Update: 2006-08-04 04:53 AM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Family: Hypericaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page

Family: Hypericaceae 5 entries
• Hypericaceae family - general characters
• Calophyllum inophyllum • {poan:Ρak}
• Garcinia mangostana • {ming:kwut}
• Garcinia paniculata • {mak-ling}
• Garcinia pedunculata  • {mak-lein-hkyiρ}
• Mesua ferrea • {kan°.kau}
• Calophyllum spp.
• Garcinia spp.
• Hypericum spp.
• Mesua spp.

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 Contents of this page

Hypericaceae family - general characters

From: Families yielding important phytopharmaceuticals in Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, by Michael Heinrich, J. Barnes, S. Gibbons, and E. Williamson, October 2003, ISBN:0443071322, pp.320 -- www.fleshandbones.com/readingroom/pdf/747.pdf

This small family was formerly part of the Guttiferae and is of pharmaceutical importance because of St John’s wort, which in the last decade of the 20th century became one of the most important medicinal plants in Western medicine.

Important medicinal plants from the family
• Hypericum perforatum L. (St John’s wort) has clinically well-established effects in mild forms of depression. It has also been employed topically for inflammatory conditions of the skin.

Morphological characteristics of the family
The leaves are opposite, often dotted with glands. A characteristic feature of this family is a secondary increase in the number of stamens (polyandrous flowers). The fruit are usually capsules, but berries may occur in some species.

Distribution
This family, with about 900 species, has its main area of distribution in the tropics and in temperate regions.

Chemical characteristics of the family
The former name Guttiferae is an important indicator of a characteristic chemical feature: the presence of resins, balsam and other glands containing excretory products. For example, the hypericin glands, with a characteristic red colour, are present especially in the flowers and contain naphthodianthrones, including hypericin (Fig. 4.8) and pseudohypericin, which are characteristic for some sections of the genus. Typical for the family in general are also xanthones (found nearly exclusively in this family and in the Gentianaceae). The genus is known to accumulate flavonoids and their glycosides (rutoside, hyperoside), as well as hyperforin (Fig. 4.8) and its derivatives, which are derived from the terpenoid pathway.

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Calophyllum inophyllum

Family: Hypericaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 39-1027: {poan:Ρak}
• Chklist: Pon-nyet
• LSR 295: {poan:Ρak}
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 105: Pone-nyet
• Nagathein 2-284: {poan:Ρak pan:}
• UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
•Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{poan:Ρak} - - TravPo-M-Dict 196
{poan:Ρak} - n. Alexandrian laurel, Callophyllum inophyllum -  Myan-Engl-Dict 278
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data :
• Calophyllum inophyllum L. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Alexandrian laurel, Hpang, Pon-nyet

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 39-1027: Alexandrian laurel
• Chklist: Alexandrian laurel
• LSR 295: Alexandrian laurel
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 105: Alexandrian Laurel; Dillo Oil tree
• Nagathein :NL
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• Leader: Nagathein
• Photos: left -- habit with flowers; right --  habit with fruits -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters

• A middle sized tree, trunk crooked; bark grey, smooth, the younger stems glabrous. Leaves opposite, decussate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae oblong or obovate-oblong, the bases obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, obscurely undulate, the tips rounded, often emarginate, unicostate, reticulate, the lateral veins many, fine, arise at right angles to the midrib, parallel and closely set, the surfaces glabrous, glaucous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary lax racemes, shorter than the leaves, few-flowered. Flowers ebracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, polygamous, actinomorphic, outer much smaller, the two inner petaloid. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, oblong, white, fragrant. Androecium tetra-adelphous, stamens numerous, the filaments erect, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, exserted, basifixed, dehiscence longitudinal; staminodes numerous in pistillate flower. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid-globose, stipitate, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, with an axile-basal ovule in the locule, the style long, twisted, the stigma capitate, peltate; pistillode often present in the staminate flower. Fruit a drupe, globose, pulp scanty, yellowish, smooth, seed globose, non-endospermic. Flowering period: May-June/October. Fruiting period: July-August/December - KS-TMN

 

