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TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p122.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg ;
1929, http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 110416 , 110611 

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 MC-v05-indx.htm

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{dur}
  p122-c1
{dur~ga.}
{dur~ga}
{dur~za.}
{dur~da.}
{dur~na.}
{dur-ba.}
  p122-c2
{dur~Ba.}
{dur-ma.}
{dur~ya.}
{dur~la.}
{dur-wa.}
  p122-c3
{dur~ha.}
{du.la.}
{d:sha.}

UKT notes :
Durgasimha (c. 1025 AD.)

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{dur}

p122-c1

p122c1-top

{dur~ga.}

दुर्गम durgama [ dur-gama ]
-- a. hard to pass, impassable, inaccessible (on account of, in., --); hard to attain; -prove; m. n. difficult position; m. N.: -mrga-nirgamana, a. the way out of which is a difficult path; -gamanya, fp. hard to pass; -gamya, fp. impassable.

p122c1-b01

दुर्गसिंह durgasiṃha [ durga-simha ]
-- m. N. of an astronomer, & of a grammarian; -sena, m. N. of an author.

See my note on Durgasimha

[dur-gaha]
-- m. N.

p122c1-b02

[durga‿krya]
-- m. N. of a commentator of the Nirukta

UKT: Using the string: "Durgakarya - commentator of Nirukta", I have browsed the Net. I haven't come across any websites that gives information on this character. -- UKT1204010

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p122c1-b03

{dur~ga}

दुर्गाढ durgadha [ dur-gdha ]
-- a. hard to fathom; -g dha, a. unfathomable; -ghya, fp. unfathomable: -tva, n. unfathomableness; -goshth, f. bad company, secret society, conspiracy; -graha, 1. a. hard to grasp; -capture; -conciliate or win; -comprehend; 2. m. evil demon (of disease); obstinate persistence in (lc.); foolish whim; -grhya, fp. hard to grasp; -capture; -win; -comprehend: -tva, n. abst. n.; -ghata, a. hard to accomplish, difficult.

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p122c1-b04

{dur~za.}

दुर्जन durjana [ dur-gana ]
-- m. wicked man, scoundrel.

दुर्जनाय durjanaya  [ durgan-ya ]
-- den. . be considered a scoundrel.

[dur-gan-kri]
-- make a scoundrel of = insult (Pr.).

p122c1-b05

दुर्जय durjaya [ dur-gaya ]
-- a. hard to conquer, -overcome; -guard against; -obtain; m. N. of a Dnava or of a Dnava host; -gara, a. not decaying; hard to digest; -gala, n. bad water; -gta, pp. miserable, unfortunate; wicked; spurious: w. bhartri, m. paramour; n. misfortune; -gti, f. misfortune; a. wicked; -gtya, a. wicked, evil; -gva, a. hard (for, in.) to live (n. impl.); n. hard life; -geya, fp. hard to conquer; -gna, a. hard to know; -recognise; -find out: -tva, n. abst. n.; -geya, fp. id., hard to understand.

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p122c1-b06

{dur~da.}

दुर्दुहा durduha [ dur-duh ]
-- a. f. hard to milk; -d ra‿anta, a. very long (way); -dris, a. seeing badly; -drisa, a. hard to see; unsightly, loathsome; -drishta, pp. ill-investigated, unjustly decided; -desa, m. inhospitable region; unhealthy --; -daiva, n. ill-fate, misfortune: -vat, a. ill-fated.

p122c1-b07

दुर्धर durdhara [ dur-dhra ]
-- a. hard to bear; irresistible; hard to administer (punishment); inevitable; m. N.; -dhrtu, a. irresistible; -dharsha, a. hard of access, unapproachable, safe from attack; dangerous; terrible; -dhr ya, fp. hard to bear; -retain; -dh, a. stupid; ill-disposed.

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p122c1-b08

{dur~na.}

दुर्नय durnaya [ dur-naya ]
-- m. (sg. & pl.) bad or imprudent behaviour; -nigraha, a. hard to restrain or subdue; -nimita, pp. ill-measured, irregular, faltering (step); -nimitta, n. evil omen; -niyntu, a. hard to restrain; -nir kshya, fp. hard to look at; hard to be seen by (in., g.); -nirpa, a. hard to determine; -nivra, a. hard to repel, -restrain; -get rid of or set aside: -tva, n. abst. n.; -nivr ya, fp. id.; -nivritta, pp. hard to return from; -nta, pp. badly conducted or executed; n. evil plight; demerit; -nripa, m. bad king.

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p122c1-b09

{dur-ba.}

दुर्बल durbala [ dur-bala ]
-- a. weak; frail, slender, feeble: ( end p122c1 )
(p122c2-top )
-t,
f. -ness, -‿indriya, a. having weak organs; -buddhi, f. mean wit, folly; a. mean-witted, foolish; ill-intentioned; --, foolishly believing in; -bodha, a. hard to comprehend: -t, f. abst. n.; -bodhya, fp. id.

