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Sanskrit English Dictionary

na1sha1-094b3-5.htm 

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{na.sha.} नश : Bur-Myan does not allow killing the vowel of a conjunct such as {hya.}
{niSh} नश्   :    The killing of vowel of श् , forces me to accept {hya.} -> / {sha.} as a regular consonant. - UKT
{na.sa.} नष
{niS} नष् -> {n~}
{na.ha.} नह
{nak~hka.} नक्ष = न क ् ष : Bur-Myan speakers should pronounce this with a fricative sound when speaking Skt.

Important passages in this file:
Note also how Sanskrit (IE - Indo-European) and Burmese (Tib-Bur - Tibeto-Burman) pronunciations can sometimes be so different because of the absence of hissing sounds and R-rolling sounds of the former in the latter. Example: Skt: Mrigashīrsha (म्रृगशीर्षा ) > Bur: Migathi {mi.ga.i} . - UKT100913

UKT notes
Nakshatra नक्षत्र
   #1. Bur-Myan does not allow killing the vowel of a conjunct such as {hya.}. The killing of vowel of श् in Sanskrit-Devanagari, forces me to accept {hya.} -> / {sha.} as a regular consonant. - UKT100907
   #2. I have been asking myself what would happen to the pronunciation when the inherent vowel of the second consonant in नष or नश is killed. Will it generate a /c/ or an /s/? Since, both ष and श, are dental fricatives and not palatal plosives, /s/ is to be preferred: e.g. {niSh~} /nɪʃ/ and  {niS} /nɪs/ . Since both are unknown in Burmese-Myanmar, I am not certain. I am waiting for comments from my peers. UKT100907

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{na.sha.} नश

{niSh~} नश्
p094b3-5 

नश्यति (nashyati)
Skt: नश्यति (nashyati) - (4 pp) to perish, to be destroyed - OnlineSktDict

नश्यात्सु (nashyaatsu)
Skt: नश्यात्सु (nashyaatsu) - being annihilated - OnlineSktDict

नश्वर (nashvara)
= न श ् व र
Skt: नश्वर (nashvara) - Temporary - OnlineSktDict

UKT: I have been asking myself what would happen to the pronunciation when the inherent vowel of the second consonant in नष or नश is killed? Will it generate a /c/ or an /s/. Since, both ष and श, are dental fricatives and not palatal plosives, /s/ is to be preferred: e.g. {niSh~} /nɪʃ/ and  {niS} /nɪs/ . Since both are unknown in Burmese-Myanmar, I am not certain. I am waiting for comments from my peers. UKT100907

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{na.sa.} नष
 

{niS} नष् -> {n~}

UKT 100908: On going from Skt to Pali (i.e. from IE to Tib-Bur) the fricative hisser can become the fricative thibilant. Thus, {niS~} can become {ni~} or {n~}. See:
  Pal: nassati  v. (√nas) to perish, disappear - UPMT-PED118
  Pal: {n~a.ti.} - UHS-PMD0511

p094b4

नष्ट (nashhTa) = न ष ् ट
Skt: नष्ट (nashhTa) - Astrology   destroyed or missing birth data: a method of calculating
  the Chart when the birth data is unknown - OnlineSktDict ed. by UKT

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p095top

नष्टः (nashhTaH)
Skt: नष्टः (nashhTaH) - scattered - OnlineSktDict

नष्टान् (nashhTaan.h)
Skt: नष्टान् (nashhTaan.h) - all ruined - OnlineSktDict

नष्टे (nashhTe)
Skt: नष्टे (nashhTe) - being destroyed - OnlineSktDict

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{na.ha.} नह
p095top-2

नहि (nahi)
Skt: नहि (nahi) - No; never - OnlineSktDict

नह्यति (nahyati)
Skt: नह्यति (nahyati) - (4 pp) to bind - OnlineSktDict

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{nak~hka.} नक्ष = न क ् ष
p095top-3 

 नक्षत्र  (nakShatra)
Skt: नक्षत्र  (nakShatra) - a division of the Zodiac into 27 parts. - OnlineSktDict

See my note on nakshatra
{nak~hkt} - n. 1. stars. 2. asterism; lunar mansions (of which there are 27)
(Pal: {nak~hkt~ta.}) - MED232

नक्षत्रम् (nakShatram.h)
Skt: नक्षत्रम् (nakShatram.h) - (n) constellation - OnlineSktDict

नक्षत्राणां (nakShatraaNaaM)
Skt: नक्षत्राणां (nakShatraaNaaM) - of the stars - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Nakshatra नक्षत्र

 

Nakshatra (नक्षत्र = न क ् ष त ् र ) - OnlineSktDict
A division of the Zodiac into 27 parts [aka Moon mansions - because the Moon is located in each mansion on the full moon day]. There were originally 28 parts, but one seems to have been dropped. Each division is ruled by a Planet is divided into [four] quarters aka Padas. The nakshatra contains 9 navaa.nshas. The 27 nakshatras forms the basis of the Lunar Dasha systems of Hindu astrology. - ed. by UKT 100906 .

