Update: 2012-01-03 06:01 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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{dar~} दर्


UKT notes
Darshan Durbur

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{dar~} दर्

दर्प (darpa)
= द र ् प
Skt: दर्प (darpa) - m. pride - OnlineSktDict
Pal: dappa  m. pride - UPMT-PED109
Pal: {dp~pa.} UHS-PMD0460

दर्पं (darpaM)
Skt: दर्पं (darpaM) - pride - OnlineSktDict

दर्पः (darpaH)
Skt: दर्पः (darpaH) - arrogance - OnlineSktDict

दर्पण (darpaNa)
Skt: दर्पण (darpaNa) - Mirror - OnlineSktDict

दर्पणः (darpaNaH)
Skt: दर्पणः (darpaNaH) - (m) mirror - OnlineSktDict

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दर्भ (darbha)
Skt: दर्भ (darbha) - a sweet-smelling dried grass - OnlineSktDict
Pal: dabbha  m. kusa grass - UPMT-PED109
Pal: {db~Ba.} UHS-PMD0461
Pal: {db~ba.} UHS-PMD0460

See my note on Durbur .


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दर्वी (darvii)
Skt: दर्वी (darvii) - (f) serving spoon, ladle - OnlineSktDict

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दर्शन (darshana)
Skt: दर्शन (darshana) - seeing - OnlineSktDict

दर्शनं (darshanaM)
Skt: दर्शनं (darshanaM) - sight, Darshan - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Darshan or Darśana or Darshan दर्शन


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दर्शनकाङि्क्षणः (darshanakaa.nkShiNaH)
Skt: दर्शनकाङि्क्षणः (darshanakaa.nkShiNaH) - aspiring to see - OnlineSktDict

दर्शनाय (darshanaaya)
Skt: दर्शनाय (darshanaaya) - for seeing - OnlineSktDict

दर्शनीय (darshaniiya)
Skt: दर्शनीय (darshaniiya) - handsome - OnlineSktDict

दर्शनेन (darshanena)
Skt: दर्शनेन (darshanena) - at the sight of - OnlineSktDict

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दर्शय (darshaya)
Skt: दर्शय (darshaya) - show - OnlineSktDict

दर्शयामास (darshayaamaasa)
Skt: दर्शयामास (darshayaamaasa) - showed - OnlineSktDict

दर्शितं (darshitaM)
Skt: दर्शितं (darshitaM) - shown - OnlineSktDict

दर्शिनः (darshinaH)
Skt: दर्शिनः (darshinaH) - seers - OnlineSktDict

दर्शिभिः (darshibhiH)
Skt: दर्शिभिः (darshibhiH) - by the seers - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Darshan or Darśana  दर्शन

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar%C5%9Bana 110827

Darśana or Darshan (Skt: दर्शन) is a Sanskrit term meaning "sight" (in the sense of an instance of seeing or beholding; from a root dṛś  "to see"), vision, apparition, or glimpse. It is most commonly used for "visions of the divine" in Hindu worship, e.g. of a deity (especially in image form), or a very holy person or artifact. One could "receive" darshana or blessing of the deity in the temple, or from a great saintly person, such as a great guru.[1]

In the sense "to see with reverence and devotion," the term translates to hierophany, and could refer either to a vision of the divine or to being in the presence of a highly revered person. In this sense it may assume a meaning closer to audience. "By doing darshan properly a devotee develops affection for God, and God develops affection for that devotee."

Darshan is ultimately difficult to define since it is an event in consciousness an interaction in presence between devotee and guru; or between devotee and image or sculpture, which focuses and calls out the consciousness of the devotee. In either event, a heightening of consciousness or spirituality is the intended effect.

In Indian culture, the touching of the feet (pranāma or charaṇa-sparśa) is a show of respect and it is often an integral part of darshan. Children touch the feet of their family elders while people of all ages will bend to touch the feet of a great guru, murti or icon of a Deva (God) (such as Rama and Krishna).

There is a special link between worshiper and guru during pujas, in which people may touch the guru's feet in respect, or remove the dust from a guru's feet before touching their own head.

In chapter 11 of the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is granted a vision of God (trans. Telang 1882),

Hari, the great lord of the possessors of mystic power, then showed to the son of Prith his supreme divine form, having many mouths and eyes, having (within it) many wonderful sights, having many celestial ornaments, having many celestial weapons held erect, wearing celestial flowers and vestments, having an anointment of celestial perfumes, full of every wonder, the infinite deity with faces in all directions. If in the heavens, the lustre of a thousand suns burst forth all at once, that would be like the lustre of that mighty one. There the son of Pndu then observed in the body of the god of gods the whole universe (all) in one, and divided into numerous (divisions). Then Dhanagaya filled with amazement, and with hair standing on end, bowed his head before the god, and spoke with joined hands. [Arjuna said:] O god! I see within your body the gods, as also all the groups of various beings; and the lord Brahman seated on (his) lotus seat, and all the sages and celestial snakes. I see you, who are of countless forms, possessed of many arms, stomachs, mouths, and eyes on all sides. And, O lord of the universe! O you of all forms! I do not see your end or middle or beginning. I see you bearing a coronet and a mace and a discus a mass of glory, brilliant on all sides, difficult to look at, having on all sides the effulgence of a blazing fire or sun, and indefinable. You are indestructible, the supreme one to be known. You are the highest support of this universe. You are the inexhaustible protector of everlasting piety.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back darshan-note-b

