Update: 2014-10-09 03:49 PM +0630

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p158.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MC-c51-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{pa.la.}
  p158-c1
{pal}
{pa.wa.} : How important is {pwa.} in Skt-Dev?
  p158-c2
{pa.sha.} : in Pal-Myan, the {pa.sha.} (sibilant) are changed into {pa.a.} (thibilant)
  p158-c3
{pa.a.}
{pa}

UKT notes :
Vowels checked by killed approximants

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{pa.la.}

p158-c1

p158c1-top

पलिक्नी palikni [ plikn ]
= प ल ि क ् न ी
--> (प) (ल ि क ्) (न ी) --> {pa.laik-ni}
-- a. f. (of palit) grey.

पलित palita [ palit ]
-- a. grey, hoary; n. sg. & pl. grey hair: -m-karana, a. () making grey.

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{pal}

See my note on Vowels checked by killed approximants .

p158c1-b01

पल्पूलन palpulana [ pal-pl-ana ]
= प ल ् प ू ल न --> {pal~pu.la.na.}
-- n. lye; alkaline water for washing.

पल्पूलय palpulaya [ palpl-ya ]
-- den. P. wash with alkaline water.

p158c1-b02

पल्यङ्क palyanka [ pali‿aṅka ]
-- m. couch; bedstead.

पल्यङ्गय palyangaya [ pli‿aṅgaya ]
-- cs. (√aṅg) . cause to go round, stir; ps. revolve.

p158c1-b03

[pali‿aya]
-- . v. √i with pali

p158c1-b04

पल्लव pallava [ 1. pallava ]
= प ल ् ल व
-- den. P. put forth young shoots.

पल्लव pallava [ 2. pallava ]
-- m. n. sprout, shoot, twig (the term is figuratively applied to fingers, toes, and lips); strip of cloth, lappet: -ka, m. libertine, i-k, f. N.; -grhin, a. over-spreading with shoots=diffuse, prolix; -na, n. prolixity; -maya, a. consisting of young shoots.

p158c1-b05

पल्लवय pallavaya [ pallava-ya ]
-- den. P. put forth new shoots; extend, spread abroad: vkah --, talk diffusely: pp. ita, furnished with shoots; far-spread; --, filled with, full of, abounding in.

p158c1-b06

पल्लवापीडित pallavapidita [ pallava‿pdita ]
-- pp. loaded with sprouts.

पल्लविन् pallavin  [ pallav-in ]
-- a. having young shoots.

p158c1-b07

[palli-k]
-- f. = pall

पल्ली palli [ pall ]
-- f. small village, esp. settlement of wild tribes: -pati, m. headman of --.

p158c1-b08

पल्वल palvala [ pal-va-la ]
-- n. small tank, pond, pool.

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{pa.wa.}

UKT 120709: How important is {pwa.} in Skt-Dev?

p158c1-b09

पवन pavana [ pv-ana ]
-- m. (purifier), wind, breeze, air; god of wind; vital air; breath; domestic (sacred) fire; n. instrument for purifying, winnowing-fan; whisk; sieve, strainer; potter's kiln; -kshipta, pp. tempest-tossed; -gava, m. (swift as the wind), N. of a horse; -tanaya, m. son of the wind, ep. of Hanumat and of Bhmasena; -‿ghta, m. gust of wind; -‿tmaga, m. son of the wind, fire; ep. of Bhmasena.

p158c1-b10

पवमान pavamana [ pv-amna ]
-- pr. pt. √p; m. wind; god of wind; N. of a certain Agni or of a son of Agni; N. of certain stotras sung by the Smagas at the Gyotishtoma sacrifice: -vat, a. accompanied by the Pavamna stotra; -sakha, m. (friend of the wind), fire; -‿uktha, n. series of verses in the midday Pavamna.

p158c1-b11

पवि pavi [ pav- ]
-- m. tire of a wheel; metal tip of a spear or arrow; iron band on Soma-stone; thunderbolt.

p158c1-b12

पवित्र pavitra [ pav--tra ]
-- n. means of purifying; sieve, (Soma) strainer; blade of sacrificial grass; purificatory text; a. purifying, pure, beneficent; sanctified by (--): -ka, n. small sieve; (two) blades of Kusa grass (--, a.); vessel in which an honorific gift is presented; -tar kri, purify or sanctify in a high degree; -t, f., -tva, n. purity; -dhara, m. N.; -pni, a. holding blades of Kusa grass in one's hand.

p158c1-b13

पवित्रय pavitraya [ pavitra-ya ]
-- den. P. purify, cleanse: pp. ita, purified, sanctified, blessed.

