Update: 2006-08-07 02:23 AM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Compositae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:

Family: Compositae 2 entries
Artemesia vulgaris  • {dau:na.}
Blumea balsamifera • {hpoan°:ma.thein}
Artemisia spp.
Blumea spp.

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Artemesia vulgaris

Family: Compositae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts:
• Agri.Dept.2000 31-0814: {dau:na.}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 2-085: {dau:na.}
• UHM : not listed

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries  :
{dau:na.} - --TravPo-M-Dict 153
{dau:na.} - n. Indian wormwood, Artemisia vulgaris. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 211

 

Hindi : {na-ga.dau:na.} -- Nagathein; {dau:na} --TravPo-M-Dict 153
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar:
• Agri.Dept.2000 31-0814: Indian worm wood
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN: NL
• Nagathein 2-085: NL
• UHM : NL
• Mugwort; common wormwood ; Felon Herb. St. John's Plant. Cingulum Sancti Johannis

Picture:
• Leader coloured drawing from: www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html
• Line drawing from: http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=plant_profile.cgi&symbol=ARVU

 

Plant identification characters:

• Mugwort abounds on hedgebanks and waysides in most parts of England. It is a tall-growing plant, the stems, which are angular and often of a purplish hue, frequently rising 3 feet or more in height. The leaves are smooth and of a dark green tint on the upper surface, but covered with a dense cottony down beneath; they are once or twice pinnately lobed, the segments being lance shaped and pointed. The flowers are in small oval heads with cottony involucres and are arranged in long, terminal panicles; they are either reddish or pale yellow. The Mugwort is closely allied to the Cornmon Wormwood, but may be readily distinguished by the leaves being white on the under-surfaces only and by the leaf segments being pointed, not blunt. It lacks the essential oil of the Wormwood.
   The Mugwort is said to have derived its name from having been used to flavour drinks. It was, in common with other herbs, such as Ground Ivy, used to a great extent for flavouring beer before the introduction of hops. For this purpose, the plant was gathered when in flower and dried, the fresh herb being considered unsuitable for this object: malt liquor was then boiled with it so as to form a strong decoction, and the liquid thus prepared was added to the beer. Until recent years, it was still used in some parts of the country to flavour the table beer brewed by cottagers.
   It has also been suggested that the name, Mugwort, may be derived not from 'mug,' the drinking vessel, but from moughte (a moth or maggot), because from the days of Dioscorides, the plant has been regarded, in common with Wormwood, as useful in keeping off the attacks of moths.
   In the Middle Ages, the plant was known as Cingulum Sancti Johannis, it being believed that John the Baptist wore a girdle of it in the wilderness. There were many superstitions connected with it: it was believed to preserve the wayfarer from fatigue, sunstroke, wild beasts and evil spirits generally: a crown made from its sprays was worn on St. John's Eve to gain security from evil possession, and in Holland and Germany one of its names is St. John's Plant, because of the belief, that if gathered on St. John's Eve it gave protection against diseases and misfortunes.
   Dioscorides praises this herb, and orders the flowering tops to be used just before they bloom.
   The dried leaves were, sixty or seventy years ago, in use by the working classes in Cornwall as one of the substitutes for tea, at a time when tea cost 7s. per lb., and on the Continent Mugwort is occasionally employed as an aromatic culinary herb, being one of the green herbs with which geese are often stuffed during roasting.
   The downy leaves have been used in the preparation of Moxas, which the Japanese use to cure rheumatism. The down is separated by heating the leaves and afterwards rubbing them between the hands until the cottony fibres alone remain, these are then made up into small cones or cylinders for use. Artemisia Moxa and A. sinensis are mainly used in Japan. This cottony substance has also been used as a substitute for tinder.
   Sheep are said to enjoy the herbage of the Mugwort, and also the roots. The plant may, perhaps, be the Artemesia of Pontos, which was celebrated among the ancients for fattening these animals. It is said to be good for poultry and turkeys.
   A variegated variety of Mugwort also occurs. www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses:

 

Ethnobotany (Worldwide use):

