Update: 2014-10-09 03:53 PM +0630


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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UKT notes :

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-- give away to de- ( end p159c3 )

( p160c1-top ) serving persons; -hasta , a. holding a dish in one's hand.


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पात्रिन् patrin [ ptr-in ]
-- a. having a drinking vessel; carrying an alms-bowl.


पात्री patri [ p-tr' ]
-- f. vessel, plate, pot.

[ptr-kri ]
-- make a receptacle or object of (g.); make worthy or honoured

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पाथस् pathas [ pấth-as ]
-- n. place; water: -pati, m. lord of the waters, ep. of Varuna.


पाथेय patheya [ ptheya ]
Skt: n. victuals for a journey (pathi): -vat, a. having anything as provisions for the journey, victualed with (--). -- Mac160c1
Pal: {pa-ht-yya.}
- - UHS-PMD0660

UKT from UHS: n. provisions, food package, victuals for journey, what to eat on journey.
   UKT: Bur-Myan term is {ma.o:hta.min: ma.o:hing:} 'cooked rice which will not spoiled & curry which will not spoil'. According to my mother, {ma.o:hta.min: ma.o:hing:} is sun-dried cooked rice. In the days of her grandmothers and their mothers, in lower Burma, cooked rice that was left after eating for the day was sun-dried. It was then stored in bamboo containers  kept in readiness for taking away whenever the family had to go into hiding because of raiding parties coming into the region. Such rice when soaked in water and a little salt was all the food the family had to eat. -- UKT120810


पाथोज pathoja [ ptho-ga ]
-- n. (water-born), lotus (flower); -gin-, f. lotus (plant); -da or -dhara, m. cloud; -dhi, -ntha, -nidhi, m. ocean.


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पाद् pad [ pd ]
-- strong base of pad, foot.


पाद pada [ pấd-a ]
-- m. [goer], foot (of men and animals); foot or leg (of inanimate objects), post; bottom (of a water-skin); wheel; root (of a tree); spur (of a mountain); ray, beam (foot of a heavenly body); (foot of a quad ruped=) quarter (pl. the four parts); fourth part of a (four-versed) stanza; verse (even of a three-versed stanza); the du. or pl. is often used (gnly. --) to designate a person respectfully; pdayoh pat, fall at any one's (g.) feet; p daih, on foot (of several); -k, m. little foot; --, a. (ik) footed; -krikkhra, m. quarter (a kind of) penance; -grahana, n. grasping or embracing the feet of any one (in token of respect or submission); -kpala or -kpal ya, n. carelessness in placing the feet; -k ra, a. going on foot, walking; m. foot-soldier; walking: in. on foot; -krin, a. going on foot; m. foot-soldier; -kkhedana, n. cutting off of a foot; -tala, n. sole of the foot: -‿hati, f. kick; -tas, ad. from, at, near, or by the feet; at or near the foot; step by step, by degrees: -kri, place at the feet; -tra, n. (?) shoe.


पादधावन padadhavana [ pda-dhvana ]
-- n. washing of the feet.


पादनम्र padanamra [ pda-namra ]
-- a. bowing down to the feet of any one; -nikrit, a. having a deficiency of a syllable in each quarter-verse; -nysa, m. setting down of the feet, step; footprint; -pa, m. (drinking by the root), plant, esp. tree: -ka, --, a. id.; -patana, n. throwing oneself at the feet of any one, prostration; -patita, pp. having thrown oneself at any one's feet; -paddhati, f. line of foot steps, footprints; -padma, m. lotus-foot; -parikraka, m. humble servant; -pda dhvana, n. washing of one foot with the other; -ptha, n. footstool: -kri, turn into a footstool; -prana, a., n. filling a verse foot; -prakshlana, n. washing of the feet; -prasrana, n. stretching out the feet; -pra hra, m. kick; -bhata, m. foot-soldier; -bh ga, m. a fourth; -bhg, a. possessing=equalling only a fourth part of any one (g.) in (lc.); -mudr, f. footprint; trace, sign, indication: -paṅkti, f. line of footprints, track; -mla, n. root of the foot, tarsus; sometimes used as a respectful designation of a person; foot of a mountain: e ni-pat, fall at the feet of (g.); -yuddha, n. foot-fight; -ragas, n. dust of the feet; -lagna, pp. sticking in the foot (thorn); lying at any one's feet; attached to the foot; -lepa, m. foot-ointment of a peculiarly magical power; -vandana, n. adoration of the feet, reverential salutation; -sabda, m. sound of footsteps; -sas, ad. foot by foot; by a fourth; sauka, n. cleansing of the feet; -stambha, m. supporting beam, pillar.