पवित्रवत् pavitravat [ pavtra-vat ]
-- a. possessed of a means of purification, a strainer or blades of Kusa grass; purifying, cleansing.

p158c1-b14

पवित्रारोपण pavitraropana [ pavitra‿ropana ]
-- n. investiture of Krishna's effigy with the sacred cord, a certain festival; -‿rohana, n. id.

p158c1-b15

पवित्रिन् pavitrin [ pavitr-in ]
-- a. purifying; pure.

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p158-c2

p158c2-top

[pavitr-kri]
-- purify; -bh , become pure

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{pa.sha.}

p158c2-b01

[PAS]
-- only pr. st., psya [पश्य = प श ् य], see, possess vision; behold, look at; observe, notice; gaze, be a spectator, look on (tasya pasyatah ), g. abs. before his eyes); ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p158c2-b02

[PAS]
-- v. PSAYA , bind

p158c2-b03

पशव्य pasavya [ pasav-y ]
-- a. relating to or fit for cattle.

p158c2-b04

पशु pasu [ ps-u (or-) ]
-- m. [tethered beast], cattle (single head or herd); domestic animal (including cows, horses, goats, sheep, asses, and dogs: opp. mriga, wild beast); beast, brute; sacrificial animal, victim: -kalpa, m. ritual of the animal sacrifice; ()-kma, a. desiring cattle; -ghna, a. killing animals; m. cattle-slayer; -t, f., -tva, n. condition of being a sacrificial animal; condition of cattle; bestiality; -trip, a. cattle-stealing; -dharma, m. manner of beasts or in which beasts are treated; -pti, m. lord of beasts, ep. of Siva; -pla, m. guardian of flocks, herds man (also: -ka): -vat, ad. after the manner of herdsmen; -pdita, (pp.) n. damage caused by cattle; -bandh, m. (binding of victim to sacrificial post), animal sacrifice; -mt, a. connected with or abounding in cattle; containing the word &open;pasu;&close; -rakshin, m. tender of cattle, herdsman; -roman, n. hair of an animal; -vat, ad. like the brutes; as with cattle; -vadha, m. slaughter of animals; -sam mnya, m. enumeration of the sacrificial animals in the Asvamedha: i-ka, a. mentioned in the Sammnya; -han, a. (ghn) killing beasts; -havya, n. animal sacrifice.

p158c2-b05

[pas-kri]
-- turn into an ox or a sacrificial beast

p158c2-b06

पश्च pasca [ *pas-k ] a. hinder; later.

p158c2-b07

पश्चा pasca [ pas-kấ ]
-- (in.) ad. (V.) behind, after; in the west; afterwards.

p158c2-b08

पश्चात् pascat [ paskất ]
-- (ab.) ad. behind, in the rear, after; backwards; from or in the west; west wards; afterwards, hereafter, subsequently (sts. pleonastically with a gd.); -kri, leave behind, surpass; place on the back or despise; prp. with ab. and g. after; to the west of; tatah paskt, after that, thereupon.

p158c2-b09

पश्चात्ताप pascattapa [ paskt-tpa ]
-- m. repentance, re- ( p158c2 end ) ( p158c3-top )
morse; -tpin, a. repenting; -puro-mruta, m. du. west and east wind; (d)-baddha-pu rusha, m. man whose hands are tied behind his back; -bhu-baddha, pp. id.; (d)-bhga, m. hind part.

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p158-c3

p158c3-b01

पश्चार्ध pascardha [ paska‿ardh ]
-- m. hind portion; western side.

p158c3-b02

पश्चिम pascima  [ pask-ima ]
-- a. hinder; western; last, latest, final: -m darsanam drashtum, see for the last time; vel, f. evening time, close of day; samdhy, f. evening twilight; , f. (sc. dis) west.

p158c3-b03

पश्चिमाचल pascimacala [ paskima‿akala ]
-- m. Western Mountain (a fabulous mountain behind which the sun is supposed to set: cp. asta‿akala); -‿ambu dhi, m. western ocean; -‿itara, a. (opposite of west), eastern; -‿uttara, a. north-western: -prva, a. western, northern, or eastern.

p158c3-b04

पस्त्य pastya [ pasty ]
-- n. stall; , f. pl. homestead, dwelling, household.

p158c3-b05

पल्हव palhava [ pahlava ]
= प ल ् ह व
-- m. pl. the Parthians or Persians.

