Update: 2018-09-03 11:16 PM -0400

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p039.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCv1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{a-da.} - cont
  p039c1
{a-da}
{a-di.}
{a-dRi.}
{a-d}
{aad~ya.} / {a-da.ya.} / {a-d~ya.}
  p039c2
{aad~ya}
{a-Da.}
{a-Da}
{a-Di.}
{a-Du.}
{a-D}
{a-Dau:}
{a-Dm}
{a-D~ya.}
{a-D~ra.}
{a-D~wa.}
{a-na.}
{a-nT}
  p039c3
{a-na}
{a-ni}
{a-nu.}
{a-nRi.}
{a-n}
{aan} : Effect of coda consonant on the nuclear long-vowel
{a-pa.} / {aap}

Hindu Mahabharata and Buddhist Ramayana

UKT 161027: I am intrigued by the fact that most of the Theravada Buddhists in Myanmarpr have never heard of the Hindu epic, Mahabharata (in which Krishna is a hero), even though most are familiar with another Indian epic, Ramayana (in which Rama is a hero). The answer seems to be that Mahabharata is an IE story of the intruders, whilst Ramayana is a Tib-Bur story of the indigenous peoples. The following excerpt throws some light on my suggestion:

40. Vasudeva was called Anakadundubhi because at his birth the gods, foreseeing the birth of Krishna, caused drums (anaka and dundubhi) to resound in heaven.
41. Rama in the Bhagavata Purana stories of Krishna always refers to Balarama, Samkarsana, the brother of Krishna, and has nothing to do with the Rama of the Ramayana.
- Children and childhood in World Religions - ed. D S Browning & M J Bunge, 2009, p275.

The intruders into Ancient India and the indigenous peoples fought a decisive battle in the story of the Battle of Ten Kings, - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Ten_Kings 161027
in which the indigenous people were put to route. One of the losers, King Abhiraza, seemed to have sought refuge in Northern Myanmarpr founding the kingdom of Tagaung as told in Golden Palace Chronicle.

 

----- on line : 180902 : p039htm - search आदर्श

 

UKT notes :
Adhavaryu : a Vedic priest

 

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{a-da.} - cont

p039c1

p039c1-b00/ not online

आदर्तव्य [-dartavya] 
- fp. = daranya

 

p039c1-b01/ p038

आदर्श [ -dars ]
- m. seeing; mirror; image; copy; -pustaka, n. copy, manuscript; -maya, a. being altogether mirror.
 आदर्श   -dars seeing; mirror; image; copy; -pustaka, n. copy, manuscript; -maya, a. being altogether mirror. 

 

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{a-da}

p039c1-b02/ p038

आदाहन [ -dhana ]
- n. place of cremation.
 आदाहन   -dhana place of cremation.

 

p039c1-b03

[-d-tri]
- m. receiver

 

p039c1-b04/ p038

आदादिक [ ddi-ka ]
- a. belonging to the Ad class (gr.).
आदादिक   ddi-ka belonging to the Adclass (gr.).

 

p039c1-b05/ p038

आदान [ -d&asharp;-na ]
- n. grasping, taking;--away; receiving; seizure, appropriation; withdrawal; -ya, gd. having taken=with; -yin, a. inclined to receive gifts; --, appropriating.
 आदान   -daN-na grasping, taking;--away; receiving; seizure, appropriation; withdrawal; -ya, gd. having taken=with; -yin, a. inclined to receive gifts; --, appropriating. 

 

p039c1-b06/ p038 

आदार [ -dr ]
- m. consideration, regard.
आदार   -dr consideration, regard.

 

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{a-di.}

p039c1-b07/ p038

आदि [ -d-i ]
- m. [taking in hand: +√d] beginning: lc. in the --, at first; --, beg. with= and the rest, etc. (often -ka); -kartri, m. original creator; -kesava, m. ep. of Vishnu; -tas, ad. from or in the beg., at first; --, from onwards: -t, f. being the beginning, origin.
 आदि   -d-i [taking in hand: +√d] beginning: lc. in the --, at first; --, beg. with= and the rest, etc. (often -ka); -kartri, m. original creator; -kesava, m. ep. of Vishnu; -tas, ad. from or in the beg., at first; --, from onwards: -t, f. being the beginning, origin. 

