Update: 2012-01-05 02:09 AM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{sh~ma.} श्म = श ् म
{shya.} श्य = श ् य 
{shra.} श्र  = श ् र
{shla.} श्ल =  श ् ल
{shwa.} श्व =  श ् व

UKT notes
• Shrivatsa - the Endless knot • Śrauta (Skt: श्रौत )

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{sh~ma.} श्म = श ् म

• श्मश्रु (shmashru)
= श ् म श ् र ु
Skt: श्मश्रु (shmashru) - moustache, beard - OnlineSktDict
Skt: श्मश्रु śmaśru - n. moustache - SpkSkt

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{shya.} श्य = श ् य

• श्यति (shyati)
Skt: श्यति (shyati) - to sharpen - OnlineSktDict

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• श्यामल (shyaamala)
Skt: श्यामल (shyaamala) - dark - OnlineSktDict

• श्यामलं (shyaamalaM)
Skt: श्यामलं (shyaamalaM) - the dark-complexioned one - OnlineSktDict

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• श्यालाः (shyaalaaH)
Skt: श्यालाः (shyaalaaH) - brothers-in-law - OnlineSktDict

€ स्यालजा syālajā
Skt: स्यालजा syālajā - f.  brother-in-law's daughter - SpkSkt

€ स्याली  syālī
Skt: स्याली syālī - f.  brother-in-law's wife - SpkSkt

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{shra.} श्र  = श ् र

• श्रढावान् (shraDhaavaan.h)
Skt: श्रढावान् (shraDhaavaan.h) - believer; man of faith - OnlineSktDict

• श्रद्दधानाः (shraddadhaanaaH)
Skt: श्रद्दधानाः (shraddadhaanaaH) - with faith - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रद्धः (shraddhaH)
Skt: श्रद्धः (shraddhaH) - faith - OnlineSktDict

• श्रद्धया (shraaddhayaa)
Skt: श्रद्धया (shraaddhayaa) - with faith - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रद्धयान्वितः (shraddhayaanvitaH)
Skt: श्रद्धयान्वितः (shraddhayaanvitaH) - accompanied with faith - OnlineSktDict

• श्रद्धयान्विताः (shraddhayaanvitaaH)
Skt: श्रद्धयान्विताः (shraddhayaanvitaaH) - with faith - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रद्धा (shraddhaa)
Skt: श्रद्धा (shraddhaa) - (f) faith - OnlineSktDict

• श्रद्धां (shraddhaaM)
Skt: श्रद्धां (shraddhaaM) - faith - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रद्धावन्तः (shraddhaavantaH)
Skt: श्रद्धावन्तः (shraddhaavantaH) - with faith and devotion - OnlineSktDict

• श्रद्धावान् (shraddhaavaan.h)
Skt: श्रद्धावान् (shraddhaavaan.h) - a faithful man - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रम (shrama)
Skt: श्रम (shrama) - (masc) excertion - OnlineSktDict

• श्रमजीविवादः (shramajiivivaadaH)
Skt: श्रमजीविवादः (shramajiivivaadaH) - (m) proletarianism - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रयति (shrayati)
Skt: श्रयति (shrayati) - (1 pp) to reach - OnlineSktDict

• श्रवः (shravaH)
Skt: श्रवः (shravaH) - having heard (old learned man?) - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रवण (shravaNa)
Skt: श्रवण (shravaNa) - Twenty-second nashaktra - OnlineSktDict

• श्रविष्टा (shravishhTaa)
Skt: श्रविष्टा (shravishhTaa) - Twenty-third nakshatra also known as dhanishhThaa - OnlineSktDict

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• श्राम्यति (shraamyati)
Skt: श्राम्यति (shraamyati) - (4 pp) to be tired - OnlineSktDict

• श्रिताः (shritaaH)
Skt: श्रिताः (shritaaH) - taking shelter of - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रिवत्स (shrivatsa)
Skt: श्रिवत्स (shrivatsa) - the curl on Vishnu's breast - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Shrivatsa


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• श्री (shrii)
= श ् र ी
Skt: श्री (shrii) - Added before a name to show respect- OnlineSktDict

