Update: 2014-08-24 12:08 PM +0630


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.co

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UKT notes :

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लयस्थान layasthana [ laya-sthāna ] n. place of dissolution.

ललज्जिह्व lalajjihva [ lalag-gihva ] a. having a lolling tongue.

लिङ्गोद्धार lingoddhara [ li&ndot;ga½uddhāra ] m. cutting off of the male organ.

लालक lalaka [ lāla-ka ] a. (ikā) caressing; m. court fool.

लिखितव्य likhitavya [ likh-itavya ] fp. to be painted (Pr.); -itri, m. painter; -ya, m., ā, f. nit, egg of a louse.

लिङ्ग linga [ li&ndot;g-a ] n. [anything attaching to an object] mark, token, sign, emblem, charac teristic; catchword; deceptive badge (rare, E.); proof, evidence; sign of guilt, stolen property; sign of sex, sexual organ; gram matical gender; Siva's phallus (as an object of worship); image of a god (rare); typical or subtle body (the indestructible original of the gross visible body: Vedānta phil.); nominal base (=prātipadika: gr.): -deha, m. n. subtle body (phil.); -dhārana, n. bear ing of marks of identification; -nāsa, m. loss of characteristic marks; -pītha, n. pedestal of a Siva phallus; -purāna, n. T. of a Purāna; -mātra, n. intellect; -mūrti, a. having the form of a phallus (Siva).

लिङ्गय lingaya [ li&ndot;ga-ya ] den. P. change (a word) according to gender. ud, infer from signs: pp. ulli&ndot;gita.

लिङ्गवत् lingavat [ li&ndot;ga-vat ] a. having characteristic marks; having various genders; having a phallus (a certain Sivaite sect); -sarīra, n. the subtle body (phil.); -sāstra, n. treatise on grammatical gender; -stha, m. ascetic; -½anusāsana, n. doctrine of grammatical gender.

लिङ्गिन् lingin [ li&ndot;g-in ] a. having a mark or sign; having the marks or appearance of (--°ree;); wearing false badges, hypocritical; assum ing the badges of, passing oneself off as (--°ree;); wearing his badges justly, sincere; provided with a phallus; having a subtle body; m. hypocrite; member of a religious order, as cetic; a Sivaite sect (pl.); cause.

लालाय lalaya [ lālā-ya ] den. Ā. secrete saliva: pp. i-ta, foaming at the mouth.

लालित lalita [ lāl-ita ] cs. pp. &root;lal: -ka, m. favour ite, darling, pet.

लालित्य lalitya [ lālit-ya ] n. [fr. lalita] loveliness, grace, charm.

लालिन् lalin [ lāl-in ] a. fondling, coaxing; -ya, fp. to be fondled or coaxed.

लाव lava [ lāv-a ] a. (ī) cutting, -off, plucking (--°ree;); cutting down, killing (--°ree;): -ka, m. cutter; reaper.

लावण lavana [ lāvana ] a. salt, salted: -ka, N. of a locality; -saindhava, a. (ī) situated on the salt sea.

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लावणिक lavanika [ lāvan-ika ] a. (ī) dealing in salt; charming, lovely.

लावण्य lavanya [ lāvan-ya ] n. saltness; loveliness, beauty, charm: -mańgarī, f. N.; -maya, a. (ī) consisting entirely of beauty; lovely, beau tiful, charming; -vat, a. lovely, beautiful: -ī, f. N.; -sesha, a. of whom beauty only is left (-tā, f. abst. n.); -½argita, pp. acquired by beauty: a term applied to the private property given to a woman on her marriage by her parents-in-law.

लावम् lavam [ lāv-am ] abs. w. &root;lū, cut off like (--°ree;).

लास lasa [ lās-a ] m. [&root;las] jumping, skipping, moving hither and thither, playing: -ka, a. moving hither and thither; m. dancer; N. of a dancer; m. n. kind of weapon; -vat-ī, f. N.

लब्धोदय labdhodaya [ labdha½udaya ] a. having obtained a rise (king); produced.

लासिक lasika [ lās-ika ] a. dancing; -ikā, f. female dancer; kind of play; -ya, n. dancing (also fig.); dance accompanied with singing and instrumental music; dancer.

लिक्षा liksa [ likshā ] f. nit, egg of a louse; as a measure=eight trasarenus.

