Update: 2011-09-08 02:44 PM +0800

TIL

Sanskrit English Dictionary

a1ma1-016b3-4.htm

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{a.ma.} अम
{a.ma} अमा
{a.mi.} अमि
{a.mi} अमी
{a.mu.} अमु
{a.mu} अमू
{a.mRi.} अमृ
{a.mé} अमे

 

UKT notes
• Samudra manthan (समुद्र मंथन) - churning of the ocean of milk

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{a.ma.} अम
p016b3-4

• अमंद (ama.nda)
Skt: अमंद (ama.nda) - not slow or dull, active, intelligent; sharp, strong, violent, not little - OnlineSktDict

• अमन्यत (amanyata)
Skt: अमन्यत (amanyata) - believed - OnlineSktDict

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• अमर्ष (amarshha) = अ म र ् ष 
Skt:  अमर्ष (amarshha) - (m) anger - OnlineSktDict

• अमल (amala)
Skt:  अमल (amala) - without rubbish - OnlineSktDict

• अमलं (amalaM)
Skt: अमलं (amalaM) - clean - OnlineSktDict

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p017top
• अमलान् (amalaan.h) 
Skt:  अमलान् (amalaan.h)   - pure - OnlineSktDict

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{a.ma} अमा
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• अमानित्वं (amaanitvaM)
Skt:  अमानित्वं (amaanitvaM) - humility - OnlineSktDict

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{a.mi.} अमि
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• अमितविक्रमः (amitavikramaH)
= अ म ि त व ि क ् र म ः
Skt: अमितविक्रमः (amitavikramaH)  - and unlimited force - OnlineSktDict

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{a.mi} अमी
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• अमी (amii)
Skt:  अमी (amii) - all those - OnlineSktDict

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{a.mu.} अमु
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• अमुत्र amutra (amutra)
Skt: अमुत्र (amutra) - in the next life -  OnlineSktDict
Skt: अमुत्र amutra - adv.  in the next world - SpkSkt

¤ अमुर  amura  adj.  wise, not ignorant, intelligent

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{a.mu} अमू
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• अमूढाः (amuuDhaaH)
Skt:  अमूढाः (amuuDhaaH) - unbewildered - OnlineSktDict

• अमूल्य (amuulya)
Skt: अमूल्य (amuulya) - priceless, excellent - OnlineSktDict

¤ अमूर  amūra 
Skt: अमूर  amūra  adj.?  astute - SpkSkt

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{a.mRi.} अमृ
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• अमृत amṛta
Skt: अमृत amṛta (amRita) - of ambrosia, potion to cause immortality - OnlineSktDict
Skt: अमृत amṛta n.  nectar , ambrosia . adj. immortal , imperishable - SpkSkt 

See my notes on Samudra-manthan समुद्र मंथन - churning of the Ocean of Milk

• अमृतं (amRitaM)
Skt: अमृतं (amRitaM) - veritable nectar - OnlineSktDict

• अमृतत्तवाय (amRitattvaaya)
Skt:  अमृतत्तवाय (amRitattvaaya)  - for liberation  - OnlineSktDict

¤ अमृतक्षार  amṛtakṣāra 
Skt: अमृतक्षार  amṛtakṣāra  n.  ammonia - SpkSkt

¤ अमृतत्व  amṛtatva 
Skt: अमृतत्व  amṛtatva  n.  immortality - SpkSkt

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• अमृतबिन्दू amṛtabindū (amRitabinduu)
Skt: अमृतबिन्दू (amRitabinduu) - a drop of nectar - OnlineSktDict
Skt: अमृतबिन्दू amṛtabindū - drop of nectar - SpkSkt

• अमृतभुजः (amRitabhujaH) 
Skt:  अमृतभुजः (amRitabhujaH)  - those who have tasted such nectar  - OnlineSktDict

• अमृतस्य (amRitasya)
= अ म ृ त ो द ् भ व ं
• Skt: अमृतोद्भवं (amRitodbhavaM)  - produced from the churning of the ocean  - OnlineSktDict

• अमृतोपमं (amRitopamaM)
Skt:  अमृतोपमं (amRitopamaM) - just like nectar  - OnlineSktDict

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{a.mé} अमे
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• अमेध्यं (amedhyaM)
Skt: अमेध्यं (amedhyaM) - untouchable - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Samudra manthan

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samudra_manthan 100222

In Hinduism, Samudra manthan (समुद्र मंथन) or The churning of the ocean of milk is one of the most famous episodes in the Puranas and is celebrated in a major way every twelve years in the festival known as Kumbha Mela. The story appears in the Bhagavata Purana, the Mahabharata and the Vishnu Purana.

