Update: 2012-06-22 08:38 PM +0630

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p133.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg ;
1929, http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 110416 , 110611 

downloaded and edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm

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 MC-v05-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{Di.}
  p133-c1
{Di}
{Du.}
  p133-c2  
{Du}
  p133-c3  

UKT notes :
Brihaspati - planet or god?

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{Di.}

p133-c1

p133c1-top

धियंजिन्व dhiyanjinva [ dhiyam-ginv ]
-- a. meditation stimulating.

धियंधा dhiyandha [ dhiyam-dhấ ]
-- a. devout; clever.

p133c1-b01

धिषण dhisana [ dhish-na ]
-- a. wise; m. ep. of Brihaspati.

UKT: The word Brihaspati can mean two entirely unrelated things: a Hindu god, and the planet Jupiter. For a Buddhist who doesn't recognized Hindu gods, the word simply means the planet. See my note on Brihaspati .

p133c1-b02

धिषणा dhisana [ dhish-n ]
-- f. vessel used in preparing and drinking Soma; tub, bowl; reason, mind; often fig. of Soma and its effects: du. =heaven and earth; pl. the three worlds, heaven, sky, and earth.

p133c1-b03

धिषे dhise [ dhi-she ] V. 2
-- sg. pr. . of √1. dh.

धिष्ट्य dhistya [ dhishtya ]
-- incorrect for dhishnya.

p133c1-b04

धिष्ण्य dhisnya [ 1. dhshn-ya ]
-- a. perceptible to the mind only; devout; m. fire-mound sprinkled with sand at the top; a kind of small side altar (of which there are usually eight); n. abode, seat; meteor.

धिष्ण्य dhisnya [ 2. dhshnya ]
-- a. placed on a fire-mound; m. fire placed on such a mound.

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{Di}

p133c1-b05

धी dhi [ 1. DHI ]
-- = DHYAI

धी dhi [ 2. dh&isharp; ]
-- f. thought, conception; intention, purpose; opinion; intelligence, insight, understanding, intellect; knowledge, art; skill; religious meditation, devotion, prayer, hymn; --, supposition: in. supposing it to be; -- a.=intent on.

धी dhi [ 3. dh&isharp; ]
-- f. (=d) splendour.

p133c1-b06

धीत dhita [ dh-ta ]
-- pp. of √dhe: -rasa, a. whose juice is sucked out.

धीति dhiti [ dh-t ]
-- f. thought, conception, meditation; perception; skill; devotion, prayer.

p133c1-b07

धीमत् dhimat [ dh-mat ]
-- a. intelligent, sensible, wise.

[dh-mahi]
-- I pl., v. √i. dh

p133c1-b08

धीर dhira [ 1. dhr-a ]
-- a. [√dhri] lasting; steady, constant, firm; resolute, courageous; grave, sedate, sober; steadfast; deep (sound); firmly adhering to (--): -m, ad. (look) steadily.

धीर dhira [ 2. dh&isharp;-ra ]
-- a. (, &isharp;) thoughtful, sensible, shrewd, wise; clever, skilled, in (lc.).

p133c1-b09

धीरचेतस् dhiracetas [ dhra-ketas ]
-- a. resolute-minded, courageous; 1. -t, f., -tva, n. firmness; resoluteness, courage; quiet, silence; 2. -t, f. wisdom; -prasnta, pp. deep and yet calm (voice); resolute and quiet (hero); -bhva, m. steadfastness.

p133c1-b10

धीरय dhiraya [ dhra-ya ]
-- den. P. encourage.

धीरसत्त्व dhirasattva [ dhra-sattva ]
-- a. resolute.

p133c1-b11

धीर्य dhirya [ dhr-y ]
-- n. prudence, wisdom.

धीवत् dhivat [ dh&isharp;-vat ]
-- a. wise; clever; devout, pious.

धीवन् dhivan [ dh&isharp;-van ]
-- a. skilful.

p133c1-b12

धीवर dhivara [ dh-vara ]
-- m. very clever man; fisherman (also -ka, m.); , f. fisherwoman.

धीसचिव dhisaciva [ dh-sakiva ]
-- m. councillor, minister.

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{Du.}

The following is the so-called voiced "aspirates" of the dental plosive-stop consonants. Though there is an element of "h" sound, it is by no means an aspirate which can be ignored.
   {Da.}, {Da}, {Di.}, {Di}, {Du.}, {Du}
Though there is an element of "h" sound, it is by no means an aspirate which can be ignored. I am calling this h-sound the "deep-h". -- UKT120429

p133c1-b13

धु dhu [ DHU ]
-- v. धू DH.