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p122-c2

p122c2-b01

{dur~Ba.}

दुर्भक्ष durbhaksa [ dur-bhaksha ]
-- a. hard to eat; -bhga, a. loathsome, ugly; unpleasant; ill-fated: , f. ugly woman; -bhaga-tva, n. misfortune; -bhara, a. hard to bear; -support; -satisfy; heavily laden with (--); -bhgya, a. unfortunate; -bhsha, a. using bad language; m. abusive language; -bhshita, pp. offensive (language); -bhshin, a. using abusive language; -bhiksha, n. (m. rare) famine; distress: -tva, n. abst. n., -vyasanin, a. having to cope with famine; -bhida, a. hard to burst; -disperse; -bheda, a. hard to burst, disunite, or sunder; -bhedya, fp. id.

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p122c2-b02

{dur-ma.}

दुर्मति durmati [ dur-mati ]
-- a. foolish; ill-disposed (rare); m. fool; miscreant; 1. -mada, m. false pride, overweening self-conceit; 2. -mda, a. intoxicated; extravagant, wild, mad; madly devoted to (--); -manas, n. wrong-mindedness, delusion; a. dispirited, dejected, sad: -t, f. -ness.

p122c2-b03

दुर्मनाय durmanaya [ dur-man-ya ]
-- den. . be troubled, afflicted, or dejected.

p122c2-b04

दुर्मनुष्य durmanusya [ dur-manushya ]
-- m. bad man, villain; -mntu, a. hard to comprehend; -mantra, m. bad advice; -mantrita, pp. ill-advised; n. bad advice; -mantrin, m. bad minister; a. having a bad minister; -mra, a. dying hard; n. it is hard for (in.) to die: -tva, n. dying hard; -marana, n. id.; -maryda, a. knowing no bounds: -t, f. abst. n.; -mr sha, a. not to be forgotten; intolerable; refractory, hostile; -marshana, a. hard to manage, intractable; -mtsarya, n. bad jealousy; -mitr, a. unfriendly; m. N.; -mukha, a. () ugly-faced, hideous; foul-mouthed, scurrilous; m. N.; -muhrta, n. fatal hour; -medha, -medhs, a. of small wit, stupid, foolish; -medhvin, a. id.; -maitra, a. hostile.

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p122c2-b05

{dur~ya.}

दुर्य durya [ dr-ya ]
-- a. belonging to the door or house; m., , f. pl. dwelling.

दुर्यशस् duryasas [ dur-yasas ]
-- n. dishonour; -yuga, n. evil age; -yoga, m. deceit; transgression; -yon, n. habitation; -yodhana, a. hard to combat; m. N. of Dhrita-rshtra's eldest son; -yoni, a. of impure extraction, base-born.

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p122c2-b06

{dur~la.}

दुर्लक्ष्य durlaksya [ dur-lakshya ]
-- n. uncertain aim; fp. hard to perceive, scarcely visible; -laṅghana, a. hard to surpass; -laṅghya, fp. hard to cross; --infringe or transgress=to be obeyed (command).

p122c2-b07

दुर्लभ durlabha [ dur-labha ]
-- a. hard to obtain; -find or meet with, rare; dear: -ka, a. dear, -t, f., -tva, n. rarity, -vardhana, m. N. of a king of Cashmere: -svmin, m. N. of a temple built by Durlabhavardhana.

p122c2-b08

दुर्ललित durlalita [ dur-lalita ]
-- a. spoiled, wayward; unmannerly; weary of (--); n. ill habit: -ka, a. wayward; -lasita, pp. id.; -lipi, f. fatal writing (inscribed by fate on the forehead); -lekha, m. id.; -lekhya, n. incorrectly written document.

