Update: 2012-12-31 11:41 PM +0630

TIL

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Family: Asteraceae

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page

Family: Asteraceae 8 entries
Asteraceae family - family general characters (aka Compositae)
Ageratum conyzoides {ka.du:hpo}
Artemesia vulgaris  {dau:na.}
Blumea balsamifera {hpon:ma.thain}
Eclipta alba  {krait-mhan}
Enhydra fluctuans {ka.na.hpau.}
Eupatorium cannabinum  {pi.sup (hkw:th:pan:)}
Eupatorium odoratum {pi.sup (Bi:zat)}} ()
Myanmaria calycina not listed in Agri.Dept.2000
Ageratum spp.
Artemisia spp.
Blumea spp.
Eclipta spp.
Enhydra spp.
Eupatorium spp.
Asteraceae - members cited in Agri.Dept.2000

Main Index of DB | Top
Contents of this page

Asteraceae family - general characters

the daisy family (aka Compositae)

From: Families yielding important phytopharmaceuticals in Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, by Michael Heinrich, J. Barnes, S. Gibbons, and E. Williamson, October 2003, ISBN:0443071322, pp.320 -- www.fleshandbones.com/readingroom/pdf/747.pdf

This large family has kept botanists busy for many centuries and still no universally accepted classification of the family exists. All members of the family have a complex inflorescence (the capitula), which gave rise to the older name of the family: Compositae (=inflorescence composed of many flowers). In other features, the family is rather diverse, especially with respect to its chemistry.

Important medicinal plants from the family
Arnica montana L. (arnica), used topically, especially for bruises.
Artemisia absinthum L. (wormwood or absinthium), used as a bitter tonic and choleretic.
Calendula officinalis L. (marigold), used topically, especially for some skin afflictions.
Cnicus benedictus L. (cnicus), used as a cholagogue (a bitter aromatic stimulant).
Cynara scolymus L. (artichoke), used in the treatment of liver and gallbladder complaints and several other conditions.
Echinacea angustifolia DC., E. pallida Nuttall and E. purpurea (L.) Moench (Cone flower), now commonly used as an immunostimulant.
Matricaria recutita L. (chamomille/camomille; several botanical synonyms are also commonly used, including Chamomilla recutita and Matricaria chamomilla).
Tussilago farfara L. (coltsfoot), a now little used expectorant and demulcent.

Morphological characteristics of the family

 
Fig. 4.3 :
(a) Two members of the genus Matricaria.
(Left) Matricaria chamomilla L. is aromatic and used medicinally.
(Right) Matriciria maritima L. subsp. inodora Schultz [=Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mrat) Wagenitz], also known as Matricaria inodora, is not aromatic and is not used medicinally. The illustration shows typical morphological differences in these two speceis, such as the form of the flower heads and the fruit, but it also shows how similar the two species are in many other characteristics. From Fitch (1924).

 

The family is largely composed of herbaceous and shrubby species, but some very conspicuous trees are also known. The most important morphological trait is the complex flower head, a flower-like structure, which may in fact be composed of a few or many flowers (capitulum or pseudanthium). In some sections of the family (e.g. the subfamily Lactucoideae, which includes lettuce and dandelion), only ligulate (tongue-shaped) or disk (ray) florets are present in the dense heads. In the other major segment (subfamily Asteroideae), both ligulate and radiate/discoid flowers are present on the same flower head, the former generally forming an outer, showy ring with the inner often containing large amounts of pollen. The flowers are epigynous, bisexual or sometimes female, sterile or functionally male. The (outer) calyx has five fused sepals and in many instances later develops into a pappus (featherlike in dandelions, in other instances more bristly), which is used as a means for dispersing the fruit; it is lacking in many other taxa. The fused petals (generally five) form a tubus or a ligula. The two gynaecia are epigynous and develop into tiny, nut-like fruits (achene or cypsela). The leaves are generally spirally arranged, simple, dissect or more or less compound.

 

Distribution
More than 21,000 species are known from practically all parts of the world, with the exception of Antarctica, and the family has found niches in a large variety of ecosystems.
   The family is particularly well-represented in Central America and southern North America (Mexico).

 

Chemical characteristics of the family
A typical chemical trait of this family is the presence of polyfructanes (especially inulin) as storage carbohydrates (instead of polysaccharides) in perennial taxa. Inulin-containing drugs are used for preparing malted coffee (e.g. from the rootstocks of Cichorium intybus, chicory). In many taxa, some segments of the family accumulate sesquiterpene lactones (typically with 15-carbon atoms such as parthenolide; Fig. 4.4), which are important natural products responsible for the pharmacological effects of many botanical drugs such as Chrysanthemum parthenium (feverfew) and Arnica montana (arnica). Polyacetylenic compounds (polyenes), and essential oil, are also widely distributed. Some taxa accumulate pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which, for example, are present in Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) in very small amounts. Many of these alkaloids are known for their hepatotoxic effects. Other taxa accumulate unusual diterpenoids; the diterpene glycoside stevioside (Fig. 4.4), for example, is of interest because of its intensely sweet taste.

Contents of this page

Ageratum conyzoides

Family : Asteraceae / Compositae

Syn.: Ageratum latifolium, A. cordifolium, A. album, A. odoratum.
-- http://www.tropilab.com/billy-goat.html

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 01-0022: {ka.du:hpo}
- Agri.Dept.2000 14-0342: {hkw:th:pan: (mo:kaung:)} {pan:o}
Chklist: Kadu-hpo
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-044: {ka.du:hpo}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ka.du:hpo} - NL- TravPo-M-Dict
{ka.du:hpo} - NL - Myan-Engl-Dict

Chklist data:
Ageratum conyzoides L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay, Shan, Yangon. Common Names: Goatweed, Kadu-hpo

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 01- 0022: Goat weed
- Agri.Dept.2000 14-0342: NG
Chklist: Goatweed
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-044: Appa gras
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leaders: left http://www.raintree-health.co.uk/images/ageratum.gif
right - http://www.tropilab.com/billy-goat.html
Photos: left - http://ecoport.org/PDB/000050/50223.jpg;
right- www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/images/hires/html/starr_030202_0033_ageratum_conyzoides.htm

 

Plant identification characters :

A common tropical annual herbaceous weed in Suriname. Grows to a height of three feet, has little white flowers and opposite leaves. The stem is often red and has long white hairs. The weak aromatic unpleasant smelling leaves are also covered with fine hair. The dark seeds have scales and ends in a needle-like shape. In alternative medicine, ageratum is used against epilepsy and wounds, also used as an insect repellent. --  http://www.tropilab.com/billy-goat.html

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

Pharmacology: the phytochemicals in tropical whiteweed include alkaloids, cumarins, essential oils, flavonoids and tannins. Ageratum shows promising results for anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity due to the flavonoid fraction. In Suriname's traditional medicine, the leaves are applied to cuts, burns and sores (styptic) and externally for body rash. They are also used against sore throat, spasms, diarrhea and epilepsy. --  http://www.tropilab.com/billy-goat.html

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Artemisia vulgaris

Family : Asteraceae / Compositae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts:
Agri.Dept.2000 31-0814: {dau:na.}
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-085: {dau:na.}
UHM : not listed

Myanmar-Script Spelling:
Official Myanmar Dictionaries  :
{dau:na.} - --TravPo-M-Dict 153
{dau:na.} - n. Indian wormwood, Artemisia vulgaris. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 211

 

Hindi : {na-ga.dau:na.} -- Nagathein; {dau:na} --TravPo-M-Dict 153
Sanskrit

English common name used in Myanmar:
Agri.Dept.2000 31-0814: Indian worm wood
FAO : NL
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-085: NL
UHM : NL
Mugwort; common wormwood ; Felon Herb. St. John's Plant. Cingulum Sancti Johannis

