Update: 2006-08-06 01:13 PM -0700


Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Bombacaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Bombacaceae 1 entry
• Salmalia malabarica  • {lak-pan°}

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Salmalia malabarica

Family: Bombacaceae

 Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 53-1419: {lak-pan°}
• FAO 81: Letpan, (Syn: Salmalia malabarica, Bombax malabaricum )
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 73: Let-pan
• Nagathein 3-235 : ()  {lak-pan° (a.ni)} with suffix: "red".
• UHM : NL


Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionaries  : 
{lak-pan°} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 296
{lak-pan°} - n. red silk cotton tree -- Myan-Engl-Dict 448



English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 53-1419: not given (NG)
• FAO 81: Silk cotton tree, red cotton tree -- (may or may not apply in Myanmar)
• Lθ-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN 73: Semal tree, Silk cotton tree
• Nagathein 3-235 : NG
• UHM : NL



• Leader from FAO.
• Photos: left -- habit with fruit , right --  close up of a flower -- KS-TMN


Plant identification characters

• A large deciduous tree up to 40 m tall and 80 cm in diameter, often with buttresses. Branches in regular whorls. Bark light brown or grayish and fairly smooth. Young stem and branches are covered with large conical thorns. Leaves palmately compound of 5–7 oblong-lanceolate, pointed leaflets, 10–20 cm long, leathery and smooth. Leaf stalks longer than leaflets. The flowers are 8–10 cm long, red, occurring at or near end of branches, appearing before the leaves. The fruit is a cylindrical pointed capsule, 12 to 17 cm long with numerous seeds inside embedded in silky material. (Key characteristics: Sometimes spines on stem; horizontal branches, palmately compound leaves, large red flowers, seed capsules with silky /hairy fill.) -- FAO

• A tree; stems of younger trees armed with sharp conical woody prickles, the younger stems glabrous, lenticels many. Leaves palmately  compound; exstipulate; petioles cylindrical, glabrous; petiolules short; leaflets 4-5, elliptic to broadly elliptic, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, obscurely undulate, the tips acute to acuminate to attenuate, glabrous. Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, the cymes solitary, the flowers appearing below the leaves, usually cauliflorus; bracts absent. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-to 7-lobed, campanulate, glabrous, coriaceous. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5, oblong, the tips acute, scarlet, the outer surfaces stellate-tomentose, the inner stellate-tomentose, the inner stellate-pubescent. Androecium polyadelphous, stamens numerous, the staminal column divided into one central phalange and 5 outer phalanges, the central phalange entirely enclosing the style, the anthers monothecous, reniform, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules many in each locule, sericeous, the style cylindrical, wholly enclosed within the central phalange, the stigmas 5, linear. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, 5-valved, ovoid, downy, lined within with white silky hairs; seeds ovoid, numerous, packed in a woolly proliferation (white cotton) of the pericarp, endosperm scanty. Flowering and fruiting periods: February - April -- KS-TMN


Distribution in Myanmar

• Grows wild throughout the tropical regions of Myanmar. -- KS-TMN


Part used and uses

• Silky material around seeds is used as stuffing (kapok) but of lower quality than Ceiba pentandra. Bark is used for rope making. Wood can be used packing cases, toys, matches, canoes and others. Young flowers can be eaten as a vegetable. Flowers, pods, roots and gum are used in traditional medicine. -- FAO

• Root -- Oedema; Biliousness; Impotency; Promotes spermatogenesis; Pyuria; Dysuria; Haematuria; Small pox. Bark: Menorrhagia; Spermatorrhoea; Herpes; Dysuria; Sore throat; Fatigue; Heart disease; Dysentery; Gains weight. Leaf -- Myositis stiffness. Flower -- Haematemesis; Pneumonitis; Splenomegaly; Leucorrhoea; Leucoderma; Bleeding piles; Metrorrhagia; Ascites; Biliousness; Expectorant; Purifies blood. Fruit -- Aphrodisiac; Expectorant; Purifies blood; Gains weight; Haematemesis; Haemorroids. Seed --  Small pox. Resin -- Menorrhagia; Infantile diarrhoea; Dysentry; Diarrhoea; Promotes spermatogenesis. -- KS-TMN




Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file