Update: 2007-03-05 05:24 AM -0500

TIL

Burmese Medicinal Plants

ka

Burmese Medicinal Plants (in Burmese-Myanmar)
- by {l-ya seik-pyo:r: kau-po-r:rhing:} (LSR), (Agricultural Corporation), 1978-80, pp503

Set in HTML by U Kyaw Tun (UKT), and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.
Translation of Burmese-Myanmar text to English by:
Daw Nini Tun (DNT) (B.Sc. (Honours in Zoology, Rangoon Arts & Sc. Univ.), M.Sc. (Biology, Brock Univ., Ontario, Canada)
Click on the link to gif file to see the original paragraph which has been translated.

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Contents of this page

001. {ka.zau.hka:} Solanum indicum
002. {ka.hwat} Asparagus officinalis
003. {ka.na.hko} Cronton tiglum
004. {ka.na.hpau.} Enhydra fluctuans
005. {ka.lau:} Hydnocarpus kurzii
006. {ka.la.mak} Mansonia gagei
007. {ku.la:myak-si.} Cardiospermum halicabum
008. {ko-rn-kri:} Cardiospermum halicacabum
009. {kauk-ro:nw} Convolculus arvensis L
010. {king-paim.} Baseilla rubra
011. {king-pwan:hkyi} Acacia concinna
012. {king-pon} Coccinia indica
013. {kan.hkyoap-hpru} Plumbago zeylanica
014. {kan.hkyoap-ni} Plumbago rosea
015. {kan-swan:ro:ni} Ipomaea aquatica
016. {kup-s:-n:} Urena lobata
017. {kn.kau} Mesua ferrea

Contents of this page

001. {ka.zau.hka:}
Solanum indicum Linn.

p001

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Solanaceae , {hka.ram: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Solanum indicum Linn

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.zau.hka:}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Indian Night-shade
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  -- Haw Hkan Kaju
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 01-0002: {ka.sau.hka:} {hka.ram:ka.sau.}, Indian night shade, Solanum indicum, Solanaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant: perennial plant ; height 4 to 5 feet ; stem hard with hairs; spines pointed, flattened and greenish yellow ; spines strong and curve downward ; with many branches. -- DNT (p001-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf: Leaf arrangement allernate; shape oval with 7 incision; upper and lower surfaces with spinules; petiole with spinules and long. -- DNT (p001-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower: inflorescence solitary and axillary; small; purple in colour. -- DNT (p001-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit: rounded ; fleshy with many seeds ; grow in clusters; colour turns to orange when ripe; bitter; diameter up to 0.25 inch.-- DNT (p001-04.gif)

5. {pauk-rauk-th. d-tha.}
Distribution: Natural, all over Myanmar. -- UKT  -- (p001-05.gif)

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002. {ka.hwat}
Asparagus officinalis Linn.

p003

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Liliaceae, {nhing:pan: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Asparagus officinalis Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.wat}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Common Asparagus
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Sani Kamat
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 01-0018: {ka.hwat}, Asparagus, Asparagus officinalis, Liliaceae

UKT: Different from A. acerosus . See LSR 123 ra-med.htm
Compare with:
Agri2000 52-1388 : {rhi.ma.tak} , Wild asparagus, Asparagus racemosus , Liliaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}

Plant : herb; height up to 10 feet; branched ; stem green, glabrous, straight; yellow spines on stem. -- DNT (003-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf: leaflets small, needle-like, a little bit bent; leaf triad and arranged alternately on rachis. -- DNT (003-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : small, white ,fragrant. -- DNT (003-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : red when ripe -- DNT (003-04.gif)
{a.mris}
Root : numerous fasciculated roots grow at the base of plant. -- DNT (003-05.gif)

5. {pauk-rauk-th. d-tha.}
Distribution: Rare in Upper Myanmar. Natural in damp parts of the country. May be cultivated in the hill states and cool places. -- UKT (p003-06.gif)

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003. {ka.na.hko}
Cronton tiglum Linn.

p007

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Euphorbiaceae, {krak-hsu mro:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Cronton tiglum Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.na.hko}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Purging Croton
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan -- Mai-Hkang
Agri2000 02-0030: {ka.na.hko}, Purgative croton, Croton tiglium, Euphorbiaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant : evergreen, medium-sized plant ; height from 15 to 20 feet; bark bluish brown, smooth. -- DNT (007-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : arranged alternately; oval and pointed at the tip; leaf base rounded or a little slender; leaf blade (lamina) glabrous;  veins distinct; leaf margin dentate; petiole long; colour orange to green. -- (007-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : small; unisexual; sepals of staminate (male flower) white and without hairs; sepals of pistillate (female flower) with hairs; flowers terminal; bloom in May to July {na.yoan-la.} and {wa-hso-la.} -- DNT (007-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : dehiscent ; 3 lobed ;seed smooth and elongate, ripens from January to May ({ta.po.tw:la.} through {ka.hsoan-la.}) -- DNT (007-04.gif)