• श्रीः (shriiH)
Skt: श्रीः (shriiH) - wealth - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीगणेशाय (shriigaNeshaaya)
Skt: श्रीगणेशाय (shriigaNeshaaya) - to Lord Ganesh - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीदरूप (shriidaruupa)
Skt: श्रीदरूप (shriidaruupa) - resembling lakshmii - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीपति (shriipati)
Skt: श्रीपति (shriipati) - LakShmi's consort MahAvishhNu's - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीबुधकौशिक (shriibudhakaushika)
Skt: श्रीबुधकौशिक (shriibudhakaushika) - sHrI dudhakaushika ( the author of this hymn) - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीभगवानुवाच (shriibhagavaanuvaacha)
Skt: श्रीभगवानुवाच (shriibhagavaanuvaacha) - the Supreme Personality of Godhead said - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीमच्छन्करभगवत्ज्ञचरणैः (shriimachchhankarabhagavat.h+charaNaiH)
Skt: श्रीमच्छन्करभगवत्ज्ञचरणैः (shriimachchhankarabhagavat.h+charaNaiH) - by the Shankaracharya who is known - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीमत् (shriimat.h)
Skt: श्रीमत् (shriimat.h) - honourable prefix - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीमतं (shriimataM)
Skt: श्रीमतं (shriimataM) - of the prosperous - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीमद् (shriimad.h)
Skt: श्रीमद् (shriimad.h) - respectful prefix - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीमान् (shriimaan.h)
Skt: श्रीमान् (shriimaan.h) - the man with 'shrI' i.e. the endowed man - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीराम (shriiraama)
Skt: श्रीराम (shriiraama) - Lord Rama - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीरामं (shriiraamaM)
Skt: श्रीरामं (shriiraamaM) - shri rAma - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ (shriiraamacha.ndracharaNau)
Skt: श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ (shriiraamacha.ndracharaNau) - the two feet of rAmachandra - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीरामचंद्रप्रीत्यर्थे (shriiraamacha.ndrapriityarthe)
Skt: श्रीरामचंद्रप्रीत्यर्थे (shriiraamacha.ndrapriityarthe) - For pleasing the Lord sItArAma - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रीरामचंद्रम् (shriiraamacha.ndram.h)
Skt: श्रीरामचंद्रम् (shriiraamacha.ndram.h) - rAma - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीरामदूतं (shriiraamaduutaM)
Skt: श्रीरामदूतं (shriiraamaduutaM) - the messenger of rAma - OnlineSktDict

• श्रीरामरक्षा (shriiraamarakshaa)
Skt: श्रीरामरक्षा (shriiraamarakshaa) - the protection of Lord Rama - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुणोति (shruNoti)
Skt: श्रुणोति (shruNoti) - (5 pp) to hear - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुत (shruta)
Skt: श्रुत (shruta) - knowledge - OnlineSktDict

• श्रुतं (shrutaM)
Skt: श्रुतं (shrutaM) - heard - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुतवान् (shrutavaan.h)
Skt: श्रुतवान् (shrutavaan.h) - knowledgeable - OnlineSktDict

• श्रुतस्य (shrutasya)
Skt: श्रुतस्य (shrutasya) - all that is already heard - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुति (shruti)
Skt: श्रुति (shruti) - ear or veda - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुतिपरायणाः (shrutiparaayaNaaH)
Skt: श्रुतिपरायणाः (shrutiparaayaNaaH) - inclined to the process of hearing - OnlineSktDict

• श्रुतिमत् (shrutimat.h)
Skt: श्रुतिमत् (shrutimat.h) - having ears - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुती (shrutii)
Skt: श्रुती (shrutii) - that which hears i.e. ears - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुतेन (shrutena)
Skt: श्रुतेन (shrutena) - (instr.S) thro' hearing, or thro' Veda - OnlineSktDict

• श्रुतौ (shrutau)
Skt: श्रुतौ (shrutau) - have been heard - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रुत्वा (shrutvaa)
Skt: श्रुत्वा (shrutvaa) - having heard - OnlineSktDict

€ श्रेणि śreṇi
Skt: श्रेणि śreṇi - m. rank. f. watering-pot, bucket, multitude, series, company of artisans
  following the same business, guild, number, succession, flock, range, swarm,
  fore or upper part of anything, row, troop, line, rank, row, class - SpkSkt

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• श्रेणी (shreNii)
Skt: श्रेणी (shreNii) - scale - OnlineSktDict
  e.g. काल-श्रेणी kāla-śreṇī - time scale - SpkSkt

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• श्रेयः (shreyaH)
Skt: श्रेयः (shreyaH) - good - OnlineSktDict