 

p039c1-b08/ p038

आदितेय [ ditey ]
- m. son of Aditi.
 आदितेय   ditey son of Aditi. 

 

p039c1-b09/ p038

आदित्य [ . dity ]
- a. belonging to or descended from Aditi; m. son of Aditi; sun: pl. a class of gods; n. N. of a lunar mansion.
 आदित्य   1. dity belonging to or descended from Aditi; m. son of Aditi; sun: pl. a class of gods; n. N. of a lunar mansion.
 

p039c1-b10/ p038

आदित्य [ . dity ]
- a. belonging to the dityas; divine; relating to the sun; -kandra, m. du. sun and moon; -prabha, m. N. of a king; -mandal, n. sun's orb; -vat, ad. like the sun; -varna, a. sun-coloured; -varman, -sena, m. Ns. of kings.
आदित्य   2. dity belonging to the dityas; divine; relating to the sun; -kandra, m. du. sun and moon; -prabha, m. N. of a king; -mandal, n. sun's orb; -vat, ad. like the sun; -varna, a. sun-coloured; -varman, -sena, m. Ns. of kings.

 

p039c1-b11/ p038

आदित्सु [ -ditsu ]
- des. a. desirous to obtain (ac.); avaricious.
आदित्सु   -ditsu desirous to obtain (ac.); avaricious.

 

p039c1-b12/ p038

आदिदेव [ di-deva ]
- m. primeval god: ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, Siva.
 आदिदेव   di-deva primeval god: ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, Siva.

 

p039c1-b13/ p038

आदिन्् [ d-in ]
- a. eating.
 आदिन््   d-in eating. 

 

p039c1-b14/ p038

आदिनान्तम्् [ -dina‿antam ]
- ad. up to the end of the day.
 आदिनान्तम््   -dina̮antam up to the end of the day.

 

p039c1-b15/ p038

आदिपर्वत [ di-parvata ]
- m. chief mountain; -purusha, m. original ancestor; primeval spirit; -prusha, m. primeval spirit, ep. of Vishnu; -bhava, a. produced in the beginning; -bhta, pp. being the first among (g.).
आदिपर्वत   di-parvata chief mountain; -purusha, m. original ancestor; primeval spirit; -prusha, m. primeval spirit, ep. of Vishnu; -bhava, a. produced in the beginning; -bhta, pp. being the first among (g.).

 

p039c1-b16/ p038

आदिम [ di-ma ]
- a. first; -mat, a. having a beginning; -mla, n. original cause; -varha, m. original boar, ep. of Vishnu.
 आदिम   di-ma first; -mat, a. having a beginning; -mla, n. original cause; -varha, m. original boar, ep. of Vishnu.

boar - n. . a. An uncastrated male pig. b. The adult male of any of several mammals, such as the beaver, raccoon, or guinea pig. . The wild boar. - AHTD

UKT 161026: I am intrigued by -varha, m. original boar, ep. of Vishnu. "Boar" can mean the following among the animals: from - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boar_disambiguation 161026
Wild boar Boar, adult male domestic pig Boar, adult male of several other species; see List of animal names Iron Age pig, a pseudo-primitive breed of boar Razorback, hybrid boar in North America (a dirty animal according to Jews, Christians and Muslims). In Greek mythology: Calydonian Boar Erymanthian Boar (devils which have to be put down by heroes). However it is a prized animal as depicted in Heraldry (coat of arms) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boars_in_heraldry 161026

p039c1-b17

[-dis]
- f. scheme, purpose, intent

 

p039c1-b18/ p038

आदीशे [ -dse ]
- (d.) inf. to aim at (ac.).
आदीशे   -dse to aim at (ac.).

 

p039c1-b19/ p038

आदिष्ट [ -dish-ta ]
- (pp.) m. kind of peace or alliance; n. injunction, rule of conduct; -t-in, m. student who has received rules from his teacher, novice.
 आदिष्ट   -dish-ta injunction, rule of conduct; -t-in, m. student who has received rules from his teacher, novice.

