Update: 2016-12-12 04:40 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p050.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCv2pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

Remember the proper spelling is with vowel-letter {U.} उ in both Skt and Pali.
short vowel, 1 blnk, उ u = {u.} / {U.}
long vowel, 2 blnk,  ऊ ū = {u} / {U}-Bur , {U}-Mon

{oat~pRa.}/ {OAt~pRa.} <-- {oat~p~ra.}/  {OAt~p~ra.}
  p049c3-b22
  p050c1
{oat~p~la.}/  {OAt~p~la.}
{oat~hpa.}/ {OAt~hpa.}
{oat~a.}/ {OAt~a.} 

{u.da.}/ {U.da.} : treat {U.da.} & {OAd} as prefixes
  p050c2
  {u.da.ka.}/ {U.da.ka.} 
  {u.da.ga.}/ {U.da.ga.}
  {u.da.nga.}/ {U.da.nga.} : kinsi

  {u.da.za.}/ {U.da.za.} 
  {u.da.a.}/ {U.da.a.} : be careful of the look-alikes

  {u.da.Da.}/ {U.da.Da.}
  {u.da.na.}/ {U.da.na.}

  {u.da.pa.}/ {U.da.pa.}
  {u.da.ba.}/ {U.da.ba.}
  {u.da.ma.}/ {U.da.ma.}
  p050c3

  {u.da.ya.}/ {U.da.ya.}
  {u.da.ra.}/ {U.da.ra.}
  {a.da.wa.}/ {U.da.wa.}
  {u.da.sha.}/ {U.da.sha.}
  {u.da.ha.}/ {U.da.ha.}

{u.da}/ {U.da}

orphan

उदात्तालंकार udattalankara [ udtta‿alamkra ]
= उ द ा त ् त ा ल ं क ा र
- m. the rhetorical figure called  "sublime", "supermundane"

UKT notes :
 

 

Contents of this page

{oat~pRa.}/ {OAt~pRa.}
{oat~p~ra.}/  {OAt~p~ra.}

UKT 131226, 161209: Because of possible confusion in Mon-Myan, I have to use the derived rhotic form similar to the one I have used for Skt-Myan {iRi.} ऋ . And, to transcribe उत्प्रेक्षण {OAt~pR-k~Sa.Na.} = उ त ् प ् र े क ् ष ण , I have to use the viram aka {a.t} together with the vertical conjunct:

showing the hidden viram aka {a.t} : {OAt~pa.} = {OAt~pa.}
making the {pa.} rhotic by using {iRa.} (not present in Skt-Dev): {OAt~pRa.}
I can now write: {OAt~p~r} --> {OAt~pR}

See how I transcribe उत्प्लवन : {OAt~p~la.}

 

p049c3-b22

उत्प्रेक्षण [ ut-preksh-ana ]
- n. anticipation; foreboding; figurative expression; -, f. disregard, indifference; simile, figurative expression: -‿kshepa, m. kind of rhetorical figure; -ita‿upam, f. kind of simile.

 

Contents of this page

p050c1

{oat~p~la.}/  {OAt~p~la.}

p050c1-b01

उत्प्लवन [ ut-plavana ]
- n. leaping; overflowing.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~hpa.}/ {OAt~hpa.}

p050c1-b02

उत्फाल [ ut-phla ]
- m. leap, bound.

 

p050c1-b03

उत्फुल्ल [ ut-phulla ]
- pp. (√phal) blown (flower); wide open, expanded; swollen, inflated.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~a.}/ {OAt~a.}

p050c1-b04

उत्स [ t-sa ]
- m. well, fountain; source.

 

p050c1-b05

उत्सङ्ग [ ut-saṅg-a ]
- m. lap; flat surface; roof; depression; -ita, pp. admixed; -in, a. deep, deep-seated.

 

p050c1-b06

उत्सधि [ utsa-dh ]
- m. basin of a spring.