The following is ed. from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakshatra 091031

List of Nakshatra (नक्षत्र = न क ् ष त ् र )
in Skt-Dev and Bur-Myan

Note: For completion, each Bur-Myan name must be followed by the word {nak~hkt}, e.g. {{a.Bi.zi. nak~hkt}
Note also how Sanskrit (IE - Indo-European) and Burmese (Tib-Bur - Tibeto-Burman) pronunciations can sometimes be so different because of the absence of hissing sounds and R-rolling sounds of the former in the latter. Example: Skt: Mrigashīrsha (म्रृगशीर्षा ) > Bur: Migathi {mi.ga.i} .

01. Skt: Ashvini (अश्विनी = अ श ् व ि न ी ) (Horse Woman)
Bur: {a.a.wa.ni} - MOrtho281

{a.a.wa.ni} n. [astron] asterism of six stars resembling a horse's head in Aries; the 1st lunar mansion. - MED597

02. Skt: Bharani (भरणी = भ र ण ी ) (Bearer of New Life)
Bur: {Ba.ra.Na} - MOrtho183

{Ba.ra.Na} n. [astron] asterism of three stars in Aries resembling a trivet; the 2nd lunar mansion. - MED319

03. Skt: Krittika (क्रृत्तिका = क ् र ृ त ् त ि क ा ) (One Who Cuts)
Bur: {krt~ti.ka} - MOrtho027

{krt~ti.ka} n. [astron] asterism of seven stars in the shape of a brood of young chicks; the 3rd lunar mansion; Plieades. - MED044

04. Skt: Rohini (रोहिणी = र ो ह ि ण ी ) (Red One)
Bur: {rau:ha.Ni} - MOrtho224

{rau:ha.Ni} n. [astron] asterism of ten stars resembling paired carp; the 4th lunar mansion; Hyades. - MED410

05. Skt: Mrigashīrsha (म्रृगशीर्षा = म ् र ृ ग श ी र ् ष ा ) (Head of a Deer)
Bur: {mi.ga.i} - MOrtho190

{mi.ga.i} n. [astron] asterism of three stars resembling a deer's head in Orion; the 5th lunar mansion. - MED339

06. Skt: Ardra (आर्द्रा = आ र ् द ् र ा ) (Moist One)
Bur: {a.dra.} - MOrtho277 

{a.dra.} n. [astron] star resembling a turtle's flipper in Orion; the 6th lunar mansion; Betelgeuse. - MED565

07. Skt: Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु = प ु न र ् व स ु ) (Return of the Light)
Bur: {poan~na.hpu.hyu.} - MOrtho152

{poan~na.hpu.hyu.} n. [astron] asterism of five stars resembling a ship in Gemini; the 7th lunar mansion. - MED278

08. Skt: Pushya (पुष्य = प ु ष ् य ) (Nourishing)
Bur: {hpu.hya.} - MOrtho166

{hpu.hya.} n. [astron] 1. asterism of ten stars resembling a canopy on a bier, in Caner; the 8ht lunar mansion; Praesepe. 2. name of the tenth year in the twelve year cycle. - MED298

09. Skt: Āshleshā (आश्लेषा = आ श ् ल े ष ा ) (The Embracer) ; 
Bur: {a.a.lai~a.} - MOrtho281; {a-a.Lhi} - MOrtho283

{a.a.lai~a.} n. [astron] asterism of four stars resembling a trident in Caner; the 9th lunar mansion. - MED597

10. Skt: Magha (मघा = म घ ा ) (The Great One)
Bur: {ma-Ga.} - MOrtho190

{ma-Ga.} n. [astron] asterism of four stars resembling an iron hook in Leo; the 10th lunar mansion; Regulus. - MED337

11. Skt: Purva Phalguni (पूर्व फाल्गुनी = प ू र ् व फ ा ल ् ग ु न ी ) (Former Reddish One)
Bur: {proab~ba. hpa.la.gu.ni}  - MOrtho162

{proab~ba. hpa.la.gu.ni} n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Leo resembling the front. legs of a couch; the 11th lunar mansion.- MED292

UKT: What is {hpag~gu.ni} - MOrtho168 ? It is neither listed in MED nor MMD.