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UKT: I remember hearing about the Durburs held in Burma in my childhood days. They were official meetings between government officials (of the British-Burma) and village chiefs. Although the participants did not sit on grass mats, the word 'Durbur' obviously came from the word दर्भ = द र ् भ (darbha) . See Durbur in Wikipedia: Durbar can refer to: Durbar, a historical Mughal court in India; also used for a ceremonial gathering under the British Raj; Durbar Mahila Samanwaya ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durbar . Wiki was not accessible in Yangon on 100808 and 100809.

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durbar_court 110826

Durbar (Persian:  دربار - darbār) is a Persian term meaning the Shah's noble court. It was later used in India and Nepal for a ruler's court or feudal levy as the latter came to be ruled and later administered by Persians and Perso-Turcomen rulers. A durbar may be either a feudal state council for administering the affairs of a princely state, or a purely ceremonial gathering, as in the time of the British Empire in India.

State Council

In the former sense, the native rulers of Mughal and colonial India and some neighbouring Hindu or Muslim monarchies, like the amir of Afghanistan, received visitors in audience, conferred honours and conducted business in durbar.

A durbar could also be the executive council of a native state. Its membership was dual: the court's grandees, such as the wasir and major jagirdars, shone at the ceremonies but the real political and administrative affairs of state rather rested with an inner circle around the prince, often known as diwan. There was some overlap between the two groups. This was originally another word for audience room and council, but in India it also applies to a privy council and chancery.

British Empire

UKT: When I was born in Kungyangon, Hanthawaddy District, Burma, my birth country now spelled Myanmar, was still under the British-India rule. Although King George V was reigning in Britain, Burma was ruled by the Viceroy in India. Burma was still part of the British Indian Empire. My interest in the British Empire of those days are very personal, and of course my views on the British of those days must have been very biased because my father U Tun Pe was the Public Health Inspector of both Kungyangon-north and Kungyangon-south which was a large area. This area was split into two townships in the 1970s, and Kungyangon town itself has been incorporated into Yangon aka Rangoon (date check needed).
   I remember, when the village headmen came to see my father, they refused to sit in chairs - known as 'seat of kala' where 'kala' meant the 'British aka white kala'. And so my mother had to let them sit on reed mats, while my father would be sitting in his chair. I am now 77 and am now trying to live my childhood days again! - UKT110827

In the latter sense, the word has come to be applied to great ceremonial gatherings called the Delhi Durbar in Delhi and elsewhere during the period of the British Raj, held as demonstrations of the loyalty to the crown which also proved vital in various wars in which Britain engaged.

The practice was started with Lord Lytton's Proclamation Durbar of 1877 celebrating the proclamation of Queen Victoria as the first Empress of India. Durbars continued to be held in later years, with increased ceremony and grandeur than their predecessors. In 1903, for instance, the Coronation Durbar was held in Delhi to celebrate the accession of Edward VII to the British throne and title of Emperor of India. This ceremony was presided over by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.

The practice of the durbar culminated in the magnificent spectacle that was the Delhi Durbar, which was held in December 1911 to officially crown the newly-enthroned George V and his wife Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India. The King and Queen attended the Durbar in person and wore their Coronation robes, an unprecedented event in both Indian and Imperial history held with unprecedented pomp and glamour. They were the only British monarchs to visit India during the period of British rule. Practically every ruling prince, nobleman and person of note, attended the ceremonies to pay obeisance to their sovereign in person.

These were perhaps the greatest official shows on earth, parading with great pomp, including elephants, as a dazzling demonstration of the successful British colonial formula of indirect rule: the Raj could largely depend on the loyalty of most princely state rulers because of their feudal allegiance to the paramount ruler, a position the British crown (especially since it formally took over from the HEIC) occupied instead of the toppled Mughal dynasty, as the first durbar consecrated symbolically expressed in the new style of Kaiser-i-Hind[citation needed] (Emperor of India). Several monuments in India serve as memorials of the King and Queen's visit, most notably the Gateway of India in Mumbai [aka Bombay].

No durbar was held for later British monarchs who were Emperors of India. Edward VIII reined only a brief time before abdicating. On the accession of his brother George VI, it was decided to hold no durbar in Delhi, due to several reasons: the cost would have been a burden to the government of India.[1]; rising Indian nationalism made the welcome that the royal couple would have received likely to be muted at best,[2]; and a prolonged absence of the King from the UK would have been undesirable in the tense period before World War II.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back durbur-note-b

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