Update: 2006-03-17 04:50 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Compositae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwè, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hpoan°:ma.theim}  Blumea balsamifera DC. 2-315

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KS-TMN 089

{hpoan°:ma.theim}  Blumea balsamifera DC. 2-315

Botanical name: Blumea balsamifera DC. Prodr. v. 466. 1836.
Myanmar name: Hpone-mathein
English name: Nagal Camphor
Family: Compositae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-315:
{hpoan°:ma.theim} 

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An evergreen shrub, occasionally a small tree, smells strongly of camphor; younger stems branching corymbose above, all softer parts densely appressed villous. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, the bases decurrent, the margins serrulate or entire, repand, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces silky villous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in capitula or leads, terminal, producing a pleiochasium of 4 main peduncles, each main peduncle terminating in a pleiochasium and laterally bears 4-7 secondary peduncles below the pleiochasium, each peduncle bears a capitulum, the capitulum campaniform; bracts forming an involucre, 6-seriate, the bracts of outer 2 series ovate, those of the inner series linear, silky pilose. Outer florets of capitulum many-seriate, pistillaes more than 80, fertile, zygomorphic, trimerous, epigynous. Calyx 1-seriate as pappus hairs, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, filiform, 2- to 3- toothed, yellow . Pistil characters similar to those of disc floret. Inner or disc florets about 35, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous. Calyx characters sumilar to the pistillate florets. Corolla synpetalous, tubular, 5-toothed, yellow. Androecium of 5 stamens, epipetalous, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, the bases sagittate, syngenesious, exserted, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed with a solitary basal ovule, the style 1, the stigmatic branches 2, the stigmas 2. Fruit an achene, sericeous, smooth, persistent pappus soft, pale pink; seeds non-endospermic.

Flowering period: April
Fruiting period: May

Distribution: On the hills of Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Leaf -- Paralysis agitans; Skin disease; Urinary infection; Gonorrhoea; Cholera; Asthma; Tooth-ache; Antidote for scorpion stings; Chronic cough

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