Parts Used Medicinally --- The leaves, collected in August and dried in the same manner as Wormwood, and the root, dug in autumn and dried. The roots are cleansed in cold water and then freed from rootlets. Drying may be done at first in the open air, spread thinly, as contact may turn the roots mouldy. Or they may be spread on clean floors, or on shelves, in a warm room for about ten days, and turned frequently. When somewhat shrunken, they must be finished more quickly by artificial heat in a drying room or shed, near a stove or gas fire, care being taken that the heated air can escape at the top of the room. Drying in an even temperature will probably take about a fortnight, or more. It is not complete until the roots are dry to the core and brittle, snapping when bent.
   Mugwort root is generally about 8 inches long, woody, beset with numerous thin and tough rootlets, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1/12 inch thick. It is light brown externally; internally whitish, with an angular wood and thick bark, showing five or six resin cells. The taste is sweetish and acrid.
   Medicinal Action and Uses -- It has stimulant and slightly tonic properties, and is of value as a nervine and emmenagogue, having also diuretic and diaphoretic action. Its chief employment is as an emmenagogue, often in combination with Pennyroyal and Southernwood. It is also useful as a diaphoretic in the commencement of cold. It is given in infusion, which should be prepared in a covered vessel, 1 oz. of the herb to 1 pint of boiling water, and given in 1/2 teaspoonful doses, while warm. The infusion may be taken cold as a tonic, in similar doses, three times daily: it has a bitterish and aromatic taste. As a nervine, Mugwort is valued in palsy, fits, epileptic and similar affections, being an old-fashioned popular remedy for epilepsy (especially in persons of a feeble constitution). Gerard says: 'Mugwort cureth the shakings of the joynts inclining to the Palsie;' and Parkinson considered it good against hysteria. A drachm of the powdered leaves, given four times a day, is stated by Withering to have cured a patient who had been affected with hysterical fits for many years, when all other remedies had failed.
   The juice and an infusion of the herb were given for intermittent fevers and agues. The leaves used to be steeped in baths, to communicate an invigorating property to the water. -- www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

 

Constituents:

• A volatile oil, an acrid resin and tannin -- www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

 

Contents of this page

Blumea balsamifera DC

Family: Compositae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
• Agri.Dept.2000 41-1074: {hpoan°:ma.thein}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin  : NL
• KS-TMN 089: {hpoan°:ma.thein}
• Nagathein 2-315: {hpoan°:ma.thein}
• UHM 08: Hpon-ma-thein

Myanmar-Script Spelling :
Official Myanmar Dictionaries 211: {hpoan°:ma.thein}
- -- TravPo-M-Dict 211
- a small tree, the leaves of which contain some measure of camphor and are used for medicinal purpose, Blumea balsamifera -- Myan-Engl-Dict 305

 

Hindi
Sanskrit:

 

English common name used in Myanmar
• Agri.Dept.2000 41-1074 : Shan camphor
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin  : NL
• KS-TMN 089 : Nagal Camphor
• Nagathein 2-315: NL
• UHM : Ngai camphor, Shan camphor

 

Picture:
• Leader from : Nagathein 2-317
Photos:left -- habit with flowers right -- habit with fruits. Click on the pictures to enlarge. -- KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

• An evergreen shrub, occasionally a small tree, smells strongly of camphor; younger stems branching corymbose above, all softer parts densely appressed villous. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, the bases decurrent, the margins serrulate or entire, repand, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces silky villous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in capitula or leads, terminal, producing a pleiochasium of 4 main peduncles, each main peduncle terminating in a pleiochasium and laterally bears 4-7 secondary peduncles below the pleiochasium, each peduncle bears a capitulum, the capitulum campaniform; bracts forming an involucre, 6-seriate, the bracts of outer 2 series ovate, those of the inner series linear, silky pilose. Outer florets of capitulum many-seriate, pistillaes more than 80, fertile, zygomorphic, trimerous, epigynous. Calyx 1-seriate as pappus hairs, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, filiform, 2- to 3- toothed, yellow . Pistil characters similar to those of disc floret. Inner or disc florets about 35, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous. Calyx characters sumilar to the pistillate florets. Corolla synpetalous, tubular, 5-toothed, yellow. Androecium of 5 stamens, epipetalous, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, the bases sagittate, syngenesious, exserted, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed with a solitary basal ovule, the style 1, the stigmatic branches 2, the stigmas 2. Fruit an achene, sericeous, smooth, persistent pappus soft, pale pink; seeds non-endospermic. Flowering period: April. Fruiting period: May -- KS-TMN