[DHUKSH] I. .
-- dhuksha , only with sam , only cs. samdhukshaya , P. kindle, inflame; increase; animate; restore: pp. samdhukshita .

p133c1-b14

धुनय dhunaya [ dhuna-ya ]
-- den. . rush along (V.).

धुनि dhuni [ dhn-i ] a. [√dhvan] rushing, roaring, stormy.

p133c1-b15

धुनी dhuni [ dhun- ]
-- f. river.

धुन्धु dhundhu [ dhundhu ] m. N. of an Asura: -mra, m. slayer of Dhundhu, ep. of Kuvalaysva; N. of a son of Trisaṅku. ( end p133c1 )

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p133-c2

p133c2-top

धुर् dhur [ dhr ]
-- f. part of the yoke resting on the shoulder; load, burden (also fig.); extreme end of the pole; highest position, place of honour, head: lc. in presence of (g.); dhuri yug, appoint to a high position.

p133c2-b01

धुर dhura [ dhra ]
-- m. burden; , f. id.; pole.

धुरंधर dhurandhara [ dhuram-dhara ]
-- a. bearing a burden, fitted for yoking to (--); succouring (g.); m. chief (of, g. or --).

धुरीण dhurina [ dhur-na ]
-- m. chief.

p133c2-b02

धुर्य dhurya [ dhr-ya ]
--a. trained to bear burdens, fit for yoking; first, best; m. chief (of, g., --); an adept in (g. or --); beast of burden; one able to bear the burden of (--): -t, f. service.

p133c2-b03

धुर्व् dhurv [ DHURV ]
-- v. ������ DHRV.

धुवन dhuvana [ dhv-ana ]
-- n. shaking; place of execution.

p133c2-b04

धुस्तूर dhustura [ dhustra ]
-- m. thorn-apple.

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{Du}

p133c2-b05

[DHU] V.
-- dhno , dhuno , IX. dhun (rare); VI. P. dhuv (V. rare), shake, agitate; shake off (ac.); ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p133c2-b06

धूति dhuti [ dh&usharp;-ti ]
-- m. shaker, agitator.

धूनन dhunana [ dh-n-ana ]
-- n. shaking, wagging (also pl.).

p133c2-b07

धूनय dhunaya [ dh-na-ya ]
-- cs. (√dh) shake, move about. ava, vi, id.

धून्वत् dhunvat [ dh-nv-at ]
-- pr. pt. of √dh; m. kind of personification.

p133c2-b08

धूप dhupa [ dh-pa ]
-- m. (sg. & pl.) incense, aromatic vapour: -ka, m. id. (gnly. -- a.).

धूपन dhupana [ dhp-ana ]
-- n. fumigation; incense.

p133c2-b09

धूपय dhupaya [ dhp-ya ]
-- den. P. fumigate, perfume: pp. dhpita. anu, ava, , upa, pra, id.

धूपवर्ति dhupavarti [ dhpa-varti ]
-- f. kind of cigarette.

p133c2-b10

धूपाय dhupaya [ dhp-ya ]
-- den. P. emit smoke; fumigate: pp. dhpyita.

p133c2-b11

धूपि dhupi [ dh&usharp;p-i ]
-- m. pl. certain rainy winds.

[dhp-in]
-- a. perfuming (--)

p133c2-b12

धूम dhuma [ dh-m ]
-- m. (sg. & pl.) smoke, vapour: -ka (--), m. id.

p133c2-b13

धूमकेतन dhumaketana [ dhma-ketana ]
-- m. (smoke-bannered), fire; ()-ketu, a. smoke-betokened, smoke-bannered; m. fire; Agni; comet; N. of a Yaksha; ()-gandhi, a. smelling of smoke; -graha, m. Rhu; -gla, m. film of smoke; -dhvaga, m. fire; -pa, a. smoking (a pipe); imbibing only smoke (i. e. subsist- ( end p133c2 ) (p133c3-top )
ing on nothing else); -pallava, m. streak of smoke; -pta, m. wreath of smoke; -pna, n. inhalation of smoke or vapour; -maya, a. () consisting entirely of smoke or vapour.