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004. {ka.na.hpau.}
Enhydra fluctuans Lour.

p011

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Compositae {n-kra myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Enhydra fluctuans Lour.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.na.hpau.}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English --
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 02-0034: {ka.na.hpau.}, Enhydra fluctuans, Compositae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}

Plant : grows in mud at water-edges; herb; height 1 to 2 feet; glabrous or sometimes pubescent; branched ; with white, buoyant and cork-like roots arising at nodes.-- DNT (011-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : arranged in opposite and decussate; slender and lancdolate; length 1 to 3 inches; leaf base narrow, slender ;no petiole; leaf margin entire or dentate.-- DNT (011-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : light green; no pedicel; terminal; blooming period from October to March ({thi-ting:kywat-la.} through {ta.paung:la.}) -- DNT (011-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : single-seeded fruit (achene) -- DNT (011-04.gif)

5. {pauk-rauk-th. d-tha.}

6. {pauk-rauk pon}

7. {a.thoan:pru.th. a.sait-a.peing:}

8. {a-ni.thing}

Contents of this page

005. {ka.lau:}
Hydnocarpus kurzii Warburg

p013

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Flacourtiaceae, {na.rw: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Hydnocarpus kurzii Warburg

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.lau:}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English --
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 02-0049: {ka.lau:}, Chaulmoogra, Hydnocarpus kurzii, Flacourtiaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant : evergreen tree; height 50 to 80 feet; girth 2 to 4 feet; branches clustered at the top, drooping at the base; bark yellowish brown or grey with small whitish patches. -- DNT (013-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : arranged in a alternate; length 7 to 10 inches; leaf blade (lamina) smooth and hard like leather; leaf tip acute; petiole long; leaf margin undulate. -- DNT (013-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : small; light yellow; no fragrance; bloom in ta. paung: la and tan-hku: la. -- DNT (013-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : yellowish brown; covered with velvet-like soft hairs; diameter 3 inches; rounded; produced at the end of wa-so-la. -- DNT (013-04.gif)
{a.s.}
Seed : approximately 1 inch; with many seeds; embedded in soft pulp; source of extracted medicinal oil. -- DNT (013-05.gif)

Contents of this page

006. {ka.la.mak}
Mansonia gagei Drummond

p015

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Sterculiaceae, {lak-hkoap myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Mansonia gagei Drummond

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ka.la.mak}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Bastard Sandalwood
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 02-0045: {ka.ra.mak}, Sandal wood, Mansonia gagei, Sterculiaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}

Plant : tree; height 40 feet; girth 4 to 8 feet; bark brown with white tinge; with hard heart-wood; no scent in fresh tissues ; fragrant by decomposing fungi after cutting. -- DNT (015-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : arranged in alternate; leaf blade (lamina) large and peliate; leaf tip acute; leaf base obtuse; lower surface white with soft hairs and distinct veins; upper surface green, glabrous; venation palmate; leaf margin dentate. -- DNT (015-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : long; yellowish brown; with velvet-like soft hairs; pedicel short; fragrant. -- DNT (015-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : samaroid; 3 to 4 inches long; diameter 2 inches; single-seeded fruit (achene); dehiscent when ripe. -- (015-04.gif)

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007. {ku.la:myak-si}
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn.

p017

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Sapindaceae

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn.

UKT note: need to check spelling: Cardiospermum halicocabum Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ku.la:myak-si.}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Balloon Vine, Winter Cherry, Heart's Pea
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Moot Maiboa
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 03-0067: {ku.la:myak-si.}, Balloon-vine; Winter cherry; Heart's pea, Cardiospermum halicabum, Sapindaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant : two kinds-annual and biennial; climbs with tendrils; branches slender with stripes; pubescent or glabrous. -- DNT (017-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : trifoliate; arranged in alternate; leaf length 3-4 inches; petiole about 1 inch long; leaflets lancdolate; leaf tip acuminate; leaf base acute; leaf margin-serrated. -- DNT (017-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : small, white; outer sepal round, oval with pointed tip; inner sepal larger than the outer one, round with rounded tip; style short. -- DNT (017-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : 3 lobed , wing at each lobe ; dehiscent when ripe; with 3 round, black seeds, the upper part white with heart-shaped                         caruncle. -- DNT (017-04.gif)

Chklist data:
Results of search for 'Cardiospermum' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 5 Mar 2007.
Cardiospermum corindum L., Cited as: Cardiospermum canescens Wall. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Balloon vine, Balloon vine, Kala-myetsi, Kala-myetsi
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Yangon. Common Names: Balloon vine, Black liquorice, Kala-myetsi-galay, Winter cherry

Contents of this page

008. {ko-rn-kri:}
Crinum asiaticum Linn.

p021

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Amaryllidaceae [hkat~ta myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Crinum asiaticum Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {ko-rn-kri:}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Poison Bulb
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 03-0078: {ko-rn-kri:}, Poison bulb, Crinum asiaticum, Amaryllidaceae

Family : Amaryllidaceae
Botanical name : Crinum asiaticum Linn.