 

p050c1-b07

उत्सर्ग [ ut-sarg ]
- m. emission, discharge; evacuation; throwing away; laying aside; setting free, liberation; donation; abandonment, relinquishment; cessation; restitution; general rule; (sc. khandasm) ceremony on suspension of Vedic study; -sargana, a. () rejecting; n. letting go, dismissal; cessation; ceremony on suspension of Vedic study.

 

p050c1-b08

उत्सर्पण [ ut-sarp-ana ]
- n. rising; going out; stepping forward; -in, a. springing up; breaking forth, coming to light; soaring upwards: (n)-, f. ascending cycle.

 

p050c1-b09

उत्सव [ ut-sav ]
- m. undertaking; holiday, festival; flowering: -samketa, m. pl. N. of a people.

 

p050c1-b10

उत्सवाय [ utsavya ]
- den. . be a feast for.

 

p050c1-b11

उत्सादन [ ut-sd-ana ]
- n. cessation; destruction; rubbing, shampooing; -anya, fp. to be destroyed.

 

p050c1-b12

  उत्सारण [ ut-sr-ana ]
- n., , f. clearing the streets; -anya, fp. to be driven away; -in, a. extending to, directed towards.

 

p050c1-b13

उत्साह [ ut-sha ]
- m. power, energy; effort, resolution, perseverance; inclination for, delight in (--): -yoga, m. display of energy; -vat, a. energetic; -sakti, f. strength of will, force of energy; -shin, a. resolute; powerful.

उत्साह [ ut-sha ]
Skt: उत्साह [ ut-sha ] - m. power, energy; effort, resolution, perseverance; inclination for, delight in (--) - Mac050c1
Pal: {OA~a-ha.} - UHS-PMD0248
  UKT frm UHS: m. diligence, exertion.

 

p050c1-b14

उत्सुक [ ut-suka ]
- a. uneasy, agitated; eager; yearning; longing for (lc., prati, or --); *anxious about (in., lc.): -t, f. uneasiness; eagerness, zeal; longing, yearning; -vadana, a. having a yearning face.

 

p050c1-b15

उत्सुकय [ utsuka-ya ]
- den. P. fill with yearning or uneasiness.

 

p050c1-b16

उत्सूत्र [ ut-stra ]
- a. unstrung (pearls).
 

p050c1-b17

उत्सृष्टलोमन् [ ut-srishta-loman ]
- a. ceasing to cut off the hair; -vat, pp. act. shed (tears); -‿agni, a. having let the sacred fire go out.

 

p050c1-b18

उत्सृष्टि [ ut-srishti ]
- f. letting out.

 

p050c1-b19

उत्सेक [ ut-sek-a ]
- m. redundancy, excess; pride, arrogance; -in, a. proud, haughty.

 

p050c1-b20

उत्सेध [ ut-sedha ]
- m. elevation; prominence; height, thickness; superiority.

 

p050c1-b21

उत्स्थल [ut-sthala]
= उत्स्थल
- n. N. of an island

UKT 161210: We find Utsthala island in Kādambari  which has the story of Aśokadatta and Vijayadatta - a romantic novel in Sanskrit. It was substantially composed by Bāṇabhaṭṭa in the first half of the 7th century CE, who did not survive to see it through completion. The novel was completed by Banabhatta's son Bhushanabhatta, according to the plan laid out by his late father.
- https://books.google.ca/books?id=JyYYvZbt2g8C&pg=PT65&dq=utsthala... 161210
... "Chapter xxvi:  The next morning, while Śaktideva was dwelling in the monastery in the island of Utasthala, Satyavrata, the king of the fisherman, came to him, and said to him in accordance with the promise which he had made before, ''Brhman, I have thought of a device for accomplishing your wish: there is a fair isle in the middle of the sea named Ratnaka, and in it there is a temple of the adorable Vishṇu founded by the Ocean, and on the twelfth day of the white fortnight of shdha there is a festival there with a procession, and people come there diligently from all the islands to offer worship. It is possible that some one there might know about the Golden City, so come let us go there, for that day is near.'' When Satyavrata made this proposal, Śaktideva consented gladly, and took with him the provisions for the journey furnished by Vishṇudatta. Then he went on board the ship brought by ..."