Picture:
Leader coloured drawing from: www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html
Line drawing from: http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=plant_profile.cgi&symbol=ARVU

 

Plant identification characters:

Mugwort abounds on hedgebanks and waysides in most parts of England. It is a tall-growing plant, the stems, which are angular and often of a purplish hue, frequently rising 3 feet or more in height. The leaves are smooth and of a dark green tint on the upper surface, but covered with a dense cottony down beneath; they are once or twice pinnately lobed, the segments being lance shaped and pointed. The flowers are in small oval heads with cottony involucres and are arranged in long, terminal panicles; they are either reddish or pale yellow. The Mugwort is closely allied to the Cornmon Wormwood, but may be readily distinguished by the leaves being white on the under-surfaces only and by the leaf segments being pointed, not blunt. It lacks the essential oil of the Wormwood.
   The Mugwort is said to have derived its name from having been used to flavour drinks. It was, in common with other herbs, such as Ground Ivy, used to a great extent for flavouring beer before the introduction of hops. For this purpose, the plant was gathered when in flower and dried, the fresh herb being considered unsuitable for this object: malt liquor was then boiled with it so as to form a strong decoction, and the liquid thus prepared was added to the beer. Until recent years, it was still used in some parts of the country to flavour the table beer brewed by cottagers.
   It has also been suggested that the name, Mugwort, may be derived not from 'mug,' the drinking vessel, but from moughte (a moth or maggot), because from the days of Dioscorides, the plant has been regarded, in common with Wormwood, as useful in keeping off the attacks of moths.
   In the Middle Ages, the plant was known as Cingulum Sancti Johannis, it being believed that John the Baptist wore a girdle of it in the wilderness. There were many superstitions connected with it: it was believed to preserve the wayfarer from fatigue, sunstroke, wild beasts and evil spirits generally: a crown made from its sprays was worn on St. John's Eve to gain security from evil possession, and in Holland and Germany one of its names is St. John's Plant, because of the belief, that if gathered on St. John's Eve it gave protection against diseases and misfortunes.
   Dioscorides praises this herb, and orders the flowering tops to be used just before they bloom.
   The dried leaves were, sixty or seventy years ago, in use by the working classes in Cornwall as one of the substitutes for tea, at a time when tea cost 7s. per lb., and on the Continent Mugwort is occasionally employed as an aromatic culinary herb, being one of the green herbs with which geese are often stuffed during roasting.
   The downy leaves have been used in the preparation of Moxas, which the Japanese use to cure rheumatism. The down is separated by heating the leaves and afterwards rubbing them between the hands until the cottony fibres alone remain, these are then made up into small cones or cylinders for use. Artemisia Moxa and A. sinensis are mainly used in Japan. This cottony substance has also been used as a substitute for tinder.
   Sheep are said to enjoy the herbage of the Mugwort, and also the roots. The plant may, perhaps, be the Artemesia of Pontos, which was celebrated among the ancients for fattening these animals. It is said to be good for poultry and turkeys.
   A variegated variety of Mugwort also occurs. www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses:

 

Ethnobotany (Worldwide use):

Parts Used Medicinally --- The leaves, collected in August and dried in the same manner as Wormwood, and the root, dug in autumn and dried. The roots are cleansed in cold water and then freed from rootlets. Drying may be done at first in the open air, spread thinly, as contact may turn the roots mouldy. Or they may be spread on clean floors, or on shelves, in a warm room for about ten days, and turned frequently. When somewhat shrunken, they must be finished more quickly by artificial heat in a drying room or shed, near a stove or gas fire, care being taken that the heated air can escape at the top of the room. Drying in an even temperature will probably take about a fortnight, or more. It is not complete until the roots are dry to the core and brittle, snapping when bent.
   Mugwort root is generally about 8 inches long, woody, beset with numerous thin and tough rootlets, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1/12 inch thick. It is light brown externally; internally whitish, with an angular wood and thick bark, showing five or six resin cells. The taste is sweetish and acrid.
   Medicinal Action and Uses -- It has stimulant and slightly tonic properties, and is of value as a nervine and emmenagogue, having also diuretic and diaphoretic action. Its chief employment is as an emmenagogue, often in combination with Pennyroyal and Southernwood. It is also useful as a diaphoretic in the commencement of cold. It is given in infusion, which should be prepared in a covered vessel, 1 oz. of the herb to 1 pint of boiling water, and given in 1/2 teaspoonful doses, while warm. The infusion may be taken cold as a tonic, in similar doses, three times daily: it has a bitterish and aromatic taste. As a nervine, Mugwort is valued in palsy, fits, epileptic and similar affections, being an old-fashioned popular remedy for epilepsy (especially in persons of a feeble constitution). Gerard says: 'Mugwort cureth the shakings of the joynts inclining to the Palsie;' and Parkinson considered it good against hysteria. A drachm of the powdered leaves, given four times a day, is stated by Withering to have cured a patient who had been affected with hysterical fits for many years, when all other remedies had failed.
   The juice and an infusion of the herb were given for intermittent fevers and agues. The leaves used to be steeped in baths, to communicate an invigorating property to the water. -- www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

 

Constituents:

A volatile oil, an acrid resin and tannin -- www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mugwor61.html

Contents of this page

Blumea balsamifera DC

Family : Asteraceae / Compositae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 41-1074: {hpoan:ma.thein}
Chklit: Phon-ma-thein
LSR  : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN 089: {hpoan:ma.thein}
Nagathein 2-315: {hpoan:ma.thein}
UHM 08: Hpon-ma-thein

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling :
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{hpoan:ma.thein} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 211
{hpoan:ma.thein} - a small tree, the leaves of which contain some measure of camphor and are used for medicinal purpose, Blumea balsamifera -- Myan-Engl-Dict 305

Chklist data:
Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Phon-ma-thein, Shan camphor

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar
Agri.Dept.2000 41-1074 : Shan camphor
Chklist: Shan camphor
LSR  : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN 089 : Nagal Camphor
Nagathein 2-315: NL
UHM : Ngai camphor, Shan camphor

 

Picture:
Leader from : Nagathein 2-317
Photos: left -- habit with flowers right -- habit with fruits. - KS-TMN

 

Plant identification characters :

An evergreen shrub, occasionally a small tree, smells strongly of camphor; younger stems branching corymbose above, all softer parts densely appressed villous. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, the bases decurrent, the margins serrulate or entire, repand, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces silky villous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in capitula or leads, terminal, producing a pleiochasium of 4 main peduncles, each main peduncle terminating in a pleiochasium and laterally bears 4-7 secondary peduncles below the pleiochasium, each peduncle bears a capitulum, the capitulum campaniform; bracts forming an involucre, 6-seriate, the bracts of outer 2 series ovate, those of the inner series linear, silky pilose. Outer florets of capitulum many-seriate, pistillaes more than 80, fertile, zygomorphic, trimerous, epigynous. Calyx 1-seriate as pappus hairs, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, filiform, 2- to 3- toothed, yellow . Pistil characters similar to those of disc floret. Inner or disc florets about 35, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous. Calyx characters sumilar to the pistillate florets. Corolla synpetalous, tubular, 5-toothed, yellow. Androecium of 5 stamens, epipetalous, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, the bases sagittate, syngenesious, exserted, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed with a solitary basal ovule, the style 1, the stigmatic branches 2, the stigmas 2. Fruit an achene, sericeous, smooth, persistent pappus soft, pale pink; seeds non-endospermic. Flowering period: April. Fruiting period: May -- KS-TMN

An evergreen shrub sometimes growing out into a small tree, all softer parts densely appressed-villous -- UHM