पादाग्र padagra [ pda‿agra ]
-- n. tip of the foot; -‿gh-ta, ( end p160c1 )
( p160c2-top )
m. kick; -‿aṅguli or , f. toe; -‿aṅgush- tha, m. great toe.


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पादात padata [ pda‿ata ]
-- m. [going on foot], foot soldier.


पादान्त padanta [ pda‿anta ]
-- m. tip of the foot, claw: lc. at any one's feet; -‿antara, n. distance of a foot: lc. close beside (g.); -‿ambhas, n. water for washing the feet; -‿aravinda, m. lotus of a foot (said of the foot of a deity, lover, etc.); -‿ardha, n. half a quarter, an eighth; -‿arpana, n. placing the foot upon; -‿avanma, m. bowing down before any one's feet; -‿avasekana, n. water in which the feet have been washed; -‿sphlana, n. trampling or shuffling of the feet; -‿hati, f. blow of the foot, kick; -against (--).


पादिक padika [ pd-ika ]
-- a. amounting to or lasting a quarter (of a time); -in, a. having feet; entitled to a fourth.


पादु padu [ pd- ]
-- m. foot; place: (u)-k, f. shoe; slipper; ()-krit, m. shoemaker.


पादोपसंग्रहण padopasangrahana [ pda‿upasamgrahana ]
-- n. embracing the feet (of a teacher).


पाद्य padya [ pấd-ya ]
= प ा द ् य
-- a. belonging to the foot; n. water for washing the feet.

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पान pana [ p&halfacute;ana ]
-- n. drinking (esp. of strong drink); draught; sipping (the lips); beverage, drink: -ka, m. n. beverage, drink; -pa, a. drinking intoxicating liquors; -ptra, n. drinking ves sel, cup (esp. for spirituous liquor); -bh or -bhmi, f. drinking-place or room; -maṅ gala, n. drinking-bout; -matta, pp. intoxi cated; -mada, m. intoxication.


पानस panasa [ pnasa ]
-- a. made from the bread-fruit.


पानीय paniya [ p‿anya ]
--  fp. drinkable; n. drink; water: -varsha, m. or n. (?) downpour of water, rain; -‿artham, ad. for the sake of water.


पान्थ pantha [ pntha ]
-- m. wayfarer, traveller: -tva, n. life of a wayfarer.

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पाप papa [ pp ] a. (&isharp;, V.; ) evil, bad, wicked, criminal, sinful; inauspicious (planets, omens); m. wicked man, villain, sinner; n. evil, trouble, misfortune, harm; wickedness, offence, crime, villany, guilt, sin: sntam ppam, may heaven forefend that; brahma-haty kritam --, crime consisting in slaying a Brhman; ppa-tara, cpv. worse; very bad; pấp yas, worse off, more wretched, poorer; very badly off; very bad; worse; inferior; m. bad man; ppishtha, spv. least; worst; very bad; ppishthatama, worse than (ab.).


पापक papaka [ ppa-ka ]
a. wicked, bad; m. rascal; n. evil; -karman, n. wicked deed; a. doing evil deeds, wicked, sinful; m. ill-doer, miscreant, criminal, sinner; -krin, -krt, a., m. id.; -krita, (pp.) n. misdeed; -gati, a. ill starred; -ketas, a. evil-minded, malevolent; -timira, a. blinded by sin, sin-bedarkened; -prusha, m. rascal, villain; -priya, a. fond of or prone to evil; -bandha, m. continuous series of misdeeds; -buddhi, f. evil intent; a. evil-minded, malevolent; -bhagana, a. destroying the wicked; m. N. of a Brhman; -bhấg, a. participating in wrong, guilty; -bhva, a. evil-minded; -mati, a. evil minded, malevolent, ungodly; -yoni, f. low womb, birth as a punishment of sin; -rahita, pp. freed from sin, sinless; -ripu, (foe of sin), N. of a Trtha; -roga, m. bad disease, dis ease as punishment for sin; -rogin, a. suf fering from a bad disease or disease in punish ment for former sin; -‿riddhi, f. hunting, chase; -lokya, a. leading to hell; -vasyasa or -vasyas-a, n. [betterness of the bad], topsy turvyness, ( p160c3-top )
preposterousness; -sla, a. of bad character, prone to evil: -tva, n. depravity; ( end p160c2 )  -sodhana, a. purifying from guilt; n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -sdana-trtha, n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -han, a. destroy ing sin or sinners; -hara, a. taking away sin; -hridaya, a. bad-hearted.

