Update: 2006-08-06 01:54 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Loganiaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Loganiaceae 2 entries
• Strychnos nux-blanda  • {hka.paung:kri:)
• Strychnos nux-vomica • {hka.paung:kri:)

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Strychnos nux-blanda

Family: Loganiacea

Strychnos nux-blanda var. hirsuta A. W. Hill; S. nux-vomica Linnaeus var. grandifolia Dop. --- http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/strychnos.pdf

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 11-0270:  {hka.paung:}
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein : NL
• UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{hka.paung:} -    -- TravPo-M-Dict 040
{hka.paung:} - n. the nux-vomica, Strychnos nux-blanda. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 052

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 11-0270:  Strychnine tree
• FAO : NL
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein : NL
• UHM : NL

Picture :

• Leader : http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/systematik/7_bilder/yamasaki/yamas448.jpg . Click to enlarge.

 

Plant identification characters :

• Strychnos nux-blanda A. W. Hill, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1917: 189. 1917. Trees to 15 m tall. Branchlets glabrous or glabrescent. Petiole 1–1.5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate, elliptic, or suborbicular, 9–22 Χ 7–16 cm, papery, glabrous, base rounded, apex acute to acuminate; basal veins 5–7. Thyrses axillary, 4–6 cm; bracteoles puberulent. Flowers 5-merous. Pedicel puberulent. Calyx lobes narrowly oblong, 1.5–2 mm, outside puberulent. Corolla white, salverform, 1.2 cm; tube ca. 9 mm, outside villous near base; lobes narrowly elliptic, ca. 3 mm, outside glandular. Stamens inserted at corolla mouth; filaments very short; anthers subovate, ca. 2 mm, apex exserted. Ovary ovoid, glabrous. Style to 1.2 cm, glabrous; stigma capitate. Berry globose, 6–8 cm in diam., 4–15-seeded. Seeds ovoid, suborbicular, or ellipsoid, 1.5–2.2 Χ 1.3–2 cm, compressed. Fl. Mar–Jun, fr. Aug–Dec.  -- http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/strychnos.pdf

Strychnos nux-blanda var. hirsuta A. W. Hill; S. nux-vomica Linnaeus var. grandifolia Dop.
山马钱 shan ma qian
300–600 m. Cultivated in S and SW Guangdong [native in Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam]. -- http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/strychnos.pdf

Distribution in Myanmar :

Part used and uses :

Constituents :

Contents of this page

Strychnos nux-vomica

Family: Loganiaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 11-0271:  {hka.paung:kri:}
• FAO :
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN:
• Nagathein 1-227: {hka.paung:kri:}
• UHM 42: Ka-baung

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{hka.paung:} -   -- TravPo-M-Dict 040

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Poison nut tree; Nux-vomica tree -- Agri.Dept.2000
• Poison Nut, Dog Button, Quaker Button. -- UHM

Picture •
• Leader from Nagathein 1-227:
• Photo: left - tree -- www.gautamglobal.com/ gallery.htm; right - drawing with sections -- www.bi.ku.dk/tavler/ thumb.asp?ID=244

 

Plant identification characters :

• A tree with crooked trunk and irregular branches having yellowish gray bark, leaves opp., ovate, exstipulate, glabrous 3-5 nerved with acute apex, flowers greenish white, tubular, in terminal scorpoid cymes, fruit an orange-yellow spheroidal berry containting upto 5 orbicular flattened seeds. --UHM

• Strychnos nux-vomica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 189. 1753. Trees to 25 m tall. Branchlets slightly pubescent, glabrescent. Petiole 0.5–1.5 cm; leaf blade suborbicular, broadly elliptic, or ovate, 5–18 Χ 4–12.5 cm, papery, abaxially minutely hairy especially on veins, adaxially glabrous and shiny, base rounded to cordate, apex short acuminate to acute and often mucronulate; basal veins 3–5. Thyrses axillary, 3–6 cm; peduncle puberulent; bracteoles pubescent. Flowers 5-merous. Pedicel puberulent. Calyx lobes ovate, outside densely pubescent. Corolla greenish white to white, salverform, ca. 1.3 cm; tube longer than lobes, outside glabrous, inside sparsely villous at base or on lower half; lobes narrowly ovate, ca. 3 mm, margin thickened and puberulent. Stamens inserted at mouth or corolla tube; filaments very short; anthers elliptic, ca. 1.7 mm, apex exserted. Pistil 1–1.2 cm. Ovary ovoid, glabrous. Style to 1.1 cm, glabrous; stigma capitate. Berry orange when ripe, globose, 2–4 cm in diam., glabrous, 1–4-seeded. Seeds orbicular to elliptic, 2–4 cm wide, densely sericeous. Fl. spring to summer. --- http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/strychnos.pdf

Strychnos nux-vomica var. oligosperma Dop; S. spireana Dop.
马钱子 ma qian zi
Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, and S Yunnan [native in India, cultivated throughout tropical Asia].
Medicinal; tools. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/strychnos.pdf

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Central Range, Mongnai Range, Taunglelon, (Southern Shan State), Tharawaddy deciduous forests, Kya-in, Seik-kyi (Mn.) -- UHM

 

Part used and uses :

• Dried ripe seed. Spinal stimulant (excite-motor), bitter tonic in debility with loss of appetite, severe illness, poisoning from alcohol, sexual impotence, post operative paralysis of intestines in infantile paralysis. -- UHM

Constituents :

• 1. 1.84-5.3% of the alkaloids (Strychnine, and Brucine). 2. Glucoside loganin. 3. Igasuric acid. 4. Protein, fixed oil etc. (7) -- UHM

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • FAO : • Lθ-seik-shin : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file