• श्रेयान् (shreyaan.h)
Skt: श्रेयान् (shreyaan.h) - far better - OnlineSktDict

• श्रेष्ठ (shreshhTha)
Skt: श्रेष्ठ (shreshhTha) - best - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रेष्ठः (shreshhThaH)
Skt: श्रेष्ठः (shreshhThaH) - a respectable leader - OnlineSktDict

• श्रेष्ठौ (shreshhThau)
Skt: श्रेष्ठौ (shreshhThau) - the best (2 persons) - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रोतव्यस्य (shrotavyasya)
Skt: श्रोतव्यस्य (shrotavyasya) - toward all that is to be heard - OnlineSktDict

• श्रोतारम् (shrotaaram.h)
Skt: श्रोतारम् (shrotaaram.h) - one who hears - OnlineSktDict

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• श्रोत्रं (shrotraM)
Skt: श्रोत्रं (shrotraM) - ears - OnlineSktDict

• श्रोत्रादीनि (shrotraadiini)
Skt: श्रोत्रादीनि (shrotraadiini) - such as the hearing process - OnlineSktDict

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Not entd in OnlineSktDict

€ श्रौत śrauta
Skt: श्रौत śrauta - adj. prescribed by or founded on or conformable to the Veda,
  to be heard, relating to sacred tradition, relating to the ear or hearing, audible,
  expressed in words or in plain language, sacrificial. n. fault, three sacred fires
  collectively, any observance ordained by the Veda, relationship resulting from the Veda - SpkSkt

See my note on Shrauta   श्रौत


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{shla.} श्ल =  श ् ल

• श्लाघते (shlaaghate) = श ् ल ा घ त े
Skt: श्लाघते (shlaaghate) - (1 ap) to  praise - OnlineSktDict

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{shwa.} श्व

• श्वः (shvaH) = श ् व ः
Skt: श्वः (shvaH) - tomorrow - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वपाके (shvapaake)
Skt: श्वपाके (shvapaake) - in the dog-eater (the outcaste) - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वशुर (shvashura)
Skt: श्वशुर (shvashura) - father -in-law - OnlineSktDict

• श्वशुरान् (shvashuraan.h)
Skt: श्वशुरान् (shvashuraan.h) - father-in-law - OnlineSktDict

• श्वशूराः (shvashuuraaH)
Skt: श्वशूराः (shvashuuraaH) - father-in-law - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वसन् (shvasan.h)
Skt: श्वसन् (shvasan.h) - breathing - OnlineSktDict

• श्वसिति (shvasiti)
Skt: श्वसिति (shvasiti) - breathe - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वान (shvaana)
Skt: श्वान (shvaana) - Dog - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वास (shvaasa)
Skt: श्वास (shvaasa) - Breath - OnlineSktDict

• श्वासप्रश्वास (shvaasaprashvaasa)
Skt: श्वासप्रश्वास (shvaasaprashvaasa) - heaving and sighing - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वेत (shveta)
Skt: श्वेत (shveta) - (adj) white - OnlineSktDict

• श्वेतकेतः (shvetaketaH)
Skt: श्वेतकेतः (shvetaketaH) - Shvetaketu (man with white flag?) - OnlineSktDict

• श्वेतायसः (shvetaayasaH)
Skt: श्वेतायसः (shvetaayasaH) - (m) steel - OnlineSktDict

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• श्वेतैः (shvetaiH)
Skt: श्वेतैः (shvetaiH) - with white - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From: The Endless or Glorious Knot , The Handbook of Tibetan Buddhist Symbols by Robert Beer, 2003
Google bookpreview: http://books.google.ca/books?id=-3804Ud9-4IC&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=curl+on+Vishnu's+breast&source=bl&ots=FQACWTLhIt&sig=NQEXi2M3nmwVwr2zC_J69ALi2D0&hl=en&ei=L3GzTdeaEISkvgOfoZSABw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=curl%20on%20Vishnu's%20breast&f=false 110424

(Skt. shrivatsa, granthi )

The Sanskrit term shrivatsa means 'beloved of Shri'. Shri refers to the goddess Lakshmi; the consort of Vishnu, and the shrivatsa is an auspicious mark or hair curl that adorns the breast of Vishnu. Lakshmi's insignia on Vishnu's breast represents the devotion in his heart for his consort, and since Lakshmi is the goddess if wealth and good fortune the sbrivatsa forms a natural auspicious symbol. The shrivatsa either takes the form of a triangular swirl, or an upright diamond with loops at its four inter cardinal corners. Krishna, as the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, also bears the shrivatsa at the center of his chest.