 

p050c1-b22

उत्स्रष्टव्य [ ut-srash-tavya ]
= उ त ् स ् र ष ् ट व ् य
- fp. to be evacuated; to be dismissed; -tu-kma, a. wishing to let go.

 

p050c1-b23

उत्स्राविन् [ ut-srvin ]
- a. arising.

 

p050c1-b24

[ut-svapnya]
- . talk in one's sleep

( end of old p050-1.htm )

Contents of this page

{u.da.}/ {U.da.} 

p050c1-b25

उद् [ . ud ]
- px. (w. vb., n. or a.) up; out.

 

p050c1-b26

उद्  [ . ud ] , VII. P. [unat-ti],
- well; wet. moisten: pp. unna , moistened, we. vi , well forth; moisten, sam , pp. wetted . 

 

Contents of this page

p050c2

p050c2-b00

उद् [ud-a]
- water (only - or a. -)

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ka.}/ {U.da.ka.} 

p050c2-b01

उदक् [ d-ak ]
- n. ad. northwards.

 

p050c2-b02

उदक [ uda-k ]
- n. water; ablution; libation to the Ma'nes: -m kri, d, or pra-d, present libation of water to the dead (d., g.); -m kri, perform the prescribed ablutions; -m upa-spris, touch various parts of the body with water as prescribed; -karman, n. libation of water to the Ma'nes; -krya, n. id.; ablution; -kriy, f. = udaka-karman; -tarpana, n. libation with water; -dna, n. id.; -dyin, a. offering the funeral libation of water; -prva, a. beginning with a pouring out of water; -maya, a. consisting of water only; ()-vat, a. supplied with water; -vat, f. girl's N.; -sparsana, n. contact with water; ablution.

 

p050c2-b03

उदकाञ्जलि [ udaka‿agali ]
- m. handful of water; -‿anta, m. water-boundary: ‿udakntt, till water is reached; -‿arnava, m. receptacle of waters; -‿artha, m. ablution: -m, ad. in order to perform an ablution; -‿arthin, a. seeking water.

 

p050c2-b04

उदकुम्भ [ uda-kumbh ]
- m. pitcher of water; N.

 

p050c2-b05

उदकोपस्पर्शन [ udaka‿upaspars-ana ]
- n. ablution; -in, a. performing ablutions.

 

p050c2-b06

उदक्तस् udak-ts, उदक्तात् [ dak-tt ]
= उ द क ् त स ्
- ad. from above; from the north; -patha, m. (way north), north country.

 

p050c2-b07

उदक्य [ udak-ya ]
- a. being in the water; , f. menstruating: -gamana, n. intercourse with a woman in her courses.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ga.}/ {U.da.ga.}

p050c2-b08

उदगयन [ udag-ayan ]
- n. sun's northern course; half year from winter to summer solstice; -vritti, f. sun's turn to the north; -dasa, a. having the seam turned upward or northward; -dvra, a. having a northern entrance.

 

p050c2-b09

उदग्र [ ud-agra ]
- a. (having its top elevated), upraised, high; long; large; lofty, exalted; heightened or increased (by, --); advanced (age); excited, carried away by (--); exceedingly (--); -pluta, a. making high bounds: -tva, n. abst. ɴ.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.nga.}/ {U.da.nga.} : kinsi

p050c2-b10

उदङ्मुख [ udaṅ-mukha ]
- a. facing northwards.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.za.}/ {U.da.za.}

p050c2-b11

उदज [ uda-ga ]
- n. lotus; -gala-ka, m. N. of a cartwright.

