Update: 2007-03-07 07:48 PM -0500


Burmese Indigenous Medicinal Plants

by Daw Mya Bwin and U Sein Gwan, Pharmacology Research Division, Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Rangoon, 1973.

HTML version with additions from other sources by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than,  and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale.

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Contents of this page: Plants for hypotensive action
   • See Plants for hypertensive action
16. Moringa oleifera -- {dan.da.lwan} Dan-da-lun
17. Millingtonia hortensis  -- {É-ka.rąz} Egayit.

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16. Moringa oleifera Lam.

Family as given by authors: Moringaceae

Burmese name: {dan.da.lun}; Dan-da-lun.
Click on the small figures to enlarge.

MORINGA OLEIFERA Lam. Encylc. I. 398 (1784).
Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. Fruct. II. 314 (1791).
Moringa polygona DC. Prodr. ii. 478 (1825).
Moringa zeylanica Pers.
Hyperanthera decandra Willd.
Guilandina Moringa Linn. Sp. Pl. 281 (1753).

English common name: Drumstick.

Click on small pictures to enlarge to see insert from
1• Ministry of Health, Dept. of Traditional Medicine (MinHealth), Collection of Commonly Used Herbal Plants (in Burmese), 2003

A middle sized tree, bark corky; root pungent; young parts tomentose. Leaves usually 3-pinnate, leaflets of the lateral of the lateral elliptic, the terminal obovate and slightly larger than the lateral ones. Flowers white, many flowered, densely arranged. Fruit long, pods, 9-ribbed. Seeds 3-angle, the angles winged. Family Moringaceae. Flowering from December to May and fruiting from April to June.

Often cultivated in gardens for its edible fruits throughout Burma.

• The Burmese believe that macerated juice of mature green leaves taken twice a day, once in the morning before food and once before retiring at night produces a fall in blood pressure fn04-01.
• The plant is used as stimulant in paralytic affections and intermittent fever, also in epilepsy, chronic rheumatism, as carminative, stomachic, abortificient, cardiac and circulatory tonic. fn04-03
• Root bark used as fomentation to relieve spasm.3
• Bark used in diseases of liver and spleen, articular pains, tetanus and paralysis. 3
• Flowers as stimulant and aphrodisiac. 3
• Oil from seeds used as external application in rheumatism. 3
• Gum from the plant used for dental caries. 3


fn04-01   fn04-01b

fn04-03 Chopra, P.n., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of INdian medicinal plants, p. 170. New Delhi: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. fn04-03b

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17. Millingtonia hortensis Linn. f.

Family as given by authors: Bignoniaceae


Burmese name: f {É-ka.rąz} Egayit.

Millingtonia Hortensis Linn. f. Suppl. 291, (1781).
Bignonia Azedarachta Koen. Ann. Bot. i. 178
Bignonia suberosa Roxb. Pl. Cor. iii. II. t. 241.
English common name: Nil.

An erect tree; bark greyish-black, corky. Leaves compound, 2--3 pinnate, alternate. Leaftets ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, sinuate or crenate, deep green above. Flowers white, fragrant, numberous, pendulous, in terminal panicles, No fruit seen. Family Bignoniaceae. Flowering from November to December.

Widely distributed in Burma. Often planted in house compound for its fragrant flowers and also for its medicinal value of the root bark.

Locally the watery extract of the root bark and the leaves is used to relieve dizziness, for high blood pressure patients.

The Burmese people also believed that the root bark watery extract has an anti-alcoholic effect. fn14-01


fn14-01 fn14-01b

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End of TIL file