Samudra Manthan is also known as:

• Samudra manthanam — Manthanam is the Sanskrit equivalent of Manthan meaning 'to churn'.
• Sagar manthan — Sagar is another word for Samudra, both meaning an ocean or large water body.
• Kshirsagar manthan — Kshirsagar means the ocean of milk. Kshirsagar = Kshir (milk) + Sagar (ocean).

The Story of Samudra manthan

Indra, the King of Devatas, while riding on an elephant, came across a sage named Durvasa who offered him a special garland. Indra accepted the garland, placing it on the trunk of the elephant. The elephant, irritated by the smell of the garland, threw it to the ground. This enraged the sage as the garland was a dwelling of Sri (fortune) and was to be treated as prasada. Durvasa Muni cursed Indra and all devas to be bereft of all strength, energy, and fortune.

In battles that followed this incident, Devas were defeated and Asuras (demons) led by king Bali gained control of the universe. Devas sought help from Lord Vishnu who advised them to treat asuras in a diplomatic manner. Devas formed an alliance with asuras to jointly churn the ocean for the nectar of immortality and to share it among them. However, Lord Vishnu told Devas that he would arrange that they alone obtain the nectar.

The churning of the Ocean of Milk was an elaborate process. Mount Mandaranchal was used as the dasher (churning tool), and Vasuki, the king of serpents, became the churning rope. The gods held the tail of the snake, while the demons (Asuras) held its head, and they pulled on it alternately causing the mountain to rotate, which in turn churned the ocean. However, once the mountain was placed on the ocean, it began to sink. Vishnu in his second incarnation, in the form of a turtle Kurma, came to their rescue and supported the mountain on his back.

Note that the Mahabharata version of the story differs in many respects from the one in the various Puranas such as Bhagawat, Brahma-vaivarta, and Agni. For example, in Mahabharata, it was not Vishnu who took the Kurma avatara, but the Akupara, the king of tortoises, who did it on request from Devas and Asuras.

During the Samudra Mathan by the gods and demons, a pot of poison, Halahala [also called 'kalakuta'], also came out of the ocean. This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so toxic that it might have destroyed all of creation. On the advice of Vishnu, gods approached Shiva for help and protection. Out of compassion for living beings, Shiva drank the poison. It was so potent that it changed the color of Shiva's neck to blue. For this reason, he is also called Neelakantha (the blue-necked one, nīla = "blue", kantha = "throat").

All kinds of herbs were cast into the ocean and fourteen Ratnas (gems or treasures) were produced from the ocean and were divided between asuras and gods. These were :

• 01. Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune and Wealth - Vishnu's consort
• 02. Kaustubha, the most valuable jewel in the world
• 03. Parijat, the divine flowering tree with blossoms that never fade or wilt
• 04. Varuni, goddess and creator of alcohol
• 05. Dhanvantari, the doctor
• 06. Chandra, the moon
• 07. Kamadhenu, the wish-granting divine cow
• 08. Kalpavriksha, the wish-granting tree
• 09. Airavata, the elephant of Indra
• 10. Apsaras, various divine nymphs like Rambha, Menaka, Punjikasthala, etc.
• 11. Uchhaishravas, the divine 7-headed horse
• 12. Sharanga, the bow of Vishnu
• 13. Shankha Vishnu's conch
• 14. Amrita the nectar of immortality.

This list varies from Purana to Purana and is also slightly different in the epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

The Nectar of Immortality

Finally, Dhanvantari, the heavenly physician, emerged with a pot containing amrita, the heavenly nectar of immortality. Fierce fighting ensued between devas and asuras for the nectar. To protect the nectar from asuras, devas hid the pot of nectar at four places on the earth - Prayag (Allahabad), Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. At each of these places, a drop of the nectar spilled from the pot and it is believed that these places acquired mystical power. A Kumbh Mela is celebrated at the four places every twelve years for this reason.

However, the Asuras eventually got hold of the nectar and started celebrating. Frightened, devas (demigods) appealed to Vishnu, who then took the form of Mohini. As a beautiful and enchanting damsel, Mohini distracted the asuras, took the amrita, and distributed it among the Adityas, who drank it. One asura, Rahu, disguised himself as a deva and drank some nectar. Due to their luminous nature, the sun god Surya and the moon god Chandra noticed the switching of sides. They informed Mohini. But before the nectar could pass his throat, Mohini cut off his head with her divine discus, the Sudarshana Chakra. The head, due to its contact with the amrita, remained immortal. To gain revenge on the sun and moon for exposing this, the immortal head occasionally swallows the sun or the moon, causing eclipses. Then, the sun or moon passes through the opening at the neck, ending the eclipse.

The story ends with the rejuvenated Adityas defeating the asuras.

More in the Wikipedia article.

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