 

p050c2-b12

[ud-ak ]
- a. ( udik ) upward; northward

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.a.}/ {U.da.a.}  : be careful of the look-alikes

p050c2-b13

उदञ्चन [ ud-kana ]
= उ द ञ ् च न
- m. (drawer up), well bucket.

 

p050c2-b14

उदञ्जलि [ ud-agali ]
- a. holding up the hollowed hands.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.Da.}/ {U.da.Da.}

p050c2-b15

उदधान [ uda-dhna ]
- n. reservoir; -dh, a. containing water; m. receptacle of water (cloud, lake, river), ocean: -gala-maya, a. consisting of sea-water, -nemi, a. ocean-encircled.

 

p050c2-b16

उदधीय [ udadh-ya ]
- den. P. regard as an ocean.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.na.}/  {U.da.na.} 

p050c2-b17

उदन्् [ ud-n ]
- n. wave; water.

 

p050c2-b18

उदन्त [ ud-ant ]
- m. tidings, report.

 

p050c2-b19

उदन्त्य [ ud-antya ]
- a. dwelling beyond the boundary.

 

p050c2-b20

उदन्य [ udan-y ]
- a. surging, watery: , f. desire for water, thirst; -y, a. desirous of water; -vt, a. surging; abounding in water; m. ocean.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.pa.}/ {U.da.pa.}

p050c2-b21

उदपात्र [ uda-ptr ]
- n. pot of water; -pna, m. n. well; -pti, f. place for drinking water.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ba.}

p050c2-b22

उदबिन्दु [ uda-bindu ]
- m. drop of water.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ma.}

p050c2-b23

उदम्भस् [ ud-ambhas ]
= उ द म ् भ स ्
- a. abounding in water.

 

Contents of this page

p050c3

{u.da.ya.}/ {U.da.ya.}

p050c3-b00

उदय [ ud-ay ]
- m. rising; rise (of sun or moon), break (of dawn); gathering (of clouds); N. of the mythical mountain behind which sun and moon are supposed to rise; appearance, arising, production, beginning; consequence, result; success; prosperity; gain; income, revenue; interest; -giri, m. sunrise mountain; -gupta, m. N. of a man; -tata, m. slope of Mount Udaya.

UKT 161211: Mount Udaya is the name of the mountain - the sun-rise mountain - mentioned in the Harṣa-carita by Bāṇabhaṭṭa, a historical prose romance in Sanskrit, describing the events of king Harṣa's (7th century AD) ascension to the throne, his conquests, and his relations with the contemporary monarchs.
-- https://books.google.ca/books?id=e7otu0Yht4sC&pg=PA13&lpg=PA13&dq=Mount+Udaya ... 161211
Mount Udaya is mentioned on Ch01, p011 & p013.
   In Bur-Myan the sun-rise mountain is known as {yu.gn~Dor} - UTM-PDMD263

 

p050c3-b01

उदयन [ ud-yana ]
- n. rise; end; m. N. of a king: &isharp;-ya, a. concluding.

 

p050c3-b02

उदयराज [ udaya-rga ]
- m. man's N.; -vat, a. risen; -vyayin, a. rising and falling.

 

p050c3-b03

उदयाचल [ udaya‿akala ]
- m. sunrise mountain; -‿ditya, m. N. of a man; -‿anta, a. ending with sunrise; -‿vritti, f. turning towards the rise of the sun.

 

p050c3-b04

उदयिन् [ uday-in ]
- a. coming forth; flourishing; victorious.

 

p050c3-b05

उदयोर्वीभृत् [ udaya‿urvbhrit ]
- m. sunrise mountain.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ra.}/ {U.da.ra.}

p050c3-b06

उदर [ ud-ra ]
Skt: उदर [ ud-ra ] - n. (-- a. f. , ) belly; crop; womb; abdominal swelling;
  hollow, interior swelling: √ri]. - Mac050c3
Pal: {U.da.ra.} - UHS-PMD0214
  UKT from UHS: n. belly, digestive organ (where fresh food is being digested:
  different from part which temporarily houses the digested food - feces.

