Update: 2006-08-11 08:04 AM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Sapindaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Sapindaceae 2 entries
• Cardiospermum halicacbum • {ku.la: myak-si.}
• Sapindus trifoliatus • {ku.la: king-pwun:}

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Cardiospermum halicacbum

Family: Sapindaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0067: {ku.la: myak-si.}
• Chklist:
• LSR 017: {ku.la: myak-si.}
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-081: inconsistent entry
• UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ku.la: myak-si.}- - TravPo-M-Dict 009
{ku.la: myak-si.}- n. balloon vine; winter cherry; heart-pea. Cardiospermum helicacabum.- Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data
 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0067: {ku.la: myak-si.}
• Chklist:
• LSR 017: Balloon vine; Winter cherry; Heart's pea
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-081: inconsistent entry
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• LSR

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

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Sapindus trifoliatus

Family: Sapindaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0060:  {ku.la: king-pwun:}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 1-097:  {ku.la: king-pwun:}
• UHM: NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ku.la: king-pwun:} - give only the orthography: no definition given. TravPo-M-Dict 008
{ku.la: king-pwun:} - NL in Myan-Engl-Dict

 

Hindi:
Sanskrit
:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0060:  Soap nut tree
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 1-097:  {ku.la: king-pwun:}
• UHM: NL

• Soap nut; Three-leaf soapberry -- anon

UKT: There are two similar plants: S. trifolius and S. mukosossi. The species listed by Shin Nagathein is S. trifoliatus.

Picture:
• Leader from: http://www.sos-arsenic.net/images/wnut01.jpg
• Compare S. trifolius and S. mukosossi.  --Unknown Internet source:

 

Plant identification characters :

• The up to 15 metres high soapnut tree grows mainly in South India. In March and April, the tree is adorned with white flowers, and the ripe soapnuts are harvested in October. -- http://www.soapnut.info/

• Sapindus trifoliatus (ST) is a medium sized deciduous tree growing wild in south India that belongs to the family Sapindaceae. It is known locally as soapnut tree. The plant has been reported for its high content of saponins and sugars. The saponin moiety is characterized as the hederagenin group of glycosides. The pericarp is reported for various medicinal properties. It is regarded as a tonic, stomachic, spermicidal and is used in the treatment of hemicrania (migraine) etc.[1] A thick watery solution of the pericarp is used for the relief of hemicrania, hysteria or epilepsy.[1] However, there has been no published preclinical/clinical report available for its possible antiinflammatory properties. -- www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0RUE/is_2_37/ai_n13603886

Distribution in Myanmar:

Part used and uses:

 

Ethnobotany (Worldwide use) :

• In India and Nepal, the soapnut (sapindus trifoliatus) has been used as a vegetable washing detergent since time immemorial. ... When removed from the tree the soapnuts are sticky and golden in color. They are dried and their color becomes reddish-brown. Then the nuts are cracked and the black kernel, which can neither be eaten nor used for washing is removed and the shells, which contain saponine (a natural detergent), are packed up in cotton bags -- http://www.soapnut.info/

Constituents:

 

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file