लिखन likhana [ likh-ana ] n. scratching; inscribing, writing; written statement or remark.

लिखित likhita [ likh-ita ] pp. written, etc.; m. N. of the author of a law-book; n. writing; written document: -tva, n. condition of being written down; -pātha, m. reading of written works, learning from books: -ka, a. reading from manuscript.

लाङ्गलिका langalika [ lā&ndot;gal-ikā ] f. N. of a plant (Methonica superba); -in, m. (bearing a plough), ep. of Balarāma.

लाङ्गुल langula  [ lā&ndot;gula ] n. tail: ūla, n. (commoner form) id.

लाज laja  [ lāg-į ] m. pl. parched grain.

लाजाय lajaya [ lāgā-ya ] den. Ā. resemble parched grain.

लाञ्छन lanchana [ lańkh-ana ] n. mark, token, sign; --°ree; a. marked, characterised, or provided with: -tā, f. condition of being marked or stained.

लाट lata [ lāta ] m. N. of a country: pl. its peo- ple; a. (ī) belonging to Lāta (ī, f. Lāta woman): -ka, a. (ikā) belonging to or cus tomary among the Lātas.

लाटाचार्य latacarya [ lāta½ākārya ] m. N. of an astrono- mer; -½anuprāsa, m. repetition of a word in the same sense but in a different application (rhet.).

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लातव्य latavya [ lātav-ya ] m. (pat. fr. Latu) N.

लापय lapaya [ lāpaya ] cs. of &root;lap and &root;1. lī.

लापिन् lapin [ lāp-in ] a. saying, speaking, declaring (--°ree;); lamenting.

लाब laba [ lāba ] m. kind of quail (Perdix chinensis): -ka, m. id.

लाभ laba [ lābh-a ] m. finding, meeting; obtain ment, acquirement (of, g., --°ree;); gain, advan tage, profit; object acquired, acquisition; capture; apprehension, knowledge: -lipsā, f. desire of gain, covetousness; -vat, a. having gained advantage; having got possession of (--°ree;); -½alābha, m. du. & n. sg. gain and loss.

लाभिन् labhin [ lābh-in ] a. obtaining, finding (--°ree;).

लालन lalana [ lāl-ana ] n. (fr. cs. of &root;lal) caress ing, fondling, cherishing; -anīya, fp. to be caressed, fondled, or coaxed; -aya, cs. of &root;lal.

लालस lalasa [ lā-las-a ] intv. a. ardently desiring, eager for, delighting or absorbed in, devoted to (lc., --°ree;); m., ā, f. ardent longing, devotion to (lc.).

लाला lala [ lāl-ā ] f. saliva, spittle: -pāna, n. suck ing of saliva.

लालाट lalata [ lālāta ] a. being on the forehead (lalāta): i-ka, a. id.; ī, f. forehead.

लवण lavana [ lavana ] a. briny, salt; m. N. of a demon; n. salt, sea-salt; grace, beauty (only --°ree;): -kalāyī, f. (prob. incorr. for lavana kalāpī) feeding-trough; -gala, a. having salt water, briny; m. sea, ocean; -galadhi, m., -gala-nidhi, m. salt sea, ocean; -gala½ud bhava, m. shell; -tā, f. saltness; -toya, a. having salt water; m. ocean; -tva, n. salt ness; -vāri, a. having salt water; m. ocean; -samudra, m. salt sea, ocean.

लवणाकर lavanakara [ lavana½ākara ] m. mine of beauty (fig.); -½antaka, m. Slayer of the Rākshasa Lavana, ep. of Satrughna; -½abdhi, m. salt sea, ocean; -½amburāsi, -½ambhas, -½arnava, -½ālaya, m. salt sea, ocean.

लवणिमन् lavaniman [ lavan-i-man ] m. grace.

लवणोत्स lavanotsa [ lavana½utsa ] n. N. of a town; -½uda, m. sea; -½udadhi, m. salt sea, ocean.

लवन lavana [ lav-ana ] n. cutting (of corn), reaping, mowing; cutting instrument, sickle, scythe: -kartri, m. reaper, mower.

लवशस् lavasas [ lava-sas ] ad. in small pieces.

लशुन lasuna [ lasuna ] m. (rare), n. garlic.

लस lasa [ las-a ] a. lively (only --°ree; in a-lasa, dull).

लसिका lasika [ las-ikā ] f. saliva, spittle.