12. Skt: Uttar Phalguni (उत्तर फाल्गुनी = उ त ् त र फ ा ल ् ग ु न ी ) (Latter Reddish One)
Bur: {OAt~ta.ra. hpa.la.gu.ni} - MOrtho289

{OAt~ta.ra. hpa.la.gu.ni}  n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Leo resembling the rear legs of a couch; the 12th lunar mansion. - MED627

13. Skt: Hasta (हस्त = ह स ् त ) (The Hand)
Bur: {h~a.ta.} - MOrtho272 

{h~a.ta.} n. [astron] asterism of five stars resembling the digits of a hand; the 13th lunar mansion; Corvus. - MED533

14. Skt: Chitra (चित्रा = च ि त ् र ा ) (Bright One)
Bur: {si.tra.} - MOrtho066

{si.tra.}  n. [astron] stars resembling a pearl in Virgo; the fourteenth lunar mansion; Spica. - MED109

15. Skt: Swaati (स्वाति = स ् व ा त ि ) (Sword or Independence)
Bur: {wa-ti.} - MOrtho268

{wa-ti.}  n. [astron] asterism of two stars resembling an Erythrina flower; the 15th lunar mansion; Arcturus. - MED524

16. Skt: Vishakha (विशाखा = व ि श ा ख ा ) ( Fork Shaped)
Bur: {wi.a-hka} - MOrtho252

{wi.a-hka}  n. [astron] asterism of fourteen stars in Libra resembling a drumcircle; the 16th lunar mansion. - MED475

17. Skt: Anuradha (अनुराधा = अ न ु र ा ध ा ) (Disciple of Divine Spark)
Bur: {a.nu.ra-Da.} - MOrtho277 

{a.nu.ra-Da.} n. [astron] asterism of fifteen stars in Scorpio resembling the neck of a serpent dragon; the 17th lunar mansion. - MED567

18. Skt: Jyeshtha (ज्येष्ठा = ज ् य े ष ् ठ ा ) (The Eldest)
Bur: / {zT~Hta.} - MOrtho088

/ {zT~Hta.} n. [astron] asterism of five stars in Scorpio resembling the navel of a  serpent dragon; the eighteenth lunar mansion; Anrares; - MED151

19. Skt: Mula (मूल = म ू ल ) (The Root)
Bur:  {mu-la.} - MOrtho192

{mu-la.} n. 1. origin. 2. the main thing n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Scorpio resembling a cat; the 19th lunar mansion.  - MED344

20. Skt: Purva Ashadha (पूर्वाषाढ़ा = प ू र ् व ा ष ा ढ ़ ा) (Early Victory or The Undefeated)
Bur: {proab~ba-aaL} - MED162 

{proab~ba-aaL} n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Sagittarius resembling the forelegs of a female elephant; the 20th lunar mansion. - MED292

21. Skt: Uttara Ashadha (उत्तराषाढ़ा = उ त ् त र ा ष ा ढ ़ ा ) (Latter victory or Latter Undefeated)
Bur: {OAt~ta.ra-aaL} - MED627

{OAt~ta.ra-aaL} n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Sagittarius resembling the hind legs of a female elephant; the 21st lunar mansion. - MED627

22. Skt: Shravana (श्रवण = श ् र व ण ) (Hearing)
Bur:  {a.ra.wN} - MOrtho257

{a.ra.wN} n. [astron] asterism of three stars in Aquila resembling an arrowhead; the 22nd lunar mansion; Altair. - MED490

23. Skt: Dhanishta (श्रविष्ठा = श ् र व ि ष ् ठ ा ) (Richest One)
Bur:  {Da.na.aid~Da.} - MOrtho126

 {Da.na.aid~Da.} n. [astron] asterism of four stars resembling a sal fruit; the 23rd lunar mansion; Delphinus. - MED216

24. Skt: Shatabhisha (शतभिषा = श त भ ि ष ा ) (Hundred Healers)
Bur: {a.ta.Bi.hya.} - MOrtho256

{a.ta.Bi.hya.} n. [astron] host of hundred stars in Aquarius resembling a garland of flowers; the 24th lunar mansion. - MED486

UKT: The following two, #25 and #26, share a common name:
Bur: {Ba.dra.peid} - spelling from MOrtho183

25. Skt: Purva Bhadrapada (पूर्वभाद्रपदा = प ू र ् व भ ा द ् र प द ा ) (Former Happy Feet)
Bur:  {praob~ba. Ba.dra.peid} - MOrtho162