 

Distribution in Myanmar

On the hills of Myanmar. -- KS-TMN

Kachin States, Kyaington, Shan States, Tharawaddy -- UHM

 

Parts used and uses: Leaf

Paralysis agitans; Skin disease; Urinary infection; Gonorrhoea; Cholera; Asthma; Tooth-ache; Antidote for scorpion stings; Chronic cough -- KS-TMN

Leaves. Used as stimulant, antispasmodic, externally it is antiseptic and rubefacient -- UHM

 

Constituents:

Saturated ketone C9H16CO (1) -- UHM

 

Contents of this page

Eclipta alba

Family : Asteraceae / Compositae

Syn. Eclipta prostrata, E. alba -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 09-0226 : {krait-mhan} 
Chklist: Kyeik-hman
LSR 087: {krait-mhan}
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 195: {krait-mhan ping} 
UHM : NL

 

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{krait-mhan} - - TravPo-M-Dict 034
{krait-mhan} -  n- common medicinal plant. Eclipta alba. - -Myan-Engl-Dict 044
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. Cited as: Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kyeik-hman

Hindi :
Sanskrit
:

 

English common name used in Myanmar
Agri.Dept.2000 09-0226 : Eclipta 
Chklist: NG
LSR 087: NG
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 195: NG 
UHM : NL

Picture :
Leader: LSR

 

Plant identification characters :

An erect or prostrate, much branched, roughly hairy, annual, rooting at the nodes; the leaves are opposite, sessile and lanceolate; the flower-heads are white. -- www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

Distribution elsewhere:
It grows as a common weed throughout India, ascending up to 6,000 ft. on the hills. www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

Part used and uses :

Pharmacology. Eclipta is an effective anti-inflammatory agent. It inhibited the higher levels of histamine due to chronic inflammation up to 58.67 percent3. The ethanolic extract of the dried whole plant E. prostrata and its active constituent, culumbin, exhibited remarkable antihypertensive activity on anesthetized rats. No significant side effects or toxicities have been found either on histopathology of liver, kidney, spleen, heart or on biochemical parameters like SGOT, SGPT, BUN, etc. Moreover, no appreciable changes have been found in body weight and in specific organ weight during the course of investigation on Long Evans rats4. An alcoholic extract of freshly collected E. prostrata aerial parts exhibited dose-dependent (62.5-500.0 mg/kg p.o.) and significant hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in rats and mice. The hepatoprotective activity is further substantiated by its protective role on parameters such as hexobarbitone-induced sleep, zoxazolamine-induced paralysis, bromosulphaphthalin (BSP) clearance, serum levels of transaminases, bilirubin and protein. The extract did not show any signs of toxicity and the minimum lethal dose greater than 2.0g/kg when given orally and intraperitoneally in mice 5. Indications. The herb is used as a tonic and deobstruent in hepatic and splenic enlargements and in skin diseases. The plant juice is administered in combination with aromatics for catarrhal jaundice. The plant possesses antihepatotoxic and anti-inflammatory activities. The fresh plant is considered anodyne and absorbent. Product Range. Abana (HeartCare), Geriforte (GeriCare/ StressCare), Pilex (VeinCare), Purim (HemoCare), BloodPurifier Capsules& Syrup, Protein Conditioner, Revitalizing Hair Oil, Galactin Vet, Geriforte Aqua, Geriforte Vet, Liv.52 Protec. - www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

 

Constituents :

The herb contains wedelolactone and dimethyl wedelolactone possessing potent antihepatotoxic properties1. The herb is a rich source of ascorbic acid. It also contains and alkaloid, ecliptine. The plant is a good source of thiophene derivatives which are active against nematodes. The occurrence of mono-, di- and trithiophene acetylenes together with a-terthenyl in this species is noteworthy. The petroleum ether extract of aerial parts contains a trithienyl aldehyde, ecliptal, besides stigmasterol and -sitosterol. The roots are very rich in thiophene acetylenes2. www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

 

Factoid:

It was used by Hindus in their Shradh (ceremony for paying respect to a recently deceased person), being placed under and on the pinda. The description of the herb's medicinal properties by Arab writers are the similar to their Indian counterparts, and they called it "Kadim-el-bint" in Arabic. Mr. J. J. Wood suggested that E. prostrata wound be found eventually of greater service than taraxacum in hepatic derangements. www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_eclipt.htm

UKT: Linguistically, the word "Shradh" is related to the Burmese-Myanmar {tha.-hta} and  {tha.-hta kr-o} which can be loosely translated as "love and respect". Buddhist-Myanmars do not perform such a ceremony, instead of which they offer "hswam:" (food) to the monks and ask the deceased to say "sadu" (well-done) and gain merit (rejoice). - I still have to consult my peers.

Contents of this page

Enhydra fluctuans

Family : Asteraceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 02-0034: {ka.na.hpau.}
Chklist: Kana-hpaw
LSR 011: {ka.na.hpau.}
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-050: {ka.na.hpau.}
UHM : NL

UKT: and are variations in calligraphy with the same meaning. The first is the form I prefer: the second is the official form.

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{ka.na.hpau.} - TravPo-M-Dict -003
{ka.na.hpau.} - NL - Myan-Engl-Dict
{ka.na.hpau. ping} - Myan-Ortho 002

Chklist data :
Enhydra fluctuans Lour. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kana-hpaw

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 02-0034: NG
Chklist: NG
LSR 011: NG
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-050: NG
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader - LSR

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Eupatorium cannabinum

Family : Asteraceae

MMPDB2006
{hkw:th:pan:} literally means "dog-urine flower" or a plant on which a dog has urinated (probably inferring that the smell of the crushed leaves is disagreeable).

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
Chklist: Bizat, Hkwe-thay-pan
- re-transliteration: ,
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-345: {Bi:zat (tau:)}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{khw:thw:pan:} - - TravPo-M-Dict 061
{khw:thw:pan:} - NL - Myan-Engl-Dict
- Myan-Ortho 051

Chklist data :
Eupatorium cannabinum L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Mon, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon. Common Names: Bizat, Hkwe-thay-pan

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 : NL
Chklist: NG
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 1-345: Hemp Agrimony
UHM : NL

 

Picture :
Leader - www.terra.hu/haznov/jpg/Eupatorium.cannabinum.1.jpg
Photos: www.hort.cornell.edu/department/faculty/wmiller/HORT300/plantlist1/img043.jpg

 

Plant identification characters :

 

Distribution in Myanmar :

 

Part used and uses :

 

Constituents :

 

Contents of this page

Eupatorium odoratum

Syn. Chromolaena odorata -- Chklist

Family : Asteraceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 26-0686: {tau:pi.sup} {tau:bi.sup}
- Agri.Dept.2000 35-0916: {pi.sa.pa} {bi.zup}
Chklist: Bezat, Bizat, Bizat, Jamani-chon, Jamani-chon
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-345: {Bi:zat}
UHM : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{pi.sup} - - TravPo-M-Dict 183
{pi.sup} - n. kind of medicinal shrub. Eupatorium odoratum. - Myan-Engl-Dict 256
- Myan-Ortho

Chklist data :
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Robinson . Cited as: Eupatorium odoratum L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Bezat, Bizat, Bizat, Jamani-chon, Jamani-chon

Hindi :
Sanskrit :

 

English common name used in Myanmar :
Agri.Dept.2000 26-0686: NG
- Agri.Dept.2000 35-0916: NG
Chklist: NG
LSR : NL
FAO : NL
KS-TMN: NL
Nagathein 2-345: {Bi:zat}
UHM : NL

Picture :
Leader - http://members.chello.be/sf16063/pauwels/ChroOdor.jpg
Photo: http://home.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/shoyaku/photo/Thai/021203Eupatorium.jpg