 

p050c3-b07

उदरंभर [ udaram-bhara ]
- a. voracious.

 

p050c3-b08

उदररन्ध्र [ udara-randhra ]
- n. part of a horse's belly; -vydhi, m. disorder of the bowels.

 

p050c3-b09

उदरिन् [ udar-in ]
- a. paunch-bellied.

 

p050c3-b10

उदर्क [ ud-ark ]
- m. resounding, outstripping; consequence; end; future.

 

p050c3-b11

उदर्चिस् [ ud-arkis ]
- a. radiant; m. fire.

 

Contents of this page

{a.da.wa.}/ {U.da.wa.} 

p050c3-b12

उदवज्र [ uda-vagra ]
Skt: उदवज्र [ uda-vagra ] - m. water thunderbolt. -- Mac050c3
Skt: उदवज्र udavajra - m. thunder-like crash of water, water-spout - SpkSkt

UKT 131226: Is it something like the water-cannon, the police used on rioters?
See Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_cannon 131226

 

p050c3-b13

उदवसित [ ud-ava-sita ]
- (pp.) n. dwelling, house.

 

p050c3-b14

उदवास [ uda-vs-a ]
- m. remaining in the water; -in, a. staying in the water.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.sha.}/ {U.da.sha.} 

p050c3-b15

[ud-asra-ya]
Skt: [ud-asra-ya] - P. cause to weep - Mac050c3
Skt: उदश्रयति { उदश्रय } udaśrayati { udaśraya} = उ द श ् र य त ि   - v. shed tears, cause to weep - SpkSkt

 

p050c3-b16

उदश्रु [ ud-asru ]
= उ द श ् र ु
- a. weeping.

 

Contents of this page

{u.da.ha.}/ {U.da.ha.}

p050c3-b17

उदहार [ uda-hr ]
Skt: उदहार [ uda-hr ] - a. () fetching or about to fetch water. - Mac050c3
Pal: {U.da.ha-ra.ka.} - UHS-PMD0217
  UKT frm UHS: one who carries water, water-carrier

 

Contents of this page

{u.da}/ {U.da}

p050c3-b18

उदाचार [ ud-kra ]
- m. promenade.

 

p050c3-b19

उदात्त [ ud--tta ]
- pp. (√d) raised; high; distinguished, renowned; magnanimous; munificent; haughty; having the acute accent; m. acute.

 

p050c3-b20

उदान udana [ ud-na ] 
Skt: उदान [ud-na] - m. rising air (one of the five airs in the body).-- Mac050c3
Skt: उदान udāna - m. one of the five vital airs of the human body - SpkSkt
Bur: {U.daan:} - n. . utterance handed down from generation to generation.
  . joyful utterance. (Pal: {U.da-na.}) -- MED2006-608

UKT 150521: Instead of the translation "air", I prefer "wind" {l} to imply to 'movement'. See Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahābhūta 150521 gives "Air (or wind) element (vāyu-dhātu) Air element represents the quality of expansion or repulsive forces. Any matter where repulsive forces are in prominence are called air elements. Internal air elements includes air associated with the pulmonary system (for example, for breathing), the intestinal system ("winds in the belly and ... bowels"), etc." . The word "wind" implies 'movement' whereas "air" can be stationary. The Bur-Myan term {km~ma.za.l} refers to 'movements' within a woman's belly prior to childbirth.
See my note on the Myanmar National Anthem : {U.daan:}

 

p050c3-b21

उदायुध [ ud-yudha ]
- a. with raised weapons.

 

p050c3-b22

उदार [ . ud-ra ]
- a. rousing; exalted; distinguished, excellent; noble; loud: -m, ad. aloud.

 

p050c3-b23

उदार [ . ud-ra ]
- . m. pl. Siva's wife

 

p050c3-b24

[udra-ka]
- m. honorific ep. of a man.

