Update: 2006-08-06 02:00 PM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Plumbaginaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Plumbaginaceae 2 entries
• Plumbago rosea • {kan.choap-ni}
• Plumbago zeylanica • {kan.choap-hpru}

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Plumbago rosea

Family: Plumbaginaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 05-0109:  {kan.choap-ni}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin 037: {kan.choap-ni}
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 1-108 :  {kan.choap}
  listed P. rosea and P. zeylanica under one head
• UHM 38: Kan-gyok-ni

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{kan.choap} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 016
{kan.choap} - n. species of leadwort - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-Ñyo} - n. same as {kan.choap-pra} - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-ni} - n. rose-coloured leadwort, Plumbago rosea. - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-pra} - n. blue leadwort, Plumbago carpensis. - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-hpru} - n. white leadwort  Plumbago zeylanica. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 020

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 :  Rosy leadwort; Fire plant
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : Rosy leadwort; Fire plant
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein  : Leadwort,  listed P. rosea and P. zeylanica under one head
• UHM 38: -

Picture:
• Leader from Nagathein 1-109

Plant identification characters :
• A perennial herb with elliptic leaves tapering to the short petiole, rachis of the spike glabrous, corolla red base of style hairy. -- UHM

Distribution in Myanmar:
• Very abundantly found in the Kawkareik Division, Reserved Forest, Taungyin Division, Forest Reserved Mongnai, Meikpan (Southern Shan State) Wild sources in Kyain Forests and Kawhnat (Mn.) -- UHM

Part used and uses:
• Root. Used as Vesicant, stimulatn, Powerful sialogogue, remedy for secondary syphilis and leprosy. -- UMH

Constituents:
• 1. Plumbagin. 2. Plumbagin, sitosterol glucoside -- UHM

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Plumbago zeylanica

Family: Plumbaginaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 05-0110:  {kan.choap-hpru}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin 035 : {kan.choap-hpru}
• KS-TMN 186 : Kant-choke-hpyu
• Nagathein 1-108 :  {kan.choap}
  listed P. rosea and P. zeylanica under one head
• UHM 38: Kan-gyok-phyu

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{kan.choap} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 016
{kan.choap} - n. species of leadwort - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-Ñyo} - n. same as {kan.choap-pra} - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-ni} - n. rose-coloured leadwort, Plumbago rosea. - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-pra} - n. blue leadwort, Plumbago carpensis. - Myan-Engl-Dict 020
  {kan.choap-hpru} - n. white leadwort  Plumbago zeylanica. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 020

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 :  White leadwort
• FAO :
• Lè-seik-shin 035 : Ceylon leadwort, White leadwort
• KS-TMN 186 :  Ceylon leadwort, White-flowered leadwort
• Nagathein  :  Leadwort
• UHM :  White-flowered Leadwort, Radix plumbago

Picture:
• Leader from: http://www.plantoftheweek.org/week187.shtml
• Photos:left -- habit with flowers;right --  habit with flowers and fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant dentification characters :

• A perennial herb, undershrub or shrub, branches diffuse, subscandent; stems somewhat woody, the younger ones cylindrical, striate, covered with scurfy glandular, multicellular and peltate hairs. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; subsessile, the petiole bases dilated, amplexicaul; laminae ovate, the bases shortly and abruptly attenuated into a short petiole, the margins entire, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, the lower glaucous. Inflorescences terminal cincinni, unilateral, simple or sometimes panicled; peduncles spicate, with stipituate glands, the cymules 1-floered; bracts ovate, persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, tubular, 5-toothed, the outer surfaces covered densely with viscid glandular hairs. Corolla sunpetalous, salveform, 5-lobed, the lobes obovate-oblong, acute, apiculate, white, Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, the filaments dilated at the bases, opposite the corolla lobes, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, basifixed, introrse, exserted just beyond the throat, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary 5-lobed, ovoid-oblongoid, attenuated at the apex, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, the ovule solitary and pendulous from a basal funicle, the style terminal, filiform, divides aboce into 5 lognitudinally enclosed in persistent calyx covered with viscid glandular hairs; seeds ellipsoid, albument scanty. Flowering period: November-February Fruiting period: November-February -- KS-TMN

• A perennial herb sometimes in shady places, subscandent, stems somewhat woody, spreading terete, striate, glabrous, leaves thin, ovate suddenly narrowed into the petiole, acute glabrous or pubescent, flowers in elongated spikes. -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Common throughout Myanmar -- KS-TMN

• Upper Burma. An occasional plant in hedges and scrub jungle. -- UHM

 

Part used and uses:

• Root, bark -- Oedema; Leucoderma; Leprosy; Pruritis; Cough; Rhinorrhoea; Chest pain; Dysentery; Infections; Arthritis; Anaemia; Splenomegaly; Elephantiansis. -- KS-TMN

• Roots. Used as small doses: stimulates the central nervous system. Large doses: Paralysis and ultimate death. It also reduces the blood pressure slightly, chronic skin diseases, leucoderma, abortificient. -- UHM

 

Constituents:
• 1. Active principle, Plumbagin -0.91 percent maximum. (3) -- UHM

 

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lè-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file