 

Plant identification characters

 

Distribution in Myanmar

 

Part used and uses

 

An aqueous extract of the leaves of Chromolaena odorata (formerly Eupatorium odoratum) (Eupolin) inhibits hydrated collagen lattice contraction by normal human dermal fibroblasts.
by Phan TT, Hughes MA, Cherry GW, Le TT, Pham HM, Wound Healing Institute, Churchill, Oxford, U.K. PMID: 9395667 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
   Chromolaena odorata (formerly Eupatorium odoratum) is used as a traditional medicine in Vietnam (Nghiem, 1992), where its Vietnamese common name is "co hoi." While it has been widely considered a weed by agriculturalists (Holm et al., 1991), the aqueous extract and the decoction from the leaves of this plant have been used throughout Vietnam for the treatment of soft tissue wounds, burn wounds, and skin infections. A number of clinical studies done by Vietnamese as well as foreign medical workers has demonstrated the efficacy of this extract on the wound-healing process. In this article, the effect of the Eupolin extract on hydrated collagen lattice contraction by human dermal fibroblasts, an in vitro model of wound contraction, is described. The significant inhibition of collagen gel contraction by Eupolin extract at 50 to 200 micrograms/ml is demonstrated in various concentrations of collagen. When the extract at 50 to 150 micrograms/ml was washed out of the lattices and replaced by fresh medium without Eupolin, the contraction of collagen by cells was resumed. The visualization of cells in the lattices by incubation in a tetrazolium salt for 2 h showed live cells at 50 to 150 micrograms/ml of extract. In contrast, all cells were killed in the higher extract doses of 300 or 400 micrograms/ml. These preliminary results showing the inhibitory effect of Eupolin extract on collagen contraction suggest that a clinical evaluation of its effect on wound contraction and scar quality should be made. This work illustrates that traditional remedies that are used by folk practitioners to improve healing can be examined in a scientific manner using in vitro wound-healing models. It could be that the synergistic properties of components of the natural extract contribute to the positive effects demonstrated on various wound-healing mechanisms.

 

Constituents

The volatile oil from C. odorata had a significant effect on the growth of plants, fungi and insects. The result showed that the seedling growth of five test plants was obviously inhibited, in the order of ryegrass > Chinese cabbage > radish > snap been > rice. The inhibitory effect of the oil at its middle concentration (800 mg.L-1) for Pyricularia grisea was the strongest, the next was to Phytophthora nicotianae, and the weakest was to Fusarium axysporum. The inhibitory percentage was 61.40%, 29.27% and 14.44%, respectively. The volatile oil from C. odorata at the dose of 10-20 microliters.plant-1 had a significant oviposition deterrent effect on Phyllotreta striolata and Plutella xylostella. The volatile oil from C. odorata was analyzed by GC/MS and thirty components were identified. Terpenoids compounds were major components of the volatile oil, such as trans-caryophyllene (16.58%), delta-cadinene (15.85%), alpha-copaene (11.58%), caryophyllene oxide (9.63%), germacrene-D (4.96%), and delta-humulene (4.32%).
Laboratory of Insect Ecology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.
PMID: 12924132 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] -http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12924132&dopt=Abstract

Contents of this page

Myanmaria calycina

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Myanmaria' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 7 Aug 2006.
Myanmaria calycina (DC.) H. Robinson. Cited as: Vernonia calycina Wall. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Bago, Bago

UKT: The following are listed in Agri.Dept.2000
Vernonia anthelminttca -- Compositae -- {zi-ra-nak (tau:)} 23-0582
Vernonia cinera -- Compositae -- {tha.ha.d-wi} 58-1553
Vernonia cinerea -- Compositae -- {ka.tu:pran} 01-0021

Contents of this page

Ageratum spp.

Family : Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Ageratum' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Ageratum conyzoides L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay, Shan, Yangon. Common Names: Goatweed, Kadu-hpo
Ageratum houstonianum Mill. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Paung-khon-pan

USDA-NRCS
"AGERA2","Ageratina Spach","snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGAD2","Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H.E. Robins.","sticky snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUAD2","Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng.",">>Ageratina adenophora","Asteraceae"
"EUGL8","Eupatorium glandulosum Kunth, non Michx.",">>Ageratina adenophora","Asteraceae"
"AGAL5","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGALA","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. altissima","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGAL9","Ageratum altissimum L., non Eupatorium altissimum L.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURU6","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUC","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. chlorolepis Fern.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUT","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. tomentellum (B.L. Robins.) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUV","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. villicaule (Fern.) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EUURT","Eupatorium urticifolium Reichard var. tomentellum B.L. Robins.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"AGALA2","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. angustata (Gray) Clewell & Woot.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURUA","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. angustata (Gray) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. angustata","Asteraceae"
"AGALR","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURO8","Eupatorium roanense Small",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"EURUR","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. roanense (Small) Fern.",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"EUUR4","Eupatorium urticifolium Reichard",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"AGAR4","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGARA","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach var. aromatica","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUAR7","Eupatorium aromaticum L.",">>Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica","Asteraceae"
"EULA11","Eupatorium latidens Small",">>Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica","Asteraceae"
"AGARI2","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach var. incisa (Gray) C.F. Reed","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUARI3","Eupatorium aromaticum L. var. incisum Gray",">>Ageratina aromatica var. incisa","Asteraceae"
"AGHA4","Ageratina havanensis (Kunth) King & H.E. Robins.","Havana snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUHA5","Eupatorium havanense Kunth",">>Ageratina havanensis","Asteraceae"
"EUTE9","Eupatorium texense (Torr. & Gray) Rydb.",">>Ageratina havanensis","Asteraceae"
"AGHE5","Ageratina herbacea (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","fragrant snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUHE7","Eupatorium herbaceum (Gray) Greene",">>Ageratina herbacea","Asteraceae"
"AGJU2","Ageratina jucunda (Greene) Clewell & Woot.","hammock snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUJU","Eupatorium juncundum Greene",">>Ageratina jucunda","Asteraceae"
"AGLE3","Ageratina lemmonii (B.L. Robins.) King & H.E. Robins.","Lemmon's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EULE7","Eupatorium lemmonii B.L. Robins.",">>Ageratina lemmonii","Asteraceae"
"AGLU","Ageratina luciae-brauniae (Fern.) King & H.E. Robins.","Lucy Braun's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EULU3","Eupatorium luciae-brauniae Fern.",">>Ageratina luciae-brauniae","Asteraceae"
"AGOC2","Ageratina occidentalis (Hook.) King & H.E. Robins.","western snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUOC5","Eupatorium occidentale Hook.",">>Ageratina occidentalis","Asteraceae"
"AGPA13","Ageratina paupercula (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Santa Rita snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUPA10","Eupatorium pauperculum Gray",">>Ageratina paupercula","Asteraceae"
"AGRE3","Ageratina resiniflua (Urban) King & H.E. Robins.","resinous snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURE11","Eupatorium resinifluum Urban",">>Ageratina resiniflua","Asteraceae"
"AGRI2","Ageratina riparia (Regel) King & H.E. Robins.","spreading snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURI4","Eupatorium riparium Regel",">>Ageratina riparia","Asteraceae"
"AGRO5","Ageratina rothrockii (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Rothrock's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURO9","Eupatorium rothrockii Gray",">>Ageratina rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"AGSH2","Ageratina shastensis (Taylor & Stebbins) King & H.E. Robins.","Shasta snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUSH","Eupatorium shastense Taylor & Stebbins",">>Ageratina shastensis","Asteraceae"
"AGWR2","Ageratina wrightii (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Wright's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUWR3","Eupatorium wrightii Gray",">>Ageratina wrightii","Asteraceae"
"AGERA","Ageratum L.","whiteweed","Asteraceae"
"AGCO","Ageratum conyzoides L.","tropical whiteweed","Asteraceae"
"AGCO2","Ageratum corymbosum Zuccagni ex Pers.","flat-top whiteweed","Asteraceae"
"AGGU","Ageratum guatemalense M.F. Johnson",">>Ageratum corymbosum","Asteraceae"
"AGDO3","Ageratum domingense Spreng. [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"AGHO3","Ageratum houstonianum P. Mill.","bluemink","Asteraceae"
"AGLI3","Ageratum littorale Gray","Cape Sable whiteweed","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Artemisia spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Artemisia' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Artemisia annua L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated
Artemisia indica Willd. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mon, Shan, Unknown
Artemisia japonica Thunb. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan. Common Names: Pha-let-wa
Artemisia myriantha Wall. ex Bess. Cited as: Artemisia burmanica Pampan. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Mandalay
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Dawna-pan
Artemisia parviflora Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Mandalay, Mon, Shan. Common Names: Ngan-say, Thit-nan-gaing
Artemisia persica Boiss. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan. Common Names: Let-ka-du
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Shan
Artemisia vulgaris L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Shan. Common Names: Fleabane, Indian wormwood, Me-di-dok, Thit-nan-gaing