• An evergreen shrub sometimes growing out into a small tree, all softer parts densely appressed-villous -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar

• On the hills of Myanmar. -- KS-TMN
• Kachin States, Kyaington, Shan States, Tharawaddy -- UHM

 

Parts used and uses: Leaf

• Paralysis agitans; Skin disease; Urinary infection; Gonorrhoea; Cholera; Asthma; Tooth-ache; Antidote for scorpion stings; Chronic cough -- KS-TMN
• Leaves. Used as stimulant, antispasmodic, externally it is antiseptic and rubefacient -- UHM

 

Constituents:

• Saturated ketone C9H16CO (1) -- UHM

Contents of this page

Artemisia spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Artemisia' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Artemisia annua L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated
Artemisia indica Willd. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mon, Shan, Unknown
Artemisia japonica Thunb. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan. Common Names: Pha-let-wa
Artemisia myriantha Wall. ex Bess. Cited as: Artemisia burmanica Pampan. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Dawna-pan
Artemisia parviflora Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Mandalay, Mon, Shan. Common Names: Ngan-say, Thit-nan-gaing
Artemisia persica Boiss. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan. Common Names: Let-ka-du
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan
Artemisia vulgaris L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Shan. Common Names: Fleabane, Indian wormwood, Me-di-dok, Thit-nan-gaing

