Update: 2006-08-06 01:58 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Oleaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Oleaceae 2 entries
• Jasminum pubescens •  {san°-pθύ (tau:)} 
• Nyctanthes arbor-tristis  • {hseip-hpa.lu:}   • Oleaceae

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Jasminum pubescens

Family: Oleaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts :
• Agri.Dept.2000 26-0674: {tau:san°pθύ}
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shing : NL
• KS-TMN 177: Taw-sabai; Sabai
• Nagathein 1-373:  {sa.pθύ pan: (tau:)}
• UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{san°pθύ} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 088
{san°pθύ} - n. jasmine (Hindi - {sa.mι-li})-- Myan-Engl-Dict 114

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 26-0674: jasmine
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shing : NL
• KS-TMN 177: Common Jasmine; Downy Jasmine; Musk Jasmine
• Nagathein 1-373:  NG
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• Leader:
• Photos:left -- habit with flowers;right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

• A lianous shrub; younger stems villous with tawny tomentum. Leaves opposite and decussate, simple; exstipulate; petioles densely villous; laminae ovate to elliptic-ovate, the bases rounded or often cordate, the margins entire, the tips acute, often mucronate, unicostate, reticulate, the upper surfaces glabrescent, the lower pubescent. Inflorescences terminal dichasial cymes at the ends of short axillary branches, densely flowered; bracts lanceolate, acute, large, foliaceous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, campanulate, the lobes subulate, densely villous. Corolla synpetalous, 5- to 7-lobed, salverform, the lobes elliptic-oblong, acute, white, fragrant. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 2, epipetalous, the filaments short, inserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, the cells back to back, apiculate due to connective extension, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovule solitary in each locule, the style cylindric, the stigma 2-fid. Fruit a berry, ellipsoid, black, subtended by the suberect persistent calyx teeth; seeds 1-2 ellipsoid, erect, non-endospermic. Flowering period: November-January. Fruiting period: January-June. -- KS-TMN

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

• Commonly grows wild or planted throughout Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

 

Parts used and uses:

• Flower -- Intracranial disease; Metrorrhagia; Oedema; Biliary infection; Cardiac tonic; Diarrhoea; Heartburn; Antidote for poisons. -- KS-TMN

Constituents :

 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis 

Nyctanthes arbortristis

Family: Oleaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 22-571: {hseip-hpa.lu:}
• FAO :
• Lθ-seik-shing 189: {hseit-hpa.lu:}
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-502: {hseit-hpa.lu:}
• UHM 35: Seik-palu

• Nyctanthes means 'night flowering' and arbortristis means 'the sad tree' as it loses its brightness during daytime. Flowers are highly fragrant. It has been used for all types of fevers and sciatica in Ayurveda. -- www.ccrhindia.org/common_indian_plants/L18.htm

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hseip-hpa.lu:} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 108
{hseip-hpa.lu:} - n. shrub related to jasmine bearing sweet-scented white flowers with orange pedicels. Nyctanthes arbor- tristis. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 145

 

Hindi: Harsinghar, Seoli, -- www.ccrhindia.org/common_indian_plants/L18.htm
Sanskrit:Parijatham -- www.ccrhindia.org/common_indian_plants/L18.htm
• (common name) Shephalika  -- www.ccrhindia.org/common_indian_plants/L18.htm

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 22-571: Coral jasmine
• FAO :
• Lθ-seik-shing 189: Coral jasmine
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 1-502: NG
• UHM 35: NG

 

Picture :
• Leader: Thai postage stamp  www.ku.ac.th/e-magazine/november45/agri/flower.html
• Photo: Leaves and flowers -- http://toptropicals.com/html/toptropicals/catalog/photo_db/N.htm . Other photographs are also available.

 

Plant identification characters :

• A small erect tree often arises to 30 feet but at times form coppice, scabrid, pilose form, leaves opposite, ovate, 10.5 by 6.2 cm acute, base rounded or cuneate, petiole 1/3 in., not articulated, flowers 3-7 in each head, sweet scented bracts 1/4 - 1/2 in., elliptic, calyx 1/5in., corolla tube 1/4 - 1/3" capsule 3/4 in. long. -- UHM

Distribution of Myanmar
• Kalaw, Taunggyi and neighbourhood hills. -- UHM

 

Part used and uses:

• Dried Leaves. Used as fever and rheumatism, fresh juice and honey in chronic fever, decoction for obstinate sciatica, expressed juice of the leaves -- cholagogue, laxative, mild bitter tonic, diaphoretic and diuretic. -- UHM

• Leaves are used for the medicinal purpose and are collected during March and April. -- www.ccrhindia.org/common_indian_plants/L18.htm
• See MEDLINE for published data -- www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?CMD=search&DB=pubmed.

Ethnobotany (Worldwide use) :

Constituents:
• 1. A large amount of resin and a colouring matter. 2. An alkaloid-nyctanthine. 3. A glucoside. 4. Traces of an oily principle having the odour of oil of peppermint. (4) -- UHM

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Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lθ-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file