USDA-NRCS
"ARTEM","Artemisia L.","sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAB2","Artemisia abrotanum L.","southernwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPR6","Artemisia procera Willd.",">>Artemisia abrotanum","Asteraceae"
"ARAB3","Artemisia absinthium L.","absinthium","Asteraceae"
"ARABI3","Artemisia absinthium L. var. insipida Stechmann",">>Artemisia absinthium","Asteraceae"
"ARAL5","Artemisia alaskana Rydb.","Alaska wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTY","Artemisia tyrellii Rydb.",">>Artemisia alaskana","Asteraceae"
"ARAL6","Artemisia aleutica Hultn","Aleutian wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARAN3","Artemisia annua L.","sweet sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARAR8","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt.","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARA","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. arbuscula","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRA","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. arbuscula (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. arbuscula","Asteraceae"
"SEAR9","Seriphidium arbusculum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. arbuscula","Asteraceae"
"ARARL3","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. longicaulis Winward & McArthur","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARL","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. longiloba (Osterhout) L. Shultz","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARL2","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. var. longiloba (Osterhout) Dorn",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARLO9","Artemisia longiloba (Osterhout) Beetle",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARSPL","Artemisia spiciformis Osterhout var. longiloba Osterhout",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"SEARL","Seriphidium arbusculum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. longilobum (Osterhout) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longiloba","Asteraceae"
"ARART","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. thermopola Beetle","little sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAR9","Artemisia arctica Less.","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARA2","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. arctica","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARS","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. saxicola (Rydb.) Hultn",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOS4","Artemisia norvegica Fries ssp. saxatilis (Bess.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOP","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. piceetorum Welsh & Goodrich",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARNOS3","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. saxatilis (Bess.) Jepson",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. arctica","Asteraceae"
"ARARB","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. beringensis (Hultn) Hultn","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARB2","Artemisia arctica Less. var. beringensis Hultn",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. beringensis","Asteraceae"
"ARARC","Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. comata (Rydb.) Hultn","boreal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCO22","Artemisia comata Rydb.",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. comata","Asteraceae"
"ARNOC","Artemisia norvegica Fries var. comata (Rydb.) Welsh",">>Artemisia arctica ssp. comata","Asteraceae"
"ARAR25","Artemisia argentea L'Her.","","Asteraceae"
"ARAU6","Artemisia aucheri Boiss.","","Asteraceae"
"ARAU3","Artemisia australis Less.","Oahu wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHI6","Artemisia hillebrandii Skottsberg",">>Artemisia australis","Asteraceae"
"ARBI2","Artemisia biennis Willd.","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBIB","Artemisia biennis Willd. var. biennis","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBID","Artemisia biennis Willd. var. diffusa Dorn","biennial wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARBI3","Artemisia bigelovii Gray","Bigelow sage","Asteraceae"
"ARCA11","Artemisia californica Less.","coastal sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCA12","Artemisia campestris L.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB4","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. borealis (Pallas) M.E. Peck","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARBO4","Artemisia borealis Pallas",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOP","Artemisia borealis Pallas ssp. purshii (Hook.) Hultn",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOL","Artemisia borealis Pallas var. latisecta Fern.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARBOP2","Artemisia borealis Pallas var. purshii Hook.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC9","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. canadensis (Michx.) Scoggan",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC10","Artemisia campestris L. var. canadensis (Michx.) Welsh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP5","Artemisia campestris L. var. purshii (Hook.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCA23","Artemisia canadensis Michx.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARRI6","Artemisia richardsoniana Bess.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARSP7","Artemisia spithamea Pursh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"OLGR2","Oligosporus groenlandicus (Hornem.) A.& D. Lve",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. borealis","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP4","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. petiolata Welsh","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAS5","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. scouleriana (Hook.) Cronq.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. pacifica (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAD","Artemisia campestris L. var. douglasiana (Bess.) Boivin",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAP3","Artemisia campestris L. var. pacifica (Nutt.) M.E. Peck",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAS4","Artemisia campestris L. var. strutziae Welsh",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCA30","Artemisia camporum Rydb.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARPA28","Artemisia pacifica Nutt.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARRI7","Artemisia ripicola Rydb.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"OLCAP","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. ssp. pacificus (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"OLPA3","Oligosporus pacificus (Nutt.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis var. scouleriana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAW","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. wormskioldii (Bess. ex Hook.) Cronq.","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC13","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. campestris L. [excluded]","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"OLCA6","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. [excluded]",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. campestris","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudata (Michx.) Hall & Clements","field sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC11","Artemisia campestris L. var. caudata (Michx.) Palmer & Steyermark",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCA24","Artemisia caudata Michx.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC3","Artemisia caudata Michx. var. calvens Lunell",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARFO3","Artemisia forwoodii S. Wats.",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"OLCAC","Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. ssp. caudatus (Michx.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"OLCA5","Oligosporus caudatus Poljakov",">>Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata","Asteraceae"
"ARCAG2","Artemisia campestris L. ssp. glutinosa (J. Gay ex Besser) Batt.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCA13","Artemisia cana Pursh","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAB3","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. bolanderi (Gray) G.H. Ward","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARBO5","Artemisia bolanderi Gray",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARTRB","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. bolanderi (Gray) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARTRB2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. bolanderi (Gray) McMinn",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"SECAB","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber ssp. bolanderi (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC5","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. cana","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAC12","Artemisia cana Pursh var. cana",">>Artemisia cana ssp. cana","Asteraceae"
"SECA9","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. cana","Asteraceae"
"ARCAV2","Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. viscidula (Osterhout) Beetle","silver sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAR10","Artemisia argilosa Beetle",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"ARCAV","Artemisia cana Pursh var. viscidula Osterhout",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"SECAV","Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber ssp. viscidulum (Osterhout) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula","Asteraceae"
"ARCA14","Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth.","Carruth's sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARCAW2","Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth. var. wrightii (Gray) Blake",">>Artemisia carruthii","Asteraceae"
"ARKA4","Artemisia kansana Britt.",">>Artemisia carruthii","Asteraceae"
"ARCA44","Artemisia caucasica Willd.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCH15","Artemisia chamaemelifolia Vill.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCI8","Artemisia cina O. Berg & C. F. Schmidt","santonica","Asteraceae"
"ARDO3","Artemisia douglasiana Bess. ex Hook.","Douglas' sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARVUH","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. heterophylla (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia douglasiana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUD","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. douglasiana (Bess. ex Hook.) St. John",">>Artemisia douglasiana","Asteraceae"
"ARDR4","Artemisia dracunculus L.","tarragon","Asteraceae"
"ARDR5","Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRD","Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Blake",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRG","Artemisia dracunculus L. ssp. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARDRG2","Artemisia dracunculus L. var. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Bess.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARGL12","Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARGLD2","Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd. var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Fern.",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDR","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDRD","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. dracunculinus (S. Wats.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"OLDRG","Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. glaucus (Pallas ex Willd.) A.& D. Lve",">>Artemisia dracunculus","Asteraceae"
"ARFI2","Artemisia filifolia Torr.","sand sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"OLFI","Oligosporus filifolius (Torr.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia filifolia","Asteraceae"
"ARFR3","Artemisia franserioides Greene","ragweed sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARFR4","Artemisia frigida Willd.","prairie sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARFU4","Artemisia furcata Bieb.","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARFUF","Artemisia furcata Bieb. var. furcata","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHY2","Artemisia hyperborea Rydb.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARTA4","Artemisia tacomensis Rydb.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARTR3","Artemisia trifurcata Steph. ex Spreng.",">>Artemisia furcata var. furcata","Asteraceae"
"ARFUH","Artemisia furcata Bieb. var. heterophylla (Bess.) Hultn","forked wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHE5","Artemisia heterophylla Bess.",">>Artemisia furcata var. heterophylla","Asteraceae"
"ARGL8","Artemisia globularia Cham. ex Bess.","purple wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARFL4","Artemisia flava Jurtzev",">>Artemisia globularia","Asteraceae"
"ARGLL","Artemisia globularia Cham. ex Bess. var. lutea Hultn",">>Artemisia globularia","Asteraceae"
"ARGL9","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb.","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGLG","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb. var. glomerata","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGLS","Artemisia glomerata Ledeb. var. subglabrata Hultn","Pacific alpine wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGM","Artemisia gmelinii Webb ex Stechmann","Gmelin's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSA19","Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb.",">>Artemisia gmelinii","Asteraceae"
"ARGO4","Artemisia gorgonum Webb","","Asteraceae"
"ARHE10","Artemisia herba-alba Asso","white wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARKA3","Artemisia kauaiensis (Skottsberg) Skottsberg","Kauai wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHIK","Artemisia hillebrandii Skottsberg var. kauaiensis Skottsberg",">>Artemisia kauaiensis","Asteraceae"
"ARKR2","Artemisia krushiana Bess [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARLA9","Artemisia laciniata Willd.","Siberian wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLA17","Artemisia laciniatiformis Komarov",">>Artemisia laciniata","Asteraceae"
"ARLI2","Artemisia lindleyana Bess.","Columbia River wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPR7","Artemisia prescottiana Bess.",">>Artemisia lindleyana","Asteraceae"
"ARLO7","Artemisia longifolia Nutt.","longleaf wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLU","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. albula (Woot.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAL14","Artemisia albula Woot.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. albula (Woot.) Shinners",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula","Asteraceae"
"ARLUC8","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. candicans (Rydb.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCA28","Artemisia candicans Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. candicans","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. latiloba Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. candicans","Asteraceae"
"ARLUE","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. estesii Chambers","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUI2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. incompta (Nutt.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARIN6","Artemisia incompta Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta","Asteraceae"