 

p039c1-b20/ p038

आदीर्घ [ -drgha ]
- a. longish.
 आदीर्घ   -drgha longish.

 

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{a-dRi.}

p039c1-b21/ p038

आदृत [ -drita ]
- pp. considerate, careful, attentive; intent on (lc., --); respected, valued, honoured: -vati, f. act. (for finite verb) having paid attention or treated with respect.
 आदृत   -drita considerate, careful, attentive; intent on (lc., --); respected, valued, honoured: -vati, f. act. (for finite verb) having paid attention or treated with respect. 

 

p039c1-b22/ p038

आदृष्टिगोचरम्् [ -drishti-gokaram ]
- ad. as far as the eye can reach; -prasaram, ad. id.
 आदृष्टिगोचरम््   -drishti-gokaram as far as the eye can reach; -prasaram, ad. id.

 

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{a-d}

p039c1-b23/ p038

आदेय [ -deya ]
- fp. to be taken or plucked; to be removed; to be employed.
 आदेय   -deya to be taken or plucked; to be removed; to be employed.

 

p039c1-b24/ p038

आदेवन [ -devana ]
- n. play-ground.
 आदेवन   -devana play-ground.

 

p039c1-b25/ p038

आदेश [ -des- ]
- m. statement; report; prophecy; instruction; rule, precept; command; substitute (gr.): -ka, m. guide; -in, a. instructing, ordering (--); -ya, fp. to be stated or told.
 आदेश   -des- statement; report; prophecy; instruction; rule, precept; command; substitute (gr.): -ka, m. guide; -in, a. instructing, ordering (--); -ya, fp. to be stated or told.

 

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{aad~ya.} / {a-da.ya.} / {a-d~ya.}

UKT 150503: It is probable that the disyllabic conjunct {a-d~ya.} is formed. Compare with Pal-Myan {a-di.ya.}. However, since in आद्य = आ द ् य , the virama is clearly shown, we have no choice but to consider that {aad~ya.} is formed.

p039c1-b26/ p038

आद्य [ . d-y ]
= आ द ् य
Skt: आद्य [ . d-y ] - fp. to be eaten, eatable; n. food. - Mac039c1
आद्य   1. d-y to be eaten, eatable; n. food.
Pal: {a-di.ya.} - UHS-PMD064
  UKT from UHS: . n. eatable

 

p039c1-b27/ p038

आद्य [ . dya ]
- a. first: --, having as first=etc.
आद्य   2. dya first: --, having as first=etc.

 

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p039c2

p039c2-b00/ p038

आद्यन्त [ di‿anta ]
= आ द ् य न ् त
- n. sg., m. du. beginning and end; --, a. beginning and ending with: -vat, a. having a beginning and an end.
 आद्यन्त   di̮anta beginning and end; --, a. beginning and ending with: -vat, a. having a beginning and an end.

 

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{aad~ya}

p039c2-b01/ p038

आद्याद्य [ dya‿dya ]
- a. each preceding.
 आद्याद्य   dya̮dya each preceding.

 

p039c2-b02/ p038

आद्युदात्त [ di‿udtta ]
= आ द ् य ु द ा त ् त
- a. having the acute on the first syllable: -tva, n. accentuation on that syllable.
 आद्युदात्त   di̮udtta having the acute on the first syllable: -tva, n. accentuation on that syllable.

 

p039c2-b03/ p038

आद्यून [ -dyna ]
- a. voracious.
 आद्यून   -dyna voracious. 

 

p039c2-b04/ p038

आद्वादशम्् [ -dvdasm ]
- ad. up to twelve.
आद्वादशम््   -dvdasm up to twelve.

( end of old p039-1.htm)

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{a-Da.}

p039c2-b05/ p038

आधमन [ -dhamana ]
- n. pledge, mortgage.
 आधमन   -dhamana pledge, mortgage.

 

p039c2-b06/ p038

आधमर्ण्य [ dhamarnya ]
- n. indebtedness.
आधमर्ण्य   dhamarnya indebtedness.