USDA-NRCS
"ARTEM","Artemisia L.","sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAB2","Artemisia abrotanum L.","southernwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPR6","Artemisia procera Willd.",">>Artemisia abrotanum","Asteraceae"
"ARAB3","Artemisia absinthium L.","absinthium","Asteraceae"
"ARABI3","Artemisia absinthium L. var. insipida Stechmann",">>Artemisia absinthium","Asteraceae"
"ARAL5","Artemisia alaskana Rydb.","Alaska wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTY","Artemisia tyrellii Rydb.",">>Artemisia alaskana","Asteraceae"
"ARAL6","Artemisia aleutica Hultén","Aleutian wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARAN3","Artemisia annua L.","sweet sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARAR8","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt.","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARA","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. arbuscula","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRA","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. arbuscula (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. arbuscula","Asteraceae"
"SEAR9","Seriphidium arbusculum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. arbuscula","Asteraceae"
"ARARL3","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. longicaulis Winward & McArthur","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARL","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. longiloba (Osterhout) L. Shultz","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARL2","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. var. longiloba (Osterhout) Dorn",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARLO9","Artemisia longiloba (Osterhout) Beetle",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARSPL","Artemisia spiciformis Osterhout var. longiloba Osterhout",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"SEARL","Seriphidium arbusculum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. longilobum (Osterhout) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARART","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. thermopola Beetle","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAR9","Artemisia arctica Less.","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARA2","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. arctica","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARS","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. saxicola (Rydb.) Hultén",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOS4","Artemisia norvegica Fries ssp. saxatilis (Bess.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOP","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. piceetorum Welsh & Goodrich",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOS3","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. saxatilis (Bess.) Jepson",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARARB","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. beringensis (Hultén) Hultén","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARB2","Artemisia arctica Less. var. beringensis Hultén",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. beringensis","Asteraceae"
"ARARC","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. comata (Rydb.) Hultén","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCO22","Artemisia comata Rydb.",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. comata","Asteraceae"
"ARNOC","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. comata (Rydb.) Welsh",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. comata","Asteraceae"
"ARAR25","Artemisia argentea L'Her.","","Asteraceae"
"ARAU6","Artemisia aucheri Boiss.","","Asteraceae"
"ARAU3","Artemisia australis Less.","Oahu wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHI6","Artemisia hillebrandii Skottsberg",">>Artemisia australis","Asteraceae"
"ARBI2","Artemisia biennis Willd.","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBIB","Artemisia biennis Willd. var. biennis","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBID","Artemisia biennis Willd. var. diffusa Dorn","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBI3","Artemisia bigelovii Gray","Bigelow sage","Asteraceae"
"ARCA11","Artemisia californica Less.","coastal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCA12","Artemisia campestris L.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB4","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. borealis (Pallas) M.E. Peck","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARBO4","Artemisia borealis Pallas",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOP","Artemisia borealis Pallas ssp. purshii (Hook.) Hultén",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOL","Artemisia borealis Pallas var. latisecta Fern.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOP2","Artemisia borealis Pallas var. purshii Hook.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC9","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. canadensis (Michx.) Scoggan",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC10","Artemisia campestris L. var. canadensis (Michx.) Welsh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP5","Artemisia campestris L. var. purshii (Hook.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCA23","Artemisia canadensis Michx.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARRI6","Artemisia richardsoniana Bess.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARSP7","Artemisia spithamea Pursh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"OLGR2","Oligosporus groenlandicus (Hornem.) A.& D. Löve",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP4","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. petiolata Welsh","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAS5","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. scouleriana (Hook.) Cronq.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. pacifica (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAD","Artemisia campestris L. var. douglasiana (Bess.) Boivin",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP3","Artemisia campestris L. var. pacifica (Nutt.) M.E. Peck",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAS4","Artemisia campestris L. var. strutziae Welsh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCA30","Artemisia camporum Rydb.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARPA28","Artemisia pacifica Nutt.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARRI7","Artemisia ripicola Rydb.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"OLCAP","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. ssp. pacificus (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"OLPA3","Oligosporus pacificus (Nutt.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAW","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. wormskioldii (Bess. ex Hook.) Cronq.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC13","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. campestris L. [excluded]","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"OLCA6","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. [excluded]",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. campestris","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudata (Michx.) Hall & Clements","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC11","Artemisia campestris L. var. caudata (Michx.) Palmer & Steyermark",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCA24","Artemisia caudata Michx.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC3","Artemisia caudata Michx. var. calvens Lunell",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARFO3","Artemisia forwoodii S. Wats.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"OLCAC","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. ssp. caudatus (Michx.