Distribution in Myanmar

• Grows wild, common in coastal areas. Planted. -- KS-TMN

 

Part used and uses

• Buds, barks: Haematemesis; Promotes spermatogenesis. -- KS-TMN

 

Constituents

 

 Contents of this page

Garcinia mangostana

Family: Hypericaceae

syn: Mangostana garcinia - FAO

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 45-1178: {ming:kwut}
• Chklist: Mingut
• LSR : NL
• FAO 125: mingut
• KS-TMN 106: Min-gut
• Nagathein 2-449: {ming:kwut thi:}
• UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ming:kwut} - - TravPo-M-Dict 240
{ming:kwut} - n. mangosteen. Garcinia mangostans.-  Myan-Engl-Dict 351
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data
• Garcinia mangostana L. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Mangosteen, Mingut

 

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 45-1178: Mangosteen
• Chklist: Mangosteen
• LSR : NL
• FAO 125: mangosteen
• KS-TMN 106: Mangosteen
• Nagathein 2-449: NG
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• Leader - FAO
• Photos: left -- habit with a flowers; right --  habit with a fruit -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

•An evergreen tree; younger stems cylindrical, glabrous, latex yellow juice. Leaves opposite, distichous, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae elliptic-oblong, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, the tips acuminute, unicostate, reticulate, the veins horizontal, glabrous, deep green, coriaceous, glaucous. Inflorescences terminal cymes, bisexual flowers solitary, at the ends of branches, staminate flowers in 3- to 9- flowered fasicled cymes, pistillates solitary or paired at ends of branches. Flowers ebracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, polygamodioecious, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Bisexual flowers: Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, orbicular, concave, decussate, yellowish, persistent. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, broadly ovate, imbricate, rosy pink, glabrous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, inserted, or as 4 phalanges surrounding the postillode in staminte flowers, the filaments short, basifixed, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 4-carpelled, syncarpous, 8-loculed, the ovule solitary in each locule, the placentation axile-basal, the stigma sessile, 8-rayed, peltate, yellow. Fruit a berry, globose, rind coriaceous, thick, deep brownish crimson; seeds reniform, 6-8, large, enclosed in a pulpy aril, non-endospermic. Flowering period: November-March. Fruiting period: March-July -- KS-TMN

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

• Commonly cultivated along the coast of Tanin-thayi.  -- KS-TMN

 

Part used and uses :

• Rind of fruit -- Diarrhoea; Dysentery;Infantile diarrhoea; Irritable colon; Urethritis; Cystitis; Bleeding piles; Astringent effect.  -- KS-TMN

 

Constituents :

 

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Garcinia paniculata

Family: Hypericaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 44-1173: {mak-ling}
• Chklist: Metlin
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 2-445: NG
• UHM : NL

UKT: Nagathein 2-445 listed {mak-ling-hkyiρ} as Garcinia paniculata, whereas KS-TMN listed it as G. pedunculata.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{mak-ling} -- TravPo-M-Dict 238
{mak-ling} - n. high, straight timber tree. Garcinia paniculata.- Myan-Engl-Dict 348
{mak-ling} - NL - Myan-Ortho 193

 

Chklist data :
• Garcinia paniculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Kachin, Yangon. Common Names: Metlin, Sani
• Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Metlin-chin, Sani

GARCINIA PANICULATA : Is a plant of Himalayan region. The fruit is edible. The fruit of this species raised in Calcutta is represented as about the size of a cherry, that of native specimens received from Silhet about twice as large.
    Hedrick, U.P. editor. 1919. Sturtevant's Notes on Edible Plants. Report of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station for the Year 1919 II. Albany, J.B Lyon Company, State Printers. [References Available]
   Compiled for Food Resource <http://food.oregonstate.edu/> http://food.oregonstate.edu/glossary/g.html

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 44-1173: NG
• Chklist: NG
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein : {mak-ling-hkyiρ}
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Garcinia pedunculata

Family: Hypericaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
• Chklist: Metlin-chin
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 109: Metlin-chin
• Nagathein  : NL
• UHM :

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
 {mak-lein-hkyiρ} - NL - TravPo-M-Dict 238
{mak-lein-hkyiρ} - NL - Myan-Engl-Dict 348
{mak-ling-hkyiρ}- Myan-Ortho 193