 

p039c2-b07/ p038

आधवनीय [ -dhav-an&isharp;ya ]
- m. vessel for shaking and clarifying Soma.
 आधवनीय   -dhav-anya vessel for shaking and clarifying Soma.

 

p039c2-b08

[-dhtri ]
- m. lighter of sacred fire; giver, bestower; teacher

 

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{a-Da}

p039c2-b09/ p038

आधान [ -dh&asharp;na ]
- n. laying or placing on; kindling of the sacred fires; impregnation; ceremony preceding impregnation; production; pledging; employment: -hetu, a. occasioning the creation of (--).
 आधान   -dhaNna laying or placing on; kindling of the sacred fires; impregnation; ceremony preceding impregnation; production; pledging; employment: -hetu, a. occasioning the creation of (--).

 

p039c2-b10/ p038

आधायक [ -dhy-aka ]
- a. bestowing, effecting, causing (--); -in, a. id.: -i-t, f. abst. ɴ.
 आधायक   -dhy-aka bestowing, effecting, causing (--); -in, a. id.: -i-t, f. abst. n.

 

p039c2-b11/ p038

आधार [ -dhr ]
- m. support, prop, foundation; receptacle, reservoir; trench (round the foot of a tree); dyke, dam; location or sphere of an action (gr.): --, a. relating to; -t, f. state of a receptacle; -‿adheya-bhva, m. relation between the receptacle and what it contains.
  आधार   -dhr support, prop, foundation; receptacle, reservoir; trench (round the foot of a tree); dyke, dam; location or sphere of an action (gr.): --, a. relating to; -t, f. state of a receptacle; -̮adheya-bhva, m. relation between the receptacle and what it contains. 

 

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{a-Di.}

p039c2-b12/ not online

आधि [1. dh] [√dh]
- m. receptacle; foundation; pledge

 

p039c2-b13

[-dh ]
- . √dhy m. generally pl. anxiety, care, longing

 

p039c2-b14/ p038

आधिक्य [ dhikya ]
- n. excess; superiority, pre-eminence.
 आधिक्य   dhikya excess; superiority, pre-eminence.

 

p039c2-b15/ p038

आधिदैवत âdhi-daivata, ˚दैविक [ -daivika ]
- a. relating to the gods; -patya, n. (paramount) sovereignty, lordship (over, lc.); -bhoga, m. usufruct of a pledge; -rgya, n. paramount dominion; -vedanika, n. present made to a first wife by a man on marrying a second.
आधिदैवत   -daivika relating to the gods; -patya, n. (paramount) sovereignty, lordship (over, lc.); -bhoga, m. usufruct of a pledge; -rgya, n. paramount dominion; -vedanika, n. present made to a first wife by a man on marrying a second.

usufruct  n. Law 1. The right to use and enjoy the profits and advantages of something belonging to another as long as the property is not damaged or altered in any way. -- AHTD

p039c2-b16/ p038

आधी [ -dh&isharp; ]
- f. longing, care, anxiety.
 आधी   -dh longing, care, anxiety.

 

p039c2-b17

[dh-kri ]
- pledge

 

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{a-Du.}

p039c2-b18/ p038

आधुनिक [ dhunika ]
- a. present.
 आधुनिक   dhunika present.

 

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{a-D}

p039c2-b19/ p038

आधेय [ -dheya ]
- fp. to be put on; -deposited; -granted; contained or situated in; n. laying on; kindling of the sacred fire.
 आधेय   -dheya to be put on; -- deposited; -- granted; contained or situated in; n. laying on; kindling of the sacred fire.

 

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{a-Dau:}

p039c2-b20/ p038

आधोमुख्य [ dho-mukh-ya ]
- n. going downwards.
आधोमुख्य   dho-mukh-ya going downwards.

 

p039c2-b21/ p038

आधोरण [ -dhorana ]
- m. driver of an elephant.
 आधोरण   -dhorana driver of an elephant. 

 

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{a-Dm}

p039c2-b22/ p038

आध्मात [ -dhm-ta ]
- pp. inflated, swelled.
 आध्मात   -dhm-ta inflated, swelled.