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"OLCA5","Oligosporus caudatus Poljakov",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCAG2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. glutinosa (J. Gay ex Besser) Batt.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCA13","Artemisia cana Pursh","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB3","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. bolanderi (Gray) G.H. Ward","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARBO5","Artemisia bolanderi Gray",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARTRB","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. bolanderi (Gray) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARTRB2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. bolanderi (Gray) McMinn",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"SECAB","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber ssp. bolanderi (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC5","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. cana","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC12","Artemisia cana Pursh var. cana",">>Artemisia cana ssp. cana","Asteraceae"
"SECA9","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. cana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAV2","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. viscidula (Osterhout) Beetle","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAR10","Artemisia argilosa Beetle",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"ARCAV","Artemisia cana Pursh var. viscidula Osterhout",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"SECAV","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber ssp. viscidulum (Osterhout) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"ARCA14","Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth.","Carruth's sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAW2","Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth. var. wrightii (Gray) Blake",">>Artemisia carruthii","Asteraceae"
"ARKA4","Artemisia kansana Britt.",">>Artemisia carruthii","Asteraceae"
"ARCA44","Artemisia caucasica Willd.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCH15","Artemisia chamaemelifolia Vill.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCI8","Artemisia cina O. Berg & C. F. Schmidt","santonica","Asteraceae"
"ARDO3","Artemisia douglasiana Bess. ex Hook.","Douglas' sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARVUH","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. heterophylla (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia douglasiana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUD","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. douglasiana (Bess. ex Hook.) St. John",">>Artemisia douglasiana","Asteraceae"
"ARDR4","Artemisia dracunculus L.","tarragon","Asteraceae"
"ARDR5","Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRD","Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Blake",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRG","Artemisia dracunculus L. ssp. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRG2","Artemisia dracunculus L. var. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Bess.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARGL12","Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARGLD2","Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd. var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Fern.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDR","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDRD","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. dracunculinus (S. Wats.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDRG","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. glaucus (Pallas ex Willd.) A.& D. Löve",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARFI2","Artemisia filifolia Torr.","sand sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"OLFI","Oligosporus filifolius (Torr.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia filifolia","Asteraceae"
"ARFR3","Artemisia franserioides Greene","ragweed sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARFR4","Artemisia frigida Willd.","prairie sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARFU4","Artemisia furcata Bieb.","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARFUF","Artemisia furcata Bieb. var. furcata","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHY2","Artemisia hyperborea Rydb.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARTA4","Artemisia tacomensis Rydb.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARTR3","Artemisia trifurcata Steph. ex Spreng.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARFUH","Artemisia furcata Bieb. var. heterophylla (Bess.) Hultén","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHE5","Artemisia heterophylla Bess.",">>Artemisia furcata var. heterophylla","Asteraceae"
"ARGL8","Artemisia globularia Cham. ex Bess.","purple wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARFL4","Artemisia flava Jurtzev",">>Artemisia globularia","Asteraceae"
"ARGLL","Artemisia globularia Cham. ex Bess. var. lutea Hultén",">>Artemisia globularia","Asteraceae"
"ARGL9","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb.","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGLG","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb. var. glomerata","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGLS","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb. var. subglabrata Hultén","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGM","Artemisia gmelinii Webb ex Stechmann","Gmelin's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSA19","Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb.",">>Artemisia gmelinii","Asteraceae"
"ARGO4","Artemisia gorgonum Webb","","Asteraceae"
"ARHE10","Artemisia herba-alba Asso","white wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARKA3","Artemisia kauaiensis (Skottsberg) Skottsberg","Kauai wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHIK","Artemisia hillebrandii Skottsberg var. kauaiensis Skottsberg",">>Artemisia kauaiensis","Asteraceae"
"ARKR2","Artemisia krushiana Bess [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARLA9","Artemisia laciniata Willd.","Siberian wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLA17","Artemisia laciniatiformis Komarov",">>Artemisia laciniata","Asteraceae"
"ARLI2","Artemisia lindleyana Bess.","Columbia River wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPR7","Artemisia prescottiana Bess.",">>Artemisia lindleyana","Asteraceae"
"ARLO7","Artemisia longifolia Nutt.","longleaf wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLU","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. albula (Woot.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAL14","Artemisia albula Woot.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. albula (Woot.) Shinners",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula","Asteraceae"
"ARLUC8","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. candicans (Rydb.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCA28","Artemisia candicans Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. candicans","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. latiloba Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. candicans","Asteraceae"
"ARLUE","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. estesii Chambers","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUI2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. incompta (Nutt.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARIN6","Artemisia incompta Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta","Asteraceae"