Chklist data
• Garcinia paniculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Kachin, Yangon. Common Names: Metlin, Sani
• Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Metlin-chin, Sani

GARCINIA PEDUNCULATA : Is a plant of the Himalayan region. The fleshy part of the fruit which covers the seeds and their juicy envelope, or aril, is in large qnatity, of a firm texture and of a very sharp, pleasant acid taste. It is used by the natives in their curries and for acidulating water.
   Hedrick, U.P. editor. 1919. Sturtevant's Notes on Edible Plants. Report of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station for the Year 1919 II. Albany, J.B Lyon Company, State Printers. [References Available]
   Compiled for Food Resource < http://food.oregonstate.edu/> http://food.oregonstate.edu/glossary/g.html

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
• Chklist: Metlin-chin
• LSR : NL
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 109: Metlin-chin
• Nagathein  : NL
• UHM :

 

Picture :
• Leader -
• Photos: left - habit , right - a fruit -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters:

•A large evergreen tree; younger stems cylindrical, glabrous, latex yellow juice. Leaves opposite, decussate, simple; exstipulate; petioles long; laminae obtuse, rarely elliptic-oblong, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, the tips acute or acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, glabrous, sub-coriaceous. Inflorescences terminal, solitary or 3-chotomous paniculate cymes. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, polygamodioecious, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Staminate flowers on a 3-chotomous paniculate cymes, 8- to 12- flowered, pale green. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, decussate, orbicular, fleshy, the inner pair narrower, persistent. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, imbricate, oblong, narrower than sepals, scarcely longer, sepaloid. Androecium polyandrous, numerous, stamens in a 4-angled truncate shortly stipitate mass surrounding the pistillode, the filaments short, thick, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistillate and bisexual flowers solitary, larger than the staminates, terminal on a thick 4-angled peduncle. Calyx and corolla characters as in the staminate. Androecium adelphous, stamens 20-30, the filaments short, thick, in 4 phalanges, connate below, staminodes numerous in pistillate flower, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 4-carpelled, syncarpous, 8-loculed, the ovules solitary in each locule, the placentation axile-basal, the stigma sessile, 8- to 9- rayed, peltate, spreading. Fruit a berry, globose, rind coriaceous, thick, yellow; seeds reniform, 8-10, large, aril succulent, whitish, non-endospermic. Flowering period: January-March. Fruiting period: April-June

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

• Planted in Myitkyina, Bhamo. -- KS-TMN

 

Parts used and uses:

• Unripe fruit -- Carminative. Ripe fruit -- Angina pectoris; Abdominal tumour; Haemorrhoids; To allay thirst; Biliousness; Constipation; Heartburn; Appetizer; Gains weight. -- KS-TMN

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Mesua ferrea

Family: Hypericaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 05-0128: {kan°.kau}
• Chklist: Gangaw
• LSR 045: {kan°.kau}
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 110 : Gan-gaw
• Nagathein 1-121 : {kan°.kau was~hsan°}
• UHM : NL

UKT: Nagathein's orthography is no longer accepted. {wat-hsan} or pollen, is spelled with a "killed" {ta.} -- not with a "killed" {sa.}, and the accepted form is {kan°.kau wat-hsan°}.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
 {kan°.kau} - - TravPo-M-Dict 011
{kan°.kau} - n. - Myan-Engl-Dict 013
- Myan-Ortho 254

UKT: The definition given by TravPo-M-Dict 011can be loosely translated as:
- petals white, pollen yellow, flower sweet smelling. The flower of the lunar month {tan-hku:} (March-April).