 

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{a-D~ya.}

p039c2-b23

[dhytmika ]
- ( , ) relating to self, subjective; relating to the universal soul

 

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{a-D~ra.}

p039c2-b24/ p038

आध्र [ dhr ]
= आ ध ् र
- a. needy, indigent.
 आध्र   dhr needy, indigent. 

 

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{a-D~wa.}

p039c2-b25/ p038

आध्वनिक [ dhvanika ]
= आ ध ् व न ि क
- a. travelling.
आध्वनिक   dhvanika travelling.

 

p039c2-b26/ p038

आध्वर्यव [ &asharp;dhvaryava ]
- a. relating to the Adhvaryu (Yagur-veda); n. function of the Adhvaryu.
आध्वर्यव   aNdhvaryava relating to the Adhvaryu (Yagur-veda); n. function of the Adhvaryu.

See my note on Adhvaryu

( end of old p039-2.htm)

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{a-na.}

p039c2-b27/ p038

आन [ n- ]
- m. [breather], face.
आन   n- [breather], face.

 

p039c2-b28

[n-msa ]
- 3. sg. pf. of √i . as .

 

p039c2-b29/ p038

आनक [ naka ]
- m. kind of drum.
 आनक   naka drum.

40. Vasudeva was called Anakadundubhi because at his birth the gods, foreseeing the birth of Krishna, caused drums (anaka and dundubhi) to resound in heaven.
41. Rama in the Bhagavata Purana stories of Kishna always refers to Balarama, Samkarsana, the brother of Krishna, and has nothing to do with the Rama of the Ramayana.
- Children and childhood in World Religions - ed. D S Browning & M J Bunge, 2009, p275.

 

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{a-nT}

p039c2-b30

[n-at ]
- 2. & 3 sg. aor of √. as

 

p039c2-b31/ p038

आनडुह [ &asharp;naduha ]
- a. coming from a bull.
 आनडुह   aNnaduha coming from a bull.

 

p039c2-b32/ p038

आनतपर्वन्् [ -nata-parvan ]
- a. hvg. depressed ( = not prominent) knots, smooth (arrow).
 आनतपर्वन््   -nata-parvan hvg. depressed (=not prominent) knots, smooth (arrow).
 

 

p039c2-b33/ p038

आनति [ &asharp;-nati ]
- f. bowing; submission.
 आनति   aN-nati bowing; submission. 

 

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p039c3

p039c3-b00/ p038

आनन [ n-ana ]
- n. [breather: √an] mouth; face.
 आनन   n-ana [breather: √an] mouth; face.

 

p039c3-b01/ p038

आनन्तर्य [ nantarya ]
- n. immediate succession; no interval.
 आनन्तर्य   nantarya immediate succession; no interval. 

 

p039c3-b02/ p038

आनन्त्य [ nantya ]
- a. endless; n. -ness, eternity.
आनन्त्य   nantya endless; n. -ness, eternity.

 

p039c3-b03/ p038

आनन्द [ -nand ]
- m. (n.) joy, bliss; sensual pleasure: -ka, a. gladdening, delighting; -thu, m. joy, delight; -na, a. delighting; -bshpa, m. tears of joy; -maya, a. () consisting of joy, blissful; -yitri, m. delighter; -vardhana, m. N. of a poet.
आनन्द   -nand joy, bliss; sensual pleasure: -ka, a. gladdening, delighting; -thu, m. joy, delight; -na, a. delighting; -bshpa, m. tears of joy; -maya, a. () consisting of joy, blissful; -yitri, m. delighter; -vardhana, m. N. of a poet.

 

p039c3-b04/ p038

आनन्दाश्रु [ nanda‿asru ]
- n. tears of joy; -‿utsava, m. joyous festival.
 आनन्दाश्रु   nanda̮asru tears of joy; -̮utsava, m. joyous festival.

 

p039c3-b05/ p038

आनन्दिन्् [ nand-n ]
- a. joyful; delighting.
 आनन्दिन््   nand-n joyful; delighting.

 

p039c3-b06/ p038

आनम्र [ -namra ]
- a. bent, bowed.
 आनम्र   -namra bent, bowed.