"ARLUI","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. incompta (Nutt.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. ludoviciana","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARDI15","Artemisia diversifolia Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARGN","Artemisia gnaphalodes Nutt.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARHE6","Artemisia herriotii Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUT","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. typica Keck",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUA3","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. americana (Bess.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUB","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. brittonii (Rydb.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUG","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. gnaphalodes (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUL3","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. latifolia (Bess.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUP","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. pabularis (A. Nels.) Fern.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARPA23","Artemisia pabularis (A. Nels.) Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARPU12","Artemisia purshiana Bess.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL2","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL3","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Kuntze",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUM2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUM","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARME9","Artemisia mexicana Willd. ex Spreng.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARNE11","Artemisia neomexicana Greene ex Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARVUM","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana","Asteraceae"
"ARLUR","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. redolens (Gray) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARLUR2","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. redolens (Gray) Shinners",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. redolens","Asteraceae"
"ARRE10","Artemisia redolens Gray",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. redolens","Asteraceae"
"ARLUS","Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. sulcata (Rydb.) Keck","white sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSU10","Artemisia sulcata Rydb.",">>Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. sulcata","Asteraceae"
"ARMA20","Artemisia macrobotrys Ledeb.","Yukon wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMA27","Artemisia maritima L.","sea wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMA10","Artemisia mauiensis (Gray) Skottsberg","Maui wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARMAD","Artemisia mauiensis (Gray) Skottsberg var. diffusa Skottsberg",">>Artemisia mauiensis","Asteraceae"
"ARMI4","Artemisia michauxiana Bess.","Michaux's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARVUM2","Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. michauxiana (Bess.) St. John",">>Artemisia michauxiana","Asteraceae"
"ARNE6","Artemisia nesiotica Raven","island sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARCAI","Artemisia californica Less. var. insularis (Rydb.) Munz",">>Artemisia nesiotica","Asteraceae"
"ARNO7","Artemisia norvegica Fries [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARNO4","Artemisia nova A. Nels.","black sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARARN2","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. ssp. nova (A. Nels.) G.H. Ward",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARARN","Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. var. nova (A. Nels.) Cronq.",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARNOD","Artemisia nova A. Nels. var. duchesnicola Welsh & Goodrich",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARTRN","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. nova (A. Nels.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"SENO","Seriphidium novum (A. Nels.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia nova","Asteraceae"
"ARPA20","Artemisia packardiae J. Grimes & Ertter","Packard's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPA15","Artemisia palmeri Gray","San Diego sagewort","Asteraceae"
"ARPA16","Artemisia papposa Blake & Cronq.","Owyhee sage","Asteraceae"
"ARPA17","Artemisia parryi Gray","Parry's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLAP","Artemisia laciniata Willd. ssp. parryi (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia parryi","Asteraceae"
"ARPA18","Artemisia pattersonii Gray","Patterson's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPE6","Artemisia pedatifida Nutt.","birdfoot sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"OLPE","Oligosporus pedatifidus (Nutt.) Poljakov",">>Artemisia pedatifida","Asteraceae"
"ARPO4","Artemisia pontica L.","Roman wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPO5","Artemisia porteri Cronq.","Porter's wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPY3","Artemisia pycnocephala (Less.) DC.","beach wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARPY2","Artemisia pygmaea Gray","pygmy sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"SEPY","Seriphidium pygmaeum (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia pygmaea","Asteraceae"
"ARRI2","Artemisia rigida (Nutt.) Gray","scabland sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR6","Artemisia trifida Nutt. var. rigida Nutt.",">>Artemisia rigida","Asteraceae"
"SERI6","Seriphidium rigidum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia rigida","Asteraceae"
"ARRO4","Artemisia rothrockii Gray","timberline sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. rothrockii (Gray) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR5","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. rothrockii (Gray) McMinn",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"SERO4","Seriphidium rothrockii (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"ARRU14","Artemisia rupestris L. [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARRUR3","Artemisia rupestris L. ssp. rupestris L. [excluded]","","Asteraceae"
"ARSC4","Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit.","redstem wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSC","Artemisia scopulorum Gray","alpine sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSE5","Artemisia senjavinensis Bess.","arctic wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSE4","Artemisia serrata Nutt.","sawtooth wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARST6","Artemisia stelleriana Bess.","oldwoman","Asteraceae"
"ARSU4","Artemisia suksdorfii Piper","coastal wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTH5","Artemisia thuscula Cav.","","Asteraceae"
"ARCA43","Artemisia canariensis (Besser) Less.",">>Artemisia thuscula","Asteraceae"
"ARTI","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb.","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIE","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. elatior (Torr. & Gray) Hultn","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"AREL7","Artemisia elatior (Torr. & Gray) Rydb.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. elatior","Asteraceae"
"ARTIE2","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. elatior Torr. & Gray",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. elatior","Asteraceae"
"ARTIG","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. gormanii (Rydb.) Hultn","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARGO","Artemisia gormanii Rydb.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. gormanii","Asteraceae"
"ARTIT","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. tilesii","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIU2","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. unalaschcensis (Bess.) Hultn","Tilesius' wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARHO11","Artemisia hookeriana Bess.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTI4","Artemisia tilesii auct. non Ledeb. [misapplied]",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTIU","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. unalaschcensis Bess.",">>Artemisia tilesii ssp. unalaschcensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTR2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt.","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. parishii (Gray) Hall & Clements","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. parishii (Gray) Jepson",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii","Asteraceae"
"SETRP","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. parishii (Gray) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii","Asteraceae"
"ARTRS2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. spiciformis (Osterhout) Kartesz & Gandhi","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARSP8","Artemisia spiciformis Osterhout",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. spiciformis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRS3","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. spiciformis (Osterhout) Dorn",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. spiciformis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. tridentata","basin big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARAN20","Artemisia angusta Rydb.",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"ARTRA2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. angustifolia Gray",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"SETR4","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata","Asteraceae"
"ARTRV","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. vaseyana (Rydb.) Beetle","mountain big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRP4","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. pauciflora Winward & Goodrich",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARTRV2","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. vaseyana (Rydb.) Boivin",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARVA2","Artemisia vaseyana Rydb.",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"SETRV","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. vaseyanum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"SEVA","Seriphidium vaseyanum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana","Asteraceae"
"ARTRW8","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. wyomingensis Beetle & Young","Wyoming big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRW","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. var. wyomingensis (Beetle & Young) Welsh",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis","Asteraceae"
"SETRW","Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) W.A. Weber ssp. wyomingense (Beetle & Young) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis","Asteraceae"
"ARTRX","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. xericensis Winward ex R. Rosentreter & R. Kelsey","big sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTR4","Artemisia tripartita Rydb.","threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR2","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. ssp. rupicola Beetle","Wyoming threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRR4","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. var. rupicola (Beetle) Dorn",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. rupicola","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT2","Artemisia tripartita Rydb. ssp. tripartita","threetip sagebrush","Asteraceae"
"ARTRT4","Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. trifida (Nutt.) Hall & Clements",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"ARTR8","Artemisia trifida Nutt.",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"SETR6","Seriphidium tripartitum (Rydb.) W.A. Weber",">>Artemisia tripartita ssp. tripartita","Asteraceae"
"ARUM","Artemisia umbelliformis Lam.","Alps wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARLA18","Artemisia laxa (Lam.) Fritsch",">>Artemisia umbelliformis","Asteraceae"
"ARVU","Artemisia vulgaris L.","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARVUC2","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. coarctata Forselles ex Besser",">>Artemisia vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUK","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. kamtschatica Bess.","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARTIA","Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. var. aleutica (Hultn) Welsh",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARUN2","Artemisia unalaskensis Rydb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARUNA","Artemisia unalaskensis Rydb. var. aleutica Hultn",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. kamtschatica","Asteraceae"
"ARVUV","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. vulgaris","common wormwood","Asteraceae"
"ARSE18","Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Bess.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUG","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. glabra Ledeb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUL","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. latiloba Ledeb.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"
"ARVUS","Artemisia vulgaris L. var. selengensis (Turcz. ex Bess.) Maxim.",">>Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Blumea spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Blumea' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Blumea aromatica DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Taninthayi. Common Names: Ya-nat
Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Habit: Small tree. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Phon-ma-thein, Shan camphor
Blumea bifoliata (L.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea clarkei Hook. f. Cited as: Blumea elongata DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Taninthayi
Blumea densiflora DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Cultivated. Common Names: Ngar camphor, Phon-mathein
Blumea diffusa Kurz. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar
Blumea fistulosa (Roxb.) Kurz. Cited as: Blumea glomerata DC., Blumea nodiflora Hook. f. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Magway, Taninthayi, Taninthayi, Taninthayi
Blumea hieracifolia (D. Don) DC. Cited as: Blumea chinensis DC., Blumea sericans Hook. f. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Unknown
Blumea lacera (Burm. f.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea lanceolata (DC.) Warb. Cited as: Blumea myriocephala DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Mon
Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr. Cited as: Blumea wightiana DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea napifolia DC. Cited as: Blumea membranacea DC., Blumea membranacea var. viscosula Hook. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon
Blumea oxyodonta DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Mandalay
Blumea repanda (Roxb.) Hand.-Mazz. Cited as: Blumea procera DC., Leveillea procera Vaniot. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Bago, Kachin, Mon, Taninthayi
Blumea riparia (Blume) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Kachin
Blumea sinuata (Lour.) Merr. Cited as: Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide
Blumea virens DC. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kadu