Another name given to this hair curl is nandyavarta, which means 'curl of happiness', and this curl is shaped like a swastika or a Greek hooked-cross (Gk. gammadion). Indian and Chinese representations of the Buddha frequently show the nandyavarta or swastika on his breast as a symbol of his enlightened mind. Another possible derivation of both the endless knot and swastika arose from the S-shaped makings on the hood of the cobra. This in turn gave rise to the nagayantra, where two or more entwining snakes form an endless knot design or yantra. The endless knot or granthi also appears on clay seals from the early Indus valley civilization (circa 2500 BCE). In its final evolution as a geometric Buddhist symbol the eternal knot or 'lucky diagram', which is described as 'turning like a swastika', was identified with the shrivatsa-svastika, since these parallel symbols were common to most early Indian traditions of the astamangala.

Go back Shrivatsa-note-b

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Śrauta (Skt: श्रौत) traditions are conservative ritualistic traditions of historical Vedic religion in Hinduism, based on the body of Śruti literature. They are still practiced in India today although constituting a small minority within Hinduism.


Presently alive Shrauta traditions are:

• Rig veda: Ashvalayana (Shakala) and Sankhayana (Kausitaki)
• Sama veda: Drahyayana (Kauthuma), Latyayana (Ranayaniya), Jaiminiya
• Krishna Yajurveda: Baudhayana, Vadhoola, Bharadvaja, Apastamba, Hiranyakesin,
  Vaikhanasa (for Taittiriya) and Manava, Varaha (for Maitrayani)
• Shukla Yajurveda: Katyayana (for Kanva and Madhyandina both)
• Atharva Veda: Vaitana (Shaunaka and Paippalada)


The Śrauta tradition places more emphasis on the performance of rituals rather than having a set of beliefs. The practices of the Śrauta tradition mainly consist of yajnas. [See Yagya Skt-Dev: यज्ञ = यज्ञ  Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yagya 110426.] The yajnas are divided into two categories, nitya-karma and kaamya karma. Nitya-karma refers to those yajnas that have to be performed daily or as per occasion. Kaamya-karma refers to those yajnas performed with a particular purpose, such as wishing for rain, cattle, overlordship or for a son (e.g. Putrakameshti).


The Vedas describe 400 Yajnas.[1] A (late) subset of them are the Pancha Mahayajnas (Five Great Yajnas, see Taittiriya Aranyaka 2.10):

• Devayajρa consists of offering āhutis to devas
• Pitṛyajρa consists of offering libations[2] to ancestors or pitṛs
• Bhūtayajρa consists of offering bali or food to certain spirits
• Manuṣyayajρa consists of feeding guests
• Brahmayajρa consists of daily repetition of reciting the Vedas.


The pantheon in the Śrauta tradition consist of various gods and goddesses, known as devas, who represent natural forces or deified social concepts. For instance, the deva Agni has one aspect as the flame.

Since Shrauta focuses on conservative Vedic rituals, the pantheon corresponds to the Rigvedic deities more than to that of mainstream (Puranic) Hinduism. Among the most prominent deities are Agni, Indra, and Soma, as well as the All-gods (Viśve devāḥ), Ashvin, Ushas, Surya, Savitar, Parjanya, Rudra or Sarasvati (cf. Chamakam 6):

Oral tradition

The Śrauta tradition of transmitting the Vedas consisted solely of oral tradition from the Guru (teacher) to the shishya (student). Vedic scholars have made use of manuscripts in order to teach the Vedas to their students at least since the Middle Ages, and of printed books since the advent of Western philology in British India, but the use of writing has always been secondary to the oral tradition.

Methods of recitation

The oral tradition of the Vedas consists of several ways of recitation. The students are first taught the Samhita Patha. Here, patha means a way of recitation. The other methods of chanting include "pada", "krama", "jata", "mala", "sikha", "rekha", "dhvaja", "danda", "ratha", "ghana" etc.

Some Veda reciters, called ghanapaathins, have learned the recitation of the texts up to the advanced stage called ghana. Ghanapaathins recite a mantra in different ways, with individual words repeated back and forth. Similarly, in the other methods of chanting like krama, jata, sikha, mala, and so on. The chief purpose of such methods is to ensure that even not even a syllable of a mantra is altered to the slightest extent. The words are braided together, so to speak, and recited back and forth.[3]

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

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