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p133-c3

p133c3-b01

धूमय dhumaya [ dhma-ya ]
-- den.; ps. dhmyate, be covered with vapour, be obscured (star): pp. dhmita. abhi, pp. with dis, f. quarter about to be entered by the sun. pra, pp. enveloped in smoke.

p133c3-b02

धूमलेखा dhumalekha [ dhma-lekh ]
-- f. column of smoke; N.; -vat, a. smoking: -tva, n. condition of having smoke; -varti, f. column of smoke; kind of cigarette; -sikhấ, f. column of smoke.

p133c3-b03

धूमानुबन्ध dhumanubandha [ dhma‿anubandha ]
-- m. continuous cloud of smoke.

धूमाय dhumaya [ dhm-ya ]
-- den. P. . smoke.

p133c3-b04

धूमिका dhumika [ dhm-ik ]
-- f. smoke.

धूमिन् dhumin [ dhm-n ]
-- a. smoking: -, f. N.

धूमोद्गम dhumodgama [ dhma‿udgama ]
-- m. ascending smoke; -‿udgra, m. id.; -‿rn, f. N. of Yama's wife.

p133c3-b05

धूम्या dhumya [ dhm-y ]
-- f. cloud of smoke.

धूम्र dhumra [ dhm-r ]
-- a. smoke-coloured, dun, grey; obscured (reason); m. N.

धूम्रय dhumraya [ dhmra-ya ]
-- den. P. colour grey.

p133c3-b06

धूम्रवर्ण dhumravarna [ dhmra-varna ]
-- a. grey-coloured; -sikha, m. N.; -‿aksha, a. grey-eyed.

p133c3-b07

[dhmr-kri]
-- colour grey

p133c3-b08

धूर्गत dhurgata [ dhr-gata ]
-- pp. standing at the head of, chief of (--); -gata, m., -gati, m. (having a burden of a top-knot), ep. of Siva.

धूर्त dhurta [ dh&usharp;r-ta ]
-- pp. [√dhvri] cunning, knavish, fraudulent; m. knave, rogue, cheat; gamester; thorn-apple: -ka, a. cunning, fraudulent; m. cheat.

p133c3-b09

धूर्तकितव dhurtakitava [ dhrta-kitava ]
-- m. gambler; -kar ita, n. pl. roguish pranks; n. T. of a work; -t, f., -tva, n. roguery; -traya, n. trio of swindlers; -mandala, n. gambler's circle; -rakan, f. roguish trick.

p133c3-b10

धूर्ति dhurti [ dhr-t ]
-- f. injury, hurt.

धूर्धर dhurdhara [ dhr-dhara ]
-- m. chief, leader.

p133c3-b11

[DHURV] I. P. (. also in aor.)
-- dhrva , afflict, injure; des. dudhr-sha , P. wish to injure

p133c3-b12

[dhr-vodhri]
-- m. beast of burden; -shad , m. guide of the car, leader; -shah , (str. base -shh) a. bearing the yoke.

p133c3-b13

धूलन dhulana [ dhl-ana ]
-- n. covering with dust.

धूलय dhulaya [ dhl-aya ]
-- den.: pp. dhlita, bestrewn with (in.)

p133c3-b14

धूलि dhuli [ dh-li ]
-- f. (also ) dust; dusty ground; pollen: -patala, n. cloud of dust.

धूलीमय dhulimaya [ dhl-maya ]
-- a. () dusty; -varsha, m. n. shower of dust.

p133c3-b15

धूसर dhusara [ dhs-ara ]
-- a. [√dhvas] dust-coloured, grey (-tva, n. abst. N.): -ka, m. N. of a jackal.

p133c3-b16

धूसरित dhusarita [ dhsar-ita ]
-- pp. made grey.

धूसरिमन् dhusariman [ dhsar-i-man ]
-- m. dust-colour.

p133c3-b17

धूस्तुण्ड dhustunda [ dhs-tunda ]
-- n. extreme end of the pole.

UKT: p133c3-b18 to next file.

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UKT notes

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Brihaspati

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%E1%B9%9Bhaspati 120429
UKT: Wikipedia looks at the god first and the planet as second, whereas because I am a Buddhist I will downplay the Hindu god, and look at the planet first.

