Update: 2006-03-17 05:41 PM +0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{Au:za}Annona squamosa L. 4-107

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KS-TMN 042

{Au:za} Annona squamosa L. 4-107

Botanical name: Annona squamosa L. Sp. Pl. 537. 1753.
Myanmar name: Aw-za
English names: Custard apple, Sugar apple, Sweet Sop
Family: Annonaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 4-107:

left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A small tree. Leaves alternate; simple; exstipulate; petioles cylindrical, short; laminae obovate, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the lower surfaces glaucous, pubescent when young. Inflorescences in leaf-opposed solitary cymes; bracts found below the middle. Flowers ebracteloate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous. Perianth apophyllous, 3-seriate, sepaloid, greenish. Calyx aposepalous, sepals 3, ligulate, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, petals 6, 2-seriate, ligulate, pubescent. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, spirally arranged, the filaments thick and short, the anthers dithecous, ovoid, 4-celled at anthesis, extrorse, terminated by an enlarged ovoid connective. Pistils numerous, apocarpous, each 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovule 1 in the locule, the style oblong, very short, the stigma simple. Fruit an aggregate of berries, globose, fleshy; seeds large, brownish black, embryo small, endosperm very large, ruminate.

Flowering period: March-April
Fruiting period: June-September

Distribution: Common throughout Myanmar, in dry plains. Planted.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Oliguria; Abscess in sores; Anthelmintic for cattle; Rectal prolapse in children; For the treatment of muscle spasticity. Young Fruit -- Antiseptic for sores. Ripe fruit -- Abscess in sores; Vulnerary; Antipyretic for high fevers. Seed -- Antiseptic for sores in man, cattle, and domestic animals; Oxytocic; Epilepsy; Pediculosis

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