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{dur-wa.}

p122c2-b09

दुर्वच durvaca [ dur-vaka ]
-- a. ill-spoken, abusive (word); hard to answer; -vakana, n. pl. hard words, abuse (Pr.); -vakas, n. id.; stupid words; a. abusive; hard to answer; -vanig, m. rogue of a merchant; -varna, m. bad colour; im purity; (-vrna), a. having a bad colour or complexion; of low caste; n. silver; -vala, a. having a skin disease; -vasa, a. (n. it is) hard to dwell; hard to pass (time); -vasati, f. painful residence; a. hard to bear; -exe-
( end p122c2 ) (p122c3-top )
cute or accomplish; -vk, f. abuse; a. abu sive; -vkya, a. difficult to utter, harsh (words); n. abuse; ill-tidings; -vda, m. blame, reproach; -vnta, pp. that has not fully vomited the blood it has sucked (leech); -vra, a. hard to restrain or check; irresist ible; -vrana, a. id.; -vrtt, f. ill-tidings; -vrya, fp. hard to restrain or check, irresistible: -t, f. abst. n.; -vla, a. bald-headed or red-haired or afflicted with skin disease; -vsan, f. false notion; -v&asharp;sas, a. ill-clad; m. N. of an irascible Brhman; -vhita, n. heavy burden; -vikatthana, a. disagreeably boastful; -vikalpa, m. unjustifiable irresolution; -vigha, a. hard to fathom or penetrate; profound; serious, critical; -vighya, fp. id.; -vikra, m. ill-timed hesitation; a. very irresolute; -vigna, n. difficult ascertainment; a. () hard to comprehend; -vi- geya, fp. hard to distinguish; -vidagdha, pp. perverse; -vidya, a. uneducated; -vidha, a. mean, base; -vidhi, m. evil destiny; -vi naya, m. imprudent behaviour; -vinta, pp. ill-bred, ill-behaved: -ka, a. id.; -vipka, m. ill-ripening, evil issue; a. having evil conse quences; -vibhva, a. hard to comprehend; -vibhvana, a. hard to perceive; -vibhvya, fp. id.; indistinctly visible; hard to compre hend; -vilasita, n. wicked trick; -vivha, m. blamable marriage; -vivekana, a. hard to judge rightly; -vishaha, a. hard to endure or overcome; irresistible; hard to per form or accomplish; -vritta, n. bad or base conduct, baseness; a. ill-conducted, wicked; poor; m. wicked man; -vritti, f. distress, misery; baseness; -vyavasita, n. evil intent; -vyavasthpa-ka, a. pronouncing a bad or unfavourable decision; -vyavahra, m. bad decision of a suit; -vyavahriti, f. evil rumour; -vyasana, n. evil passion, vice; -vyhrita, pp. ill-spoken; n. unsuitable utterance.

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p122-c3

p122c3-b01

{dur~ha.}

दुर्हणायु durhanayu [ dur-hany ]
-- a. meditating mischief; -hrid, a. bad-hearted; m. enemy.

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p122c3-b02

{du.la.}

[DUL] X. P.
-- dolaya , raise, swing; whirl up (dust); pp. dlita , swaying, wavering

 p122c3-b03

दुवस् duvas [ dv-as ]
-- n. honour, worship.

दुवस्य duvasya [ duvas-y ]
-- den. P. honour, reward.

दुवस्यात् duvasyat [ duvas-yt ]
-- subj. or ab. (?), RV. I, 165, 14.

p122c3-b04

दुश्चर duscara [ dus-kara ]
= द ु श ् च र
-- a. hard to traverse; inaccessible; hard to pass (time); difficult to practise: -tva, n. difficulty of practising; -kar ita, pp. behaving ill, doing ill deeds; n. (ds-), ill-conduct, misdeed, folly; -krman, a. having a skin disease; -kritra, a. ill conducted; -krin, a. id.; -kikits, f. wrong medical treatment; -kikitsita, pp. hard to cure; -kikitsya, fp. id.: -tva, n. difficulty of curing; -kitta, a. dejected, sad; -ketas, a. ill-disposed; -kesht, f. bad conduct, perverse ness; -keshtita, pp. n. id.: pl. ill-doings; -kyavan, a. hard to overthrow, immovable; -kyva, a. id.; -khid, a. hard to destroy.

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{d:sha.}

p122c3-b05

दुःशल duhsala [ duh-sala ]
-- m. N. of a son of Dhrita- rshtra; -ssana, m. hard-to-curb, N. of a son of Dhrita-rshtra; -sikshita, pp. ill-instructed; uneducated, ill-bred; -sishya, m. bad pupil; -sla, a. having bad habits or a bad character, wicked: -t, f. bad character, wickedness; -sla-kitta, a. wicked-minded; -sva, a. malevolent.

UKT: p122c3-b06 moved to next file. Please note I could not get a scanned image of p123 for the next file.

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UKT notes

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Durgasimha

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durgasimha 120411

Durgasimha (c. 1025) was the minister of war and peace (Sandhi Vigrahi) of Western Chalukya king Jayasimha II (also known as Jagadekamalla, r. 10181042).[1] [UKT ]

Durgasimha adapted the well-known set of fables, Panchatantra ("The five strategems"), from Sanskrit language into Kannada language in champu metre (mixed prose-verse). The Sanskrit version, written by Vasubhaga Datta, is known to have originated from the Paishchi Prakrit original, Brihatkatha ("Ocean of stories") by Gunadhya. The Kannada language version, whose central theme has a strong Jain bent, contains 60 fables, 13 of which are original stories. All the stories have morality as their theme and carry a summary section (Katha Shloka). The Kannada version is the earliest Indian vernacular version, and the author being a minister, not surprisingly, choose to write a book on political science (Rajniti).[1][2][3] The scholar R. Narasimhachar fixed the date of this work as c. 1025, but the modern Kannada poet and scholar Govinda Pai dated the work to March 8, 1031, based on information in the concluding stanza of the manuscript.[1]

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Durgasimha-note-b

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End of TIL file