Update: 2007-03-07 07:50 PM -0500

TIL

Burmese Indigenous Medicinal Plants

by Daw Mya Bwin and U Sein Gwan, Pharmacology Research Division, Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Rangoon, 1973.

HTML version with additions from other sources by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than,  and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale.

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Contents of this page: Plants for hypotensive action
   See Plants for hypertensive action
21. Viscum album -- Burmese name, nil; English name: Mistletoe.

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21. Viscum albumLinn.

Family as give by authors: Loranthaceae

Burmese name: Nil.

Viscum Album Linn. Sp. Pl. 1023 (1753).
Viscum stellatum Don Prodr. 142. (1824).
English common name: Mistletoe.

Description
A large, yellowish green bush, branches jointed. Leaves opposite, sessible, variable, oblong, broad or narrow, usually with obtuse tip and cuneate base, glabrous, thick and fleshy. Flowers unisexual, dioecious, sessile, in clusters of 3 or 5 in the forks of the branches, supported by cup-shaped slightly ciliate bracts: terminal flower solitary, the lateral in opposite or dedussate pairs. Fruit. berry. Family Loranthaceae.

Distribution
Martaban and hill forests, above 25, 000 ft.

Uses
One active principle, produces a fall of blood pressure. fn25-01
Berry is used as laxative, tonic, aphrodisiac, diuretic and cardiotonic.
Plant is used in enlargement of the spleen, in cases of wound, tumours, and diseases of the ear. fn25-02

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fn25-01 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, 256. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn25-01b

fn25-02 N. Nhaus, J., M. Stoll & F. Vester (1970). Thymus Stimulation and cancer Prophylaris by Viscum Proteins. Experientia 26, p. 253. fn25-02b

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