 

p039c3-b07/ p038

आनयन [ -nay-ana ]
- n. bringing near or back; procuring; producing; -itavya, fp. to be brought near.
 आनयन   -nay-ana bringing near or back; procuring; producing; -itavya, fp. to be brought near.

 

p039c3-b08

[-narta]
- m. pl. N. of a people

 

p039c3-b09/ p038

आनर्थक्य [ narthak-ya ]
- n. uselessness.
 आनर्थक्य   narthak-ya uselessness.

 

p039c3-b10

[n-as-]
- -s , - , etc., pf. of √i. as

 

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{a-na}

p039c3-b11/ p038

आनाक [ -nka ]
- ad. up to heaven (--).
आनाक   -nka up to heaven (--). 

 

p039c3-b12/ p038

आनाथ्य [ nth-ya ]
- n. defencelessness.
 आनाथ्य   nth-ya defencelessness.

 

p039c3-b13/ p038

आनाय [ -nya ]
- m. [attractor], net.
 आनाय   -nya [attractor], net. 

 

p039c3-b14/ p038

आनायाय [ nyya ]
- den. . represent a net.
आनायाय   nyya . represent a net.

 

p039c3-b15/ p038

आनायिन्् [ ny-in ]
- m. fisherman.
आनायिन््   ny-in fisherman.

 

p039c3-b16

[n-sa ]
-- 3 sg. pf. of √i. as 

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{a-ni}

p039c3-b17/ p038

आनीति [ -nti ]
- f. bringing near.
 आनीति   -nti bringing near. 

 

p039c3-b18/ p038

आनील [ -nla ]
- a. blackish.
आनील   -nla blackish.

 

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{a-nu.}

p039c3-b19/ p038

आनुकूलिक [ nu-kl-ika ]
- a. courteous: -t, f. courteousness towards (g.), -ya, n. favour; agreeableness; friendly terms; -gunya, n. homogeneousness; -prv-a, n., -, f., -ya, n. regular succession: in., ab. successively; -ytrika, m. servant; -lomya, n. direct or natural order; -vesya, m. neighbour next but one; -shk, ad. in order; -shaṅgika, a. () adherent, connected with, following; enduring; necessarily following from (g.); adventitious; -shtubha, a. consisting of or like anushtubh.
 आनुकूलिक   nu-kl-ika courteous: -t, f. courteousness towards (g.), -ya, n. favour; agreeableness; friendly terms; -gunya, n. homogeneousness; -prv-a, n., -, f., -ya, n. regular succession: in., ab. successively; -ytrika, m. servant; -lomya, n. direct or natural order; -vesya, m. neighbour next but one; -shk, ad. in order; -shaṅgika, a. () adherent, connected with, following; enduring; necessarily following from (g.); adventitious; -shtubha, a. consisting of or like anushtubh.

 

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p039c3-b20/ p038

आनूप [ npa ]
- a. watery, swampy; m. aquatic animal.
 आनूप   npa watery, swampy; m. aquatic animal.

 

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{a-nRi.}

p039c3-b21/ p038

आनृण्य [ nrin-ya ]
- n. unindebtedness.
आनृण्य   nrin-ya unindebtedness. 

 

p039c3-b22/ p038

आनृशंस [ nrisams-a ]
- n. kindness, benevolence; -ya, a. kind; n. kindness.
आनृशंस   nrisams-a kindness, benevolence; -ya, a. kind; n. kindness.

 

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{a-n}

p039c3-b23

[-ne-tr ]
- m., -tri , f. bringer; -ya , fp. to be brought near

 

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{aan}

UKT 150504: Effect of coda consonant on the nuclear long-vowel

p039c3-b24/ p038 

आन्तम्् [ ‿antm ]
= आ न ् त म ् --> {aan-tm}
- ad. to the end; completely.
 आन्तम््   ̮antm to the end; completely.

 

p039c3-b25/ p038 

आन्तर [ ntara ]
- a. inner, interior.
 आन्तर   ntara inner, interior. 