लहर lahara [ lahara ] m. N. of a people (pl.); N. of a province in Cashmere (now Lahal).

लहरि lahari [ lahari ] f. (also ī) wave, billow.

लाक्षणिक laksanika [ lākshan-ika ] a. (ī) understanding marks or signs; having a figurative sense (-tva, n. figurative sense); m. interpreter of marks.

लाक्षा laksa [ lākshā ] f. kind of red dye, lac (ob tained either from the cochineal insect or from the resin of a certain tree): i-ka, a. (ī) coloured with lac.

लाघव laghava [ lāghav-a ] n. swiftness, speed; dex terity, in (--°ree;); lightness; ease of mind, re lief; levity, thoughtlessness; insignificance, meanness, smallness; prosodical shortness; brevity, conciseness (of expression); lack of weight or consequence, derogation of dignity, disrespect: -kārin, a. degrading.

लाङ्गल langala [ l&asharp;&ndot;ga-la ] n. plough: -dhvaga, m. (hav ing a plough in his banner), ep. of Balarāma.

ललाट lalata [ lal&asharp;ta ] n. [later form of rar&asharp;ta] fore head: -tata, m. flat surface of the forehead; -m-tapa, a. scorching the forehead (said of a hot sun), very painful; -patta, m.: -ka, m., -pattikā, f. flat surface of the forehead; -phalaka, n. id.; -likhita, pp. written by fate on the forehead; -lekhā, f. lines written by fate on the forehead; (strip of a =) very narrow forehead; -½aksha, a. (ī) having an eye in the forehead (Siva).

ललाटिका lalatika [ lalāt-ikā ] f. forehead mark made with sandal or other powder.

ललाम lalama [ lal&asharp;ma ] a. (&isharp;) having a forehead mark; m. n. ornament, decoration: -n, n. id. (C.).

ललित lalita [ lal-ita ] pp. quivering, tremulous; artless, naive, innocent; lovely, charming, beautiful; desired, liked; pleasing, agree able; n. sport; natural, artless act; artless ness, grace, charm; beauty, splendour: -pa da, a. consisting of sweet words, pleasingly composed; -lalita, pp. extremely lovely; -lokana, a. fair-eyed: ā, f. N. of a fairy; -vistara, m. detailed description of the art less acts of Sākyamuni, T. of a Buddhistic Sūtra.

ललिताङ्गी lalitangi [ lalita½a&ndot;gī ] f. fair woman; -½ādi tya, m. N. of a prince of Cashmere: -pura, n. N. of a city founded by him; -½āpīda, m. N. of a prince of Cashmere.

लल्ल lalla [ lalla ] m. N. of an astronomer and a min- ister: ā, f. N. of a courtesan; i-ya, m. N.

लव lava [ lįv-a ] m. [&root;lū] cutting (of corn), pluck ing (of flowers); wool (very rare); hair (of a cow; very rare); section, fragment, piece, bit, particle, drop, a little (very common --°ree;); fraction of a second, twinkling (often per sonified); numerator of a fraction; N. of a son of Rāma and Sītā; N. of a king of Cashmere.

लवङ्ग lavanga [ lava&ndot;ga ] m. clove-tree; cloves: ī, f. N. of an Apsaras; i-kā, f. N.

लम्पट lampata [ lampata ] a. greedy, covetous; lust ing after (lc., --°ree;): -tva, n. greediness.

लम्पाक lampaka [ lampā-ka ] m. pl. N. of a people: ī, f. Lampāka woman.

लम्ब lamba [ lamb-a ] a. hanging down, pendent; hanging by or down to (--°ree;); long (hair etc.); m. perpendicular; complement of latitude: -ka, m. id.; chapter (of which there are eighteen) in the Kathāsaritsāgara; -karna, a. (ā, ī) having long pendent ears; -gihva, a. having a pendent tongue; m. N. of a Rākshasa.

लम्बन lambana [ lamb-ana ] a. hanging down or caus ing to hang down (ep. of Siva); m. camp follower.

लम्बापटह lambapataha [ lambā-pataha ] m. kind of drum; a½alaka-tva, n. pendulousness of curls.

लम्बिन् lambin [ lamb-in ] a. hanging down; hang ing to or down to (--°ree;).

लम्बोदर lambodara [ lamba½udara ] a. having a hanging belly, pot-bellied (-tā, f. abst. n.); m. ep. of Ganesa.