The planet in astrology

In Jyotisha (Hindu astrology), Bṛhaspati is the name for the planet Jupiter, which is one of the Navagraha (the nine planets) . It is also known as Guru, Cura and Devaguru. Bṛhaspati is considered to be the greatest benefic of any of the planets. [UKT ]

UKT: After working on about a hundred horoscopes, using the Ashtakavarga method, I no longer view Guru as a 'benefic' at all occasions on all persons. Let's look at a common experience: if the person involved is a criminal, the police cannot be his protector or a benefic to him. Also let's look on the timing. If you are a good person and though you generally take the police as beneficial to you, sometimes the conduct of police can be annoying, when, say they have to cordon off your area of residence to search the premise of your next-door neighbour.
   To those who consider me to be a material scientist -- a skeptical chemist and a down-to earth engineer -- I must say this. I view astrology -- not the crystal kind -- as a record of human achievements, follies, fears and hopes.
   Our lives move in cycles: some are well defined and some are not. The first cycle is the cycle of day and night. The cycle of day and night means differently to different persons: thus to a Myanmar who lives in the tropics the cycle repeats itself in 24 hours which is not so to an Inuit of Canada. To Inuit the cycle repeats in a year. Unknown to those living along the coast of Mediterranean, are the very regular tides which depend on the phases of the Moon. For me who was born and who had spent the early years of childhood in Kungyangon in the Irrawaddy Delta, the connection between the tides and the Moon has a lasting impression in life. The saying 'history repeats itself' is a testimony to the idea of cycle of events.
   Like the phases of the Moon, the movements of the planets are nothing but clocks. Astrology keeps a record of events by the movements of planets. Whether there are devas or gods residing in planets have nothing to do with these clocks. -- UKT120428

Guru rules over the signs Dhanu (Sagittarius) and Meena (Pisces), he is exalted in Karka (Cancer) and in his fall in Makara (Capricorn). The Sun, Moon and Mars are considered friendly to Bṛhaspati, Mercury is hostile and Saturn is neutral.

UKT: the above statement "Mercury is hostile" doesn't agree with Greek mythology. In Greek mythology, the manly god Jupiter and the hermaphrodite god Mercury are companions. The goddess Venus [in Burmese-astrology, Venus is male - a god]. and Jupiter are opposites.

Guru in Vedic astrology is considered to be of the element ether (space) or Akasha Tattva (i.e. Akasha = Space/Sky/Aether; Tattva = Essence/Category/Truth). This indicates vastness, growth and expansion in a person's horoscope and life. Bṛhaspati also represents the balance of past karma, religion, philosophy, knowledge and issues relating to offspring. He is concerned with education, teaching and the dispensation of knowledge. Humans with Jupiter dominating in their horoscope could grow fat as life progresses and their empire and prosperity increases; and diabetes is an ailment directly related to Jupiter. According to traditional Hindu astrology, worship or propitiation of Bṛhaspati or Guru (Jupiter) results in cure from ailments affecting the stomach and helps ward off sins.

Bṛhaspati is lord of three Nakshatras or lunar mansions: Punarvasu, Vishakha and Purva Bhadrapada. The following items are associated with Bṛhaspati: his color is yellow, metal is gold and gemstone is yellow topaz and yellow sapphire. The season associated with him is winter (snow), direction is north-east and element is ether or space.

The god (deva) Bṛhaspati

Bṛhaspati (Skt: बृहस्पति, Tamil: பிருகஸ்பதி, "lord of prayer or devotion",[1] often written as Brihaspati or Bruhaspati) also known as Brahmanaspati and Deva-guru (guru of the gods), is the name of a Vedic deity. He is considered the personification of piety and religion, and the chief 'offerer of prayers and sacrifices to the gods' (Skt: Purohita), with whom he intercedes on behalf of humankind. (This figure is distinct from the founder of Carvaka/Lokayata philosophy, who is also called Brihaspati, c. 600 b.c.e., and is described in Wikipedia's Cārvāka page.)

In later Hindu Theology, he is the guru of the Devas and the arch-nemesis of Shukracharya [UKT: the planet Venus], the guru of the Danavas. [UKT: Danava like Asura are demonized in later Hindu theology. To the Myanmar-Buddhist, they are all the same.] He is also known as Ganapati (leader of the group [of planets]), and Guru (teacher), the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed, such as the Barhaspatya sutras.

He is described of yellow or golden colour and holding the following divine attributes: a stick, a lotus and beads. He presides over 'Guru-var' or Thursday.[2]

In astronomy he is the regent of Jupiter and often identified with that planet.

Unlike a regular Sanskrit compound, his name receives two accents in Vedic Sanskrit, bṛ́has-pti "lord of prayer", like brhmanas pti "lord of prayer".

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

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