Update: 2012-10-10 02:49 PM +0630


Pali-English Dictionary

p009.htm : from a1.htm

• by The Pali Text Society, T. W. Rhys Davids, William Stede, editors, 1921-5.8 [738pp], reprint 1966 
¤ Downloaded and edited by by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) .

• in Burmese-Myanmar (Bur-Myan) by U Hoke Sein, Pali-Myanmar Dictionary, {pa.dat~hta.miñ-zu-þa}, 1st printing ca. 1959, Ministry of Religious Affairs publication, Rangoon , p1180.

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[p009] karitvā a. (= aggiŋ karoti) D i.102; aggiŋ paricaranto a. (= aggiŋ paricarati) DA i.270; tantaŋ pasārento a. (= tantaŋ pasāreti) DhA i.424. -- Pot. acche It 110; aor. acchi Vin iv.308; DhA i.424.


-- (adj.) [pp. of acchādeti] covered with, clothed in, fig. steeped in (c. loe.) J jii.323 (lohite a. = nimugga C.). At D i.91 nacchanna is for na channa (see channa2) = not fair, not suitable or proper (paṭirūpa).


-- (adj.) [a + chambhin] not frightened, undis- mayed, fearless Sn 42 (reading achambhin; Nd2 13 expls. abhīru anutrāsi etc.); J vi.322 (= nikkampa C.). See chambhin.


-- ¹ (f.) [etym. uncertain, but certainly dialectical; Trenckner connects it with ācchurita (Notes 76); Childers compares Sk. akṣara (see akkhara); there may be a connection with akkhaṇa in akkhaṇa -- vedhin (cp. BSk. acchaṭā Divy 555), or possibly a relation to ā + tsar, thus meaning "stealthily", although the primary meaning is "snapping, a quick sound"] the snapping of the fingers, the bringing together of the finger -- tips: 1. (lit.) accharaŋ paharati to snap the fingers J ii.447; iii.191; iv.124, 126; v.314; vi.366; DhA i.38, 424. -- As measure: as much as one may hold with the finger -- tips, a pinch J v.385; DhA ii.273 (˚gahaṇamattaŋ); cp. ekacchara -- matta DhA ii.274. -- 2. (fig.) a finger's snap, i. e. a short moment, in ek˚acchara -- kkhaṇe in one moment Miln 102, and in def. of acchariya (q. v.) at DA i.43; VvA 329.
-- sanghāta the snapping of the fingers as signifying a short duration of time, a moment, ˚matta momentary, only for one moment (cp. BSk. acchaṭāsanghāta Divy 142) A i.10, 34, 38; iv.396; Th 1, 405; 2, 67 (expld. at ThA 76 as ghaṭikāmattam pi khaṇaŋ angulipoṭhanamattam pi kālaŋ). -- sadda the sound of the snapping of a finger J iii.127.


-- ² (f.) [Vedic apsaras = āpa, water + sarati, orig; water nymph] a celestial nymph M i.253 (pl. accharāyo) ii.64; Th 2, 374 (= devaccharā ThA 252); J v.152 sq. (Alambusā a.) Vv 55 (= devakaññā VvA 37); Vv 172; 1811 etc.; DhA iii.8, 19; PvA 46 (dev˚); Miln 169; Sdhp 298.


-- (nt. or f.?) [fr. accharā2] in ˚ŋ vādeti to make heavenly music (lit. the sounds of an accharā or heavenly nymph) A iv.265.


-- (adj. -- nt.) [cp. Sk. āścarya since Upanishads of uncertain etym. -- The conventional etym. of Pāli grammarians connects it with accharā1 (which is prob. correct & thus reduces Sk. āścarya to a Sanskritisation of acchariya) viz. Dhammapāla: anabhiṇha -- ppavattitāya accharāpaharaṇa -- yoggaŋ that which happens without a moment's notice, at the snap of a finger; i. e. causally unconnected (cp. Goth. silda -- leiks in similar meaning) VvA 329; and Buddhaghosa: accharā -- yoggan ti acchariyaŋ accharaŋ paharituŋ yuttan ti attho DA i.43] wonderful, surprising, strange, marvellous D ii.155; M i.79; iii.118, 125, 144 (an˚); S iv.371; A i.181; Miln 28, 253; DhA iii.171; PvA 121; VvA 71 (an˚). As nt. often in exclamations: how wonderful! what a marvel! J i.223, 279; iv.138; vi.94 (a. vata bho); DhA iv.51 (aho a.); VvA 103 (aho ti acchariyatthena nipāto). Thus freq. combd. with abbhutaŋ = how wonderful & strange, marvellous, beyond comprehension, e. g. D i.2, 60, 206, 210; ii.8; and in phrase acchariyā abbhutā dhammā strange & wonderful things, i. e. wonderful signs, portents marvels, M iii.118, 125; A iv.198; Miln 8; also as adj. in phrase acchariyaabbhuta -- (citta -- )jātā with their hearts full of wonder and surprise DhA iv.52; PvA 6, 50. -- See also acchera & accheraka.