लम्भ lambha [ lambh-a ] m. finding; attainment, gain; recovery; capture (of a fortress); -aka, a. finding; m. finder; -ana, n. obtainment; recovery; procurement; -anīya, fp. to be obtained.

लय laya [ lįy-a ] m. [&root;1. lī] adherence; disap pearance or absorption in (lc., --°ree;); extinc tion, dissolution, destruction, death; rest, repose (rare); mental lethargy or inactivity; sport; time in music (of which there are three: druta, madhya, and vilambita): -m gam, become attached to any one (lc.); dis appear, be dissolved, or absorbed in (lc.); -m yā, id.; be destroyed, perish.

लयन layana [ lay-ana ] n. rest, repose; place of rest.

ललन lalana [ lal-ana ] a. playing, glittering (of light and colour); n. lolling (of the tongue): ā, f. wanton woman; woman; wife; i-kā, f. little or miserable woman.

ललल्ल lalalla [ la-lal-la ] onom. of the sound of lisping.

लताlata  [ latā ] f. creeping plant, creeper (ord. mg.: often--°ree; with words meaning brow, arm, locks, slender body, sword-blade, lightning, to express leauty, thinness, tenderness etc.); branch; N. of the Mādhavī creeper (Gaertnera racemosa); lash of a whip; pearl necklace; slender woman; woman: -griha, n. bower of creepers, arbour; -½anta, n. (?) flower: -bāna, m. (flower-arrowed), god of love; -pāsa, m. festoon of creepers; -manda pa, m. bower of creepers, arbour; -mādhavī, f. the Mādhavī creeper (Gaertnera racemosa); -½ālaya, m. dwelling of creepers (of an owl); -valaya, m. n. arbour of creepers: -vat, a. provided with arbours; -veshtita-ka, n. em brace of a creeper.

लतिका latika [ lat-ikā ] f. small or slender creeper (arms and slim forms are compared with it); string of pearls.

लपन lapana [ lap-ana ] n. mouth; -itį, (pp.) n. chat ter, hum.

लप्सुदिन् lapsudin [ lapsudin ] a. bearded (goat; V.).

लब laba [ labį ] m. (V.) quail (Perdix chinensis); N. of the author of a hymn.

लब्ध labdha [ lab-dha ] pp. (&root;labh) obtained, ac quired, found etc.: -kāma, a. having obtained a desire, fulfilled (request); -datta, m. N. of a man who gave away what he received; -nāman, a. having obtained a name, re nowned, for (lc.); -nāsa, m. loss of what has been acquired; -nidrā-sukha, a. enjoying the pleasure of sleep; -para-bhāga, a. pre eminent above, surpassing (ab.); -pranāsa, m. loss of what has been acquired: T. of the fourth book of the Pańkatantra; -pratyaya, a. having a firm belief in anything: -tā, f. abst. n. (Pr.); -prasara, a. having obtained free scope, unchecked; -laksha, a. having obtained the victory, tried, in (lc.); -laksh ana, a. having obtained an opportunity; -lā bha, a. having attained one's object; having successfully obtained (--°ree;); successfully ac quired; -vat, pp. act. (he) obtained; -vara, a. having obtained a boon; m. N. of a danc ing master; -varna, a. (having learned one's letters), learned, in (lc.): -bhāg, a. patron izing the learned.

लब्धव्य labdhavya [ lab-dhavya ] fp. obtainable.

लब्धशब्द labdhasabda [ labdha-sabda ] a. having acquired a name, renowned; -½antara, a. having (found) an opportunity (-tva, n. abst. n.); -½avasara, a. id.; -½avakāsa, a. having gained an opportunity or scope; -½āspada, a. having gained a footing.

लब्धि labdhi [ lab-dhi ] f. [&root;labh+ti] obtainment, acquisition, of (g., --°ree;); gain, profit; preser vation of (life); discovery or perception of (--°ree;); ascertainment; quotient.

लङ्का lanka [ la&ndot;kā ] f. N. of the capital of Ceylon; Ceylon (in E. the home of the Rākshasas un der Rāvana): -½anila, m. wind from Ceylon, south wind; -½ari, m. foe of La&ndot;kā, ep. of Rāma; -½īsvara, m. ep. of Rāvana; -½udaya, m. sunrise in La&ndot;kā.