Chklist data :
• Mesua ferrea L. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Gangaw, Ironwood tree, Kawtanok, Mai-kam-kaw, Mai-ting

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 05-0128: Iron wood; Cobra's saffron
• Chklist: Ironwood tree
• LSR 045: Cobra's saffron
• FAO : NL
• KS-TMN 110 : Ceylon Iron-wood; Ironwood of Assam
• Nagathein 1-121 : Cobra's saffron
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• Leader
• Photos: left - habit with a flower; right - habit with fruits -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters:

•A middle-sized tree; trunk straight, erect, the younger stems obscurely quadrangular, glabrous. Leaves opposite, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae linear-lanceolate, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, the tips acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, the lateral veins many, fine, closely set, the surfaces glaucous, green, the upper darker. Inflorescences usually terminal cymes, solitary or in pairs. Flowers bracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, orbicular, cucullate, thick, the margins membranous, persistent. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, cuneate-obovate, the margins crisped, undulate, white. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, monadelphous only at the base, the filaments filiform, golden yellow, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the ovules 2 in each locule, the placentation basal, the ovules erect, the style twice as long as the stamens, the stigma peltate. Fruit a berry, ovoid, conical pointed, subtended by the persistent and accrescent sepals, 1- to 4- seeded, pericarp semi-woody; seeds 1-4, angular, non-arillate, chestnut brown, non-endospermic. Flowering period: March-July. Fruiting period: August-December -- KS-TMN

 

Distribution:

• Commonly grows wild or planted throughout Myanmar up to 5000ft. -- KS-TMN

 

Parts used and uses:

• Anther -- Angina pectoris; Metrorrhagia; Cystitis; Leprosy; Herpes; Hypotension; Arthritis; Neuropathy; Leucorrhoes; To allay thirst; Haemorrhoids; Abortion; Head-ache; Deodorant; Indigestion; Antidote for poisons; Carminative; Biliousnes; Expectornat. Seed oil -- Arthritis; Aches; Chronic sores. -- KS-TMN

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Calophyllum spp.

Family: Hypericaceae

Results of search for 'Calophyllum' [fam. Hypericaceae] in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 2 Aug 2006.
• Calophyllum amoenum Wall. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Tharapi
• Calophyllum inophyllum L. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Alexandrian laurel, Hpang, Pon-nyet
• Calophyllum kunstleri King. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Tharapi
• Calophyllum parkeri Fisch. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Tharapi
• Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kayin, Mon, Rakhine. Common Names: Tharapi
• Calophyllum soulattri Blume. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Pan-taga, Tharapi
• Calophyllum spectabile Willd. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar.
• Calophyllum venustum Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Rakhine, Unknown. Common Names: Tharaphi

UKT: There is no agreement on family between Chklist, and USDA-NRCS.

USDA-NRCS [fam. Clusiaceae]
"CALOP","Calophyllum L.","calophyllum","Clusiaceae"
"CAAN22","Calophyllum antillanum Britt.","Antilles calophyllum", "Clusiaceae"
"CABR27","Calophyllum brasiliense auct. non Camb. [misapplied]","&gt;&gt;Calophyllum antillanum","Clusiaceae"
"CABRA3","Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. var. antillanum (Britt.) Standl.", "&gt;&gt;Calophyllum antillanum","Clusiaceae"
"CACA31", "Calophyllum calaba Jacq., non L.","&gt;&gt;Calophyllum antillanum", "Clusiaceae"
"CACH34","Calophyllum cholobtaches Laut."," calophyllum","Clusiaceae"
"CAIN4","Calophyllum inophyllum L.","Alexandrian laurel","Clusiaceae"

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Garcinia spp.

Family: Hypericaceae

Results of search for 'Garcinia' [fam. Hypericaceae] in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 2 Aug 2006.
• Garcinia anomala Planch. & Triana. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Chin.
• Garcinia choisyana Wall. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi
• Garcinia cornea L. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon, Rakhine, Taninthayi
• Garcinia cowa Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kagyi, Pala-kye, Taung-thale, Ye-kabyin
• Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Madaw
• Garcinia elliptica Choisy. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Tanat-taw
• Garcinia heterandra Wall. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi. Common Names: Parawa, Taw-mingut, Thanat-taw
• Garcinia lancaefolia Roxb. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Kachin, Kachin, Taninthayi. Common Names: Npri-nprai, Saukchin
• Garcinia mangostana L. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Mangosteen, Mingut
• Garcinia merguensis Wight Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Taninthayi. Common Names: Ketmya
• Garcinia microstigma Kurz. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Taung-thale-ani
• Garcinia moulmeinensis Pierre. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Mon, Taninthayi
• Garcinia nigrolineata Planch. ex T. Anders. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Garcinia paniculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Kachin, Kachin, Yangon. Common Names: Metlin, Sani
• Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Metlin-chin, Sani
• Garcinia rostrata Hassk. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi
• Garcinia speciosa Wall. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Sagaing, Taninthayi. Common Names: Bawa Bwa, Palawa, Parawa
• Garcinia stipulata T. Anders. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Sagaing, Taninthayi.
• Garcinia succifolia Kurz. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon, Mon, Sagaing, Unknown
• Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Daungyan, Dawyan-ban, Hmandaw, Madaw