 

p039c3-b26/ p038 

आन्तरिक्ष [ ntariksh ]
- a. () proceeding from the air or sky; airy, aerial.
 आन्तरिक्ष   ntariksh () proceeding from the air or sky; airy, aerial.

 

p039c3-b27/ p038 

आन्त्र [ ntra ]
= आ न ् त ् र
- n. sg. & pl. entrails.
 आन्त्र   ntra entrails.

 

p039c3-b28/ p038 

आन्दोलक [ ndol-aka ]
- m. swing; -ana, n. swinging.
 आन्दोलक   ndol-aka swing; -ana, n. swinging.

 

p039c3-b29/ p038 

आन्दोलय [ ndolaya ]
- den. P. swing: pp. ita.
 आन्दोलय   ndolaya P. swing: pp. ita.

 

p039c3-b30/ p038 

आन्दोलिका [ ndolik ]
- f. litter.
 आन्दोलिका   ndolik litter.

 

p039c3-b31/ p038 

आन्ध्य [ ndh-ya ]
- n. blindness.
 आन्ध्य   ndh-ya blindness.

 

p039c3-b32/ p038 

आन्वाहिक [ nvh-ika ]
- a. () daily.
 आन्वाहिक   nvh-ika () daily.

 

p039c3-b33/ p038

आन्वीक्षिकी [ nvksh-ik ]
- f. logic.
 आन्वीक्षिकी   nvksh-ik logic.

( end of p039-3.htm)

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{a-pa.} / {aap}

p039c3-b34/ not online

आप् (.} p-nu , reach, obtain, attain; incur, suffer, befall; ps. be completed; pp. pt , reached, obtained; filled, pervaded; abundant; trusty, familiar; cs. pya , P. cause to reach or obtain, bring to; cause to feel; des. ipsa, wish to obtain, desire. anu, reach: pp. arrived. abhi, cs. complete; attain; des. wish for. ava, reach; obtain, acquire; meet with, incur, suffer. prati‿ava, recover. sam-ava, obtain; incur. upa, fulfil. pari, reach; gain; make an end: pp. parypta, completed, full; abundant, spacious, sufficient of (d.,g.); equal to (d., lc., inf.), a match for (g.), adequate; des. wish for; demand; guard; lie-in-wait for. pra, reach, meet, fall in with, find; obtain, receive in marriage; incur; resulf from a rule, obtain, be in force (also ps.): pp. prpta, rached; met, obtained; incurred; having reached &c. (ac. or ); come, arrived, present; resulting from a rule, obtaining (gr.); cs. bring or convey to (2 ac.); report to or bring before; cause to obtain (2 ac.). ann-pra, reach, find; imitate: pp. arrived at, come to (ac.). sam-anu-pra, reach: pp. come; arrived at (ac.); having obtained. sam-pra, reach, arrive at; meet; obtain, - in marriage; fall into, incur, suffer: pp. met, obtained; having reached, - come to, -fallen into (ac.); come, arrived, coming from (ab.). anu-sam-pra, reach, arrive at; meet: pp. arrived at (ac.). befallen (ac.); come, present. prati, des. court, woo. vi, pervade, fill; reach to (): pp. pervaded, filled; bathed in (in.); occupied; possessed of (in.); included in; well -to-do: cs. pp. vypita, pervaded, filled. abhi-vi, gd. including (ac.). sam, obtain; complete; kill: pp. concluded; cs. cause to obtain; finish, complete. pari-sam, ps. be contained in (le.); belong to (lc.); pp. entirely comprehended; perfected, summed up.
 

 

 

 

 

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--- online : 180902 : p039htm - search for आदर्श

 

  
 
  

 

 

 

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UKT notes

Adhvaryu

- UKT 131204, 140813, 161026

Theravada-Buddhism of Myanmarpr (as generally practiced by the majority of all indigenous natives) have no priests nor priestesses. What we find in Myanmarpr are monks and nuns. There are no female monks. What we have are nuns who are laywomen dressed in special robes observing a higher code of conduct: the Ten Precepts. This is all because Buddhism does not require the presence of a Supreme Being (YHWH, God, or Allah) in its doctrines. In all other religions priests and priestesses are intermediaries between the Supreme Being and humans: the possible exception being Islam.