-- (nt.) [fr. acchādeti] covering, clothing Th 1, 698; Miln 279. -- fig. protection, sheltering J i.307.


-- (f.) [= prec.] covering, hiding, concealment Pug 19, 23. -- Note. In id. p. at Vbh 358 we read accasarā for acchādanā. Is the latter merely a gloss?


-- [ā + chādeti1, Caus. of chad, cp. BSk. ācchā- dayati jīvitena to keep alive Av. Ś, i.300; Divy 136, 137] to cover, to clothe, to put on D i.63 = It 75; J i.254; iii.189; iv.318; Pug 57; Pv i.105 (ger. acchādayitvāna); DA i.181 (= paridahitvā); PvA 49, 50. -- fig. to envelop, to fill J vi.581 (abbhaŋ rajo acchādesi dust filled the air). -- pp. acchanna (q. v.).


-- at S iv.290 is faulty spelling for acci (q. v.).


-- (v. l. accheja) destroying (?) S i.127. Is the reading warranted? Cp. acchecchi.


-- see chidda.


-- [ā + chindati, lit. to break for oneself] to remove forcibly, to take away, rob, plunder Vin iv.247 (sayaŋ a. to appropriate); J ii.422; iii.179; iv.343; Miln 20; Sdhp 122. -- ger. acchinditvā J ii.422; DhA i.349; PvA 241 (sayaŋ); & acchetvā M i.434. Caus. ii. acchindāpeti to induce a person to theft Vin iv.224, 247.


-- (adj.) [ā + chinna, pp. of acchindati] removed, taken away, stolen, robbed Vin iv.278, 303; J ii.78; iv.45; v.212.


-- [*Sk. akṣiba and akṣība] a certain species of tree (Hypanthera Moringa) J vi.535.


-- [ā + chupeti, Caus. of chupati] to procure or provide a hold, to insert, to put on or in Vin i.290 (aggaḷaŋ) ii.112.


-- [Sk. acchaitsīt] 3rd sg. aor. of chindati "he has cut out or broken, has destroyed" (see also chindati 3), in combn. with taṇhaŋ M i.122; S i.12, 23, 127 (so read for acchejja); iv.105, 207. It 47; A iii.246, 445; DhA iv.70 (gloss acchindi, for acchidda pret. of Dh 351). The v. l. at all passages is acchejji, which is to be accounted for on graphological grounds, ch & j being substituted in MSS. Kern (Toevoegselen s. v.) mistakes the form & tries to explain acchejji as adj. = ati -- ejin (ejā), acchecchi = ati -- icchin (icchā). The syntactical construction however clearly points to an aor.


-- = a + chejja not to be destroyed, indestructible, see chindati.


-- (nt.) [abstr. to acchindati] robbing, plundering J vi.544.


-- (adj.) = acchariya wonderful, marvellous S i.181; Vv 8413 (comp. accheratara); Pv iii.51 (˚rūpa = acchariyasabhāva PvA 197); Sdhp 244, 398.


-- (adj.) = acchera (acchariya) J i.279; Bu i.9 (pāṭihīraŋ).


-- [Vedic aja fr. aj (Lat. ago to drive), cp. ajina] a he- goat, a ram D i.6, 127; A ii.207; J i.241; iii.278 sq.; v.241; Pug 56; PvA 80.
-- eḷaka [Sk. ajaiḍaka] goats & sheep D i.5, 141; A ii.42 sq., 209; J i.166; vi.110; Pug 58. As pl. ˚ā S i.76; It 36; J iv.363. -- pada goat -- footed M i.134. -- pāla goatherd, in ˚nigrodharukkha (Npl.) "goatherds' Nigrodha -- tree" Vin i.2 sq. Dpvs i.29 (cp. M Vastu iii.302). -- pālikā a woman goatherd Vin iii.38. -- lakkhaṇa "goat -- sign", i. e. prophesying from signs on a goat etc. D i.9 (expld. DA i.94 as "evarūpānaŋ ajānaŋ mansaŋ khāditabbaŋ evarūpānaŋ na khāditabban ti"). -- laṇḍikā (pl.) goats' dung, in phrase nāḷimattā a. a cup full of goats' dung (which is put down a bad minister's throat as punishment) J i.419; DhA ii.70; PvA 282. -- vata "goats' habit", a practice of certain ascetics (to live after the fashion of goats) J iv.318.
aja -- pada refers to a stick cloven like a goat's hoof; so also at Vism 161.


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UKT notes



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