USDA-NRCS
"BLUME","Blumea DC.","false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLBA2","Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.","ngai camphor","Asteraceae"
"BLLA3","Blumea lacera (Burman f.) DC.","blumea","Asteraceae"
"BLLA","Blumea laciniata (Roxb.) DC.","cutleaf false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLSE2","Blumea sessiliflora Dcne.","sessileleaf false oxtongue","Asteraceae"
"BLVI","Blumea viscosa (P. Mill.) Badillo","clammy false oxtongue","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Eclipta spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Eclipta' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 6 Aug 2006.
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. Cited as: Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Reported from Myanmar. Common Names: Kyeik-hman

USDA-NRCS
"ECLIP","Eclipta L.","eclipta","Asteraceae"
"ECPR","Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.","false daisy","Asteraceae"
"ECAL","Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.",">>Eclipta prostrata","Asteraceae"
"ECER3","Eclipta erecta L.",">>Eclipta prostrata","Asteraceae"

Contents of this page

Enhydra spp.

Results of search for 'Enhydra' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 9 Aug 2006.
Enhydra fluctuans Lour. Habit: Herb. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Kana-hpaw

USDA-NRCS
- does not list Enhydra .

Contents of this page

Eupatorium spp.

Family: Asteraceae

Results of search for 'Eupatorium' in the Checklist of Plants of Myanmar, U.S. National Herbarium, 7 Aug 2006.
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Robinson . Cited as: Eupatorium odoratum L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Wide. Common Names: Bezat, Bizat, Bizat, Jamani-chon, Jamani-chon
Eupatorium cannabinum L. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Mon, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon. Common Names: Bizat, Hkwe-thay-pan
Eupatorium lindleyanum F. Newell. Habit: Shrub. Distribution: Chin. Common Names: Bizat