The reciting the Paritta, and Hindu chants may be similar but not the same. Listen to Mora (Peacock) Paritta (Theravada), and its equivalent the Gayatri Mantra:
Listen to Mora Sutta by Mingun Sayadaw - bk-cndl-Mingun<)) (link chk 161026)
and Gayatri Mantra in Skt-Dev, the "Hindu equivalent" - bk-cndl-gayatri<)) (link chk 161026)

We must note that the ancient Vedas and the modern day versions are different if we take into account the number of hymns dedicated to each deity in Rig Veda. Since there are more hymns directed to Indra, Agni and Soma than to the modern Hindu Trinity, the Mahabrahma, Vishnu and Siva, we can say that the Hindu Trinity is a a later addition. You will see below that as the ritual changes, the roles of the priests also changes. 

You must also note that Vedas are quite different from Vedangas which are described as the limbs of the Vedas. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedanga 140813. Astrology is one of the six Vedanga and is different from the four Vedas. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedas 140813

Excerpt from Wikipedia on Vedic Priesthood:
-- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adhvaryu 140813

Priests of the Vedic religion are officiants of the yajna service. As persons trained for the ritual and proficient in its practice, they were called ṛtvij ("regularly-sacrificing"). As members of a social class, they were generically known as vipra ("sage") or kavi ("seer") {ka.wi.}. [UKT ]

Specialization of roles attended the elaboration and development of the ritual corpus over time. Eventually a full complement of sixteen ṛtvijas became the custom for major ceremonies. The sixteen consisted of four chief priests and their assistants.

Chief Priests

The older references uniformly indicate the hotṛ as the presiding priest, with perhaps only the adhvaryu as his assistant in the earliest times. The phrase "seven hotars" is found more than once in the Rgveda. RV 2.1.2 enumerates them as the hotṛ, potṛ, neṣṭṛ, agnīdh, prashāstṛ (meaning the maitrāvaruna), adhvaryu and brahman (meaning the brāhmanācchamsin).

The hotṛ was the reciter of invocations and litanies. These could consist of single verses ( ṛca), strophes (triples called tṛca or pairs called pragātha), or entire hymns (sukta), drawn from the ṛgveda . As each phase of the ritual required an invocation, the hotṛ had a leading or presiding role.

The adhvaryu was in charge of the physical details of the sacrifice (in particular the adhvara, a term for the Somayajna). According to Monier-Williams, the adhvaryu "had to measure the ground, to build the altar, to prepare the sacrificial vessels, to fetch wood and water, to light the fire, to bring the animal and immolate it," among other duties. Each action was accompanied by supplicative or benedictive formulas (yajus), drawn from the yajurveda. [UKT ]

UKT 140814: In Rgvedashita, by H.H.Wison, E.B.Cowell, 1854, p. 077, pdf 112/385, we read:
"3. The two b (priests, the Hotṛi and Adhwaryu ), equal honour, and alike assiduous, labouring mutually for a common object, ..." shows that the two were of equal importance in the beginning.
--- b. Or the two, in both this and the next verse, may refer to the husband and wife associated in the performance of the sacrifice.

Over time, the role of the adhvaryu grew in importance, and many verses of the ṛgveda  were incorporated, either intact or adapted, into the texts of the yajurveda.

The udgātṛ was a chanter of hymns set to melodies (sāman) drawn from the sāmaveda. This was a specialized role in the major soma sacrifices: a characteristic function of the udgātṛ  was to sing hymns in praise of the invigorating properties of soma pavamāna, the freshly pressed juice of the soma plant.

The brahman was superintendent of the entire performance, and responsible for correcting mistakes by means of supplementary invocations.

The rgvedic Brahmanas, Aitareya and Kausitaki, specify seven hotrakas to recite shastras (litanies): hotṛ, brāhmanācchamsin, maitrāvaruna, potṛ, neṣṭṛ, agnīdh and acchāvāka. They also carry a legend to explain the origin of the offices of the subrahmanya and the grāvastut.

UKT more in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Adhvaryu-note-b

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