लङ्ग langa [ la&ndot;ga ] a. lame.

लङ्गल langala [ la&ndot;ga-la ] n. plough (= lā&ndot;gala).

लङ्घन langhana [ la&ndot;gh-ana ] n. leaping; bounding or passing over, crossing (g., --°ree;), traversing (a road: --°ree;); curvetting (of a horse); rising to or towards (--°ree;); sexual union (with a female); capture (of a fort); conquest; transgression (of a command etc.); disdain; offence, injury; exposure (to heat: --°ree; w. ātapa-); fasting; -anīya, fp. to be crossed or traversed; -overtaken; -transgressed (command); who may be insulted; -ya, fp. to be leapt or passed over, -crossed; -traversed (road); -transgressed; -neglected; attainable; assailable; to be made to fast.

लज्जा lajja [ lagg-ā ] f. shame, bashfulness, embarrassment; being ashamed of (--°ree;): putrau yuvām me kā laggā, you two are my sons; why should I be ashamed of you? -kara, a. (ī) causing shame, disgraceful, to (--°ree;); -½ākriti, a. feigning shame.

लज्जायित lajjayita [ laggā-y-i-ta ] den. pp. ashamed; embarrassed; n. embarrassment (pl.).

लज्जालुक lajjaluka [ lagg-ālu-ka ] a. bashful (Pr.).

लज्जावत् lajjavat [ laggā-vat ] a. bashful; embar rassed; -sīla, a. id.; -½āvaha, a. shameful.

लज्जित lajjita [ lagg-ita ] pp.; n. shame, modesty.

लटभ latabha [ lata-bha ] a. pretty, beautiful, charming: ā, f. fair maiden.

लडह ladaha [ lada-ha ] a. (Pr. = latabha) pretty, beautiful, charming.

लड्््डु laddu [ laddu ] kind of sweetmeat: -ka, m. n. id.

लण्ड landa [ landa ] n. excrement.

लभ labha [ labh-a ] a. (--°ree;) obtainable; -ana, n. act of finding or gaining possession; -ya, fp. to be found; obtainable, attainable; compre hensible, intelligible; suitable, fit; to be allowed to (imp. w. ps. mg.); to be provided with (in.).

लगुड laguda [ laguda ] m. cudgel, staff: -hasta, a. club in hand.

लगुदिन् lagudin [ lagud-in ] a. provided with a staff.

लग्न lagna [ lag-na ] pp. &root;lag; m. n. point of intersection, point where the sun and the planets rise; horoscope; auspicious or lucky moment for (--°ree;): -kāla, m. auspicious time (for an undertaking); -graha, a. persistent, obtrusive; -dina, n., -divasa, m. auspicious or lucky day (for an undertaking); -velā, f., -samaya, m. auspicious time (for an undertaking); -½aha, m. auspicious day (for an undertaking).

लघय laghaya [ lagh-aya ] den. P. lighten, lessen, diminish, alleviate; make light of, despise; surpass.

लघिमन् laghiman [ lagh-i-man ] m. lightness; super natural power of making oneself light at will; feeling of lightness; levity; disrespect, slight; -ishtha, spv., -īyas, cpv. of laghś; -īyas-tva, n. insignificance.

लघु laghu [ lagh-ś [later form of raghu] ] a. (v-ī, u) swift, active, nimble; light (not heavy); light, easily digested; easy in mind, buoyant; unimpeded, without a retinue; easy; easily articulated (the letter v); prosodically short; small, diminutive, little, insignificant, trifling; feeble, wretched, despicable, low; gentle, soft; younger; agreeable, desirable; handsome, beautiful; clean (dress): laghu man, think little of, despise; -kri, deride.

