Update: 2006-08-06 01:21 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Erythroxylaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Erythroxylaceae 2 entries
• Erythroxylum coca  • {ko-ka.ping}
• Erythroxylum cuneatum
  • {ko-king:}
• Erythrozylum spp.

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Erythroxylum coca

Family: Erythroxylaceae

MMPDB: {ko-ka.ping} -- based on official Myanmar dictionaries.

• Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 1-105:  {koat-king:}, {kau-king:}
• UHM 23: Kok-king

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{ko-king:} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 011
{ko-ka.} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 011
{ko-king:} - cocaine -- Myan-Engl-Dict 013
{ko-ka.} - NL in Myan-Engl-Dict

UKT: The sources listed {ko-king:} as:
Agri.Dept.2000 03-076: -- Erythoxylam cunneatum of family Linaceae.
Nagathein 1-105: -- Erythrozylon coca  family: not given
UHM 23: Erythrozylon coca Lamarch of family Erythroxylaceae

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Cocaine -- Agri.Dept.2000
• Cocaine, Cocae Folia, Coco leaves -- UHM

Picture:
• Leader: left -Nagathein 1-105; right -
• Photo: left -branch, leaves, fruit; right - leaves http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/Faculty/Carr/images/ery_coc_mid.jpg
• Leaf venation http://132.236.163.181/cgi-bin/dol/dol_terminal.pl?taxon_name=Erythroxylum&rank=genus
 

Plant identification characters :

• A shrub which under cultivation attains the height of 6 feet with slender branches, alternate entire oval to elliptic leaves, small white or yellow flowers and red 1-seeded drupes. -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Mergui, Tavoy. -- UHM

 

Part used and uses:

• The dried leaf. Used as: Stimulant, tonic, restorative, cerebral stimulant, large doses narcotic, externally as anesthetics. -- UHM

 

Constituents:

• 1. Alkaloids: - Cocaine, Cinnamyl-cocaine, Alpha and Beta truxilline, Hygrines. 2. Coca-tannic acid. -- UHM

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Erythroxylum cuneatum

Family: Erythroxylaceae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 03-0076:  {ko-king:}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein :  NL
• UHM : NL

UKT: Very scanty data available on the Internet. Below is what I could get:
• Taxonomy: Current Name: Erythroxylum cuneatum / Authority: (Miq.) Kurz
   Family/Genus: Erythroxylaceae - Erythroxylum
  Synonym(s): Erythroxylum burnamicum Griffith/ Erythroxylum densinerve O.E. Schulz/
   Erythroxylum platyphyllum Merr.
   --- http://www.worldagroforestry.org/SEA/Products/AFDbases/WD/asps/DisplayDetail.asp?SpecID=1389
• Erythroxylum cuneatum (Inai Inai or Wild Cocaine) Girth of tree: 130-230cm
   --- http://habitatnews.nus.edu.sg/heritage/changi/changitrees/index.html 

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{ko-king:} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 011
{ko-ka.} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 011
{ko-king:} - cocaine -- Myan-Engl-Dict 013
{ko-ka.} - NL in Myan-Engl-Dict

UKT: The sources listed {ko-king:} as:
Agri.Dept.2000 03-076: -- Erythoxylam cunneatum of family Linaceae.
Nagathein 1-105: -- Erythrozylon coca  family: not given
UHM 23: Erythrozylon coca Lamarch of family Erythroxylaceae

Hindi:
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Cocaine -- Agri.Dept.2000

Picture :
• Leader: Branch with fruit: http://www.rspg.thaigov.net/plants_data/plantdat/image/0739.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

 

Part used and uses:

 

Constituents:

 

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Erythroxylum spp

Family: Erythroxylaceae

Chklist :
Results of search for 'Erythroxylum' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 10 May 2006.
• Erythroxylum cuneatum (Miq.) Kurz. Cited as: Erythroxylum burmanicum Griff. Habit: Shrub.
  Distribution: Kayin, Kayin, Taninthayi, Taninthayi. Common Names: Cocaine, Kakane
• Erythroxylum kunthianum Kurz. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Kachin, Taninthayi
• Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Bago

Chklist:
Only 3 genera are given: Anisadenia; Linum; Reinwardtia

USDA-NRCS
"ERYTH5","Erythroxylum P. Br.","coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERAR17","Erythroxylum areolatum L.","swamp-redwood","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERBR11","Erythroxylum brevipes DC.","brisselet","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERCO41","Erythroxylum coca Lam.","coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERCOC11","Erythroxylum coca Lam. var. coca","coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERCOI","Erythroxylum coca Lam. var. ipadu Plowman","Amazonian coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERNO5","Erythroxylum novogranatense (Morris) Hieron.","Colombian coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERNON","Erythroxylum novogranatense (Morris) Hieron. var. novogranatense","Colombian coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERNOT","Erythroxylum novogranatense (Morris) Hieron. var. truxillense (Rusby) Plowman","Trujillo coca","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERRO3","Erythroxylum rotundifolium Lunan","ratwood","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERRU4","Erythroxylum rufum Cav.","rufous false cocaine","Erythroxylaceae"
"ERUR4","Erythroxylum urbanii O.E. Schulz","Urban's false cocaine","Erythroxylaceae"

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Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file