UKT: There is no agreement on family between Chklist, and USDA-NRCS.

USDA-NRCS [fam. Clusiaceae]
"GARCI","Garcinia L.","saptree","Clusiaceae"
"GADU3","Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz","Gourka"," Clusiaceae"
"GAHA4","Garcinia hanburyi Hook. f."," Hanbury's garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GAHE5","Garcinia hessii (Britt.) Alain","lemon saptree","Clusiaceae"
"RHHE","Rheedia hessii Britt.","&gt;&gt;Garcinia hessii","Clusiaceae"
"GAIN5","Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy","garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GAKO","Garcinia kola Heckel","garcinia", "Clusiaceae"
"GALA15","Garcinia lateriflora Blume", "garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GALI5","Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson","Livingstone's garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GAMA10","Garcinia mangostana L.","mangosteen", "Clusiaceae"
"GAMU6","Garcinia multiflora Champ. ex Benth. ","garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GAMY","Garcinia myrtifolia A.C. Smith","garcinia","Clusiaceae"
"GAPO2", "Garcinia portoricensis (Urban) Alain","palo de cruz","Clusiaceae"
"RHAC2","Rheedia acuminata (Spreng.) Triana &amp; Planch.","&gt; &gt;Garcinia portoricensis","Clusiaceae"
"RHMA11"," Rheedia madruno (Kunth) Planchon &amp; Triana","&gt;&gt;Garcinia portoricensis","Clusiaceae"
"RHPO","Rheedia portoricensis Urban","&gt;&gt;Garcinia portoricensis","Clusiaceae"
"GAXA","Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. ex T. Anderson","garcinia", "Clusiaceae"
"GATI2","Garcinia tinctoria (DC.) W. F. Wight", "&gt;&gt;Garcinia xanthochymus","Clusiaceae"

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Hypericum spp.

Family: Hypericaceae

Results of search for 'Hypericum' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 2 Aug 2006.
• Hypericum bellum H.L. Li. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum bellum subsp. latisepalum N.K.B. Robson. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum burmanicum S.N. Biswas. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum cordifolium Choisy. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Shan
• Hypericum elodeoides Choisy. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin
• Hypericum henryi H. Lev. & Vainot. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum henryi subsp. hancockii N.K.B. Robson. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum hookerianum Wight & Arn. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Mandalay. Common Names: Mai-tagu, Tagu, Taung-ye-kyanya
• Hypericum japonicum Thunb. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay
• Hypericum lacei N.K.B. Robson. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum monanthemum Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
• Hypericum mysorense Heyne. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Cultivated
• Hypericum nepaulense Choisy. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin
• Hypericum pachyphyllum Collett & Hemsl. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin. Common Names: Prangnampan
• Hypericum patulum Thunb. Cited as: Hypericum uralum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin, Kachin, Magway, Sagaing, Shan. Common Names: Taung-ye-chinya
• Hypericum sampsoni Hance. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin

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Mesua spp.

Family: Hypericaceae

Results of search for 'Mesua' [fam. Hypericaceae] in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 2 Aug 2006.
• Mesua ferrea L. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Gangaw, Ironwood tree, Kawtanok, Mai-kam-kaw, Mai-ting
• Mesua nervosa Planch. & Triana. Cited as: Kayea nervosa (Planch. & Triana) T. Anderson. Habit: Tree. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Taung-gangaw, Thabye-gangaw

USDA-NRCS
- does not list any Mesua spp.

 Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts • Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling ( •Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file