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant : leaf emerges from the ground; no stem; bulb large and white; taste bitter. -- DNT (021-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf : leaf blade (lamina) smooth; 1.5 to 4 feet long; in clusters emerging from the ground; leaf margin entire; leaf tip acute; undulate; thick; green with small yellow stripes; leaf erect. (021-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower : white; fragrant; bloom during rainy season. -- DNT (021-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit : rounded; single-seeded. -- DNT (021-04.gif)

Contents of this page

009. {kauk-ro:nw}
Convolculus arvensis Linn.

p023

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Convolvulaceae {kan-swan: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Convolculus arvensis Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kauk-ro:nw}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Bindweed
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Tike-Tot-Grine
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 04-0081: {kauk-ro:nw}, Bind weed, Convolvulus arvensis, Convolvulaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
Plant: climber; stem glabrous, some pubescent; white resin when cut. -- DNT (p023-01.gif)
{a.rwak}
Leaf: linear, lanceolate; leaf base rounded; leaf tip acute, acuminate. -- DNT (p023-02.gif)
{a.pwing.}
Flower: purple or white -- DNT (p023-03.gif)
{a.thi:}
Fruit: round with 3 or 4 seeds; reddish brown; triangular. -- DNT (p023-04.gif)

Contents of this page

010. {king-paim.}
Baseilla rubra Linn

p025

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Chenopodiaceae {king-paim. myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Baseilla rubra Linn

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {king-paim.}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Indian Spinach
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 04-0084: {king-peim.ni}, Indian spinach, Basella rubra, Chenopodiaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

011. {king-pwan:hkyi}
Acacia concinna Dc.

p027

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Minosaceae {hsu:hpru myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Acacia concinna Dc.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {king-pwan:hkyi}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English --
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  -- Hpah-Ha
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin -- Hing-Hang
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Hla Pruckkha; Sot; Lapoot; Janah Lapoot
{rham: a.m}  Shan -- Hpak-Ha; Sum-Hkawn
Agri2000 04-0085: {king-pwan:hkyi},  cacia concinna, Mimosaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

012. {king-pon}
Coccinia indica W&A.

p031

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Curcubitaceae {bu: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Coccinia indica W&A.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {king-pon}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Wild Snake Gourd
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Hla Cawi Bactine
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 04-0087: {king:pon}, Scarlet fruited gourd, Coccinia cordifolia, Cucurbitaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

013. {kan.hkyoap-hpru}
Plumbago zeylanica Linn.

p035

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Plumbaginaceae {kan.hkyoap myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Plumbago zeylanica Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kan.hkyoap-hpru}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Ceylon Leadwort; White Leadwort
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Tanah-Con-Kamor
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 05-0110 : {kan.choap-hpru}, White lead-wort, Plumbago zeylanica, Pumbaginaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

014. {kan.hkyoap-ni}
Plumbago rosea Linn.

p037

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Plumbaginaceae {kan.hkyoap myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Plumbago rosea Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kan.hkyoap-ni}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Rosy Leadwort; Fire Plant
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 05-0109: {kan.choap-ni}, Rosy lead-wort; Fire plant, Plumbago rosea, Pumbaginaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

015. {kan-swan:ro:ni}
Ipomaea aquatica Forsk.

p039

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Convolvulaceae

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Ipomaea aquatica Forsk.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kan-swan:ro:ni (l-kan-swam:)}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Rabbit Greens
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 05-0114: {kan-swan:ro:ni} {l-kan-swun:}, Rabbit greens, Ipomaea aquatica, Convolvulaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

016. {kup-s:-n:}
Urena lobata Linn.

p041

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Malvaceae {hkaung-ram: myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Urena lobata Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kap-s:n: (nwa:mri:kap)}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Aramina Fibre
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  --
{ka.ring a.m} Karan --
{hkying: a.m} Chin -- Popee
{mwan a.m} Mon --
{rham: a.m}  Shan --
Agri2000 05-0123: {kap-s:n}, Aramina fibre, Urena lobata, Malvaceae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

017. {kn.kau}
Mesua ferrea Linn.

p045

1. {myo:ring:}
-- Guttiferae {kn.kau myo:ring:}

2. {roak~hka.b-da. a.m}
-- Mesua ferrea Linn.

3. {a.hkau-a.wau}

{mran-ma a.m} Myanmar -- {kn.kau}
{n~ga.laip a.m} English -- Cobra's Saffrom
{ka.hkying a.m} Kachin  -- Maiting (My)
{ka.ring a.m} Karan -- Kaw-Ta-Nok
{hkying: a.m} Chin --
{mwan a.m} Mon -- Ar Ganui; Jai-Nool
{rham: a.m}  Shan -- Kam-Kan (Mai)
Agri2000 05-0128: {kn.kau}, Iron wood; Cobra's saffron, Meusa ferrea, Guttiferae

4. {pon-thaN~Htn}

{a.ping}
{a.rwak}
{a.pwing.}
{a.thi:}
{a.s.}
{a.mris}

Contents of this page

End of TIL file