Update: 2006-08-06 01:57 PM -0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:

Family: Myrsinaceae 1 entry
• Ardisia humilis  • {krak-ma.oap}

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Ardisia humilis

Family: Myrsinaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 08-0201: {krak-ma.oap}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 166:  Kyek-ma-oke
• Nagathein 1-171: {krak-ma.oap}
• UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{krak-ma.oap} - --TravPo-M-Dict 032
{krak-ma.oap} - n. name applied to some shrubs of Ardisia species- Ardisia colorata, A humilis, etc. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 042



 English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 08-0201: NG
• FAO :
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 166:  NG
• Nagathein 1-171: NG
• UHM : NL


• Leader: Nagathein
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers. right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge.-- KS-TMN


Plant identification characters

• A shrub; younger stems cylindrical, glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petioles short, stout; laminae elliptic or obovate-elliptic, the bases cuneate or obtuse, the margins entire, the tips shortly acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary corymbose cymes; bracts deciduoud. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-sect, campanulate, the lobes elliptic, petaloid, pinkish, persistent and accrescent and closely pressed to fruit. Corolla synpetalous, 5-partite, twisted to the right in bud, the tubes short, the lobes acute, pink. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, opposite the corolla lobes, the filaments very short, inserted, the anthers dithecous, ovoid-lanceolate, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, placentation free central, the ovules 10 in the locule, the style 1, stout, the stigma simple. Fruit a drupe, globose with peristent style, obscurely depressed, exocarp fleshy, endocarp stony, bright scarlet; seed 1, globose, endosperm copious. Flowering period: August-September. Fruiting period: October-January. -- KS-TMN



• Grows wild in moist and shady places of Myanmar -- KS-TMN


Parts used and uses:

• Leaf and fruit: Chronic dysentery; Haemoptysis; Promote spermatogenesis; Burning sensation; Metrorrhagia:; Biliousness; Carminative; Heal boils and carbuncles; Gives energy; Dysentery. -- KS-TMN




Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lè-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file