"ARLUI","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. incompta (Nutt.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. ludoviciana","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARDI15","Artemisia diversifolia Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARGN","Artemisia gnaphalodes Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARHE6","Artemisia herriotii Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUT","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. typica Keck",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA3","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. americana (Bess.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUB","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. brittonii (Rydb.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUG","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. gnaphalodes (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL3","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. latifolia (Bess.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUP","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. pabularis (A. Nels.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARPA23","Artemisia pabularis (A. Nels.) Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARPU12","Artemisia purshiana Bess.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL2","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL3","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Kuntze",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUM2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUM","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARME9","Artemisia mexicana Willd. ex Spreng.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARNE11","Artemisia neomexicana Greene ex Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUM","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUR","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. redolens (Gray) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUR2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. redolens (Gray) Shinners",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. redolens","Asteraceae"
"ARRE10","Artemisia redolens Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. redolens","Asteraceae"
"ARLUS","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. sulcata (Rydb.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSU10","Artemisia sulcata Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. sulcata","Asteraceae"
"ARMA20","Artemisia macrobotrys Ledeb.","Yukon wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMA27","Artemisia maritima L.","sea wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMA10","Artemisia mauiensis (Gray) Skottsberg","Maui wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMAD","Artemisia mauiensis (Gray) Skottsberg var. diffusa Skottsberg",">>Artemisia mauiensis","Asteraceae"
"ARMI4","Artemisia michauxiana Bess.","Michaux's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARVUM2","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. michauxiana (Bess.) St. John",">>Artemisia michauxiana","Asteraceae"
"ARNE6","Artemisia nesiotica Raven","island sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAI","Artemisia californica Less. var. insularis (Rydb.) Munz",">>Artemisia nesiotica","Asteraceae"
"ARNO7","Artemisia norvegica Fries [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARNO4","Artemisia nova A. Nels.","black sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARN2","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. nova (A. Nels.) G.H. Ward",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARARN","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. var. nova (A. Nels.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARNOD","Artemisia nova A. Nels. var. duchesnicola Welsh & Goodrich",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARTRN","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. nova (A. Nels.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"SENO","Seriphidium novum (A. Nels.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARPA20","Artemisia packardiae J. Grimes & Ertter","Packard's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPA15","Artemisia palmeri Gray","San Diego sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARPA16","Artemisia papposa Blake & Cronq.","Owyhee sage","Asteraceae"
"ARPA17","Artemisia parryi Gray","Parry's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLAP","Artemisia laciniata Willd. ssp. parryi (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia parryi","Asteraceae"
"ARPA18","Artemisia pattersonii Gray","Patterson's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPE6","Artemisia pedatifida Nutt.","birdfoot sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"OLPE","Oligosporus pedatifidus (Nutt.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia pedatifida","Asteraceae"
"ARPO4","Artemisia pontica L.","Roman wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPO5","Artemisia porteri Cronq.","Porter's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPY3","Artemisia pycnocephala (Less.) DC.","beach wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPY2","Artemisia pygmaea Gray","pygmy sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"SEPY","Seriphidium pygmaeum (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia pygmaea","Asteraceae"
"ARRI2","Artemisia rigida (Nutt.) Gray","scabland sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR6","Artemisia trifida Nutt. var. rigida Nutt.",">>Artemisia rigida","Asteraceae"
"SERI6","Seriphidium rigidum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia rigida","Asteraceae"
"ARRO4","Artemisia rothrockii Gray","timberline sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. rothrockii (Gray) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR5","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. rothrockii (Gray) McMinn",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"SERO4","Seriphidium rothrockii (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"ARRU14","Artemisia rupestris L. [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARRUR3","Artemisia rupestris L. ssp. rupestris L. [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARSC4","Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit.","redstem wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSC","Artemisia scopulorum Gray","alpine sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSE5","Artemisia senjavinensis Bess.","arctic wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSE4","Artemisia serrata Nutt.","sawtooth wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARST6","Artemisia stelleriana Bess.","oldwoman","Asteraceae"
"ARSU4","Artemisia suksdorfii Piper","coastal wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTH5","Artemisia thuscula Cav.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCA43","Artemisia canariensis (Besser) Less.",">>Artemisia thuscula","Asteraceae"
"ARTI","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb.","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIE","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. elatior (Torr. & Gray) Hultén","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"AREL7","Artemisia elatior (Torr. & Gray) Rydb.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. elatior","Asteraceae"
"ARTIE2","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. elatior Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. elatior","Asteraceae"
"ARTIG","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. gormanii (Rydb.) Hultén","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGO","Artemisia gormanii Rydb.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. gormanii","Asteraceae"
