Update: 2006-03-19 12:13 PM +0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{kan.hkyoap-hpru} Plumbago zeylanica L.

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KS-TMN 186

{kan.hkyoap-hpru}Plumbago zeylanica L.1-108**

Botanical name: Plumbago zeylanica L.Sp. Pl. 151. 1753.

Myanmar name: Kant-choke-hpyu

English names: Ceylon leadwoet; White flowered leadwoet

Family: Plumbaginaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-108**

left -- habit with flowers right --  habit with flowers and fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A perennial herb, undershrub or shrub, branches diffuse, subscandent; stems somewhat woody, the younger ones cylindrical, striate, covered with scurfy glandular, multicellular and peltate hairs. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; subsessile, the petiole bases dilated, amplexicaul; laminae ovate, the bases shortly and abruptly attenuated into a short petiole, the margins entire, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, the lower glaucous. Inflorescences terminal cincinni, unilateral, simple or sometimes panicled; peduncles spicate, with stipituate glands, the cymules 1-floered; bracts ovate, persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, tubular, 5-toothed, the outer surfaces covered densely with viscid glandular hairs. Corolla sunpetalous, salveform, 5-lobed, the lobes obovate-oblong, acute, apiculate, white, Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, the filaments dilated at the bases, opposite the corolla lobes, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, basifixed, introrse, exserted just beyond the throat, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary 5-lobed, ovoid-oblongoid, attenuated at the apex, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, the ovule solitary and pendulous from a basal funicle, the style terminal, filiform, divides aboce into 5 lognitudinally enclosed in persistent calyx covered with viscid glandular hairs; seeds ellipsoid, albument scanty.

Flowering period: November-February Fruiting period: November-February

Distribution: Common throughout Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Root, bark -- Oedema; Leucoderma; Leprosy; Pruritis; Cough; Rhinorrhoea; Chest pain; Dysentery; Infections; Arthritis; Anaemia; Splenomegaly; Elephantiansis.

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