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{pa.a.}

Though {a.} is an approximant it is not a medial former. It shares a property with plosive-stops in having a voiced form. The ordinary form is voiceless. -- UKT120709

We should expect to find {pa.a.} entries. But we don't.
Referring to Monier-Williams brought up a few entries, the first under [Page 612, Column 3] being:

pas
   pas cl. 1. P. Ā. pasati, ○te (vḷ. for spaś Dhātup. xxi, 22)
  cl. 10. P. pāsayati, to bind (v. l. for paś, xxxiii, 45)

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{pa}

{pa.} , {pa} , {pa:}

p158c3-b06

[1. P], II. P.
-- p (V.), I. P. (.) piba , drink, quaff; imbibe ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p158c3-b07

[2. P] II. P.
-- pấ-ti , guard, preserve, protect, from (ab.); govern, reign; observe, ...

 

p158c3-b08

[3. P] III. .
-- ppte , w. (?) ud , rise against, show hostility towards. ...

p158c3-b09

पा pa [ p ]
-- a. (only --) 1. drinking; 2. guarding, protecting.

p158c3-b10

पांशन paṃsana [ pms-ana ]
-- a. () defiling, disgracing (-).

पांसु paṃsu [ pms ]
-- m. particle of dust, grain of sand: gnly. pl. dust, sand.

p158c3-b11

पांसुक paṃsuka [ pmsu-ka ]
-- m. pl. dust, sand; -l, a. dusty, dust-stained; sandy; defiled, tainted; --, disgracing: , f. dissolute woman, concubine.

p158c3-b12

पांसुक्रीडन paṃsukridana [ pmsu-krdana ]
-- n. playing in the sand; -krd, f. id.; -gunthita, pp. covered with dust; -dhvasta-siroruha, a. whose hair is covered i. e. sullied with dust; -varsha, m. n. shower of dust; -samkaya, m. heap of sand; -samhana, a. whirling up dust; -hara, a. id.

UKT: p158c3-b13 moved to next file.

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UKT notes

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Vowels checked by killed approximants

-- UKT 120707

In Skt-Dev transcriptions derived from transliteration, it appears that the idea of checking the nuclear vowel with killed consonants is not prevalent. Thus,

दत् dat [ dt ]
= द त ्
-- m. [(a)d-at, pr. pt. eater] tooth (nm. dan): -- a. f. -.

Note the virama (which I usually shorten to "viram") which shows that preceding consonant has it's intrinsic vowel killed. Of course, since the idea of an intrinsic vowel is absent in the alphabetic system of English, it is not taken into consideration in the transliteration which is used as a transcription. Here, द da/ {da.} still retains its intrinsic vowel form as a.

In Romabama, which has become a transcription, if we were to allow the nuclear vowel of the syllable {dt} to remain as it was as a, the pronunciation sounded like / {dakt}/, i.e. {dak} followed by a killed {t} as an afterthought.

I have noticed it for a long time trying to transcribe the common English word C-A-T or <cat> /kt/. (See DJPD16-086 for the transcription.). If we transcribe it as {kt} the pronunciation is actually /kʌt/ instead of /kt/. Because of this I have to change the Romabama transcription to {} from {a}.

When the checking killed consonant is actually a medial former which we have described as an approximant, the problem becomes more complex. Firstly, Skt-Dev does not seem to have the idea of medial formers as we do have in Bur-Myan as evidenced from instances such as its preference to form repha पर् par {par} instead of प्र pra {pra.} . The problem lies on Skt-Dev र ra being a trill consonant /r/ which is different from Bur-Myan {ra.} being an approximant /ɹ/. We find this difference in the two dialects of English: the American English (General American - GA) with /r/ and the British English (Received Pronunciation - RP) with /ɹ/.

The four medial formers under consideration at present are: {ya.}, {ra.}, {la.}, {wa.} . When the intrinsic vowel of {pa.} is checked by these medial formers we get:

Skt-Myan: {p} पय् ; {par} पर् ; {pal} पल् ; {pwa.} प्व (?)

In regular Bur-Myan, {par} is unknown, and we get the medials

Bur-Myan: {pya.} प्य ; {pra.} प्र ; {pla.} प्ल ; {pwa.}

To get a syllable similar to Bur-Myan {pra.}, Skt-Dev uses a highly rhotic vowel ऋ to give पृ  which is written in Romabama as {pRa.} .

Go back vow-check-approx-note-b

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End of TIL file