that the Akasha, Spirit, is the Fifth Element. Scott Cunningham describes the Akasha as the spiritual force that Earth, Air, Fire, and Water descend from. Some also believe that the combination of the four elements make up that which is Akasha, and that Akasha exists in every living creature in existence; without Akasha, there is no spirit, no soul, no magick.

The Five Elements are worked with to create positive changes on earth. This is done through meditation to bring about beneficial changes in one’s life. Akashan spirituality is holistic.

Practitioners learn to maintain mental and physical health through meditation, exercise, ritual and diet. They are expected to have a profound commitment to their life path.

The upward point of the pentacle, the pentagram or five pointed star within a circle, represents Akasha. The others represent Fire, Earth, Air and Water. While Earth is considered "north"; Fire is "south"; air is "east"; Water is "west", while Akasha is "center".[8]

UKT: More in the original article.

Go back akasha-note-b

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Shooting-bow posture :

From: http://www.santosha.com/akarna.html 100516

The Sanskrit word karna means ear and the prefix "a" means near to or towards. Dhanur means bow-shaped, curved or bent. The "bow" here referred to is a bow as in "bow and arrow." Literally we could translate this as the near-the-ear bow posture but because of the obvious appearance of the posture we'll call it the shooting bow posture.

Difficulty: (6) Requires flexibility of hips and legs.

"Having caught the toes of the feet with both hands and carried them to the ears by drawing the body like a bow, it becomes Dhanura-asana." The Hatha-Yoga-Pradipika I.27


1. Sit on the floor with the legs together and extended straight out in front. Keep the back straight, shoulders level and head straight. Place the hands, palms down, flat on top of the thighs then inhale deeply.

2. Exhale and reach down and loop the forefinger of the right hand around the big toe of the right foot and grasp the left foot with the left hand.

3. Inhale and pull the right foot back placing the big toe next to the right ear. Straighten the back as much s possible and hold the posture for the duration of the inhale breath.

4. Exhale and return to the seated position of step #1 then repeat the posture on the opposite side.


While performing this posture imagine yourself as an archer with your gaze focused on a target and the arrow gracefully and steadily being pulled back in the bow. Hold the posture as steady as an archer would hold an arrow aimed at its target. Return the foot to the floor gently. This simple technique will help cultivate focused and unwavering attention.

Durations and repetitions

This posture should be held for a minimum of 30 seconds and can be extended to up to several minutes. Repeat at least twice with each leg.


Reverse the hands and feet so that that the right hand pulls the left foot to the left ear and vice versa. The foot gets pulled under the outstretched arm.

Go back shoot-bow-pose-note-b

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End of TIL file