लघुकोष्ठ laghukostha [ laghu-koshtha ] a. having an empty stomach; -kaumudī, f. the short Kaumudī (an abridgement of the Siddhānta-kaumudī); -krama, a. having a quick step, hurrying: -m, ad. quickly; -gati, a. swift-paced; -kit ta, a. light-minded, fickle; -ketas, a. little minded, mean-spirited; -kkhedya, fp. easy to destroy (prob. incorr. for -½ukkhedya); -tā, f., tva, n. activity, nimbleness; lightness; buoyancy, light-heartedness; prosodical shortness; smallness, shortness; insignificance; levity, thoughtlessness; lack of dignity, con tempt, degradation; -patana-ka, m. (swift flying), N. of a crow; -parikrama, a. mov ing quickly; -pāka, a. growing old quickly; easily digested; -pātin, a. (flying quickly), N. of a crow; -pramāna, a. short; -pra yatna, a. pronounced with slight effort; -bhā va, m. ease; -bhug, a. eating little; -mūla, a. having insignificant roots, insignificant at the beginning; -vikrama, m. quick step; a. quick-footed; -vivara-tva, n. narrowness of aperture; -vritti, a. of a light nature, light; frivolous: -tā, f. levity; -sattva, a. having a weak character; -samutthāna, a. rising up quickly, prompt; -sāra, a. insignificant, worthless; -hasta, a. light-handed, adroit (of archers, scribes, etc.): -tā, f., -tva, n. adroitness of hand, dexterity; -hārīta, m. abridged Hārīta (author of a law-book).

लघूक्ति laghukti [ laghu½ukti ] f. short mode of expres sion; -½utthāna, a. quickly setabout; prompt, full of alacrity; -½utthita, pp. prompt.

लघ्वाशिन् laghvasin [ laghu½āsin ] a. eating little; -½āhā ra, a. id.

रौधिर raudhira [ raudhira ] a. consisting of blood; proceeding from the blood (rudhira).

लक्षणा laksana [ laksh-anā ] f. aim; indication, indirect designation, elliptical expression, me tonymy; -anīya, fp. visible; elliptically or figuratively expressed; -an-ya, a. serving as a mark; possessing good marks.

लक्षदत्त laksadatta [ laksha-datta ] m. N. of a prince; -pura, n. N. of a town; -bhūta, pp. being the aim, sought by all; -samkhya, a. numbered by lacs.

लक्षय laksaya [ laksha-ya ] den. P. (Ā. metr.) mark; characterise, define; indicate, designate indirectly; have in view, mean; consider, regard as (2 ac.), assume any one (ac.) to be (oratio recta with iti); regard, examine; observe, note, perceive, see (often with second appositional ac.; ord. mg.); see that (yad); ps. lakshyate, be meant; be called (2 nm.); look like, appear to be (nm.±iva): pp. laksh ita, marked, indicated, or distinguished by (in., --°ree;); expressed by indication; aimed at (--°ree;, of arrows); observed, noticed, perceived, seen; understood; des. pp. lilakshayishita, intended to be expressed, meant. anu, have in view. abhi, pp. marked or determined by (in.); made known, reported; seen, ob served. ā, observe, notice, see (±app. ac.); ps. appear (nm.): pp. perceived, seen; heard. upa, define; express figuratively; have in view, regard; consider as (2 ac.); perceive, observe, see (ord. mg.; ± app. ac.); recognise; hear; feel (v.l. upa-labh); ps. be figuratively expressed, be used figuratively for (d.); appear to be (2 nm.): pp. marked or distinguished by (in., --°ree;). sam-upa, direct one's attention to, observe; perceive, see. vi, perceive, observe; (lose sight of one's aim), be confused: pp. embarrassed, perplexed; indignant. sam, perceive, observe, learn (± app. ac.); hear; ps. appear.

लक्षसुप्त laksasupta [ laksha-supta ] pp. feigning sleep.

लक्षितत्व laksitatva [ laksh-ita-tva ] n. expression by indication; -itavya, fp. to be defined.

लक्षेश laksesa [ laksha½īsa ] m. lord of a lac.

लक्ष्मक laksmaka [ lakshma-ka ] m. N.; -kanikā, f. small spot, speck.

लक्ष्मण laksmana [ lakshman-į ] a. having marks; m. crane (Ardea sibirica); N., esp. of a son of Dasaratha and younger brother of Rāma; n. mark, token, sign: -svāmin, m. N. of a statue of Lakshmana.

लक्ष्मन् laksman [ lįksh-man ] n. mark, token, sign (sg. sts. coll.); good mark, excellence; bad mark, stain, blemish; definition.