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पापाचार papacara [ ppa‿kra ]
-- a. leading a wicked life; -‿tman, a. evil-minded, malevolent, wicked; m. wicked man, villain; -‿anuban dha, m. evil consequences; -‿rambha-ka, -‿rambha-vat, a. machinating evil; -‿saya, a. evil-intentioned.


पापिन् papin [ pp-in ]
-- a. wicked, sinful; m. evil doer, sinner; -ishtha, spv., -yas, cpv. (of ppa) more or very wicked; -yas-tva, n. wickedness, depravity.


पाप्मन् papman [ pp-mn ]
= प ा प ् म न ्
-- m. evil, calamity, suffering; transgression, sin, guilt; a. hurtful, evil.

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पामन् paman [ p-mn ]
-- m. cutaneous eruption, scab.


पामर pamara [ pma-ra ]
-- m. man of the lowest extraction plying a despised trade; rogue; simpleton, fool: -tva, n. simplicity.

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[PY] I. .
-- pya , void excrement


पायक payaka [ pya-ka ]
-- a. (ik) drinking.

पायन payana [ p-y-na ]
-- n. causing to drink; , f. moistening.


-- abs.: repeated, while continually drinking


पायस payasa [ pyas-a ]
-- a. made of milk; m. n. milk rice: -dagdha, pp. scalded by milk-porridge.

पायिन् payin [ p-y-in ]
-- a. drinking, sucking (--).


पायु payu [ 1. p-y- ]
-- m. protector: pl. (gnly. in.) protecting powers, aid.

पायु payu [ 2. py- ]
-- m. (SB. pấyu) anus: -kshlana- bhmi, f. privy: -t, f. abst. ɴ.; -kshla na-vesman, n. id.; -‿upastha, n. sg. anus and organ of generation.

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पार para [ pr- ]
-- a. [√2. pri] taking across; (m.) n. opposite or farther bank or boundary; bank; extreme limit, extremity, end, goal; -kma, a. wishing to reach the other bank.


पारक्य parakya  [ prak-ya ]
-- a. belonging to or meant for another; alien, hostile; m. enemy.


पारग paraga  [ pra-ga ]
-- a. crossing to the farther bank; having gone to the end of anything, having accomplished, -thoroughly studied, fully conversant with (g., lc., --); deeply learned; -gata, pp. having reached the oppo site bank, having safely crossed (g.); -grm ika, a. hostile: -m vidhim kikrshati, prepares for hostilities.


पारण parana  [ pr-ana ]
-- a. taking across, saving; n. bringing to an end, accomplishment, fulfilment; conclusion of a fast (vrata-), breakfast (also ); reading; complete text.


पारत parata [ prata ]
-- m. quicksilver (=prada).

पारतन्त्र्य paratantrya  [ pra-tantr-ya ]
-- n. dependence; -talpika, n. adultery.


-- ad. on the other side of (g.)


पारत्रिक paratrika [ pratr-ika ]
-- a. relating to the next world (cp. paratra); -ya, a. id.

पारद parada [ prada ]
-- m. n. quicksilver; m. pl. N. of a people.


पारदारिक paradarika [ pradr-ika ]
-- a. having intercourse with another man's wife (para-dra); m. adulterer; -ya, n. adultery.


पारदृश्वन् paradrsvan [ pra-drisvan ]
-- a. (r-) having seen the opposite bank, fully conversant with (g. or --).

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UKT notes



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End of TIL file