Update: 2006-08-06 01:17 PM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Colchicaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:

For conformity with Chklist, some of the species of this family have been moved to:
1.  Apiaceae

Family: Colchicaceae 1 entry
• Gloriosa superba   • {hsi-mi:tauk} -- Family (Chklist): Colchicaceae
• Gloriosa spp.

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Gloriosa species

Family: Colchicaceae

Results of search for 'Gloriosa' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 26 Apr 2006.

• Gloriosa rothschildiana O'Brien. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Thinbaw-simidauk
• Gloriosa superba L.. Habit: Climber/Creeper. Distribution: Magway, Mandalay, Yangon. Common Names: Glory lily, Simidauk

USDA-NRCS

"GLORI","Gloriosa L.","flame lily","Liliaceae"
"GLSU2","Gloriosa superba L.","flame lily","Liliaceae"
"GLRO","Gloriosa rothschildiana O'Brien",">>Gloriosa superba","Liliaceae"

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Gloriosa superba 

Family (Chklist): Colchiacaceae
Family: Liliaceae.

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts:
• Agri.Dept.2000 19-0498:  {hsi-mi:tauk}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin 163: {hsi-mi:tauk}
• KS-TMN 078: {hsimee-dauk}
• Nagathein 1-419:  {hsi-mi:tauk}
• UHM 27: Simidauk-nwe

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : {hsi-mi:tauk}
   -- TravPo-M-Dict 100
- n. kind of creeper with flamboyant flowers, Gloriosa superba. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 131

Hindi :
Sanskrit:

English common name used in Myanmar:
• Agri.Dept.2000 19-0498:  Climbing lily; Supurb lily
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin 163: Superb Lily; Climbing Lily.
• KS-TMN 078: Climbing Lily; Superb Glory; Glory Lily.
• Nagathein 1-419:  Superb Lily.
• UHM 27: The Climbing Lily.

Picture:
• Leader from Nagathein 1-420
• Photos: left -- close up flowers, right -- habit with fruits -- KS-TMN
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Plant identification characters:

• A herbaceous climber, tall, branching, glabrous; stems twining, leafy, annual; rootstock of fleshy solid arched V-shaped cylindric tubes, bifurcatedly branched, roots fibrous. Leaves alternate; sessile; laminae lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, the bases cordate, the margins entire, the tips cirrhous, venation parallel, glabrous. Inflorescences solitary cymes, axillary; bracts small, scarious. Flowers large, showy, ebracteolate, the pedicels reflexed at tips, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous.Calyx and corolla undifferentiated, perianth petaloid, apophyllous, the segments 6, 2-seriate, linear-lanceolate, the margins crispy, undulate, golden yellow about one third of length from the base, the margins and midrib also, bright red above, persistent. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6,2-seriate, the filaments stout, filiform, golden yellow, the anthers dithecous, linear, dorsifixed, versatile, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 3-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style filiform, deflexed, the stigma 3-fid, stigmatose within. Fruit a septicidal capsule, linear-oblongoid, coriaceous; seeds subglobose, testa spongy, endospermic. Flowering period: June - July. Fruiting period: July - September. -- KS-TMN

• A large scandent herb, rootstocks of arched solid, fleshy white, cylindric tubers 15-30cm. pointed at each end, bifurcately branched producing a new joint at each tranch, roots are fibrous, leaves alternate, opposite or 3-nately whorled, lanceolate, costate, base rounded, apex cirrhose twining round supports, flowers, yellow and red axillary and solitary or in terminal few flowered corymbs, capsule 2" long, many seeded. -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar:

• Grows wild throughout the tropics ascending up to 5,000ft. -- KS-TMN

• Taunggyi Hills, Yawnghwe Range, Meik-thauk, In-ywa, Shan States. An occasional climber in hedges and scrub jungle. -- UHM

 

Part used and uses:

• Root -- Anasarca; Oxytocic; Dispels retain placenta; Otitis externa. Leaf -- Jaundice; Ear disease; Infections; Boils, Pustules -- KS-TMN

• Roots stalks and leaves. Used as Anthelmintic, laxative, purgative, abortificient. The tubers are also used in cataplasm for neuralgia. -- UHM

 

Constituents  :
• Two resins and a bitter principle, colchicine with base-probably methylcolchicine and choline, suberine, gloriosine. (3) -- UHM

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file