{praob~ba. Ba.dra.peid}  n. [astron] asterism of two stars resembling the front legs of a couch; the 25th lunar mansion. - MED292

26. Skt: Uttara Bhādrapadā (उत्तरभाद्रपदा = उ त ् त र भ ा द ् र प द ा ) (Latter Happy Feet)
Bur: {OAt~ta.ra. Ba.dra.peid} - MOrtho289 

{OAt~ta.ra. Ba.dra.peid} n. [astron] asterism of two stars in Pegasus resembling the rear legs of a couch; the 26th lunar mansion. - MED627

27. Skt: Revati (रेवती = र े व त ी ) (The Wealthy)
Bur: - {r-wa.ti} - MOrtho223

{r-wa.ti} n. [astron] asterism of nine stars in Pisces resembling a cylindrical fish-trap; the 27the lunar mansion. - MED399

28. Skt: Abhijit (अभिजित = अ भ ि ज ि त ) (UKT: not given)
Bur: {a.Bi.zi.} - MOrtho278

{a.Bi.zi.} - not entered in MED, nor in MMD.

Nakshatra (नक्षत्र, Sanskrit: nakshatra, 'star', from naksha, 'approach', and tra, 'guard') or lunar mansion is one of the 27 divisions of the sky, identified by the prominent star(s) in them, used in Jyotisha.

Overwiew

Each nakshatra represents a division of the ecliptic similar to the zodiac (1320 each instead of the 30 for each zodiac sign). The orbit of the moon is 27.3 days, so the Moon takes approximately one day to pass through each nakshatra.

The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā (चित्रा) [#14. Chitra (चित्रा) (Bright One)] [UKT ] (other slightly-different definitions exist).
   It is called Meshādi or the "start of Aries" [aka "the first point of Aries" - the Sun is in this position at the "start" of the Solar year]. [UKT ]
   The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatras eastwards starting from this point.

The list of Nakshatras is found in the Vedic texts (AV 19.7; Taittiriya Samhita) and also in the Shatapatha Brahmana. The first astronomy text that lists them is the Vedanga Jyotisha of Lagadha.

In Hindu mythology the Nakshastras, were invented by Daksha, and are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra, the Moon god. Some even make them the daughters of Kashyapa, the brother of Daksha.

Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha ["Planets"] in the following sequence: Ketu (South Lunar Node), Shukra (Venus), Ravi or Surya (Sun), Chandra (Moon), Mangala (Mars), Rahu (North Lunar Node), Guru or Brihaspati (Jupiter), Shani (Saturn) and Budha (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual.

UKT: List of Nine Planet-gods aka graha and their positions around Burmese-Buddhist pagodas:
1. Surya (सूर्य) , Sun ;
2. Chandra (चंद्र) , Moon ;
3. Mangala (मंगल) Mars ;
4. Budha (बुध) Mercury ;
5. Brihaspati (बृहस्पति) Jupiter ;
6. Shukra (शुक्र) Venus ;
7. Shani (शनि) Saturn ;
8. Rahu (राहु) North Lunar Node ;
9. Ketu (केतु) South Lunar Node

See Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism, by Maung Htin Aung. Printed and published by U Myint Maung, Deputy Director, at the Religious Affairs Dept. Press. Yegu, Kaba-Aye P.O., Rangoon, BURMA. 1981. See also Facets of Life at Shwedagon Pagoda in Colorful Myanmar by Daw Khin Myo Chit. Note: the animals depicted are not the gods, but their vehicles. The gods at the corners are normally malefic gods riding ferocious animals, whereas those at the cardinal points riding friendly animals are normally benefics. It is curious that the Moon-god of the East riding a tiger. Did the ancient Myanmars take the tiger to be a friendly animal ? All the Burmese-Myanmar "Nats" {nt} are supposed to be riding tigers!

To the Burmese-Myanmar, the idea of one's life being ruled by the lord of the planets is so ingrained that, he would also associate the points of compass with the planets. Thus, the direction of North-East is the Sun-corner associate with Sunday. You then move around clockwise. Thus, East the Moon-direction associated with Monday; South-East the Mars-corner associated with Tuesday; South the Mercury-direction associated with the first part of Wednesday; South-West the Saturn-corner associated with Saturday; West the Jupiter-direction associated with Thursday; North-West the Rahu-corner associated with the second part of Wednesday; and finally, North-direction associated with Friday.

UKT: more in the original Wikipedia article.

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