लक्ष्मी laksmi [ laksh-m&isharp; ] f. (nm. -s) mark, token (RV.); ± pāpī, bad sign, misfortune (AV.); good sign (in V. gnly. w. pśnyā), (approach ing) good fortune; good genius of a king, royal dignity, glory; wealth; beauty, splendour: personified as goddess of prosperity and beauty (produced at the churning of the ocean, wife of Vishnu): -ka, --°ree; a. id.; -kānta, m. ep. of Vishnu; -tva, n. identity with Laksh mī (of Sītā); -dhara, m. N.; -nātha, m. ep. of Vishnu; -pati, m. king; ep. of Vishnu Krishna; -ramana, m. ep. of Vishnu; -vat, a. possessed of good fortune, lucky; hand some, beautiful; -vasati, f. dwelling of Lakshmī = flower of the red lotus (Nelumbium speciosum); -sakha, m. friend or favourite of fortune; -sena, m. N.

लक्ष्य laksya [ laksh-ya ] fp. to be defined; indicated, indirectly denoted or expressed; to be regarded as (nm.); had in view; to be observed; to be recognised by (in., --°ree;); visible, perceptible; n. object aimed at, prize; aim, mark; one hundred thousand, lac; pretence, disguise; example (?): -m labh, attain one's object, -m bandh, direct one's aim at (lc.): w. ākāse, gaze vaguely into the air: -tā, f. visibility; state of being a mark: -m nī, make visible, -m yā, become an aim; -tva, n. being an aim, of (--°ree;); -bheda, m. hitting the mark; -lakshana-bhāva, m. connexion of the indicated and indicator; -supta, pp. feigning sleep; -½alakshya, fp. visible and not visible, scarcely visible.

रौप्य raupya [ raupya ] a. made of silver (rūpa); n. silver: -maya, a. (ī) made of silver; -rukma maya, a. pl. made of silver and gold.

रौरव raurava [ raurava ] a. (ī) coming from the Ruru antelope; m. N. of a certain hell.

रौशदश्व rausadasva [ rausad-asva ] m. son of Rusad-asva, pat. of Vasumanas.

रौहिण rauhina [ rauhinį ] a. (ī) connected with the lunar mansion Rohinī; m. sandal tree or Indian fig-tree; N. of a demon vanquished by Indra.

l[ la ] m. technical term embracing all tenses and moods =finite verb (also applied to some forms with primary suffixes construed like the finite verb): -kāra, m. letter l.

लकुट lakuta [ lakuta ] m. cudgel: -½āhati, f. blow with a stick.

लक्ष laksa [ laksh-į ] m. n. prize (RV.); mark, token; n. (?) aim, target; pretence, disguise; m. n. a hundred thousand, lac: ākāse laksh am bandh, fix one's gaze on the sky, look vaguely into the air: -ka, a. expressing by indication = elliptically or figuratively; m. N.; n. a hundred thousand.

लक्षण laksana [ laksh-ana ] a. indicating, expressing indirectly; n. mark, token, sign, characteristic, attribute (sg. often coll.); stroke; lines drawn on the place of sacrifice; catchword (rit.); lucky or auspicious mark; symptom (of a disease); characteristic of sex, sexual organ; description, definition; designation, name; species, kind; aim, scope; effect, influence; occasion, opportunity: --°ree; a. characterised by; provided with; taking the form of, appearing as; relating to, coming within the scope of.

लक्षणकर्मन्् laksanakarman [ lakshana-karman ] n. statement of characteristics, correct definition; -a, a. able to explain marks (on the body); knowing the good characteristics of (g.); -tva, n. condition of being a definition; -bhrashta, pp. deprived of all auspicious signs, ill-fated; -lakshanā, f. indicative indication (e. g. a herd-station on the Ganges = on the bank of the Ganges); -vat, a. characterised by (in.); possessed of good marks; giving correct defi nitions; -samnipāta, m. branding; -samni vesa, m. id.

रौक्म raukma [ raukma ] a. (ī) golden, adorned with gold (rukma).

रौक्ष्य rauksya [ rauksh-ya ] n. [fr. rūksha] dryness, aridity, thinness; roughness, harshness, cruelty.

रौचनिक raucanika [ raukan-ika ] a. (ī) having the colour of rokanā, yellowish.

रौद्र raudra [ raśdra (or į) ] a. (ā, ī) belonging, relating to, or coming from Rudra; Rudra like, violent, fierce, savage, terrible; m. worshipper of Rudra; n. (?) heat; n. savageness, terribleness, formidableness; sentiment of wrath (rh.): -tā, f. terribleness.

रौधादिक raudhadika [ raudhādi-ka ] a. belonging to the class of roots beginning with rudh (i.e. to the seventh class).



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