"ARTIT","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. tilesii","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIU2","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. unalaschcensis (Bess.) Hultén","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHO11","Artemisia hookeriana Bess.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTI4","Artemisia tilesii auct. non Ledeb. [misapplied]",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTIU","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. unalaschcensis Bess.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTR2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt.","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. parishii (Gray) Hall & Clements","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. parishii (Gray) Jepson",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii","Asteraceae"
"SETRP","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. parishii (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii","Asteraceae"
"ARTRS2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. spiciformis (Osterhout) Kartesz & Gandhi","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSP8","Artemisia spiciformis Osterhout",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. spiciformis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRS3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. spiciformis (Osterhout) Dorn",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. spiciformis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. tridentata","basin big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAN20","Artemisia angusta Rydb.",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"ARTRA2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. angustifolia Gray",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"SETR4","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"ARTRV","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. vaseyana (Rydb.) Beetle","mountain big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP4","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. pauciflora Winward & Goodrich",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARTRV2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. vaseyana (Rydb.) Boivin",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARVA2","Artemisia vaseyana Rydb.",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"SETRV","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. vaseyanum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"SEVA","Seriphidium vaseyanum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARTRW8","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. wyomingensis Beetle & Young","Wyoming big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRW","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. wyomingensis (Beetle & Young) Welsh",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis","Asteraceae"
"SETRW","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. wyomingense (Beetle & Young) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRX","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. xericensis Winward ex R. Rosentreter & R. Kelsey","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTR4","Artemisia tripartita Rydb.","threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR2","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. ssp. rupicola Beetle","Wyoming threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR4","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. var. rupicola (Beetle) Dorn",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. rupicola","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT2","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. ssp. tripartita","threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT4","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. trifida (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"ARTR8","Artemisia trifida Nutt.",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"SETR6","Seriphidium tripartitum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"ARUM","Artemisia umbelliformis Lam.","Alps wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLA18","Artemisia laxa (Lam.) Fritsch",">>Artemisia umbelliformis","Asteraceae"
"ARVU","Artemisia vulgaris L.","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARVUC2","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. coarctata Forselles ex Besser",">>Artemisia vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUK","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. kamtschatica Bess.","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIA","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. aleutica (Hultén) Welsh",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARUN2","Artemisia unalaskensis Rydb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARUNA","Artemisia unalaskensis Rydb. var. aleutica Hultén",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARVUV","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. vulgaris","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSE18","Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Bess.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUG","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. glabra Ledeb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. latiloba Ledeb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUS","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. selengensis (Turcz. ex Bess.) Maxim.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Blumea spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Blumea' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Blumea aromatica DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Ya-nat
Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Phon-ma-thein, Shan camphor
Blumea bifoliata (L.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea clarkei Hook. f. Cited as: Blumea elongata DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Taninthayi
Blumea densiflora DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Ngar camphor, Phon-mathein
Blumea diffusa Kurz. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Blumea fistulosa (Roxb.) Kurz. Cited as: Blumea glomerata DC., Blumea nodiflora Hook. f. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Magway, Taninthayi, Taninthayi, Taninthayi
Blumea hieracifolia (D. Don) DC. Cited as: Blumea chinensis DC., Blumea sericans Hook. f. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Unknown
Blumea lacera (Burm. f.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea lanceolata (DC.) Warb. Cited as: Blumea myriocephala DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Mon
Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr. Cited as: Blumea wightiana DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea napifolia DC. Cited as: Blumea membranacea DC., Blumea membranacea var. viscosula Hook. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon
Blumea oxyodonta DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Mandalay
Blumea repanda (Roxb.) Hand.-Mazz. Cited as: Blumea procera DC., Leveillea procera Vaniot. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Kachin, Mon, Taninthayi
Blumea riparia (Blume) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin
Blumea sinuata (Lour.) Merr. Cited as: Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea virens DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kadu

USDA-NRCS
"BLUME","Blumea DC.","false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLBA2","Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.","ngai camphor","Asteraceae"
"BLLA3","Blumea lacera (Burman f.) DC.","blumea","Asteraceae"
"BLLA","Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC.","cutleaf false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLSE2","Blumea sessiliflora Dcne.","sessileleaf false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLVI","Blumea viscosa (P. Mill.) Badillo","clammy false oxtongue","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file