Update: 2006-08-06 01:58 PM -0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Oxalidaceae 1 entry
• Averrhoa carambola • {saung:ya:}

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Averrhoa carambola

Family : Oxalidaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 18-0458: {saung:lya:}
• FAO 073: zaung-ya
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 178: Zaung-yar
• Nagathein 1-399: {saung:lya:thi:}
• UHM : NL

UKT: A. bilimbi is known as {ta.roat saung:lhya:} -- Agri.Dept.2000 25-0641
[notice {ha.hto:} in Burmese-Myanmar name given which is obviously an orthographical error.]

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- TravPo-M-Dict 091
n. carambola. Averrhoa carambola  - Myan-Engl-Dict 118


Hindi : {ka.ma.rahk} -- Nagathein
Sanskrit :


English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 18-0458: Carambola
• FAO 073: Carambola; star fruit
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 178: Carambola Apple; Chinese Gooseberry; Coromandel Gooseberry
• Nagathein 1-399: NG
• UHM : NL


Picture :
• Leader: left - A. carambola; right - A. bilimbi  -- FAO
   UKT: I have included A. bilimbi (right) for comparison.
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers; right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN


Plant identification characters :

• Key characteristics: Bushy tree; drooping branches, 3–6 pairs of leaflets, purple-red flowers; shiny yellow fruit with 5 pronounced ribs. Description: Small, usually much branched tree, to 15 m tall. Bushy growth, usually with drooping branches. 3–6 pairs of 4–10 cm long, ovate leaflets and a single terminal leaflet. Flowers normally in auxiliary panicles, with joined petals, up to 8 mm in length, light red with purple centre. Fruit 12 × 6 cm, shiny yellow-green when ripe, with 5 pronounced ribs. Many cultivars. Flower and fruit all the year round. -- FAO

• A small tree, branches dense, dropping; younger stems cylindrical, glabrous. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles pulvinate; petioulules stout; exstipellate; leaflets 2-5 pairs, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, the tips acute, the surfaces glabrous, the lower glaucous. Inflorescences axillary paniculate cymes; bracts linear, deciduous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, atinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 5, ovate, glabrous, sepaloid. Corolla synpetalous, campanulate, the corolla lobes 5, obovate-oblong to oblong, the tubes cylindrical, purplish, pubescent. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 10,5 fertile and 5 staminodes, basally connate, the staminodes shorter, sometimes 1 or 2 of these longer and antheriferous, the filaments dilated at the bases, the anthers dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid-oblongoid, 5-lobed, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovule 1 in each locule, the styles 5, distinct, the stigmas terminal on each style, capitate. Fruit a berry, oblongoid, 5-lobed, acutely angled, smooth; seeds ellipsoid, smooth, arillate, endosperm scanty, soft fleshy. Flowering and fruiting periods: Throughout the year. -- KS-TMN


Distribution in Myanmar :

• Grows wild. Commonly cultivated throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

Distribution elsewhere: Like A. bilimbi  [i.e. prefer seasonal humid climates with a drier season, but not actual drought and slightly acid soils. Flooding and salinity is not tolerated. Distribution: Origin S.E. Asia, now grown all over the humid tropics] but extends to frost free subtropical areas. More often commercially grown. -- FAO


Part used and uses :

• As A. bilimbi. [i.e. Fruit used for pickles, curries, chutney and preserves in syrup and can also be used to clean metal and remove stains. Also used in traditional medicines]. Fruit also used fresh in salads, drinks, jam and jelly. -- FAO

• Fruit -- Diarrhoea; Indigestion; Emesis; To allay thirst; Pyrexia; Internal hemorrhoids; Palpitation of the heart; Gives energy; Expectorant. Unripe fruit -- Carminative; Cholagogue. Ripe fruit -- Gains weight -- KS-TMN


Constituents :


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Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lè-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
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