 

p050c3-b25

उदारचरित [ udra-karita ]
- a. acting nobly; -ketas, a. high-minded; -t, f., -tva, n. generosity; -dhi, a. of exalted intellect; -bhva, m. magnanimity; -vikrama, m. of eminent prowess; -sattva, a. of noble character.

 

p050c3-b26

उदासितृ [ud-sitri ]
Skt: उदासितृ [ud-sitri ] - a. indifferent - Mac050c3
Skt: उदासितृ udāsitṛ - adj. stoical, void of affection or concern, indifferent - SpkSkt

 

p050c3-b27

उदासीन [ ud-s-na ]
- pr. pt. uninterested; indifferent (to, lc.); m. indifferent person, neutral: -t, f. indifference.

 

p050c3-b28

उदास्थित [ ud--sthita ]
- (pp.) m. monk who has broken his vow.

 

p050c3-b29

उदाहरण [ ud-harana ]
- n. speaking; recitation; declaration; example; -vastu, n. pl. matters of speech.

 

p050c3-b30

उदाहार [ ud-hra ]
- a. intending to fetch water; n. fetching of water.

( end of old p050-2.htm )
( end of new p050.htm )

Contents of this page

 

UKT notes

Myanmar National Anthem
- {U.daan:}

- UKT 140122, 161211

The Myanmar National Anthem, {km~Ba ma.ky} has it beginnings as a fighting song during WWII. It was then a clarion call to fight the English (not the British) who were an unjust race. With this song, which as we children sang at the top of our voices, saluted the flag of the newly independent state.

The song began with the lines:

km~Ba ky au l:/
U.daan: ky neing Bw/
ma.a.ma lu-myo: n~ga.lait mya: ko/
seit-na pa t/ ... }.

I hesitate to give the meaning of the words, except {U.daan:} given above. The present National Anthem had all these words replaced.

That independence "granted" by the Japanese after they have drove the British-Burma Lt. Governor General, Sir Dorman Smith (Governor from 6 May 1941 - 31 August 1946), is now "written" as a sham. It is to be recorded that Sir Dorman Smith himself did become disillusioned with the very policies of the British Colonialists that he himself was representing. The following is from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Dorman-Smith 140122

In October 1943, Dorman-Smith made a speech in London before the East Indian Association. His speech lamented the fact that while the British had talked for years about self-government and reform in Asia, they had delivered very little of it which had had damaged their credibility. He said:

Neither our word nor our intentions are trusted in that part of the globe ... We have fed such countries as Burma on political formulae until they are sick at the very sight and sound of a formula, which has come, as far as my experience shows, to be looked upon as a very British means of avoiding a definite course of action.

Yet we had sang the song, and saluted the flag. Our money was re-changed to the decimal system, as used before the British annexed our mother land and made it into a mere province in the British India Empire. The basic unit being the {kyat} divided into 100 {hsn.} 'cent' as shown on the postage stamps.

My mother's cousins were in the BIA (Burma Independence Army), a motley crew of undisciplined soldiers, most of whom had not handled a fire arm, not even a shot-gun, before. Ill-shod and ill-equipped many had died - fighting for the Mother Land.


the BIA (Burma Independence Army),

We as children aspired to join the fight - to death if necessary - to fight what are now touted as {ma.ha-mait} 'Allies'. They - Americans, British, French - were allied among themselves, and they had fought to liberate Europe from the Germans and Italians. But they had schemed to keep the colonies intact as before: Burma to remain a British Colony again after they have conquered the Japanese.

The British fought back, not in the regular fashion, as always with the wars in Burma. The main fighting was carried out guerrilla fashion: by foot-solders hand-to-hand fighting.

With this little note, I salute those who had died to liberate our Mother Land, and the common men whom we were taught to hate -- those who had died to uphold the policies mentioned by Sir Dorman Smith.

Go back Myan-Anthem-note-b

Contents of this page

End of TIL file