Update: 2006-08-06 01:59 PM -0700


Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Pedaliaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Pedaliaceae 1 entry
• Sesamum indicum  • {nham:}

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Sesamum indicum

Family: Pedaliaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 34-0892: {nham:}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 182 : Hnan
• Nagathein 2-179: {nham:}
• UHM : NL


Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries: {nham:}
{nham:} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 177
{nham:} - sesame, Sesamum indicum -- Myan-Engl-Dict 247


English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 34-0892: Sesame; Sesamum
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 182 : Sesame; Gingelly
• Nagathein 2-179: NG
• UHM : NL


• Leader: http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/allgemei/koehler/koeh-129.jpg
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers and fruits, right -- cultivated plants. Click on pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN
• Flowers and leaves: www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/pictures/sesa_03.jpg


Identification characters:

• An erect herb, pubescent. Leaves opposite, the uppermost alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate, the petioles of upper leaves short, the lower ones as long as laminae; laminae lanceolate or oblong, the uppermost linear, uncut, the middle ones ovate, toothed, the lower irregularly lobed or pedatifid, the bases obtuse, cuneate or rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences solitary cymes, axillary. Flowers bracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, the tube short, the lobes lanceolate, small. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, tubular-ventricose, obscurely 2-lipped, the lobes orbicular, the tube base subgibbous, white with reddish purple or yellow marks. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, inserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-locule, or 4-loculed due to false septation when young, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style filiform, the stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, oblongoid, unarmed, 2-valved, dehiscing half-way down or sometimes to the base or ultimately 4-valved, scabrid-pilose; seeds numerous, obliquely oblongoid, smooth, endosperm thin and fleshy. Flowering period: May-June. Fruiting period: July-August -- UKS-TMN

• An erect, herbaceous, slightly hairy annual. Leaves large, thin, sparsely hairy, up to 5 in. long, lower leaves often lobed and toothed. Flowers jn axillary, solitary, with an offensive smell; corolla whitish pink, with yellow marks, 1 - 11/2 in. long. Capsules oblong, erect, 1 in. long, 4-sided, splitting open from above to half-way down. -- J. F. Dastur


Distribution: Planted throughout Myanmar -- UKS-TMN


Parts used and uses: Leaves and seeds

• Galactagogue; Expectorant; Heal sores; Biliousness; Carminative; Skin disease; Tooth-ache; Good for hair growth; Gives energy. Leaf juice -- Lithiasis; Head-ache; Prevents growth of grey hair. Seed oil -- Amenorrhoea; Prevents bleeding of haemorrhoids. Ground seed -- Antidote for spider toxin. -- UKS-TMN

• The taste is hot, bitter, sweet, astringent, creamy. Promotes heat. Gives strength, and is good for hair. Galactagogue. Heals wounds. Promotes intelligence. Skin diseases, and dental diseases.
   Note: there are two kinds, the black and the white. The black variety is more useful in medicine. Promotes production of semen. -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT.

• The leaves, being highly mucilaginous, are used as a demulcent in respiratory affections, infantile cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery and other bowel affections and bladder diseases, such as catarrah, cystitis, strangury etc.; the leaves are given as an infusion; one or two full sized fresh leaves are infused in half a pint of cold water; hot water is used if the leaves are dry. A decoction of the leaves and roots is a useful hair wash. The seeds are emollient, nourishing, tonic, lactagogue, emmenagogue, demulcent, laxative, diuretic and fattening; they are particularly useful in piles and constipation; they are usually given as a decoction or confection; for bleeding piles their powder is given with water and butter; in eight to 10 grain doses the seeds are given three to four times a day for the treatment of amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea; coupled with this treatment the patient is given a hip bath to the water of which is added a handful of the crushed seeds; a decoction of the seeds or linseed tea is given in cough; in large doses the seeds are an abortifacient. A poultice of the seeds is applied over ulcers, burns, scalds etc. The oil extacted from the seeds is demulcent and emmenagogue; it is generally used in dysentry and urinary disorders; it is taken in small doses; as an abortifacient it is used in large doses. The oil is rubbed on the head for relief of migraine and vertigo; a mixture of equal parts of the oil and lime water is a household remedy for burns and scalds; the oil is used as a substitute for olive oil in pharmaceutical preparations for external uses. -- J. F. Dastur




Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lè-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file