USDA-NRCS
"EUAD2","Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng.",">>Ageratina adenophora","Asteraceae"
"EUGL8","Eupatorium glandulosum Kunth, non Michx.",">>Ageratina adenophora","Asteraceae"
"AGAL5","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGALA","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. altissima","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGAL9","Ageratum altissimum L., non Eupatorium altissimum L.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURU6","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUC","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. chlorolepis Fern.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUT","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. tomentellum (B.L. Robins.) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EURUV","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. villicaule (Fern.) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"EUURT","Eupatorium urticifolium Reichard var. tomentellum B.L. Robins.",">>Ageratina altissima var. altissima","Asteraceae"
"AGALA2","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. angustata (Gray) Clewell & Woot.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURUA","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. angustata (Gray) Blake",">>Ageratina altissima var. angustata","Asteraceae"
"AGALR","Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot.","white snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURO8","Eupatorium roanense Small",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"EURUR","Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. roanense (Small) Fern.",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"EUUR4","Eupatorium urticifolium Reichard",">>Ageratina altissima var. roanensis","Asteraceae"
"AGAR4","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"AGARA","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach var. aromatica","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUAR7","Eupatorium aromaticum L.",">>Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica","Asteraceae"
"EULA11","Eupatorium latidens Small",">>Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica","Asteraceae"
"AGARI2","Ageratina aromatica (L.) Spach var. incisa (Gray) C.F. Reed","lesser snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUARI3","Eupatorium aromaticum L. var. incisum Gray",">>Ageratina aromatica var. incisa","Asteraceae"
"AGHA4","Ageratina havanensis (Kunth) King & H.E. Robins.","Havana snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUHA5","Eupatorium havanense Kunth",">>Ageratina havanensis","Asteraceae"
"EUTE9","Eupatorium texense (Torr. & Gray) Rydb.",">>Ageratina havanensis","Asteraceae"
"AGHE5","Ageratina herbacea (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","fragrant snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUHE7","Eupatorium herbaceum (Gray) Greene",">>Ageratina herbacea","Asteraceae"
"AGJU2","Ageratina jucunda (Greene) Clewell & Woot.","hammock snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUJU","Eupatorium juncundum Greene",">>Ageratina jucunda","Asteraceae"
"AGLE3","Ageratina lemmonii (B.L. Robins.) King & H.E. Robins.","Lemmon's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EULE7","Eupatorium lemmonii B.L. Robins.",">>Ageratina lemmonii","Asteraceae"
"AGLU","Ageratina luciae-brauniae (Fern.) King & H.E. Robins.","Lucy Braun's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EULU3","Eupatorium luciae-brauniae Fern.",">>Ageratina luciae-brauniae","Asteraceae"
"AGOC2","Ageratina occidentalis (Hook.) King & H.E. Robins.","western snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUOC5","Eupatorium occidentale Hook.",">>Ageratina occidentalis","Asteraceae"
"AGPA13","Ageratina paupercula (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Santa Rita snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUPA10","Eupatorium pauperculum Gray",">>Ageratina paupercula","Asteraceae"
"AGRE3","Ageratina resiniflua (Urban) King & H.E. Robins.","resinous snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURE11","Eupatorium resinifluum Urban",">>Ageratina resiniflua","Asteraceae"
"AGRI2","Ageratina riparia (Regel) King & H.E. Robins.","spreading snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURI4","Eupatorium riparium Regel",">>Ageratina riparia","Asteraceae"
"AGRO5","Ageratina rothrockii (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Rothrock's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EURO9","Eupatorium rothrockii Gray",">>Ageratina rothrockii","Asteraceae"
"AGSH2","Ageratina shastensis (Taylor & Stebbins) King & H.E. Robins.","Shasta snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUSH","Eupatorium shastense Taylor & Stebbins",">>Ageratina shastensis","Asteraceae"
"AGWR2","Ageratina wrightii (Gray) King & H.E. Robins.","Wright's snakeroot","Asteraceae"
"EUWR3","Eupatorium wrightii Gray",">>Ageratina wrightii","Asteraceae"

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Asteraceae - members

Cited in Agri.Dept.2000:
Compositae -- Achillea millefolium -- {hta.ri:hpweing:} 30-0775
Compositae --
Ageratum conyzoides -- {hkw:th:pan: (mo:kaung:)} {pan:o} 14-0342
Compositae --
Ageratum conyzoides -- {ka.tu:hpo} 01-0022
Compositae -- Anacyclus pyrethrum -- {kwak-ka.ra} {kwut-ka.ra} 10-0239
Compositae -- Anisopappus novae anglica -- {m-mro.pan:} 44-1157
Compositae -- Aretotis spp. -- {kyeing:toan-pan:} 07-0161
Compositae -- Artemisia parbiflora -- {ngan:hs:} 15-0388
Compositae -- Artemisia parvifloera -- {this-nankeing:} 61-1641
Compositae --
Artemisia vulgaris -- {dau:na.} 31-0814
Compositae -- Carthamus tinctorious -- {hsu:pan:} 20-0507
Compositae -- Centipeda orbicularis -- {hky-hsut} {hsat-hsat-hky} 12-0312
Compositae -- Centipeda orbicularis -- {hsat-hsat-hky} {hky-hsat} 22-0557
Compositae -- Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium -- {hs:gan~Da.ma} 20-0522
Compositae -- Chrysanthemum maximum -- {d-si-hpu} 31-0812
Compositae -- Chrysanthemum morifolium -- {gan~Da.ma} 14-0361
Compositae -- Cichorium intybus -- {hi.ko-ri.} 12-0311
Compositae -- Coreopsis tinctoria -- {sain-hkr} 18-0473
Compositae -- Cosmos bipinnatus -- {mau-la.mreing-pan:} 44-1162
Compositae -- Cosmos sulphureus -- {mau-la.mreing-pan:} 44-1163
Compositae -- Dhlia Pinnata -- {d-li-ya} 31-0813
Compositae --
Eclipta alba -- {krait-mhan} 09-0226
Compositae -- Enhydra fluctuans -- {ka.na.hpau.} 02-0034
Compositae --
Eupatorium odoratum -- {pi.sa.pa} {bi.zup} 35-0916
Compositae --
Eupatorium odoratum -- {tau:pi.sup} {tau:bi.sup} 26-0686
Compositae -- Gaillardia aristata -- {kya:myak-loan:} 06-0137
Compositae -- Grangea maderaspatana -- {tau:ma.o-loan:} {r-ta.swut} 27-0698
Compositae -- Guizotia abyssinica -- {pan:nham:} 38-1009
Compositae -- Helianthus annus -- {n-kra} 33-0860
Compositae -- Lactuca sativa -- {hsa.lat} 19-0495
Compositae -- Michelmas daisy -- {d-si} 31-0811
Compositae -- Saussurea affinis -- {pan:nu.} 38-1008
Compositae -- Sphaeranthus peguansis -- {ko-tu.} 03-0077
Compositae -- Stevia rebaudiana -- {hs:tha.kra:} 21-0534
Compositae -- Tagetes erecta -- {hkyis-ti:pan:} {kat~ti-pa-pan:} 31-0801
Compositae -- Tagetes erecta -- {kat-ti-pa-pan:wa} {htap-ta.ra-pan:} 04-0103
Compositae -- Tagetes patula -- {hkyis-ti:pan:} 13-0322
Compositae -- Tagetes patula -- {htup.ta.ra-pan: (pring-this)} 31-0800
Compositae -- Vernonia anthelminttca -- {zi-ra-nak (tau:)} 23-0582
Compositae -- Vernonia cinera -- {tha.ha.d-wi} 58-1553
Compositae -- Vernonia cinerea -- {ka.tu:pran} 01-0021
Compositae -- Xanthium strumarium -- {krat} 09-0224
Compositae -- Xanthium strumarium -- {kup-s:n-ka-l:} 05-0125
Compositae -- Zinnia elegans -- {htup-ta.ra-pan:} {zi-ni.ya} 31-0799

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Entry format: Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts ( Agri.Dept.2000 : Chklist: LSR : FAO : KS-TMN: Nagathein : UHM :/ Myanmar-Script Spelling ( Official Myanmar Dictionaries : - TravPo-M-Dict - Myan-Engl-Dict - Myan-Ortho / Chklist data / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file