Update: 2006-08-06 01:12 PM -0700

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Balsaminaceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

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Family: Balsaminaceae 1 entry
• Impatiens balsamina  • {dan:pan:} 

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Impatiens balsamina

Family: Balsaminaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
• Agri.Dept.2000 32-0828: {dan:}
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 2-088: {dan:pan:}
• UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
• Official Myanmar Dictionary  :
{dan:} -  -- TravPo-M-Dict 155
{dan:} - n. the henna tree, Lawsonia inermis . -- Myan-Engl-Dict 215
UKT: {dan:} can mean either the henna or impatiens. To avoid the confusion, it is usual to describe the henna as {dan:kri:} and the impatiens as {dan:pan:}.

Hindi
• {gul-mé-di} -- Nagathein
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar :
• Agri.Dept.2000 32-0828: Common garden balsam
• FAO : NL
• Lè-seik-shin : NL
• KS-TMN : NL
• Nagathein 2-088: Garden balsam
• UHM : NL

 

Picture :
• Leader from http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/shrubs/IMPBALA.PDF
• Photo from http://www.unex.es/botanica/LHB/img2/img2/IMG0059.jpg

 

Plant identification characters

This is a very well known ornamental-flower plant. The flowers are red, rose-red, brown, or white. Height: 1 to 1 1/2 cubits. (In Myanmar a cubit is defined as equal to 18 inches.) . Fruit is a pod (?), with black seeds about 1/4 in in length. Note: This plant is different from Henna. -- Nagathein, free translation by UKT.

• Balsam produces flowers of various colors in the leaf axils on plants from six inches to two feet tall (Fig. 1). Scientific name: Impatiens balsamina . Pronunciation: im-PAY-shenz bal-SAM-min-uh. Common name(s): Balsam, Touch-Me-Not. Family: Balsaminaceae. Plant type: annual.USDA hardiness zones: all zones (Fig. 2). Planting month for zone 7: Jun; Jul. Planting month for zone 8: May; Jun; Jul. Planting month for zone 9: Apr; May; Jun; Jul; Aug. Planting month for zone 10 and 11: Mar; Apr; May; Jun; Jul; Aug; Sep. Origin: not native to North America. Uses: mass planting; container or above-ground planter; border. Availablity: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the plant. Description - Height: 1 to 2.5 feet. Spread: .5 to 1.5 feet. Plant habit: upright. Plant density: dense. Growth rate: fast. Texture: medium. Foliage - Leaf arrangement: opposite/subopposite. Leaf type: simple. Leaf margin: serrate. Leaf shape: lanceolate. Leaf venation: pinnate. Leaf type and persistence: not applicable -- http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/shrubs/IMPBALA.PDF

Distribution in Myanmar

 

Part used and uses

• Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) is a common garden plant. It is a native of Southeast Asia. The leaves are used to heal wounds in Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The flowers are used to treat snakebite and lumbago. The Chinese use the seeds to treat difficult labour, to relieve pain after labour, to increase the menstrual flow, to expel phlegm from the respiratory passages and as an antidote to fish poisoning. -- http://www.science.edu.sg/ssc/detailed.jsp?artid=914&type=6&root=4&parent=4&cat=47

 

Constituents

 

Contents of this page

Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts (• Agri.Dept.2000 : • Chklist: • LSR : • FAO : • KS-TMN: • Nagathein : • UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling (• Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file